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Clinical Trials in Vulnerable Populations

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ISBN: 9781789232004 9781789232011 Year: Pages: 224 DOI: 10.5772/66026 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Public Health
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:51

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This book Clinical Trials in Vulnerable Populations has 12 chapters divided into 4 sections: Minority Patients, Women, Medically Compromised Patients and Clinical Trials. Contributing authors came from several countries, from Serbia to Turkey. The book was edited by Professor Milica Prostran MD, Ph.D., specialist in Clinical Pharmacology. The potential reader is shown a modern approach to clinical trials in vulnerable populations, from different points of view. The chapters deal at length and clarity with their topics. Finally, I believe, that this book I edited and reviewed with dedication will capture the attention of many readers, from medical students to practicing doctors and pharmacists. All of whom must consider this very important field of medicine: clinical trials in vulnerable patients.

Family Planning

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ISBN: 9781789232769 9781789232776 Year: Pages: 324 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.68266 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Public Health
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:51

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Women with unmet need for family planning are those who are fecund but are not using any method of contraception, not wanting any more children, or wanting to delay the next pregnancy. This notion points to the gap between women?s reproductive intentions and their contraceptive behavior. The need for contraception remains too high. This circumstance is made worse by both a growing population and a shortage of family planning services. It is important that family planning is widely available and easily accessible. This book is intended as an aid to substance that all health workers interested in becoming more effective practitioners will consult on many occasions during their clinical practice. It provides views that the readers can test their experiences against. It presents sound and clear advice on some of the most practical guidance applicable to family planning.

Towards Malaria Elimination - A Leap Forward

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ISBN: 9781789235500 9781789235517 Year: Pages: 452 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.69750 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Public Health
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:51

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Towards Malaria Elimination - A Leap Forward was started to mark the occasion for renewed commitment to end malaria transmission for good (the WHO's call for ""Malaria Free World"" by 2030). This book is dedicated for the benefit of researchers, scientists, program and policy managers, students and anyone interested in malaria and other mosquito-borne diseases with the goal of sharing recent information on success stories, innovative control approaches and challenges in different regions of the world. Some main issues that emerged included multidrug-resistant malaria and pandemic risk, vaccines, cross-border malaria, asymptomatic parasite reservoir, the threat of Plasmodium vivax and Plasmodium knowlesi, insecticide resistance in Anopheles vectors and outdoor malaria transmission. This book is one little step forward to bring together in 17 chapters the experiences of malaria-expert researchers from five continents to present updated information on disease epidemiology and control at the national/regional level, highlighting the constraints, challenges, accomplishments and prospects of malaria elimination.

Public Health - Emerging and Re-emerging Issues

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ISBN: 9781789841497 9781789841503 Year: Pages: 184 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.72391 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Public Health
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:52

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The main aim of modern public health is to improve the quality of life and promote health for all. Public health deals with a wide range of individuals and collaborates with various organizations, departments, and agencies to improve health, forestall disease and promote well-being. The field of public health is constantly evolving in response to the needs of communities and populations that are facing demographic, epidemiological and technological challenges. To overcome these challenges, health professionals need to conduct research to generate evidence-based policies to improve the health of the community. Throughout the course of this book, a number of emerging and re-emerging public health issues from different countries are discussed and attempts are made to illustrate a balanced and evidence-based approach towards tackling major public health problems.

Weight Loss

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ISBN: 9781789236903 9781789236910 Year: Pages: 170 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.71828 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Public Health
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:52

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Epidemiological studies show that weight loss has many health benefits, so different strategies have been explored to lose weight, with health and esthetic reasons being the base of those strategies. Weight loss may be the result of pathologies, so both intentional and unintentional weight loss are different situations, each being a relevant focus of study. Along with that distinction, gender and ethnic topics are also relevant aspects, and different chapters of this book are related to male vs. female topics as well as to cultural differences related to weight loss. Childhood obesity from a parenting style perspective is also developed in this book. Finally, it must be noted that activity is essential to improve body composition and also to keep an ideal weight.

Current Issues in Global Health

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ISBN: 9781789845105 9781789845112 Year: Pages: 110 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.73882 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Public Health
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:52

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Current Issues in Global Health provides a forum for a broad discussion of health issues, from systemic violence to infectious disease in places as far apart as Kashmir and South America. The authors come from a variety of environments including military and academic positions. Despite the diversity of subject matter and authors, the consistent theme of the book always focuses on the provision of an environment in which members of a community can achieve or maintain good public health. The subjects addressed here are those that cross international borders and affect lives around the world, thus truly qualifying as issues of global health importance.

Current Topics in Tropical Emerging Diseases and Travel Medicine

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ISBN: 9781789848243 9781789848250 Year: Pages: 178 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.74142 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Public Health
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:52

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Tropical emerging diseases pose a significant risk for the circulation of old and new pathogens in areas previously unknown, also implying the possibility of new morbidities and mortalities and new consequences for naïve populations. Globalization, migration and travel are key factors for tropical diseases, and represent the need for integration of tropical medicine, travel medicine and epidemiology in the understanding of such complex situations. Neglected tropical diseases such as leprosy or Chagas disease, arboviral diseases, HIV, Ebola, and arenaviral infections are just a few examples. This book tries to update significant epidemiological and clinical research in many aspects with a multinational perspective.

Occupational Health and Safety - A Multi-Regional Perspective

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9781789234107 9781789234114 Year: Pages: 118 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.70949 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Public Health
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:51

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Occupational health and safety (OHS) is an important focus of governments and organizations throughout the world because there are over 2.78 million fatal and 374 million nonfatal work-related injuries and illnesses experienced by employees every year. Addressing these requires paying attention to the physical organizational, cultural, and social contexts amidst which work is undertaken. A multidisciplinary approach is also necessary in finding effective solutions. Interestingly, countries and regions address different aspects of OHS depending on what OHS hazards and risks are important to them. This book, based on research from Australia, Belgium, Ghana, Malaysia, Turkey, and Slovakia, examines how a range of OHS hazards are addressed in these contexts. We believe that this is an important first step in addressing an age-old OHS problem through a multiregional collaboration.

Qualitätsmonitor 2019

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783954664030 9783954664344 Year: Language: German
Publisher: MWV Medizinisch Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellschaft Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 103642
Subject: Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:33:12
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Die Qualität der Versorgung, ihre Sicherung, Verbesserung und Incentivierung sind das erklärte Ziel der Krankenhausgesetzgebung der letzten Jahre. Für die Diskussion über Bewertung, Vergütung und Kommunikation von Qualität im medizinischen Versorgungsgeschehen liefert der Qualitätsmonitor 2019 weitere Impulse. Das Werk greift jährlich relevante Themen aus stationärer und sektorenübergreifender Versorgung auf. Die Fachbeiträge gehen dabei der Frage nach, wie sich das Versorgungssystem unter Qualitätsaspekten gestalten lässt und wie Versorgungsqualität transparenter gemacht werden kann. Weiterhin werden Strukturanforderungen einer qualitätsorientierten medizinischen Versorgung diskutiert und die wissenschaftliche Evidenz zur Gestaltung relevanter Versorgungsbereiche zusammengefasst. Eine weitere Sektion zeigt Eckdaten zur Versorgungsstruktur und Qualitätsdaten der deutschen Krankenhäuser. Der Qualitätsmonitor 2019 unterstützt fundiert die Qualitätssicherungsdebatte in Deutschland.

Keywords

Medicine --- quality --- health care --- health system --- germany

Vignettes in Patient Safety - Volume 2

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9789535137306 9789535137313 9789535140764 Year: Pages: 202 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.69032 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Public Health
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:50

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Over the past two decades, the healthcare community increasingly recognized the importance and the impact of medical errors on patient safety and clinical outcomes. Medical and surgical errors continue to contribute to unnecessary and potentially preventable morbidity and/or mortality, affecting both ambulatory and hospital settings. The spectrum of contributing variables-ranging from minor errors that subsequently escalate to poor communication to lapses in appropriate protocols and processes (just to name a few)-is extensive, and solutions are only recently being described. As such, there is a growing body of research and experiences that can help provide an organized framework-based upon the best practices and evidence-based medical principles-for hospitals and clinics to foster patient safety culture and to develop institutional patient safety champions. Based upon the tremendous interest in the first volume of our Vignettes in Patient Safety series, this second volume follows a similar vignette-based model. Each chapter outlines a realistic case scenario designed to closely approximate experiences and clinical patterns that medical and surgical practitioners can easily relate to. Vignette presentations are then followed by an evidence-based overview of pertinent patient safety literature, relevant clinical evidence, and the formulation of preventive strategies and potential solutions that may be applicable to each corresponding scenario. Throughout the Vignettes in Patient Safety cycle, emphasis is placed on the identification and remediation of team-based and organizational factors associated with patient safety events. The second volume of the Vignettes in Patient Safety begins with an overview of recent high-impact studies in the area of patient safety. Subsequent chapters discuss a broad range of topics, including retained surgical items, wrong site procedures, disruptive healthcare workers, interhospital transfers, risks of emergency department overcrowding, dangers of inadequate handoff communication, and the association between provider fatigue and medical errors. By outlining some of the current best practices, structured experiences, and evidence-based recommendations, the authors and editors hope to provide our readers with new and significant insights into making healthcare safer for patients around the world.

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