Search results: Found 10

Listing 1 - 10 of 10
Sort by
Petrarch and Boccaccio. The Unity of Knowledge in the Pre-modern World

Author:
Book Series: mimesis ISSN: 0178-7489 ISBN: 9783110425147 9783110419306 Year: Volume: 61 Pages: 380 DOI: 10.1515/9783110419306 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Languages and Literatures --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2018-03-21 17:56:44
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

The early modern and modern cultural world in the West would be unthinkable without Petrarch and Boccaccio. Despite this fact, there is still no scholarly contribution entirely devoted to analysing their intellectual revolution. Internationally renowned scholars are invited to discuss and rethink the historical, intellectual, and literary roles of Petrarch and Boccaccio between the great model of Dante`s encyclopedia and the ideas of a double or multifaceted culture in the era of Italian Renaissance Humanism. In his lyrical poems and Latin treatises, Petrarch created a cultural pattern that was both Christian and Classical, exercising immense influence on the Western World in the centuries to come. Boccaccio translated this pattern into his own vernacular narratives and erudite works, ultimately claiming as his own achievement the reconstructed unity of the Ancient Greek and Latin world in his contemporary age. The volume reconsiders Petrarch`s and Boccaccio`s heritages from different perspectives (philosophy, theology, history, philology, paleography, literature, theory), and investigates how these heritages shaped the cultural transition between the end of the Middle Ages and the early modern era, as well as European identity.

The Palgrave Handbook of the History of Surgery

Author:
ISBN: 9781349952595 Year: Pages: 578 DOI: 10.1057/978-1-349-95260-1 Language: English
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan Grant: Wellcome Trust
Subject: Surgery --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:14

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

This handbook covers the technical, social and cultural history of surgery. It reflects the state of the art and suggests directions for future research. It discusses what is different and specific about the history of surgery - a manual activity with a direct impact on the patient’s body. The individual entries in the handbook function as starting points for anyone who wants to obtain up-to-date information about an area in the history of surgery for purposes of research or for general orientation. Written by 26 experts from 6 countries, the chapters discuss the essential topics of the field (such as anaesthesia, wound infection, instruments, specialization), specific domains areas (for example, cancer surgery, transplants, animals, war), but also innovative themes (women, popular culture, nursing, clinical trials) and make connections to other areas of historical research (such as the history of emotions, art, architecture, colonial history). 


War Remains

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9789188661012 9789187675818 Year: Pages: 221 DOI: 10.21525/kriterium.9 Language: English
Publisher: Kriterium
Subject: Social Sciences --- Media and communication --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2018-09-11 11:01:03
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

War Remains is an interdisciplinary anthology dealing with the mediations and sense-making narratives of war deaths and suffering in the era of the world wars. In the first half of the 20th century, more than 120 million people died an untimely or violent death – on the battlefield, in concentration camps, through fierce air strikes or as casualties of the many epidemics and hardships that followed on the heels of war. The experiences and narratives of war that flowed through different media of the time were often focused on the emotional, the personal, the everyday, and the subjective. The horrifying experiences of mass death lingered on in cultural narratives for years, repeating, reinforcing, and renegotiating people’s beliefs about war and suffering.

The authors apply perspectives from a variety of scholarly fields such as history, media history, human rights studies, journalism, film studies, comparative literature, publishing studies, and rhetoric. Focusing on the period between the 1910s and 1970s, they show how literary fiction, newspapers, radio, film, comic books, and weekly magazines communicated the realities of war and turned the trauma into something that could be situated within the conventions of public display.

The book consists of an introduction by the editors, seven individual cases by different authors, and the editors’ postscript. In the introduction chapter by Cronqvist and Sturfelt, the book is placed within the research fields of the cultural history of war and sensing and mediating war. These discussions lead up to an argument for a new and innovative way of studying the subject by bridging the gap between historical studies on memory and media studies of memory, and instead apply an interdisciplinary perspective of a media history of war remains. This approach insists on the importance of media forms and historical context for remembering and sensing war.

The following seven individual chapters draw on a diverse range of sources and empirical examples to offer a comparison of different forms and expressions of media over an extended period. In chapter 2, Qvarnström analyses the First World War novels by the Swedish author Anna Lenah Elgström and discusses fiction as media. In chapter 3, Sturfelt analyses Save the Children’s humanitarian reporting and the visual discourses on starving children in the interwar period. Chapter 4 by Skoog examines the BBC radio correspondent Audrey Russell reporting and remembering the Second World War. In chapter 5, Bergström analyses media strategies and films by the Swedish European Aid in the late 1940s. In chapter 6, Cronqvist deals with memory, mediation, and decentring in John Hersey’s ‘Hiroshima’ from 1946. Chapter 7 by Kärrholm analyses motifs, paratexts, and other framing devices in EC’s Cold War comics. Finally, in chapter 8, Saarenmaa examines the circulation of Nazi imagery and generational layers of cultural remembrance in men’s magazines in the 1960s and 1970s.

In the postscript, the editors Cronqvist and Sturfelt summarize the core arguments of the book: the significance of war representations alongside media forms, the importance of the visual, the value of shifting temporal and spatial foci, the highlighting of gendered aspects of war remains, and the intractable focus on the remembering and grieving survivor. They then suggest some possible directions for future research within the field and end up emphasizing the value of a media history of war remains for understanding both past and present conflicts.

Killing and Being Killed

Author:
Book Series: Mainzer Historische Kulturwissenschaften ISBN: 9783839437834 9783837637830 Year: Pages: 272 DOI: 10.14361/9783839437834 Language: English
Publisher: transcript Verlag Grant: Schweizerischer Nationalfonds zur Förderung der Wissenschaftlichen Forschung
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2018-02-02 11:01:45
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

What bodily experiences did fighters make through their lifetime and especially in violent conflicts? How were the bodies of fighters trained, nourished, and prepared for combat? How did they respond to wounds, torture and the ubiquitous risk of death? The articles present examples of body techniques of fighters and their perception throughout the Middle Ages. The geographical scope ranges from the Anglo-Scottish borderlands over Central Europe up to the Mediterranean World. This larger framework enables the reader to trace the similarities and differences of the cultural practice of "Killing and Being Killed" in various contexts. Contributions by Iain MacInnes, Alastair J. Macdonald, Bogdan-Petru Maleon, and others.

Exploring the Interior: Essays on Literary and Cultural History

Author:
ISBN: 9781783743933 9781783743957 Year: Volume: 1 Pages: 366 DOI: https://doi.org/10.11647/OBP.0126 Language: English
Publisher: Open Book Publishers
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2018-05-23 17:48:47
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

In this fascinating collection of essays Harvard Emeritus Professor Karl S. Guthke examines the ways in which, for European scholars and writers of the eighteenth and early nineteenth century, world-wide geographical exploration led to an exploration of the self. Guthke explains how in the age of Enlightenment and beyond intellectual developments were fuelled by excitement about what Ulrich Im Hof called "the grand opening-up of the wide world”, especially of the interior of the non-European continents. This outward turn was complemented by a fascination with "the world within” as anthropology and ethnology focused on the humanity of the indigenous populations of far-away lands – an interest in human nature that suggested a way for Europeans to understand themselves, encapsulated in Gauguin’s Tahitian rumination "What are we?”The essays in the first half of the book discuss first- or second-hand, physical or mental encounters with the exotic lands and populations beyond the supposed cradle of civilisation. The works of literature and documents of cultural life featured in these essays bear testimony to the crossing not only of geographical, ethnological, and cultural borders but also of borders of a variety of intellectual activities and interests. The second section examines the growing interest in astronomy and the engagement with imagined worlds in the universe, again with a view to understanding homo sapiens, as compared now to the extra-terrestrials that were confidently assumed to exist. The final group of essays focuses on the exploration of the landscape of what was called "the universe within”; featuring, among a variety of other texts, Schiller’s plays The Maid of Orleans and William Tell, these essays observe and analyse what Erich Heller termed "The Artist’s Journey into the Interior.”This collection, which travels from the interior of continents to the interior of the mind, is itself a set of explorations that revel in the discovery of what was half-hidden in language. Written by a scholar of international repute, it is eye-opening reading for all those with an interest in the literary and cultural history of (and since) the Enlightenment.

Die Wiener Stadtbücher 1395-1430, Teil 5: 1418-1421

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783205204435 Year: Pages: 466 Seiten Language: Latin|German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Austrian Science Fund - PUB 443
Added to DOAB on : 2018-04-21 11:01:55
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

The Archive of the City of Vienna keeps three folio-volumes of a manuscript in conservation of her archive, which in common was marked as “Wiener Testamentsbücher” (Viennese Last Wills-Register). The source, comprising the period of 1395 to 1430, at this time was named “Stadtbuch”, and this appoints the character of such registers, which served for registration of legal transactions in urban space. In total the “Stadtbuch” embodies more than 4.500 registrations, in most cases last wills (“Geschäfte”), but also a lot of registrations about transactions concerning private law as well as matters of pubic law.

Neue Grauzonen der Technikgeschichte

Author:
Book Series: Technikdiskurse : Karlsruher Studien zur Technikgeschichte / Hrsg.: Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (KIT), Institut für Technikzukünfte, Teilinstitut für Geschichte ISSN: 18603610 ISBN: 9783731507390 Year: Volume: 14 Pages: III, 291 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000076995 Language: GERMAN
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-28 18:37:01
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Kurt Möser visits new fields of our technological cultural past. Cameras, airports, racing boats or ironclads become significant. His essays stimulate methods and new themes. Crime end technology, magic and aeronautics, the birth of the computer from battleship calculators, excentric usters – these are some of the subjects, organized in things, spaces, persons, unpleasances, old and new, individual themes.

Über Projektionen: Weltkarten und Weltanschauungen

Author:
Book Series: Image ISBN: 9783839446119 9783837646115 Year: Pages: 300 DOI: 10.14361/9783839446119 Language: German
Publisher: transcript Verlag Grant: Swiss National Science Foundation (SNSF) - OAPEN-CH
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:33:03
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

"About projections" gives insights into world maps, their ways of representation and the associated worldviews. On the one hand, the projection is presented as an ideal projection in the sense of a worldview that describes prevailing mental images, values, order principles, ways of thinking or explanatory models of the world. On the other hand, the focus is on the geometric projection that underlies world maps: every world map faces the difficulty of displaying the spherical surface in a two-dimensional plane. In a reconstruction various paradigmatic worldviews are shown on the basis of world maps. In a deconstruction, conventional ones are contrasted by alternative world maps. The wide variety of possible world maps shows that world maps do not represent a status quo, but are merely a subjective interpretation of the world at a given time, which remain subject to constant upheavals.

Der Beruf

Author:
Book Series: Histoire ISBN: 9783839445495 9783837645491 Year: Pages: 264 DOI: 10.14361/9783839445495 Language: German
Publisher: transcript Verlag
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:33:04
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

This book traces the idea of the profession along historical landmarks and analyses its characteristics and functions.

Konversation und Geselligkeit

Author:
Book Series: Lettre ISBN: 9783839444290 9783837644296 Year: Pages: 198 DOI: 10.14361/9783839444290 Language: German
Publisher: transcript Verlag
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:00
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Based on the field of experience of ideality and reality, Karin Schulz develops a history of behavior diagnostics concerning French parlor conversation.

Listing 1 - 10 of 10
Sort by
Narrow your search