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Green Process of Three-Component Prostaglandin Synthesis and Rapid 11C Labelings for Short-Lived PET Tracers

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
ISBN: 9789535137641 9789535137658 9789535140962 Year: Pages: 78 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.70746 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Organic Chemistry
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:50

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This book is devoted to highly polished and potentiated novel C couplings developed by our group (M. Suzuki) in the course of a long-term, tight collaboration of chemistry, biology, and medicine experts, focusing on advanced organometallic techniques for the construction of a whole prostaglandin (PG) framework and new methodology for introducing short-lived 11C radionuclide into carbon frameworks. The book is written to attract the interest of scientists working in chemistry and interdisciplinary research areas such as medicinal chemistry, radiochemistry, chemical biology, molecular imaging, and related industries.

Alkenes

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9789535137665 9789535137672 9789535139829 Year: Pages: 180 DOI: 10.5772/65566 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Organic Chemistry
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In organic chemistry, Alkenes, also known as olefins, are the unsaturated hydrocarbons with the general formula of CnH2n that contains one or more carbon-carbon double bonds in their chemical structures (RC=CR'). The presence of this double bond allows alkenes to react in ways that alkanes cannot. Hence, alkenes find many diverse applications in industry. These compounds are widely used as initial materials in the synthesis of alcohols, plastics, lacquers, detergents, and fuels. The current book includes all knowledge and novel data according to the structure of alkenes, their novel synthesis methods, and their applications. In addition, manufacture, properties, and the use of polyalkenes are the other important topics that are covered in this book. These data are collected by the efforts and contributions of many authors and scientists from all over the globe, and all of us are ready to further improve the contents of this book as per the readers' comments.

Hydroxyapatite - Advances in Composite Nanomaterials, Biomedical Applications and Its Technological Facets

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ISBN: 9789535138044 9789535138051 9789535140719 Year: Pages: 186 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.68820 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Inorganic Chemistry
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The goal of this book is to provide readers with a broad appraisal of topics in global advancements in theoretical and experimental facts, and practical applications of nano-HAp materials based on their synthesis, properties, prospects, and potential biomedical treatments. The perspective of this book involves the preparation of crystalline nano-HAP materials including preferential orientation, various properties and new prospects in biomimetics, bone tissue infections, biomedical implants, regenerative medicinal treatments and a wide range of technological applications. This book is categorized into two main sections: Hydroxyapatite: synthesis, properties, perspectives, and prospects; and the application of hydroxyapatite: a synergistic outlook. Individual chapters provide a base for a wide range of readers from diversified fields, including students and researchers, who will find in this book simply explained basics as well as advanced techniques of specific subjects related to these phenomena. The book is made up of nine contributions, compiled by experts from wide-ranging fields involved in biomaterials/materials in science and technology from over 15 research institutes across the globe.

Green Chemistry

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9789535138471 9789535138488 9789535140252 Year: Pages: 190 DOI: 10.5772/68007 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Organic Chemistry
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To an increasing extent, ""green chemistry"" is a new chemical and engineering approach of chemistry and engineering, dedicated to make manufacturing processes and our world as a whole more sustainable world with a growing tendency. ""Green chemistry"" approaches are based on ecofriendly technologies, aiming to reduce or eliminate the use of solvents, or render them efficient and safer. Moreover, this scientific field is devoted to reduction or elimination of prevailing environmental and health threats, which typically accompany chemical products and traditional processes. The present book ""Green Chemistry"" contains 9 selected chapters, starting with a general introductory chapter on ""green chemistry,"" and covers many recent applications and developments based on the principles of ""green chemistry."" This book is considered the appropriate way to communicate the advances in green materials and their applications to the scientific community. Chemists, scientists and researchers from related areas, and undergraduates involved in environmental issues and interested in approaches to improve the quality of life could find an inspiring and effective guide by reading this book.

Liquid Crystals - Recent Advancements in Fundamental and Device Technologies

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ISBN: 9789535138716 9789535138723 9789535140276 Year: Pages: 274 DOI: 10.5772/68030 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Chemistry (General)
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Liquid crystals exhibit amazingly interesting properties that make them indispensable for several technological applications. The book Liquid Crystals - Recent Advancements in Fundamental and Device Technologies is aimed to focus on various aspects of research and development that liquid crystal mediums have come across in recent years. This would be ranging from the physical and chemical properties to the important applications that the liquid crystals have in our everyday life. It is expected that the book will make the expert researchers to be abreast of recent research advancements, whereas the novice researchers will benefit from both the conceptual understanding and the recent developments in the area. Multitudes of research themes and directions pivoted to liquid crystals remain the essence, which the readers would get the glimpse of and move ahead for further investigations.

Polyester - Production, Characterization and Innovative Applications

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ISBN: 9789535138815 9789535138822 9789535140917 Year: Pages: 98 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.69941 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Organic Chemistry --- Chemical Technology
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Polyester is one of the most important polymers for fibers and composites. Significant developments in nanoparticle-doped polyester composites, polyester recycling, flame-retardant unsaturated polyester resins, and application of polyester for construction and automotive industry are currently carried out. Thus, this book provides leading edge research on improvements of functional properties of polyester, modifications of unsaturated polyester resins, and polyester (especially recycled polyester) usage in construction and in automotive application areas in the form of fiber, resin, and composite. The book also covers the characterization of unique features of polyester found by mechanical, chemical, physical, microstructural, and thermal analyses. This book intends to provide an understanding of the developments of functional polyester production, synthesis, and characterization and support to many academic researchers and graduate students in textile, polymer, composite, chemical science, and research and development managers in recycling and composite applications of polyester in the construction and automotive industry.

Cyclodextrin - A Versatile Ingredient

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9781789230680 9781789230697 Year: Pages: 332 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.69187 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Organic Chemistry
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:51

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The book is devoted to the highly versatile and potential ingredient Cyclodextrin, a family of cyclic oligosaccharides composed of ?-(1,4)-linked glucopyranose subunits. Its molecular complexation phenomena and negligible cytotoxic effects attribute toward its application such as in pharmaceuticals, cosmetics, food, agriculture, textile, separation process, analytical methods, catalysis, environment protection, and diagnostics. Efforts have also been made to concentrate on recent research outcomes along with future prospects of cyclodextrins to attract the interest of scientists from the industry and academia. The contributions of the authors are greatly acknowledged, without which this compilation would not have been possible.

Calibration and Validation of Analytical Methods - A Sampling of Current Approaches

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ISBN: 9781789230840 9781789230857 Year: Pages: 174 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.69918 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Analytical Chemistry
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This book seeks to introduce the reader to current methodologies in analytical calibration and validation. This collection of contributed research articles and reviews addresses current developments in the calibration of analytical methods and techniques and their subsequent validation. Section 1, ""Introduction,"" contains the Introductory Chapter, a broad overview of analytical calibration and validation, and a brief synopsis of the following chapters. Section 2 ""Calibration Approaches"" presents five chapters covering calibration schemes for some modern analytical methods and techniques. The last chapter in this section provides a segue into Section 3, ""Validation Approaches,"" which contains two chapters on validation procedures and parameters. This book is a valuable source of scientific information for anyone interested in analytical calibration and validation.

Dendrimers - Fundamentals and Applications

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ISBN: 9781789230581 9781789230598 Year: Pages: 174 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.68738 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Chemistry (General)
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Dendrimers are defined as nanoscale macromolecules having a particular architecture consisting of treelike arms or branches. They are characterized by special properties that make them promising candidates in medicine, biology, materials science, synthetic organic chemistry, biotechnology, environmental engineering, optics, electronics, catalysis, electrochemistry, photochemistry, and sensors and even for production of cosmetics and personal care products. The dendrimers research field is growing day by day, and scientists are exploring new synthesis and functionalization methods in order to improve and to determine new properties and thus new applications. The main purpose of this book is to highlight the issues regarding properties and applications of dendrimers in the field of biology, medicine, liquid crystal devices, electronics, quantum devices, and self-healing technology.

Density Functional Calculations - Recent Progresses of Theory and Application

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ISBN: 9781789231328 9781789231335 Year: Pages: 272 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.68548 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Chemistry (General)
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Density functional theory (DFT) ranks as the most widely used quantum mechanical method and plays an increasingly larger role in a number of disciplines such as chemistry, physics, material, biology, and pharmacy. DFT has long been used to complement experimental investigations, while now it is also regarded as an indispensable and powerful tool for researchers of different fields. This book is divided into five sections that include original chapters written by experts in their fields: ""Method Development and Validation,"" ""Spectra and Thermodynamics,"" ""Catalysis and Mechanism,"" ""Material and Molecular Design,"" and ""Multidisciplinary Integration."" I would like to express my sincere gratitude to all contributors and recommend this book to both beginners and experienced researchers.

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