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State, Resistance, Transformation: Anthropological Perspectives on the Dynamics of Power in Contemporary Global Realities

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
ISBN: 9781907774508 Year: Pages: viii, 362 DOI: 10.26581/B.KAPF01 Language: English
Publisher: Sean Kingston Publishing Grant: University of Bergen
Subject: Ethnology --- Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2018-04-19 17:33:33
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The territorially sovereign nation-state – the globally dominant political formation of Western modernity – is in crisis. Though it is a highly heterogeneous assemblage, moulded by different histories involving myriad socio-cultural processes, its territorial integrity and sovereignty are always contingent and related to the distribution and organization of authority and power, and the state’s position within encompassing global dynamics.This volume attends to these contingencies as they are refracted by the communities and populations that are variously incorporated (in conformity or resistance) within their ordering processes. Withethnographically grounded analyses and thick description of locales as various as Russia, Lebanon and Indonesia, a vital conversation emerges about forms of state control under challenge or in transition.It is clear that the politico-social configurations of the state are still taking new directions, such as extremist populism and a general dissatisfaction with the corporatism of digital and technologicalrevolutions. These are symptoms of the dilemmas at the peripheries of capital growth coming home to roost at their centres. Such transformations demand the new forms of conceptualization that the anthropological approaches of the essays in this volume present.A fascinating and timely collection that dwells on the unsettled nature of contemporary relationships between ‘state’ and ‘society’. Drawing on case studies from beyond the heartland of political theory, contributors refuse to treat global phenomena as generic and focus instead on the specific social relations that constitute the varied possibilities and limits of contemporary state power.Penny Harvey, Professor of Social Anthropology,University of ManchesterThis is political anthropology on a truly large canvas. The standing question about how ‘state’ and ‘society’ relate, and whether the distinction between them makes sense in the first place, is tackled deftly through the lenses of varying conceptions and practices of power and resistance.Martin Holbraad, Professor of Social Anthropology, University College London

Keywords

state --- nation-state --- sovreignty --- power --- globalism

Revolutionizing a world

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9781911576631 Year: Pages: 336 DOI: 10.14324/ 9781911576631 Language: English
Publisher: UCL Press
Subject: History --- Archaeology
Added to DOAB on : 2018-03-01 11:01:59
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This book investigates the long-term continuity of large-scale states and empires, and its effect on the Near East’s social fabric, including the fundamental changes that occurred to major social institutions. Its geographical coverage spans, from east to west, modern-day Libya and Egypt to Central Asia, and from north to south, Anatolia to southern Arabia, incorporating modern-day Oman and Yemen. Its temporal coverage spans from the late eighth century BCE to the seventh century CE during the rise of Islam and collapse of the Sasanian Empire. The authors argue that the persistence of large states and empires starting in the eighth/seventh centuries BCE, which continued for many centuries, led to new socio-political structures and institutions emerging in the Near East. The primary processes that enabled this emergence were large-scale and long-distance movements, or population migrations. These patterns of social developments are analysed under different aspects: settlement patterns, urban structure, material culture, trade, governance, language spread and religion, all pointing at movement as the main catalyst for social change. This book’s argument is framed within a larger theoretical framework termed as ‘universalism’, a theory that explains many of the social transformations that happened to societies in the Near East, starting from the Neo-Assyrian period and continuing for centuries. Among other influences, the effects of these transformations are today manifested in modern languages, concepts of government, universal religions and monetized and globalized economies.

Keywords

empire --- state --- near east --- universalism

34 Digital Learning for Development of Asian Schools (Book chapter)

Book title: Routledge International Handbook of Schools and Schooling in Asia

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9781138908499 9781315694382 Year: Pages: 6 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Education
Added to DOAB on : 2018-05-23 11:01:56
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Despite the potential of digital technologies to contribute to the enhancement of access to quality education and the development of lifelong learning competencies, many knowledge&#xD;gaps remain in how, for whom and in what contexts digital technologies actually do contribute&#xD;to improved, equitable educational outcomes. More research is needed that creates and&#xD;tests ‘proven models’ of digital learning in Asian schools and deepens our understanding of the&#xD;conditions that are necessary and sufficient for success. And this research needs to build on the&#xD;research that has already been done in the region and worldwide. The primary aim of this book&#xD;section is to provide snapshots of the current state in research and to identify and explain the&#xD;research gaps and future directions of digital learning for development in Asian schools.

Keywords

state --- digital learning --- asia --- education

Routledge International Handbook of Schools and Schooling in Asia

Authors: ---
Book Series: The Routledge international handbook series ISBN: 9781315694382 9781138908499 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Education
Added to DOAB on : 2018-06-22 11:01:10

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Education; Educational change; Sate; Asia

Keywords

state --- educational change --- asia --- education

Fragmentation in Sleep and Mind: Linking Dissociative Symptoms, Sleep, and Memory

Authors: ---
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889454488 Year: Pages: 108 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88945-448-8 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Medicine (General) --- Psychiatry --- Science (General) --- Psychology
Added to DOAB on : 2018-11-16 17:17:57
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Fragmented, dissociated consciousness can characterize the mind in both wake and sleep states. Dissociative symptoms, during sleep, include vivid dreaming, nightmares, and alterations in objective sleep parameters (e.g., lengthening of REM sleep). During waking hours, dissociative symptoms exhibit disparate characteristics encompassing memory problems, excessive daydreaming, absentmindedness, and impairments and discontinuities in perceptions of the self, identity, and the environment. Llewellyn has theorized that a progressive and enduring de-differentiation of wake and dream states of consciousness eventually results in schizophrenia; a lesser degree of de-differentiation may have implications for dissociative symptoms.Against a background of de-differentiation between the dream and wake states, the papers in this volume link consciousness, memory, and mental illness with a special interest for dissociative symptoms.

Fast Ionic Conductors and Solid-Solid Interfaces Designed for Next Generation Solid-State Batteries

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889456475 Year: Pages: 136 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88945-647-5 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-23 14:53:43
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The EV Everywhere Grand Challenge requires a breakthrough in energy storage technology. State-of-the-art Li-ion technology is currently used in low volume production plug-in hybrid and niche high performance vehicles; however, the widespread adoption of electrified powertrains requires a four-fold increase in performance, 25% lower cost, and safer batteries without the possibility of combustion. One approach for this target is to develop solid-state batteries (SSBs) offering improved performance, reduced peripheral mass, and unprecedented safety. SSB could offer higher energy density, by enabling new cell designs, such as bipolar stacking, leading to reduced peripheral mass and volume. To enable SSBs, a crucial requirement is a fast-ion conducting solid electrolyte. To date, myriad solid-state electrolytes have been reported exhibiting Li ion conductivities approaching those of today’s liquid electrolyte membranes. Moreover, several new materials are reported to have wide electrochemical window and single-ion mobility. Leveraging decades of research focused on Li-based electrodes for Li-ion batteries, the discovery of new solid-state electrolytes could enable access to these electrodes; specifically, Li metal and high voltage electrodes (>5V). However, transitioning SSBs from the laboratory to EVs requires answers to fundamental questions such as: (1) how does Li-ion transport through the solid electrolyte / solid electrode interface work? (2) will solid electrolytes enable bulk-scale Li metal anode and high voltage cathodes?, and (3) how will ceramic-based cells be manufactured in large-format battery packs? The purpose of this Research Topic is to provide new insights obtained through the fundamental understanding of materials chemistry, electrochemistry, advanced analysis and computational simulations. We hope these aspects will summarize current challenges and provide opportunities for future research to develop the next generation SSBs.

Chapter 1 - Quarantine and territory in Spain during the second half of the nineteenth century (Book chapter)

Author:
Book Series: Social Histories of Medicine ISBN: 9781526127365 Year: Pages: 32 Language: English
Publisher: Manchester University Press Grant: European Commission’s OpenAIRE project
Subject: Medicine (General) --- Social Sciences --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2018-03-17 11:01:59
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This chapter provides a thorough investigation of the modes by which the sanitary administration coevolved coherently with and inseparably from the Spanish state’s modern transport-communication and economic-industrial infrastructures throughout the nineteenth century. It also investigates examines how quarantine institutions functioned as sanitary gateways or entry checkpoints at borders, physically marking and consolidating while protecting the national territorial space. The paper traces the ideas underpinning the configuration and development of the sanitary network on Spanish national territory, which occurred unevenly – with the most evolved parts depending on certain strategic ports and on links with the railway transport infrastructure that was still under construction. It also suggests that the gradual relaxation of quarantine in liberal Spain was periodically called into question by economic and political policies that defined the relation between the coastal and inland regions of the country.

Solid State Lasers Materials, Technologies and Applications

Author:
ISBN: 9783038428411 9783038428428 Year: Pages: VI, 170 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Optics and Lights
Added to DOAB on : 2018-04-24 12:46:59
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Solid-state lasers offer unique qualities in terms of flexibility, robustness, efficiency, and wavelength diversity. For these reasons, they are nowadays irreplaceable tools in many scientific and industrial applications. The engineering of new materials, the advances in photonics technologies, and the increasing demand for speed, cleanliness, and high-precision in industrial processes contribute to propel the research in this exciting and quickly developing field. Despite the impossibility to cover all the aspects of this very diversified topic in a single publication, this Special Issue "Solid State Lasers Materials, Technologies and Applications" offers an interesting insight into some of the latest developments in this field. Comprehensive review papers describe the state of the art of highly doped fiber lasers and amplifiers, deep-ultraviolet generation, and laser welding under vacuum with high-power lasers. Research articles present the latest results on picosecond pulse amplification, mid-infrared laser sources, parametric down-conversion modules, and coherent beam combining. Heavy-industry applications, such as laser welding and laser cladding, are also addressed.

Social Cognition, Motivation, and Interaction How Do People Respond to Threats in Social Interactions?

Authors: ---
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889453740 Year: Pages: 227 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88945-374-0 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Science (General) --- Psychology
Added to DOAB on : 2018-11-16 17:17:57
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f we want to understand people’s responses to threats in social interactions we can distinguish between three levels of analysis:On a social level of analysis we can describe people’s interpersonal behavior, on a cognitive level we can identify corresponding information processing mechanisms, and on a neural level we can specify neural systems, which underlie these processes.In this Research Topic we want to present research connecting these three levels of analysis and propose their functional interconnection in social interaction.We propose that threats in social interactions activate basic motivational processes, which manifest in neural processes related to behavioral inhibition vs. activation in a social situation. This shapes our attention to new information, and affects our cognitions about social identities, belief systems and worldviews. These changes in social cognition in turn affect people’s behavior in social interactions and lead to corresponding reactions on behalf of the interaction partner. Thus, we assume that people’s reactions to threat in interactions can be described as sequences of broader attentional processes resulting from basic motivational tendencies leading to specific social cognitions and subsequent behavior within social interactions. We can analyze this sequence in order to contribute to a better understanding of social interactions.The three levels of analyses (social, cognitive, neural) shed light on social interactions from different angles:On the social level we can analyze how the behaviors of the interaction partners mutually affect each other and how this is accompanied by specific cognitive, emotional and motivational processes. On the cognitive level we can analyze people’s perception of a social situation leading to attentional and reasoning processes with regard to their interaction partner/s, which may be accompanied by certain emotional and motivational processes and determines the behavior towards the partner/s. Finally, we can focus on the neural mechanisms underlying cognitive, emotional, and motivational processes in social interactions.

Myter om velferd og velferdsstaten

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9788202604141 Year: Pages: 149 DOI: 10.23865/noasp.47 Language: Norwegian
Publisher: Cappelen Damm Akademisk/NOASP (Nordic Open Access Scholarly Publishing)
Subject: Social and Public Welfare --- Sociology --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:33:03
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"Post-war expansion of the welfare state is one of the most central changes in Norwegian society&#xD;today and is often a topic in public debate. When certain conceptions about the welfare state&#xD;are developed and they are no longer based on systematic analyses but rather ideas and attitudes,&#xD;they can turn into myths. However, to be termed myths requires documentation, and&#xD;here social research plays an important role. This book rejects and elaborates central myths in&#xD;the public debate about the welfare state. The book is structured as an anthology, written by six&#xD;welfare sociologists at the University of Bergen. The first article introduces the history of The&#xD;Myth of the Welfare State, a book published by Pax in 1970, then revised a few years later, and&#xD;with a follow-up version in 1995, 25 years after that. The book became a flaming light within&#xD;the social policy debate, because it criticized the welfare state for not solving the problem of&#xD;poverty. Although this problem, relatively seen, is reduced, the following five articles show&#xD;that, within the framework of the welfare state, there is room for new important critical discussions.&#xD;One myth focuses on the idea that a combination of a comprehensive state and an active&#xD;civil society with much voluntary work is not possible. Another concerns the idea that welfare&#xD;results in dependency. A third is about the “Elder Boom”. A fourth concerns single mothers&#xD;and assumes that these unlawfully try to get access to welfare. And finally, the last discusses&#xD;the ideas that crime should result in punishment and “prison pain”. Together, the articles are a&#xD;contribution to make the debate about the welfare state richer and more dynamic."&#xD;

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