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Chapter 13 The value of the imagined biological in policy and society (Book chapter)

Book title: Routledge Handbook of Genomics, Health and Society

Author:
ISBN: 9781138211957 9781315451695 Year: Pages: 10 Language: English
Publisher: Routledge
Subject: Medicine (General) --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2018-03-28 11:02:27
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Attending the World Economic Forum this past week, I was struck by two trends. The first was that brain research has emerged as a hot topic. Not only was brain science or brain health a new&#xD;theme at the meeting, research on the brain emerged in discussions about next generation&#xD;computing, global cooperation, and even models of economic development as well as being&#xD;linked to mental health or mindfulness. In a meeting frequented largely by economists&#xD;and business leaders, I was surprised by the number of non-scientists who have become&#xD;enchanted by brain science. Clearly this is the era of the brain, with mental health now part of a&#xD;much broader discussion.

Keywords

policy --- society --- mental health

The Education System in Mexico

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9781787350724 Year: Pages: 180 DOI: 10.14324/111.9781787350724 Language: English
Publisher: UCL Press
Subject: Education --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2018-03-17 11:02:04
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Over the last three decades, a significant amount of research has sought to relate educational institutions, policies, practices and reforms to social structures and agencies. A number of models have been developed that have become the basis for attempting to understand the complex relation between education and society. At the same time, national and international bodies tasked with improving educational performances seem to be writing in a void, in that there is no rigorous theory guiding their work, and their documents exhibit few references to groups, institutions and forces that can impede or promote their programmes and projects. As a result, the recommendations these bodies provide to their clients display little to no comprehension of how and under what conditions the recommendations can be put into effect. The Education System in Mexico directly addresses this problem. By combining abstract insights with the practicalities of educational reforms, policies, practices and their social antecedents, it offers a long overdue reflection of the history, effects and significance of the Mexican educational system, as well as presenting a more cogent understanding of the relationship between educational institutions and social forces in Mexico and around the world.

Keywords

curriculum --- society --- mexico --- education --- assessment

Mapping Society

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ISBN: 9781787353053 Year: Pages: 268 DOI: 10.14324/111.9781787353053 Language: English
Publisher: UCL Press
Subject: Geography --- Sociology --- Social Sciences --- Architecture
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:10
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From a rare map of yellow fever in eighteenth-century New York, to Charles Booth’s famous maps of poverty in nineteenth-century London, an Italian racial zoning map of early twentieth-century Asmara, to a map of wealth disparities in the banlieues of twenty-first-century Paris, Mapping Society traces the evolution of social cartography over the past two centuries. In this richly illustrated book, Laura Vaughan examines maps of ethnic or religious difference, poverty, and health inequalities, demonstrating how they not only serve as historical records of social enquiry, but also constitute inscriptions of social patterns that have been etched deeply on the surface of cities.&#xD;&#xD;The book covers themes such as the use of visual rhetoric to change public opinion, the evolution of sociology as an academic practice, changing attitudes to physical disorder, and the complexity of segregation as an urban phenomenon. While the focus is on historical maps, the narrative carries the discussion of the spatial dimensions of social cartography forward to the present day, showing how disciplines such as public health, crime science, and urban planning, chart spatial data in their current practice. Containing examples of space syntax analysis alongside full colour maps and photographs, this volume will appeal to all those interested in the long-term forces that shape how people live in cities.&#xD;

Routledge Handbook of Genomics, Health and Society

Authors: --- --- ---
Book Series: Routledge International Handbooks ISBN: 9781138211957 Year: Pages: 316 Language: English
Publisher: Routledge
Subject: Medicine (General) --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2018-06-22 11:01:16

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The Handbook provides an essential resource at the interface of Genomics, Health and Society, and forms a crucial research tool for both new students and established scholars across biomedicine and social sciences. Building from and extending the first Routledge Handbook of Genetics and Society, the book offers a comprehensive introduction to pivotal themes within the field, an overview of the current state of the art knowledge on genomics, science and society, and an outline of emerging areas of research. Key themes addressed include the way genomic based DNA technologies have become incorporated into diverse arenas of clinical practice and research whilst also extending beyond the clinic; the role of genomics in contemporary ‘bioeconomies’; how challenges in the governance of medical genomics can both reconfigure and stabilise regulatory processes and jurisdictional boundaries; how questions of diversity and justice are situated across different national and transnational terrains of genomic research; and how genomics informs – and is shaped by – developments in fields such as epigenetics, synthetic biology, stem cell, microbial and animal model research.&#xD;&#xD;Presenting cutting edge research from leading social science scholars, the Handbook provides a unique and important contribution to the field. It brings a rich and varied cross disciplinary social science perspective that engages with both the history and contemporary context of genomics and ‘post-genomics’, and considers the now global and transnational terrain in which these developments are unfolding.

Graz 1914

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Book Series: Böhlaus Zeitgeschichtliche Bibliothek ISBN: 9783205208549 Year: DOI: 978-3-205-20854-9 ^ Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 103506
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2018-07-24 11:01:01
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Bernhard Thonhofer researched street life in Graz at the beginning of World War I 1914 and how the Burgfrieden was shaped subsequently. By that a transformation process from a fragmented militarized society in times of peace to a society in times of war is portrayed, with its asynchrony and discrepancy, but also in its outlines. This "unity" on the streets was full of breaches and contradictions from the start. The people of Graz transformed not into a monolithic "war society" free of political, national, confessional or gender-specific conflicts. In fact the 4 years of "Volkskrieg" damaged coexistence in Graz.

Safety and Reliability - Safe Societies in a Changing World

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
ISBN: 9780815386827 9781351174664 Year: Pages: 3234 Language: English
Publisher: CRC Press
Subject: Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-17 11:45:11
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The contributions cover a wide range of methodologies and application areas for safety and reliability that contribute to safe societies in a changing world. These methodologies and applications include: - foundations of risk and reliability assessment and management&#xD;- mathematical methods in reliability and safety&#xD;- risk assessment &#xD;- risk management&#xD;- system reliability&#xD;- uncertainty analysis&#xD;- digitalization and big data&#xD;- prognostics and system health management&#xD;- occupational safety&#xD;- accident and incident modeling&#xD;- maintenance modeling and applications&#xD;- simulation for safety and reliability analysis&#xD;- dynamic risk and barrier management&#xD;- organizational factors and safety culture&#xD;- human factors and human reliability&#xD;- resilience engineering&#xD;- structural reliability&#xD;- natural hazards&#xD;- security&#xD;- economic analysis in risk management

Gilded Age

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9781760461980 Year: Pages: 272 DOI: 10.22459/MIC.04.2018 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Political Science --- Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2018-05-05 11:01:55
License: ANU Press

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According to the Chinese zodiac, 2017 was the year of the ‘fire rooster’, an animal often associated with the mythical fenghuang, a magnificently beautiful bird whose appearance is believed to mark the beginning of a new era of peaceful flourishing. Considering the auspicious symbolism surrounding the fenghuang, it is fitting that on 18 October 2017, President Xi Jinping took to the stage of the Nineteenth Party Congress to proclaim the beginning of a ‘new era’ for Chinese socialism. However, in spite of such ecumenical proclamations, it became immediately evident that not all in China would be welcome to reap the rewards promised by the authorities. Migrant workers, for one, remain disposable. Lawyers, activists and even ordinary citizens who dare to express critical views also hardly find a place in Xi’s brave new world. This Yearbook traces the stark new ‘gilded age’ inaugurated by the Chinese Communist Party. It does so through a collection of more than 40 original essays on labour, civil society and human rights in China and beyond, penned by leading scholars and practitioners from around the world.

Civil society in East Asian countries: contributions to democracy, peace and sustainable development: proceedings of the conference

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ISBN: 9786094673252 Year: DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.7220/978-6094673252
Publisher: Vytautas Magnus University
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2018-05-18 07:58:40
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This publication is dedicated to research on East Asian civil society with special attention given to composition, development and activities of non-governmental sector. The publication gathers research of authors from Lithuania, Germany, UK, South Korea and the Czech Republic who analyze not only general situation in East Asia but also provide detailed case studies. This allows to learn more about political and socioeconomic circumstances that determine particular characteristics of civil society in China, Korea and Japan. The collection of articles will be useful both for specialists of East Asia and researchers coming from the fields of political science, history, sociology and anthropology who would like to know more about familiar topics, such as labor movements, environmental organizations or democratization processes, in the context of less known countries.

Peripheral Nervous System-Machine Interfaces

Authors: --- --- ---
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889453924 Year: Pages: 141 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88945-392-4 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Science (General) --- Neurology
Added to DOAB on : 2018-11-16 17:17:57
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For 5 years, the Peripheral Nervous System-Machine Interfaces workgroup has dedicated itself to the recruitment of researchers, clinicians, and general public in a unified effort to advance the frontier of restoration of quality of life to those with limb deficiency. Our group's mission is to bring together experts from various domains to identify promising new technologies and new opportunities for inquiry and discovery in prosthetics research. This e-Book collects 10 cutting edge research articles written by members of the workgroup, covering three domains prioritized by the workgroup: novel prosthetic technology, approaches for reducing device rejection, and prosthetic control. In our summary editorial, we four principals of the workgroup reflect on our first 5 years, and project our vision for the future, as the Society for Prosthetics.

Doing Excellent Social Research with Documents

Author:
ISBN: 9781138038660 9781138038653 Year: Pages: 194 Language: English
Publisher: Routledge
Subject: Social Sciences --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:21

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In today’s society we increasingly create and consume written content and images. This includes a range of sources, from social media posts to records held within organisations, and everything in between, including news articles, blogs, shopping lists and official government documents. Critically reading these ‘documents’ can help us to understand a huge amount about society. Doing Excellent Social Research with Documents includes guidance on how to ‘read between the lines’, and provides an overview of six research projects which use documents as data.

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