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Triage in Conservation

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Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889454358 Year: Pages: 71 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88945-435-8 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Science (General) --- Ecology
Added to DOAB on : 2018-11-16 17:17:57
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Abstract

Ecosystems and their constituent species the world over face a barrage of ongoing, and often escalating, threats. Conservation efforts aim to reduce the impact of these threats to ensure that global biodiversity continues to provide essential ecosystem services. As is most often the case, these efforts to protect threatened species and their environments are constrained by limited resources. Conservation biologists have therefore had to increase the efficiency of their conservation practices to deliver the greatest benefit at the lowest cost. This requires decision making using the best available knowledge to prioritise actions. A concept that has received considerable attention in this area is that of conservation triage.This eBook brings together perspectives from researchers and conservation practitioners who share their views and results in an effort to extend the discussion on this topic. A number of the papers in this eBook tackle the philosophical elements of conservation triage, while others take a more directed practical approach providing examples from conservation practice globally.

Precision Public Health

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Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889455010 Year: Pages: 149 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88945-501-0 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Medicine (General) --- Public Health
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-23 14:53:42
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Precision Public Health is a new and rapidly evolving field, that examines the application of new technologies to public health policy and practice. It draws on a broad range of disciplines including genomics, spatial data, data linkage, epidemiology, health informatics, big data, predictive analytics and communications. The hope is that these new technologies will strengthen preventive health, improve access to health care, and reach disadvantaged populations in all areas of the world. But what are the downsides and what are the risks, and how can we ensure the benefits flow to those population groups most in need, rather than simply to those individuals who can afford to pay? This is the first collection of theoretical frameworks, analyses of empirical data, and case studies to be assembled on this topic, published to stimulate debate and promote collaborative work.

Keywords

public health --- precision --- technology --- data --- GIS --- equity --- ethics --- prevention --- policy

Digital Transformation of Animal Health Data: Proceedings of the AHEAD 2017 Workshop

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Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889455683 Year: Pages: 63 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88945-568-3 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Medicine (General) --- Animal Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-23 14:53:43
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The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)’s Co-operativeResearch Programme on Biological Resource Management for SustainableAgricultural Systems sponsored the AHEAD 2017 workshop, bringing together expertsfrom the farming and pharmaceutical industries, information and communicationstechnology, policy, research (and more) to create a roadmap to the digital transformationof animal health surveillance.In many countries, policy supports the reduction of antibiotic use and a growingfocus in the veterinary practice is to move away from blanket dosage of antibiotics,for example for mastitis. Significant and speedy improvements can take place, but only with coordinated actions supported by the entire value chain.Reducing the use of antibiotics is of massive societal importance, but changingon farm or veterinary methods requires thought and a user-centred approach.The most glaring and addressable challenge is the absence of near real-time dataand information.AHEAD 2017 explored how governments globally can benefit from increased digitisationin animal health. For effective monitoring, it is important to first understandthe relevant tasks of each stakeholder in the food value chain. In these proceedingswe openly discuss and define these tasks, identify existing challenges to completionof these tasks, and suggest the business opportunities overcoming these challengescan create. Through this publication, it is our intention to encourage open discussion,design and co-creation of an improved digital approach to animal health anddrug usage in agriculture.The Workshop was sponsored by the OECD Co-operative Research Programmeon Biological Resource Management for Sustainable Agricultural Systems, whosefinancial support made it possible for most of the invited speakers to participate inthe Workshop.The opinions expressed and arguments employed in this publication are the soleresponsibility of the authors and do not necessarily reflect those of the OECD or ofthe governments of its Member countries.

What Is the Role for Effective Pedagogy In Contemporary Higher Education?

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Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889455898 Year: Pages: 101 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88945-589-8 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Science (General) --- Education --- Psychology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-23 14:53:43
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The number of students entering into Higher Education (HE) continues to grow and as such the sector now stands at the threshold of a major shift in its philosophy. No longer does the academic prerogative belong to a generation who valued learning for the sake of enlightenment. Many contemporary undergraduate students enter their programmes of study with a primary desire to improve their position on the subsequent employability market. Universities have been quick to meet this need and institutional offerings have followed suit, enabling students to gain experience in a range of additional and subsidiary programmes that focus on the provision of 'value added' benefits. Here, students are encouraged to develop expertise in a range of topics from entrepreneurship and enterprise to intellectual property and even leadership skills. The first round of casualties that fall victim to such a shift are those programmes of study embedded within the humanities. As is evidenced by the falling numbers of enrolling students, the incoming cohort is less likely now to engage with such programmes, while participation in programmes that have a clear employability component has never been so high. To ensure that the HE sector continues to enable graduates to become effective citizens who contribute to the betterment of society a range of general questions need to be addressed. What does it mean to be an ‘authentic' university in the modern era? What are the real student expectations of HE and how are education providers framing and meeting these expectations? Is a new breed of academic leadership needed that will both meet the expectations of the students and guide the aspirations of academic staff? Finally, do we need an opportunity to reflect on the effective design and delivery of curriculum? Should the undergraduate student body play more of a role in the design of the curriculum or should the undergraduate student body play more of a role in the design of the curriculum or should they remain the recipients of a programme that has been designed by subject specialists? The scope of this book is wide but it brings the design and delivery of higher education programmes under the empirical gaze of educational psychology. That is to say, all chapters centre on the impact of higher educational programmes on the student-teacher relationship, student learning, achievement and identity. It is therefore crucial to explore the psychological impact of higher education institutions and how these can then be used to inform innovative educational practice and policy.

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