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Chapter: 'An Analysis of Accountability Concepts for Open Development' from book: Information and Communication Technologies for Development: 14th IFIP WG 9.4 International Conference on Social Implications of Computers in Developing Countries, ICT4D 2017, Yogyakarta, Indonesia, May 22-24, 2017, Proceedings (Book chapter)

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Book Series: IFIP Advances in Information and Communication Technology ISSN: 1868-4238 ISBN: 9783319591100 9783319591117 Year: Volume: 504 Pages: 850 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-59111-7_64 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Grant: Nanyang Technological University
Subject: Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2018-05-21 14:57:50
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Open development is the public, networked sharing of communication and information resources towards a process of positive social transformation. Open development likewise imposes a challenge, because new actors, practices and problems of inequality are introduced. Accountability at its core is meant to redress issues of power and inequality, thus offering potential to improve open development processes and initiatives. However, the distinct and innovative characteristics of open processes render some concepts of accountability inadequate. This paper compares three purposes and perspectives on accountability for their relevance to open development. The purpose of which is to suggest future areas of research and theoretical development in this field.

Agile Processes in Software Engineering and Extreme Programming: 19th International Conference, XP 2018, Porto, Portugal, May 21–25, 2018, Proceedings

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Book Series: Lecture Notes in Business Information Processing ISSN: 1865-1348 ISBN: 9783319916019 9783319916026 Year: Volume: 314 Pages: 309 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-91602-6 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Grant: Agile Alliance
Subject: Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2018-06-21 13:37:42
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This open access book constitutes the proceedings of the 19th International Conference on Agile Software Development, XP 2018, held in Porto, Portugal, in May 2018.XP is the premier agile software development conference combining research and practice, and XP 2018 provided a playful and informal environment to learn and trigger discussions around its main theme – make, inspect, adapt.The 21 papers presented in this volume were carefully reviewed and selected from 62 submissions. They were organized in topical sections named: agile requirements; agile testing; agile transformation; scaling agile; human-centric agile; and continuous experimentation.

Technologies for Development: From Innovation to Social Impact

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ISBN: 9783319910673 9783319910680 Year: Pages: 225 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-91068-0 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Grant: Schweizerischer Nationalfonds zur Förderung der wissenschaftlichen Forschung (SNF)
Subject: Environmental Technology
Added to DOAB on : 2018-07-20 16:20:27
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This open access book presents 18 case studies that explore current scientific and technological efforts to address global development issues, such as poverty, from a holistic and interdisciplinary point of view, putting actual impacts at the centre of its analysis. It illustrates the use of technologies for development in various fields of research, such as humanitarian action, medical and information and communication technology, disaster risk-reduction technologies, habitat and sustainable access to energy. The authors discuss how innovative technologies, such as unmanned aerial vehicles for disaster risk reduction, crowdsourcing humanitarian data, online education and ICT-based medical technologies can have significant social impact. The book brings together the best papers of the 2016 International Conference on Technologies for Development at EPFL, Switzerland. The book explores how the gap between innovation in the global South and actual social impact can be bridged. It fosters exchange between engineers, other scientists, practitioners and policy makers active at the interface of innovation and technology and human, social, and economic development.

Embodied Cognition over the Lifespan and in Applied Settings

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Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889454921 Year: Pages: 293 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88945-492-1 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Science (General) --- Psychology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-23 14:53:42
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While Embodied Cognition has now been accepted as mainstream in Cognitive Science, the study of its potential contribution to understding child developemnt and ageing, as well as its potential applications, is still in its infancy. This collection of articles explores the contribution of Embodied Cognition to studying the lifespan and potential applied fields. The contributions are theoretical and empirical and offer an important framework for future research and its applications.

Hvorfor vokser steder?

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ISBN: 9788202549893 Year: Pages: 217 DOI: 10.23865/noasp.32 Language: Uncoded
Publisher: Cappelen Damm Akademisk/NOASP (Nordic Open Access Scholarly Publishing)
Subject: Sociology --- History --- Migration
Added to DOAB on : 2018-03-22 11:01:57
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"Why do some places grow while others are shrinking? What are the most important driving forces behind increases in the number of inhabitants and jobs? How can places affect their own growth? This book is written for those who want to understand how structural forces affect the development of their locale and how one can create growth through increased attractiveness. Most Norwegian municipalities, cities, regions and counties try to stimulate growth and development in their localities. They want growth in the population and more jobs. This book describes the main features of regional development in Norway since 2000. Telemark Research Institute has proposed a new model, the attractiveness model, to explain the growth and development of places. This book explains how this model works, how it is constructed and how it can be used to understand the forces behind regional development."

The Essence of Software Engineering

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ISBN: 9783319738963 9783319738970 Year: Pages: 236 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-73897-0 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Grant: adesso AG
Subject: Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2018-07-19 14:34:48
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This open access book includes contributions by leading researchers and industry thought leaders on various topics related to the essence of software engineering and their application in industrial projects. It offers a broad overview of research findings dealing with current practical software engineering issues and also pointers to potential future developments.Celebrating the 20th anniversary of adesso AG, adesso gathered some of the pioneers of software engineering including Manfred Broy, Ivar Jacobson and Carlo Ghezzi at a special symposium, where they presented their thoughts about latest software engineering research and which are part of this book. This way it offers readers a concise overview of the essence of software engineering, providing valuable insights into the latest methodological research findings and adesso’s experience applying these results in real-world projects.

Evolution of Gene Regulatory Networks in Plant Development

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Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889454075 Year: Pages: 252 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88945-407-5 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Science (General) --- Botany
Added to DOAB on : 2018-11-16 17:17:57
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During their life cycle plants undergo a wide variety of morphological and developmental changes. Impinging these developmental processes there is a layer of gene, protein and metabolic networks that are responsible for the initiation of the correct developmental transitions at the right time of the year to ensure plant life success. New omic technologies are allowing the acquisition of massive amount of data to develop holistic and integrative analysis to understand complex processes. Among them, Microarray, Next-generation Sequencing (NGS) and Proteomics are providing enormous amount of data from different plant species and developmental stages, thus allowing the analysis of gene networks globally. Besides, the comparison of molecular networks from different species is providing information on their evolutionary history, shedding light on the origin of many key genes/proteins. Moreover, developmental processes are not only genetically programed but are also affected by internal and external signals. Metabolism, light, hormone action, temperature, biotic and abiotic stresses, etc. have a deep effect on developmental programs. The interface and interplay between these internal and external circuits with developmental programs can be unraveled through the integration of systematic experimentation with the computational analysis of the generated omics data (Molecular Systems Biology).This Research Topic intends to deepen in the different plant developmental pathways and how the corresponding gene networks evolved from a Molecular Systems Biology perspective. Global approaches for photoperiod, circadian clock and hormone regulated processes; pattern formation, phase-transitions, organ development, etc. will provide new insights on how plant complexity was built during evolution. Understanding the interface and interplay between different regulatory networks will also provide fundamental information on plant biology and focus on those traits that may be important for next-generation agriculture.

Produktivitaetsentwicklung in Deutschland

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Book Series: Hohenheimer volkswirtschaftliche Schriften ISBN: 9783631579381 Year: Pages: 223 Language: German
Publisher: Peter Lang International Academic Publishing Group
Subject: Economics --- Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:32:21
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Die Produktivitätsentwicklung ist für Deutschland ein Schlüsselfaktor für die wirtschaftliche Entwicklung. Doch was bedeutet Produktivität, wie wird sie beeinflusst und wie kann sie gemessen werden? Im Sprachgebrauch weist Produktivität einen engen Bezug zur menschlichen Arbeit auf, während ökonomische Produktivitätskennziffern von vielerlei Einflüssen mitbestimmt werden. Neben definitorischen werden methodische Herausforderungen bei der Produktivitätsmessung benannt. Kann ein Catching-up Ostdeutschlands zwischen 1995 und 2003 gemessen werden? Die Wachstumszerlegung, der Data-Envelopment-Ansatz sowie unterschiedliche Daten lassen mehrere Schlussfolgerungen zu. Neben Differenzierungen in den Entwicklungsmustern innerhalb Ost- und Westdeutschlands dominierte die Entwicklung des Kapitalstocks die Ergebnisse.

Novel Aspects of Nucleolar Functions in Plant Growth and Development

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Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889455539 Year: Pages: 96 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88945-553-9 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Science (General) --- Botany
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-23 14:53:42
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The nucleolus is a prominent nuclear domain that is common to eukaryotes. Since the nucleolus was first described in the 1830s, its identity had remained a mystery for longer than 100 years. Major advances in understanding of the nucleolus were achieved through electron microscopic and biochemical studies in the 1960s to 1970s followed by molecular biological studies. These studies finally established the view of the nucleolus that it is a large aggregate of RNA-protein complexes associated with the rRNA gene region of chromosome DNA, serving mainly as a site of ribosome biogenesis, where pre-rRNA transcription, pre-rRNA processing, and ribosome assembly occur. This function of the nucleolus appears to indicate that the nucleolus plays a constitutive and essential role in fundamental cellular activities by producing ribosomes. Recent research has shown, however, that the nucleolus is more dynamic and can have more specific and wider functions. In plants, nucleolar functions have been implicated in developmental regulations and environmental responses by accumulating pieces of evidence obtained mostly from genetic studies of nucleolar factor-related mutants. Comprehensive analysis of nucleolar proteins and molecular cytological characterization of sub-nucleolar and peri-nucelolar bodies have also provided new insights into behaviors and functions of the plant nucleolus.

In this Research Topic, we would like to collect physiological and molecular links between the nucleolus to plant growth and development, shed light on novel aspects of nucleolar functions beyond its classical view, and stimulate research activities focusing on the nucleolus across various fields of plant science, including molecular biology, cell biology, genetics, developmental biology, physiology, and evolutionary biology.
Executive Function(s): Conductor, Orchestra or Symphony? Towards a Trans-Disciplinary Unification of Theory and Practice Across Development, in Normal and Atypical Groups

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Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889455553 Year: Pages: 245 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88945-555-3 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Science (General) --- Neurology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-23 14:53:42
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There are several theories of executive function(s) that tend to share some theoretical overlap yet are also conceptually distinct, each bolstered by empirical data (Norman and Shallice, 1986; Shallice &amp; Burgess, 1991; Stuss and Alexander, 2007; Burgess, Gilbert, &amp; Dumentheil, 2007; Burgess &amp; Shallice, 1996; Miyake et al., 2000). The notion that executive processes are supervisory, and most in demand in novel situations was an early conceptualization of executive function that has been adapted and refined over time (Norman &amp; Shallice, 1986; Shallice, 2001; Burgess, Gilbert &amp; Dumentheil, 2007). Presently there is general consensus that executive functions are multi-componential (Shallice, 2001), and are supervisory only in the sense that attention in one form or another is key to the co-ordination of other hierarchically organized ‘lower’ cognitive processes. Attention in this sense is defined as (i) independent but interrelated attentional control processes (Stuss &amp; Alexander, 2007); (ii) automatic orientation towards stimuli in the environment or internally–driven thought (Burgess, Gilbert &amp; Dumontheil, 2007); (iii) the automatically generated interface between tacit processes and strategic conscious thought (Barker, Andrade, Romanowski, Morton and Wasti, 2006; Morton and Barker, 2010); and (iv) distinct but interrelated executive processes that maintain, update and switch across different sources of information (Miyake et al., 2000).


One problem is that executive dysfunction or dysexecutive syndrome (Baddeley &amp; Wilson, 1988) after brain injury typically produces a constellation of deficits across social, cognate, emotional and motivational domains that rarely map neatly onto theoretical frameworks (Barker, Andrade &amp; Romanowski, 2004). As a consequence there is debate that conceptual theories of executive function do not always correspond well to the clinical picture (Manchester, Priestley &amp; Jackson, 2004). Several studies have reported cases of individuals with frontal lobe pathology and impaired daily functioning despite having little detectable impairment on traditional tests of executive function (Shallice &amp; Burgess, 1991; Eslinger &amp; Damasio, 1985; Barker, Andrade &amp; Romanowski, 2004; Andrés &amp; Van der Linden, 2002; Chevignard et al., 2000; Cripe, 1998; Fortin, Godbout &amp; Braun, 2003). There is also some suggestion that weak ecological validity limits predictive and clinical utility of many traditional measures of executive function (Burgess et al, 2006; Lamberts, Evans &amp; Spikman, 2010; Barker, Morton, Morrison, McGuire, 2011). Complete elimination of environmental confounds runs the risk of generating results that cannot be generalized beyond constrained circumstances of the test environment (Barker, Andrade &amp; Romanowski, 2004). Several researchers have concluded that a new approach is needed that is mindful of the needs of the clinician yet also informed by the academic debate and progress within the discipline (McFarquhar &amp; Barker, 2012; Burgess et al., 2006). Finally, translational issues also confound executive function research across different disciplines (psychiatry, cognitive science, and developmental psychology) and across typically developing and clinical populations (including Autism Spectrum Disorders, Head Injury and Schizophrenia – Blakemore &amp; Choudhury, 2006; Taylor, Barker, Heavey &amp; McHale, 2013). Consequently, there is a need for unification of executive function approaches across disciplines and populations and narrowing of the conceptual gap between theoretical positions, clinical symptoms and measurement.

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