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An Uncertain Future - Anticipating Oil in Uganda

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ISBN: 9783863953607 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2018-07-27 11:01:02
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The discovery of oil in Uganda in 2006 ushered in an oil-age era with new prospects of unforeseen riches. However, after an initial exploration boom developments stalled. Unlike other countries with major oil discoveries, Uganda has been slow in developing its oil. In fact, over ten years after the first discoveries, there is still no oil. During the time of the research for this book between 2012 and 2015, Uganda’s oil had not yet fully materialised but was becoming. The overarching characteristic of this research project was waiting for the big changes to come: a waiting characterised by indeterminacy. There is a timeline but every year it gets expanded and in 2018 having oil still seems to belong to an uncertain future. This book looks at the waiting period as a time of not-yet-ness and describes the practices of future- and resource-making in Uganda. How did Ugandans handle the new resource wealth and how did they imagine their future with oil to be? This ethnography is concerned with Uganda’s oil and the way Ugandans anticipated different futures with it: promising futures of wealth and development and disturbing futures of destruction and suffering. The book works out how uncertainty was an underlying feature of these anticipations and how risks and risk discourses shaped the imaginations of possible futures. Much of the talk around the oil involved the dichotomy of blessing or curse and it was not clear, which one the oil would be. Rather than adding another assessment of what the future with oil will be like, this book describes the predictions and prophesies as an essential part of how resources are being made. This ethnography shows how various actors in Uganda, from the state, the oil industry, the civil society, and the extractive communities, have tried to negotiate their position in the oil arena. Annika Witte argues in this book that by establishing their risks and using them as power resources actors can influence the becoming of oil as a resource and their own place in a petro-future. The book offers one of the first ethnographic accounts of Uganda’s oil and the negotiations that took place in an oil state to be.

Keywords

Uganda --- oil --- ethnography

The Quest for the Good Life in Precarious Times

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9781760462000 Year: Pages: 244 DOI: 10.22459/QGLPT.03.2018 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Ethnology --- Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2018-05-05 11:02:08
License: ANU Press

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The study of the quest for the good life and the morality and value it presupposes is not new. To the contrary, this is an ancient issue; its intellectual history can be traced back to Aristotle. In anthropology, the study of morality and value has always been a central concern, despite the claim of some scholars that the recent upsurge of interest in these issues is new. What is novel is how scholars in many disciplines are posing the value question in new ways. The global economic alignments of the present pose many political, moral and theoretical questions, but the central issue the essays in this collection address is: how do relatively poor people of the Australia–Pacific region survive in current precarious times? In looking to answer this question, contributors directly engage the values and concepts of their interlocutors. At a time when understanding local implications of global processes is taking on new urgency, these essays bring finely honed anthropological perspectives to matters of universal human concern—they offer radical empirical critique based on intensive fieldwork that will be of great interest to those seeking to comprehend the bigger picture.

Divided Loyalties

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ISBN: 9781760462369 9781760462376 Year: Pages: 226 DOI: 10.22459/DL.09.2018 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Ethnology --- Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:02
License: ANU Press

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Drawing on extensive ethnographic fieldwork, this study explores the ideas of belonging and citizenship among former pro-autonomy East Timorese who have elected to settle indefinitely in West Timor. The study follows different East Timorese groups and examines various ways they construct and negotiate their socio-political identities following the violent and destructive separation from their homeland. The East Timorese might have had Indonesia as their destination when they left the eastern half of the island in the aftermath of the referendum, but they have not relinquished their cultural identities as East Timorese. The study highlights the significance of the notions of origin, ancestry and alliance in our understanding of East Timorese place-making and belonging to a particular locality. Another feature of belonging that informs East Timorese identity is their narrative of sacrifice to maintain connections with their homeland and move on with their lives in Indonesia. These sacrificial narratives elaborate an East Timorese spirit of struggle and resilience, a feature further exemplified in the transformation of their political activities within the Indonesian political system.

Productive Fandom

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ISBN: 9789089649386 Year: DOI: 10.5117/9789089649386 Language: English
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press
Subject: Performing Arts
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:03
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This book offers a media ethnography of the digital culture, conventions, and urban spaces associated with fandoms, arguing that fandom is an area of productive, creative, and subversive value.

Opioids: Addiction, Narrative, Freedom

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ISBN: 9781947447837 9781947447844 Year: Pages: 190 DOI: 10.21983/P3.0210.1.00 Language: English
Publisher: punctum books
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-03-26 11:21:04
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An epidemic is a feeling set within time as much as it is a matter of statistics and epidemiology: it is the feeling of many of us in the same desperate place at the same desperate time. Opioid epidemic thus names a present moment — at once historic and historical — centered on the substance of opioids as much as it names the urgency of all of us who are currently in proximity to these substances. What is the relationship between these historic and historical moments, the present moment, the history of pharmacological capitalism, and a set of repeated neurological activities, as well as human loss and desire, that has fueled the exponential rise in the rates of opioid use and abuse between 2000-2018? Opioids: Addiction, Narrative, Freedom is an auto-ethnography written from deep within—biologically within—this opioid epidemic. Tracing opioids around and through the bodies, governmental, and medical structures they are moving and being moved through, Opioids is an examination of what it means to live within an environment saturated with a substance of deep economic, political, neuroscientific, and pharmacological implications. From exploring media coverage of the epidemic and emerging medical narratives of addiction to detailing the legal inscription of differences between “pain patients” and people addicted to drugs, Opioids consistently asks: what is it like to live within an epidemic? What forms of freedom become possible when continually modulated by our physical experiences of the material proximities of an epidemic? How do you live with something for a long time

Unjust Conditions

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ISBN: 9780520296992 9780520969520 Year: Pages: 212 DOI: 10.1525/luminos.49 Language: English
Publisher: University of California Press
Subject: Gender Studies --- History --- Migration
Added to DOAB on : 2018-05-09 11:01:52
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Unjust Conditions follows the lives and labors of poor mothers in rural Peru, richly documenting the ordeals they face to participate in mainstream poverty alleviation programs. Championed by behavioral economists and the World Bank, conditional cash transfer (CCT) programs are praised as efficient mechanisms for changing poor people’s behavior. While rooted in good intentions and dripping with the rhetoric of social inclusion, CCT programs’ successes ring hollow, based solely on metrics for children’s attendance at school and health appointments. Looking beyond these statistics reveals a host of hidden costs for the mothers who meet the conditions. With a poignant voice and keen focus on ethnographic research, Tara Patricia Cookson turns the reader’s gaze to women’s care work in landscapes of grossly inadequate state investment, cleverly drawing out the tensions between social inclusion and conditionality.

Neuer Nationalismus im östlichen Europa

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Ethnografische Perspektiven auf das östliche Europa ISBN: 9783837639629 9783839439623 Year: DOI: 10.14361/9783839439623 Language: German
Publisher: transcript Verlag Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 103233
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2018-03-30 11:01:59
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Im östlichen Europa leben in den letzten Jahrzehnten historische Mythen wieder auf: "Volkskultur" oder religiöse Traditionen tragen genauso zu einer nationalen Identitätspolitik bei wie jüngere Erinnerungsorte, beispielsweise aus dem Kontext Sport oder der Populärkultur. Mit Blick auf Polen, Tschechien, Russland, Bulgarien, Ungarn, Kroatien, die Slowakei sowie die Ukraine ethnografieren die Beiträge des Bandes diese Wiederentdeckung des Nationalen aus kulturwissenschaftlicher Perspektive. Sie beleuchten die Ursachen und Spezifika dieser aktuellen Entwicklungen in den postsozialistischen Ländern und gehen den Folgen für den europäischen Einigungsprozess nach.

Inside Asylum Bureaucracy: Organizing Refugee Status Determination in Austria

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Book Series: IMISCOE Research Series ISSN: 2364-4087 ISBN: 9783319633053 9783319633060 Year: Pages: 208 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-63306-0 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Grant: Fonds zur Förderung der wissenschaftlichen Forschung (FWF)
Subject: History --- Migration
Added to DOAB on : 2018-06-29 10:47:48
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This open access monograph provides sociological insight into governmental action on the administration of asylum in the European context. It offers an in-depth understanding of how decision-making officials encounter and respond to structural contradictions in the asylum procedure produced by diverging legal, political, and administrative objectives.The study focuses on structural aspects on the one hand, such as legal and organisational elements, and aspects of agency on the other hand, examining the social practices and processes going on at the frontside and the backside of the administrative asylum system.Coverage is based on a case study using ethnographic methods, including qualitative interviews, participant observation, as well as artefact analysis. This case study is positioned within a broader context and allows for comparison within and beyond the European system, building a bridge to the international scientific community.In addition, the author links the empirical findings to sociological theory. She explains the identified patterns of social practice in asylum administration along the theories of social practices, social construction and structuration. This helps to contribute to the often missing theoretical development in this particular field of research.Overall, this book provides a sociological contribution to a key issue in today's debate on immigration in Europe and beyond. It will appeal to researchers, policy makers, administrators, and practitioners as well as students and readers interested in immigration and asylum.

Dinge als Herausforderung

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Book Series: Edition Kulturwissenschaft ISBN: 9783839445136 9783837645132 Year: Pages: 356 DOI: 10.14361/9783839445136 Language: German
Publisher: transcript Verlag
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:00
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Things are not as nonpolitical as they seem: This book illuminates the hidden meanings and ambiguities of objects – an important contribution to the research on material everyday culture!

A Fair Share of Tax: A Fiscal Anthropology of Contemporary Sweden

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ISBN: 9783319697710 9783319697727 Year: Pages: 136 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-69772-7 Language: English
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan Grant: Riksbankens Jubileumsfond
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2018-05-31 18:01:26
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This book takes a taxpayer's perspective to the relations taxation creates between people and their state. Larsen proposes that in order to understand tax compliance and cheating, we have to look beyond law, psychological experiments and surveys to include tax collectors and taxpayers' practices. The text explores the view of taxes seen as citizen’s explicit economic relation to the state and implicit economic relation to all other compatriots. Larsen suggests how to build and increase tax compliance if we take the idea of taxation creating reciprocal relations seriously. The empirical cases are based on ethnography from two opposing tax practices in Sweden. Firstly, from a study of analysts, auditors, legal experts and managers at the Swedish Tax Agency and how they, quite successfully, strive for legitimacy in their tax collecting activities in society. Secondly, from fieldwork among a group of middle-aged Swedes and how they justify their tax-cheating when purchasing work off the books. Sweden is a modern society seen as particularly rational and the least prone to worry about survival issues; they trust their government and fellow citizens. Sweden is therefore an important country to look at as an example of tax compliance and whether other countries showing a continuous inclination towards these values will follow their lead.

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