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Landlock

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ISBN: 9781760462505 9781760462512 Year: Pages: 240 DOI: 10.22459/L.09.2018 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Economics --- Political Science --- Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:02
License: ANU Press

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Landlock: Paralysing Dispute over Minerals on Adivasi Land in India explores the ways in which political controversy over a bauxite mining and refining project on constitutionally protected tribal lands in Andhra Pradesh descended into a state of paralysis where no productive outcome was possible. Long-running support for Adivasi (or tribal) land rights motivated a wide range of actors to block the project’s implementation by recourse to India’s dispersed institutional landscape, while project proponents proved adept in proposing workarounds to prevent its outright cancellation. In the ensuing deadlock, the project was unable to move towards completion, while marginalised Adivasi groups were equally unable to repossess their land. Such a ‘landlock’ is argued to be characteristic of India’s wider inability to deal with conflicts over land matters, despite the crucial importance of land for smallholder livelihoods and various economic processes in an intensely growth-focused country. The result has been frequent yet grindingly slow processes of contestation in which powerful business and state interests are, at times, halted in their tracks, but mostly seem able to slowly exhaust local resistance in their pursuit of large-scale projects that produce no benefits for the rural poor.

The Promise of Prosperity

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ISBN: 9781760462529 Year: Pages: 268 DOI: 10.22459/PP.2018 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Ethnology --- Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:33:03
License: ANU Press

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For the people of Timor-Leste, independence promised a fundamental transformation from foreign occupation to self-rule, from brutality to respect for basic rights, and from poverty to prosperity. In the eyes of the country’s political leaders, revenue from the country’s oil and gas reserves is the means by which that transformation could be effected. Over the past decade, they have formulated ambitious plans for state-led development projects and rapid economic growth. Paradoxically, these modernist visions are simultaneously informed by and contradict ideas stemming from custom, religion, accountability and responsibility to future generations. This book explores how the promise of prosperity informs policy and how policy debates shape expectations about the future in one of the world’s newest and poorest nation-states.

Taxes and Taxation Trends

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ISBN: 9781789230987 9781789230994 Year: Pages: 272 DOI: 10.5772/66617 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:51

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Taxes are a constant part of life for every company and a constant element of economics, finance, and financial law. Any changes observed in the science and theory also apply to the importance and position of taxes in the practice of corporate finance, public finance, and economic growth. Beside this, a new meaning of taxes in the economies of countries in the world and the European Union is introduced. Taxes will always introduce risks and uncertainties in business, due to the high volatility and uncertainty of tax law. Moreover, being a category that affects the economic growth, they cause disturbances in stability and welfare of the state. Therefore, while considering the essence of taxes in a country, one should not consider this category in isolation from corporate finance and social welfare. Two things are certain in the world: death and taxes.

Poverty, Inequality and Migration in Latin Amerika

Authors: ---
Book Series: Goettinger Studien zur Entwicklungsoekonomik / Goettingen Studies in Development Economics ISBN: 9783631573273 Year: Pages: 290 Language: English
Publisher: Peter Lang International Academic Publishing Group
Subject: Economics --- Political Science --- Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:32:27
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The causes and consequences of high inequality in incomes, assets, and many aspects of well-being in Latin America have recently (re-)emerged as a central research and policy issue. However, many open questions remain that will be dealt with in the contributions to this volume. First, the linkages between growth, inequality, and poverty in Latin America need further clarification. More analyses at the country and even sub-national level are required to understand these complex relationships and their most important determinants. Of particular relevance is to examine these relationships in the Latin American context of high economic instability with recurrent economic and financial crises, particularly in the 1990s. Secondly, measuring and addressing poverty remains a critical research area, in particular non-monetary including subjective indicators of well-being often tell a different story that needs to be considered when analyzing poverty trends and determinants. Lastly, the poverty/inequality issues need to be considered in an economic environment, where trade, migration, and economic integration are of particular importance. Thus the role of trade and migration in generating, sustaining, or reducing inequalities between and within countries is an area that requires further analysis.

L'histoire de l'Inra, entre science et politique

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9782759226382 Year: Pages: 464 DOI: 10.35690/978-2-7592-2638-2 Language: French
Publisher: éditions Quae
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-10 11:21:06
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Set up during the food crisis in the aftermath of the Second World War, France's National Institute for Agricultural Research (INRA) was founded on the notion that public scientific research into the management of life in all its multifarious forms would be of major importance for rebuilding France's position in the world. This book, based on original documentation and testimonies of the main protagonists, explores the 70 years of the institute's life, focusing on the interactions between science and politics.

China – The New Developmental State?

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Book Series: Hohenheimer volkswirtschaftliche Schriften ISBN: 9783631582848 Year: Pages: 362 Language: English
Publisher: Peter Lang International Academic Publishing Group
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:32:25
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The central focus of this analysis is whether the economic growth of China can be attributed to an emulation of the development models of Japan, South Korea, and Taiwan. Based on the developmental state theory, an East Asian developmental state model is set up as a benchmark. The thesis uses an empirical analysis of the auto industry to highlight the performance outcome of China’s development strategy. The author confirms that China has evolved into a developmental state similar in its core characteristics to the three leading East Asian states. The model of development in China, however, is an innovative combination of factors from the developmental states, the legacies of the past command economy as well as of the adopted market economy mechanism including international capital flows.

Growth, Poverty and Inequality Dynamics

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Book Series: Goettinger Studien zur Entwicklungsoekonomik / Goettingen Studies in Development Economics ISBN: 9783631572559 Year: Pages: 156 Language: English
Publisher: Peter Lang International Academic Publishing Group
Subject: Economics --- Political Science --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:32:27
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Since the Second World War the world has seen an economic growth spurt unprecedented in history. Economic growth is a necessary but not sufficient condition for improving human development, or in other words, economic growth is an important pre-requisite for the ultimate goal of human well-being. The four empirical essays of this book add to the general debate concerning dynamics of growth, poverty and inequality over the past 40 years from four different dimensions. The first chapter analyses the dynamics of the cross-country per capita income distribution and the existence of convergence clubs. The second chapter focuses on the dynamic development of the global income distribution and resulting implications for global income convergence, poverty reduction, pro-poor growth and the evolution of global inequality within and between countries. The third chapter investigates the deterministic relationship between ethnic fractionalisation and growth in a macro cross-country regression framework. Finally, the fourth chapter adds to the understanding of micro determinants of growth and poverty in the context of Indonesia.

Le manioc, entre culture alimentaire et filière agro-industrielle

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9782759227082 Year: Pages: 232 DOI: 10.35690/978-2-7592-2708-2 Language: French
Publisher: éditions Quae
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-10 11:21:06
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The cassava-processing industry plays a key role in food safety and in the economies in the Global South, mainly in rural areas but increasingly in cities too. Climate change is expected to play an even greater role in world agriculture. This book brings together all of the available knowledge on cassava and highlights the agronomic and commercial issues surrounding this crop. It presents an overview of cassava production worldwide, covering all of the various aspects of the plant (botany, genetics), as well as its main forms of cultivation, its diseases and pests. It describes how to use, consume and process cassava.

Russia's Turn to the East: Domestic Policymaking and Regional Cooperation

Authors: ---
Book Series: Global Reordering ISBN: 9783319697895 9783319697901 Year: Pages: 167 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-69790-1 Language: English
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan Grant: Norwegian Institute of International Affairs (NUPI)
Subject: History --- Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2018-05-31 19:02:07
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This book explores if and how Russian policies towards the Far East region of the country – and East Asia more broadly – have changed since the onset of the Ukraine crisis and Russia’s annexation of Crimea. Following the 2014 annexation and the subsequent enactment of a sanctions regime against the country, the Kremlin has emphasized the eastern vector in its external relations. But to what extent has Russia’s 'pivot to the East' intensified or changed in nature – domestically and internationally – since the onset of the current crisis in relations with the West? Rather than taking the declared 'pivot' as a fact and exploring the consequences of it, the contributors to this volume explore whether a pivot has indeed happened or if what we see today is the continuation of longer-duration trends, concerns and ambitions.

Building a Resilient and Sustainable Agriculture in Sub-Saharan Africa

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783319762210 9783319762227 Year: Pages: 302 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-76222-7 Language: English
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan Grant: African Development Bank
Subject: Agriculture (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2018-07-20 18:51:43
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What are the challenges and action points for agricultural sustainability in Sub-Saharan Africa? This collection of papers offers technical analyses, policy recommendations and an overview of success stories to date. Each carefully selected paper provides valuable insights for improved policy making and defines relevant strategic priorities on Africa’s sustainable transformation process, which is in line with the international development agenda. Although agriculture remains the main source of income for Africa’s population, the sector is rain-fed subjecting it to the vagaries of weather and climate change. This volume demonstrates the rationale of developing a competitive, inclusive and sustainable agribusiness sector for Africa’s food security and structural transformation.From the impact of Bioenergy crop adoption and Drought Index Insurance to Agro-Industrialization, this volume is important reading for individual researchers, academic associations and professional bodies interested in African agricultural development.

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