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25 Military Strategies for Samhandling in Unforeseen Situations (Book chapter)

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ISBN: 9788202535025 Year: Pages: 14 DOI: 10.23865/noasp.36.ch25 Language: English
Publisher: Cappelen Damm Akademisk/NOASP (Nordic Open Access Scholarly Publishing)
Subject: Sociology --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:08
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Abstract

"The purpose of this chapter is twofold. Firstly, a rather paradoxical situation
will be discussed. Even though most military practitioners seem to agree
on the characteristics of war, two almost diametrically-opposed norms for how to
samhandle have arisen: a centralized one and a decentralized one. We argue that the
decentralized approach, called Auftragstaktik, is the most effective. In the second
part of the chapter we discuss the pedagogical challenge of educating personnel to
thrive in a decentralized organization, which must operate effectively in unforeseen
and threatening environments. Based on the teachings of Moltke the Elder (1800–
1891) and the much more recent writings of Torgersen, Steiro and Saeverot (2015),
we argue that a crucial step in educating for the unforeseen is to give the students
the opportunity to solve new problems by themselves, gaining experience that is, as
far as possible, self-generated and thereby becoming more aware and confident in
dealing with new situations."

Complex Problem Solving Beyond the Psychometric Approach

Authors: --- --- ---
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889455737 Year: Pages: 178 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88945-573-7 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Psychology --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-23 14:53:43
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Complex problem solving (CPS) and related topics such as dynamic decision-making (DDM) and complex dynamic control (CDC) represent multifaceted psychological phenomena. In abroad sense, CPS encompasses learning, decision-making, and acting in complex and dynamic situations. Moreover, solutions to problems that people face in such situations are often generated in teams or groups. This adds another layer of complexity to the situation itself because of the emerging issues that arise from the social dynamics of group interactions. This framing of CPS means that it is not a single construct that can be measured by using a particular type of CPS task (e.g. minimal complex system tests), which is a view taken by the psychometric community. The proposed approach taken here is that because CPS is multifaceted, multiple approaches need to be taken to fully capture and understand what it is and how the different cognitive processes associated with it complement each other.Thus, this Research Topic is aimed at showcasing the latest work in the fields of CPS, as well as DDM and CDC that takes a holist approach to investigating and theorizing about these abilities. The collection of articles encompasses conceptual approaches as well as experimental and correlational studies involving established or new tools to examine CPS, DDM and CDC. This work contributes to answering questions about what strategies and what general knowledge can be transferred from one type of complex and dynamic situation to another, what learning conditions result in transferable knowledge and skills, and how these features can be trained.

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