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Museen digital

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ISBN: 9783946054863 Year: Pages: 210 DOI: 10.17885/heiup.365.515 Language: German
Publisher: Heidelberg University Publishing (heiUP)
Subject: Arts in general
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:10
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Museums especially in the Anglosaxon world understand that they have to present themselves in a modern form if they want to be accepted by a younger audience. Internet, social media, virtual and augmented reality, open culture: these are keywords which receive an ever increasing importance in the museum context as well. The book presents a selection of art museums which approach the digital sphere in a creative manner. In this way they try to cope with both their mission to educate and to entertain.

Keywords

Internet --- Art History --- Museum --- digital

Social Theory after the Internet

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ISBN: 9781787351226 Year: Pages: 210 DOI: 10.14324/111.9781787351226 Language: English
Publisher: UCL Press Grant: European Research Council (ERC) - 2011-AdG-295486
Subject: Sociology --- Media and communication --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2018-01-09 11:02:05
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The internet has fundamentally transformed society in the past 25 years, yet existing theories of mass or interpersonal communication do not work well in understanding a digital world. Nor has this understanding been helped by disciplinary specialization and a continual focus on the latest innovations. Ralph Schroeder takes a longer-term view, synthesizing perspectives and findings from various social science disciplines in four countries: the United States, Sweden, India and China. His comparison highlights, among other observations, that smartphones are in many respects more important than PC-based internet uses. Social Theory after the Internet focuses on everyday uses and effects of the internet, including information seeking and big data, and explains how the internet has gone beyond traditional media in, for example, enabling Donald Trump and Narendra Modi to come to power. Schroeder puts forward a sophisticated theory of the role of the internet, and how both technological and social forces shape its significance. He provides a sweeping and penetrating study, theoretically ambitious and at the same time always empirically grounded.The book will be of great interest to students and scholars of digital media and society, the internet and politics, and the social implications of big data.

Keywords

big data --- globalization --- media --- internet --- technology

Regulating Content on Social Media

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ISBN: 9781787351714 Year: Pages: 278 DOI: 10.14324/111.9781787351714 Language: English
Publisher: UCL Press
Subject: Sociology --- Law --- Business and Management --- Media and communication
Added to DOAB on : 2018-03-29 11:02:01
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How are users influenced by social media platforms when they generate content, and does this influence affect users’ compliance with copyright laws? These are pressing questions in today’s internet age, and Regulating Content on Social Media answers them by analysing how the behaviours of social media users are regulated from a copyright perspective. Corinne Tan, an internet governance specialist, compares copyright laws on selected social media platforms, namely Facebook, Pinterest, YouTube, Twitter and Wikipedia, with other regulatory factors such as the terms of service and the technological features of each platform. This comparison enables her to explore how each platform affects the role copyright laws play in securing compliance from their users. Through a case study detailing the content generative activities undertaken by a hypothetical user named Jane Doe, as well as drawing from empirical studies, the book argues that – in spite of copyright’s purported regulation of certain behaviours – users are 'nudged' by the social media platforms themselves to behave in ways that may be inconsistent with copyright laws.

Artificial Intelligence and the Internet of Things

Authors: ---
Book Series: CAMRI Policy Briefs ISBN: 9781911534839 9781911534822 9781911534839 9781911534846 Year: Pages: 31 DOI: 10.16997/book25 Language: English
Publisher: University of Westminster Press
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:39
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"Through algorithms and artificial intelligence (AI), objects and digital services now demonstrate new skills they did not have before, right up to replacing human activity through pre-programming or by making their own decisions. As part of the internet of things, AI applications are already widely used today, for example in language processing, image recognition and the tracking and processing of data.&#xD;&#xD;This policy brief illustrates the potential negative and positive impacts of AI and reviews related policy strategies adopted by the UK, US, EU, as well as Canada and China. Based on an ethical approach that considers the role of AI from a democratic perspective and considering the public interest, the authors make policy recommendations that help to strengthen the positive impact of AI and to mitigate its negative consequences."&#xD;

The Online Advertising Tax

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Book Series: CAMRI Policy Briefs ISBN: 9781911534860 9781911534860 9781911534877 9781911534884 Year: Pages: 33 DOI: 10.16997/book24 Language: English
Publisher: University of Westminster Press
Subject: Law --- Computer Science --- Philosophy --- Media and communication
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:39
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"Google and Facebook currently control close to two-thirds of global advertising revenue. While dominating the online advertising market, these two companies have thus far avoided paying adequate taxes.&#xD;&#xD;This CAMRI policy brief presents a new policy innovation, the online advertising tax. Considering the key role of user activity and user data for the value of Google and Facebook’s services, it explains how digital advertising companies’ revenues could be taxed based on the respective country in which targeted users are located.&#xD;&#xD;The author reviews existing policy arguments and policy options and sets out practical steps to ensure that tax avoidance by online advertising companies is mitigated. Furthermore, he illustrates how tax revenues could be used to support public service internet platforms."&#xD;

Sensors and Actuators in Smart Cities

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783038428732 9783038428749 Year: Pages: VI, 186 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2018-05-04 16:51:47
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Cities across the globe are installing sensors and actuators to become more sustainable, safe, efficient, and greener, with the hope of improving urban life. This book examines how sensors and actuators enable smart cities to provide critical services from road traffic management and disaster preparedness to key infrastructure, e.g., healthcare, and public safety. It presents a systems engineering perspective of the foundations and principles that span the various challenges and opportunities of developing smart cities. In addition, the studies presented in this book give the state of the art, system design, use cases, simulation, and real-life deployments or testbeds. The comprehensiveness of this book pose it as a reference for researchers and practitioners working on building the future smart cities and applications.

Internetsicherheit in Europa

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Book Series: Internet und Gesellschaft ISBN: 9783161559761 9783161562662 Year: Language: German
Publisher: Mohr Siebeck Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 101764
Added to DOAB on : 2018-05-27 11:01:52
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The question of how the law can deal with the problem of internet security is addressed in this volume. Starting with the fact that the internet is structurally insecure, the author finds that the uncertainty this causes must be countered with legal means, particularly when it comes to controlling information about weak spots. Hannfried Leisterer’s study examines whether and to what extent information management law can contribute to ensuring internet security.

Zukunftsorientierte Industriepolitik

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Book Series: Hohenheimer volkswirtschaftliche Schriften ISBN: 9783631515815 Year: Pages: 368 Language: German
Publisher: Peter Lang International Academic Publishing Group
Subject: Economics --- Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:32:18
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Industriepolitik ist einer der schillerndsten Begriffe der Wirtschaftswissenschaften. Überwiegend wird Industriepolitik als unzulässiger Eingriff in den marktlichen Allokationsmechanismus abgelehnt. In der wirtschaftspolitischen Praxis findet sich Industriepolitik dagegen fast ausnahmslos in jedem Land und zu jeder Zeit. Der Autor beleuchtet kritisch die Divergenz zwischen theoretischer Empfehlung und empirischer Realität. Ziel der Arbeit ist es, eine industriepolitische Konzeption zu entwickeln, die sowohl der theoretischen Kritik als auch der Tatsache, daß in der Realität stets Industriepolitik betrieben wird, Rechnung trägt. Theoretische Grundlage hierfür ist die Integration verschiedener Ansätze der Wachstums- und Wettbewerbstheorie sowie der Theorie des Strukturwandels.

The Online Advertising Tax as the Foundation of a Public Service Internet

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Book Series: CAMRI Policy Briefs ISBN: 9781911534945 9781911534938 9781911534945 9781911534952 9781911534969 Year: Pages: 102 DOI: 10.16997/book23 Language: English
Publisher: University of Westminster Press
Subject: Philosophy --- Law --- Computer Science --- Political Science --- Media and communication
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:39
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"Online advertising will soon form the largest share of global advertisement revenues. Google and Facebook netted profits of US $29 billion in 2016. While these two giants control more than 66% of all online advertising revenues complex legal company structures have minimised their tax liabilities. This extended policy report considers where they should be taxed and where the value of their activities is actually created. It argues that tax paid by those platforms should be levied in the country where platform users are located when they click on or view an advertisement. Furthermore, the report examines the practical steps needed to ensure transparent accounting of taxed transactions in order to avoid long term negative effects for media and democracy.&#xD;&#xD;Considering counter-arguments the author makes the case for an online advertising tax alongside a public service Internet strategy that could support other viable platforms and counter the dangers of duopoly or oligopoly and the high risks of financial bubbles in a world where advertising is the Internet's dominant business model."&#xD;

Understanding Selfies

Authors: --- --- ---
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889454655 Year: Pages: 153 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88945-465-5 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Science (General) --- Psychology
Added to DOAB on : 2018-11-16 17:17:57
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In the year 2013, ‘selfie’ was named word of the year by Oxford Dictionaries in recognition of dramatic changes in frequency, prominence, and register of the term. This drastic increase in selfie-taking was spurred by two factors. The first was the advent of smartphones equipped with front cameras and preview screens that made it easy to compose a photographic self-portrait by a process of deliberately exploring one’s image, choosing a pose, and finally taking the picture. The second key change contributing to the rise of the selfie age was the increasing availability of internet connections. It is estimated that about 50% of the world population has access to the internet today (2018; https://www.internetworldstats.com). At the end of the past century, this percentage was a mere 1%. The growth of the internet infrastructure simultaneously spurred the development of social network applications such as Facebook, Twitter, Snapchat, and Instagram, providing accessible media for sharing photographs including photographic self-portraits. However, despite their tremendous reach and popularity, selfies have so far received relatively little attention by the scientific community, especially within psychology. Thus, we proposed a Frontiers in Psychology Research Topic to expand empirical and theoretical work on the massively popular, yet scientifically unexplored, phenomenon of the selfie. The articles published in this eBook offer a multifaceted insight into current scholarly work on this topic.

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