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A Doctor Across Borders

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ISBN: 9781760462642 Year: Pages: 326 DOI: 10.22459/DAB.2019 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Public Health --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-03-16 11:21:03
License: ANU Press

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In his day, Raphael Cilento was one of the most prominent and controversial figures in Australian medicine. As a senior medical officer in the Commonwealth and Queensland governments, he was an active participant in public health reform during the inter-war years and is best known for his vocal engagement with public discourse on the relationship between hygiene, race and Australian nationhood. Yet Cilento’s work on tropical hygiene and social welfare ranged beyond Australia, especially when he served as a colonial medical officer in British Malaya and in the Mandated Territory of New Guinea. He also worked with the League of Nations Health Organization in the Pacific Islands and oversaw international social welfare programs for the United Nations. On one level, this professional mobility allowed ideas and practices of public health and government to circulate between colonial spaces of northern Australia, the Pacific Islands and Asia. On another, it meant that Cilento’s Pacific colonialism and colonial experience shaped his understanding of Australian national health and welfare. Rather than attempt a comprehensive biography of Cilento, this book instead uses this border-crossing career as a means to explore several material and discursive facets of Australia’s relationships to the Pacific and the world.

Keywords

medicine --- Australia --- Pacific --- colonialism

Iberian world empires and the globalization of europe 1415–1668

Author:
Book Series: Palgrave Studies in Comparative Global History ISBN: 9789811308338 9789811308321 Year: Pages: 531 DOI: 10.1007/978-981-13-0833-8 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature Grant: H2020 European Research Council - 679371
Subject: Economics --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-05-08 11:21:10
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This open access book analyses Iberian expansion by using knowledge accumulated in recent years to test some of the most important theories regarding Europe’s economic development. Adopting a comparative perspective, it considers the impact of early globalization on Iberian and Western European institutions, social development and political economies. In spite of globalization’s minor importance from the commercial perspective before 1750, this book finds its impact decisive for institutional development, political economies, and processes of state-building in Iberia and Europe. The book engages current historiographies and revindicates the need to take the concept of composite monarchies as a point of departure in order to understand the period’s economic and social developments, analysing the institutions and societies resulting from contact with Iberian peoples in America and Asia. The outcome is a study that nuances and contests an excessively-negative yet prevalent image of the Iberian societies, explores the difficult relationship between empires and globalization and opens paths for comparisons to other imperial formations.

Keywords

Imperialism --- colonialism --- Iberia --- Europe

New Cosmopolitanisms, Race, and Ethnicity. Cultural Perspectives

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783110626209 Year: Pages: 300,00 DOI: 10.1515/9783110626209 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-27 13:08:38
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This anthology sheds new light on cosmopolitanism and culture in the contemporary world. Drawing on postcolonial, ethnic, and critical race studies as well as recent literary and critical theory, it demonstrates that new cosmopolitan thinking can embrace an awareness of ethnic and local differences. It disputes the utopianism of colorblind universalism and argues for the persistence of “race” and racialized thinking in lived experience. The essays collected in this volume valorize minoritarian perspectives and urge readers to rethink cosmopolitanism from the perspective of the underprivileged and marginalized and highlight the role of culture in mobilizing social empathy and solidarity with the world’s precariat. The contributors, who come from over a dozen different countries and from diverse socio-cultural backgrounds, constitute a vibrant cosmopolitan community in itself.

From the History of the Empire to World History: The Historiographical Itinerary of Christopher A. Bayly

Authors: ---
Book Series: Clio: Essays in History, Archaeology and Art History ISBN: 9788868870560 Year: Volume: 1 Pages: 168 DOI: 10.6093/ 978-88-6887-056-0 Language: English
Publisher: FedOA - Federico II University Press
Added to DOAB on : 2019-08-29 18:29:40
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[Italiano]:Questo volume è il frutto di un convegno sull’opera di Christopher Bayly tenutosi a Napoli nel marzo del 2016. A meno di un anno dalla morte, gli organizzatori intendevano promuovere una prima ricognizione del ricco e complesso lascito scientifico dello storico inglese, chiamando a collaborarvi un gruppo di studiosi di varie competenze specialistiche. Ciascuno dei sette saggi si focalizza su uno delle straordinaria sequenza di grandi libri con i quali Bayly ha contribuito a dissodare, nell’arco di un quarantennio, terreni di ricerca tra i più avanzati della storiografia internazionale: le radici locali del movimento nazionalista indiano (Maurizio Griffo), il ruolo della società autoctona nell’instaurazione del dominio europeo in India (Michelguglielmo Torri), la natura e i limiti del potere coloniale (Guido Abbattista), la genesi del Secondo Impero britannico (Teodoro Tagliaferri), la transizione alla modernità globale (Marco Meriggi),la globalizzazione del liberalismo e del nazionalismo (Maurizio Isabella, Laura Di Fiore). Obiettivo comune degli autori è quello di illustrare le tappe salienti del percorso che ha condotto Bayly, in virtù del successo arriso a The Birth of the Modern World, 1780-1914 (2004), a diventare figura tra le più rappresentative dell’odierno revival della World History./[English]:This volume is the outcome of a conference on the work of Christopher Bayly held in Naples on March 2016. At less than one year from his untimely death, the convenors called on a group of specialists in several disciplinary areas, on which Bayly has left his enduring mark, to collaborate on a first survey of the rich and complex scientific legacy of the English historian. Each essay focuses on one of the extraordinary succession of great works by which he pioneered innovative approaches throughout his academic career. The collection as a whole provides therefore an account of Bayly’s foremost contributions to the different scholarly fields in which he made repeated breakthroughs, over a period of five decades, on some of the most advanced research fronts of international historiography: the local roots of Indian nationalism, the transition from pre-colonial to colonial India and the role of indigenous society in the establishment of European domination, the nature and limits of colonial power, the rise of the Second British Empire, the history of globalization and the nineteenth-century turn towards planetary modernity, the transregional development of liberalism and nationalism. The common aim of the authors is to highlight the stages of the path through which Bayly emerged, at the beginnings of the 2000s, as a key figure in the current revival and renewal of world history.

How America Became Capitalist

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ISBN: 9780745337883 9781786803863 9781786803870 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Pluto Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 102215
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-02-05 09:51:01
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In an age of political and economic uncertainty, from the Great Recession to the election of Donald Trump, it is essential to understand the ways capitalism and imperialism are central to the American way of life. The story told in this book brings together a new interpretation of American history beyond mainstream perspectives to chart the ways in which white-settler colonialism pushed expansion on the western frontier of empire, and locates the history through which empire gradually took on a capitalist form. It follows the pathway of expansion from the making of an Atlantic world market through the creation of white colonies in New England and Virginia. From here the book charts the growth of empire across the north and south, highlighting the gendered dynamics of empire-building, and culminates in a discussion of the Civil War and the consolidation of over two centuries of capitalist development explaining how a society with capitalism became a capitalist society.

The Emergence of Modern Hinduism

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ISBN: 9780520973749 9780520307056 Year: Pages: 222 DOI: 10.1525/luminos.75 Language: English
Publisher: University of California Press
Subject: Religion --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-09-20 11:21:03
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The Emergence of Modern Hinduism argues for the importance of regional, vernacular innovation in processes of Hindu modernization. Scholars usually trace the emergence of modern Hinduism to cosmopolitan reform movements, highlighting the centrality of elite religion and the influence of Western ideas and models. This book proposes, instead, that important projects of modernity were pursued on the colonial margins, by actors deeply embedded in tradition and deploying all its resources as the key means for change, using texts and languages not associated with centralized power or national or global discourses. It focuses on one such figure, the Tamil Shaiva poet and mystic Ramalinga Swami (1823–1874). Ramalinga emphasized the continuities of tradition, new revelation, the possibility of the miraculous, and an ethics of inclusion that challenged caste and class boundaries. His vision provided a counterpoint to reform Hinduism, yet his projects were no less modern than their cosmopolitan counterparts. By including Ramalinga, and figures like him, in historical accounts of religious modernization, we can develop new ways of thinking about modern Hinduism that more accurately reflect its diverse ways of being modern. The book thus effects a fundamental shift in the way we conceptualize the emergence of modern religion, as well as the concept of the “modern” itself, in South Asia and beyond.

A British Childhood? Some Historical Reflections on Continuities and Discontinuities in the Culture of Anglophone Childhood

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ISBN: 9783039219346 9783039219353 Year: Pages: 92 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-935-3 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Psychology
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-07 09:08:26
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This book considers how adults attempt to socialise young children into the adults it aspires to produce, from a number of diverse perspectives. The evolution of storytelling and its impact upon child development is initially explored, followed by the consideration of how social class, ethnicity, culture, and colonialism impact upon the ways that societies ‘school’ children about what to expect from adulthood. Different perspectives of early years education and growing up within a British/British colonial perspective are discussed and analysed. There is a focus throughout upon the way that children are constructed by the society in question, particularly those who are considered to be of lower status in terms of being poor, orphaned, or from ethnic groups against which the dominant culture discriminates. Topics covered by the chapters include topics covered by this Special Issue: current and historical constructions of childhood; the development of linguistic and ‘storying’ skills in childhood; childhood play and recreation; childhood and ‘folk’ narratives; philosophies of childhood; childhood and industrialisation; childhood and post-industrialisation; childhood education; childhood health; and cultures of childcare.

Water Governance: Retheorizing Politics

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9783039215607 9783039215614 Year: Pages: 334 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-561-4 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:15
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This republished Special Issue highlights recent and emergent concepts and approaches to water governance that re-centers the political in relation to water-related decision making, use, and management. To do so at once is to focus on diverse ontologies, meanings and values of water, and related contestations regarding its use, or its importance for livelihoods, identity, or place-making. Building on insights from science and technology studies, feminist, and postcolonial approaches, we engage broadly with the ways that water-related decision making is often depoliticized and evacuated of political content or meaning—and to what effect. Key themes that emerged from the contributions include the politics of water infrastructure and insecurity; participatory politics and multi-scalar governance dynamics; politics related to emergent technologies of water (bottled or packaged water, and water desalination); and Indigenous water governance.

Keywords

water quality --- Indigenous water --- spatio-temporal --- hydrosocial --- water governance --- Belo Monte --- Brazil --- dams --- national interest --- hydropower --- depoliticization --- repoliticization --- energy policy --- international development --- decentralization --- political ecology --- integrated water resource management (IWRM) --- Lesotho --- Africa --- Anishinabek --- nibi (water) --- women --- governance --- giikendaaswin --- urban water infrastructure --- political ecology --- water governance --- water quality --- packaged drinking water (PDW) --- bottled water --- Jakarta --- Indonesia --- water management --- irrigation --- kitchen gardens --- participatory development --- Water Users’ Associations --- Central Asia --- Tajikistan --- water governance --- politics --- law --- decision-making processes --- governmentalities --- UNDRIP --- free --- prior and informed consent --- FPIC --- groundwater --- environmental flows --- environmental assessment --- community-based research --- drinking water --- hydrosocial --- Indigenous knowledge --- settler colonialism --- political ontology --- risk --- Two-Eyed Seeing --- Yukon --- Canada --- water security --- water ethics --- narrative ethics --- water justice --- orientation knowledge --- water governance --- water politics --- bottled water --- water governance --- urban water --- re-theorizing --- First Nations --- OECD --- water governance --- water justice --- water colonialism --- UNDRIP --- UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples --- water --- desalination --- legal geography --- mining --- Chile --- first nations --- Canada --- political ecology --- colonization --- water politics --- WEF Nexus --- PES --- scale politics --- environmental justice --- Latin America --- Colombia --- water politics --- religious difference --- infrastructure --- governance --- planning --- practices of mediation --- urban India --- social control --- participation --- water governance --- remunicipalization --- Cochabamba --- Bolivia --- water governance --- political ecology --- Indigenous water governance --- water rights --- water insecurity --- water justice --- politics --- water --- infrastructure --- informality --- Cairo --- Egypt --- power --- governance

The Psychosocial Implications of Disney Movies

Author:
ISBN: 9783038978480 9783038978497 Year: Pages: 246 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-849-7 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2019-08-28 11:21:27
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In this volume of 15 articles, contributors from a wide range of disciplines present their analyses of Disney movies and Disney music, which are mainstays of popular culture. The power of the Disney brand has heightened the need for academics to question whether Disney’s films and music function as a tool of the Western elite that shapes the views of those less empowered. Given its global reach, how the Walt Disney Company handles the role of race, gender, and sexuality in social structural inequality merits serious reflection according to a number of the articles in the volume. On the other hand, other authors argue that Disney productions can help individuals cope with difficult situations or embrace progressive thinking. The different approaches to the assessment of Disney films as cultural artifacts also vary according to the theoretical perspectives guiding the interpretation of both overt and latent symbolic meaning in the movies. The authors of the 15 articles encourage readers to engage with the material, showcasing a variety of views about the good, the bad, and the best way forward.

Keywords

content analysis --- cultivation --- Disney --- family --- family structure --- family function --- Elsa --- Kristoff --- Olaf --- Marshmallow --- Let it Go --- enchantment --- applause --- engagement ring --- diamond --- gender --- snowmen --- wedding toast --- bullroarer --- fireworks --- witches --- magic --- standing ovation --- fertility --- parthenogenesis --- gender nonconformity --- non-binary --- storms --- family jewels --- snowflake --- feminism --- Moana --- Disney --- music --- colonialism --- imperialism --- appropriation --- Polynesia --- Disney --- EPCOT --- music --- appropriation --- world --- park --- entertainment --- sounds --- cultures --- Disney --- princess --- gender roles --- stereotyping --- children’s media --- death --- children --- Disney --- coping mechanisms --- Africana --- alternative royals --- intersectionality --- matrix of domination --- Disney --- gender --- motherhood --- media criticism --- family roles --- masculinity --- empowered mothering --- Pixar --- Disney --- postfeminism --- masculinity --- gender --- cultural studies --- Dumbo --- Lilo &amp --- Stitch --- Disney --- queer --- mean girls --- boobs and boyfriends --- girl cartoon --- gender --- pink elephants --- commodification --- Walter Benjamin --- diversity --- hegemony --- Disney --- coloniality --- adaptation --- Disney --- gender --- feminism --- political economy of film --- feminist film criticism --- feminist political economy of media --- gender stereotypes --- sexuality --- heroism --- hypermasculinity --- selflessness --- Hercules --- Zeus --- Megara --- Disney --- princess --- prince --- gender roles --- content coding analysis --- children’s media --- Disney --- girls --- beauty --- transnational media --- princess

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