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Consciousness and Moral Status

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Book Series: Routledge Focus on Philosophy ISBN: 9781138221611 9781315396347 Year: Pages: 122 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2018-05-23 11:01:59
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In this book Joshua Shepherd presents a systematic account of the value present within conscious experience. This account emphasizes not only
the nature of consciousness, but also the importance of items within
experience such as affect, valence, and the complex overall shape of
particular valuable experiences. Shepherd also relates this account to difficult
cases involving non-humans and humans with disorders of consciousness,
arguing that the value of consciousness influences and partially explains
the degree of moral status a being possesses, without fully determining
it. The upshot is a deeper understanding of both the moral importance of
phenomenal consciousness and its relations to moral status.
This book will be of great interest to philosophers and students of ethics,
bioethics, philosophy of psychology, philosophy of mind, and cognitive
science.

Tsangnyön Herukas sånger

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ISBN: 9789188661845 9789188661340 Year: Pages: 273 DOI: 10.21525/kriterium.10 Language: Swedish
Publisher: Kriterium
Subject: Religion --- History --- Social Sciences --- Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:33:15
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"The core of the book is a complete annotated translation of the collected ‘religious poetry’ (Tibetan: mgur) of the Tibetan yogin Tsangnyön Heruka (gTsang smyon Heruka, 1452–1507). The book also contains a translation of a short ‘catalogue’ (dkar chag) of Tsangnyön’s poetry/songs. These two texts were compiled and printed in 1508 by a group of disciples who wanted to express their devotion to their recently deceased master, and make his insights available for others. The Songs of Tsangnyön Heruka begins with an extensive scholarly introduction to Tsangnyön and his songs, providing the reader with a context to the translations. Following the two translated texts, is an appendix introducing Tibetan Buddhism to the general reader, then comes a glossary explaining some of the key terms used in the songs, and finally some back matters, i.e. end notes and bibliographies.
Nowadays, Tsangnyön Heruka is mainly known for having written and printed the ‘life story’ (rnam thar) and ‘song collection’ (mgur ’bum) of the famous poet-saint Milarepa (1040–1123). However, Tsangnyön is not only one of Tibet’s foremost authors and poets, he is also one of the best known ‘holy madmen’ (smyon pa) of Tibet. These colourful figures challenged powerful leaders and monks with their peculiar and seemingly crazy ways.
In sharp contrast to Milarepa’s life story and songs, Tsangnyön’s were gradually forgotten. Tsangnyön’s songs provide us with a fascinating and direct insight into the lifestyle, teachings, and message of the wandering yogins. Moreover, they give us an idea of how it was in Tibet before the Fifth Dalai Lama came to power in the mid-17th century. However, the songs have a direct, down-to-earth, and human message, making them timeless and relevant also for people living in another time and culture.

These songs have never been translated to any language, and they have never been studied thoroughly before."

Exploring the Interior: Essays on Literary and Cultural History

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ISBN: 9781783743933 9781783743957 Year: Volume: 1 Pages: 366 DOI: https://doi.org/10.11647/OBP.0126 Language: English
Publisher: Open Book Publishers
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2018-05-23 17:48:47
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In this fascinating collection of essays Harvard Emeritus Professor Karl S. Guthke examines the ways in which, for European scholars and writers of the eighteenth and early nineteenth century, world-wide geographical exploration led to an exploration of the self. Guthke explains how in the age of Enlightenment and beyond intellectual developments were fuelled by excitement about what Ulrich Im Hof called "the grand opening-up of the wide world”, especially of the interior of the non-European continents. This outward turn was complemented by a fascination with "the world within” as anthropology and ethnology focused on the humanity of the indigenous populations of far-away lands – an interest in human nature that suggested a way for Europeans to understand themselves, encapsulated in Gauguin’s Tahitian rumination "What are we?”The essays in the first half of the book discuss first- or second-hand, physical or mental encounters with the exotic lands and populations beyond the supposed cradle of civilisation. The works of literature and documents of cultural life featured in these essays bear testimony to the crossing not only of geographical, ethnological, and cultural borders but also of borders of a variety of intellectual activities and interests. The second section examines the growing interest in astronomy and the engagement with imagined worlds in the universe, again with a view to understanding homo sapiens, as compared now to the extra-terrestrials that were confidently assumed to exist. The final group of essays focuses on the exploration of the landscape of what was called "the universe within”; featuring, among a variety of other texts, Schiller’s plays The Maid of Orleans and William Tell, these essays observe and analyse what Erich Heller termed "The Artist’s Journey into the Interior.”This collection, which travels from the interior of continents to the interior of the mind, is itself a set of explorations that revel in the discovery of what was half-hidden in language. Written by a scholar of international repute, it is eye-opening reading for all those with an interest in the literary and cultural history of (and since) the Enlightenment.

Die Gesellschaft der Nachhaltigkeit -- Umrisse eines Forschungsprogramms

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
ISBN: 9783839441947 9783837641943 9783732841943 Year: Pages: 150 Language: German
Publisher: transcript Verlag Grant: Schweizerischer Nationalfonds zur Förderung der Wissenschaftlichen Forschung
Subject: Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2018-02-02 11:01:45
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Sustainability has become a leading principle of social change that combines different objectives – be it green capitalism based on ecological modernization or a socio-ecological transformation that could ring in a post-capitalist era. The social dimensions of sustainability as well as the paradoxes relating to a sustainable development in global capitalism are examined in this programmatic text by Sighard Neckel and his research team in Hamburg. Basic sociological perspectives of sustainability are the subject, as are prospects of concrete fields of a critical-reflexive social research on the social conflicts centering around sustainability.

Sustainability through the Lens of Environmental Sociology

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ISBN: 9783038426608 9783038426615 Year: Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Biology
Added to DOAB on : 2018-02-22 12:23:07
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Our planet is undergoing radical environmental and social changes. Sustainability has now been put into question by, for example, our consumption patterns, loss of biodiversity, depletion of resources, and exploitative power relations. With apparent ecological and social limits to globalization and development, current levels of consumption are unsustainable, inequitable, and inaccessible to the majority of humans. Understanding and attaining sustainability is a crucial matter at a time when our planet is in peril—environmentally, economically, socially, and politically. Since its official inception in the 1970s, environmental sociology has provided a powerful lens to understanding the challenges, possibilities and modes of sustainability.Most chapters in this book were published as peer-reviewed articles in Sustainability in its special issue “Sustainability through the Lens of Environmental Sociology”, providing an environmental sociology approach to understanding and achieving the widely used notion of “sustainability.” This edited collection covers, among other topics, the inherent discursive formations of environmental sociology, conceptual tools and paradoxes, competing theories and practices, and their complex implications on our society at large. Chapters in this book specifically focus on how sustainable development has been understood through different theoretical lenses in environmental sociology, such as ecological modernization, policy/reformist sustainable development, and critical structural approaches (such as the treadmill of production, ecological Marxism, metabolic rift theory, etc.); and how sustainable development has been practiced in, or by, various stakeholders, such as states, corporations, and local communities, for various ends, through the use of specific case studies, showing, for example, the discursive shifts, dynamic formations, and diverse contours of sustainable development.The range of relevant topics includes:• Environmental sociology as a field of inquiry for sustainability • Historical context of sustainable development in environmental sociology• Nature-society relationship in environmental sociology• Theories/approaches to sustainability discourse in environmental sociology• Environmentalism/environmental movements for sustainability• Empirical cases (such as climate change, biodiversity, food, certification, etc.) through the lens of environmental sociology

New Vision 2050: A Platinum Society

Authors: ---
Book Series: Science for Sustainable Societies ISSN: 2197-7348 ISBN: 9784431566229 9784431566236 Year: Pages: 179 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-4-431-56623-6 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Grant: Mitsubishi Research Institute, Inc.
Subject: Economics --- Environmental Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2018-06-29 12:59:47
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This book presents the "New Vision 2050," which adds the concept of the “platinum society” to the “Vision 2050”.The 20th century was a century in which energy led the development of material civilization, resulting in deletion of resources, global warming and climate change. What form should sustainable material and energy take to protect the Earth? The "Vision 2050" was established 20 years ago as a model that we should pursue for the next half century. Fortunately, the world is on course for the Vision 2050.The 21st century will be a century in which we seek qualitative richness, with the Vision 2050 as the material basis. That is, a “platinum society” that has resource self-sufficiency and resource symbiosis, and where people remain active throughout their lives and have a wide range of choices and opportunities for free participation. Since the author presented the concept of "Vision 2050" in 1999, the idea has been introduced in two books entitled Vision 2050: Roadmap for a Sustainable Earth (2008) and Beyond the Limits to Growth: New Ideas for Sustainability from Japan (2014). The latter includes a chapter that sheds light on the concept of a “platinum society”. In this publication, the author presents the "New Vision 2050" in more detail.

Kommunen im Klimawandel

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Book Series: Urban Studies ISBN: 9783839446270 9783837646276 Year: Pages: 322 DOI: 10.14361/9783839446270 Language: German
Publisher: transcript Verlag
Subject: Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:33:03
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How can you redesign cities effectively and quickly in a climate-friendly way? The exchange of knowledge between municipalities as well as the imitation of good practices is the key to »green transformation«. Using the example of "best practice" government technology, Nanja Nagorny-Koring fundamentally questions the widespread belief in the "principle of imitation" and paints a picture of why best practices are so popular despite the apparent dissociation of claim and reality. It presents in detail how best practices in communal climate protection are created, disseminated and applied.

Reflexive Responsibilisierung

Authors: --- --- ---
Book Series: Sozialtheorie ISBN: 9783839440667 9783839440667 9783837640663 Year: Pages: 460 DOI: 10.14361/9783839440667 Language: German
Publisher: transcript Verlag
Subject: Environmental Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:28
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By using the term of responsibilization, this book poses the question about the attribution of responsibility and discusses the options and limitations of individual and collective responsibility for sustainable development.

Nature, Place & People:Forging Connections through Neighbourhood Landscape Design

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9789813236035 Year: Pages: 216 DOI: 10.1142/10879 Language: English
Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Co.
Added to DOAB on : 2018-05-02 05:50:37
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Neighbourhood landscapes are the quintessential forms of urban landscapes in most cities worldwide. They are pervasive, and hence experienced by the large majority of urban dwellers in their everyday life. More than parks, nature reserves or nature areas which are visited as destinations, neighbourhood landscapes provide the most immediate, frequent and convenient form of nature experienced by urban dwellers on a daily basis. They are also valuable as social spaces to bring residents together, foster social ties, and strengthen communities. Despite their importance, surprisingly little has been written to guide the planning and design of neighbourhood landscapes.This book is written for a specific purpose, to illustrate how the design of neighbourhood landscapes helps to deliver more benefits for urban dwellers and, at the same time, protect ecosystems that facilitate human well-being. This is in turn important as the synergistic relationships between human well-being, quality of biophysical urban environment, and health of human–environment interactions fundamentally underpin urban sustainability. The authors emphasize the role neighbourhood landscapes play in forging connections between people and nature, people and people, and people and place. Most of all, the book highlights the role of focusing on people in this endeavour, as it is only when landscapes are appropriately designed, and when people recognize these benefits, that they become valued and protected as a community resource.This book is organized into two parts. Part 1 focuses on the conceptual foundations that underpin the neighbourhood landscape design guidelines being developed. In this section, the authors describe the key concepts relating functions of neighbourhood landscapes to the key urban development goals of sustainability, liveability and reliance; how they can be represented in a framework; and how a synthesis of current knowledge of cities as socio-ecological systems helps to identify principles that can guide the designing of neighbourhood landscapes. Part 2 is more application focused, and is centred on neighbourhood landscape design guidelines inspired by the concept of ecosystem services. The guidelines consist of design approaches, practical strategies, design targets and performance monitoring indicators for tracking the performance of neighbourhood landscapes. The book is written for readers in academia and design practice, and anyone who has a role in shaping neighbourhood landscapes for the benefit of urban dwellers.

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