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ISBN: 9782371541283 Year: DOI: 10.4000/books.iheal.6535 Language: French
Publisher: Éditions de l’IHEAL
Subject: Political Science --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:35
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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En 2005, les principales organisations sociales boliviennes portaient Evo Morales au pouvoir par les urnes, après plusieurs années de mobilisation contre les politiques dites « néo-libérales ». Cette élection marquait alors un tournant dans ce pays considéré comme le plus pauvre et le plus « autochtone » d’Amérique du Sud, ouvrant la voie à une plus grande souveraineté nationale sur le territoire et à de nouvelles perspectives sociales et économiques pour ses habitants. Qu’en est-il aujourd’hui ? En s’appuyant sur plus de dix années de recherche en Bolivie, les sociologues Laurent Lacroix et Claude Le Gouill retracent le contexte de l’arrivée au pouvoir d’Evo Morales et analysent les principales politiques gouvernementales, les tensions sociales qui ont accompagné la construction de l’État « plurinational », ainsi que la nouvelle place du pays à l’international dans le contexte de ce qui a été nommé le « virage à gauche » de l’Amérique du Sud.

Vote Buying in Indonesia

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ISBN: 9789811367793 Year: Pages: 318 DOI: 10.1007/978-981-13-6779-3 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:24
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This book is open access under a CC BY 4.0 license. This book investigates the impact of vote buying on the accountability of democratic institutions and policy representation in newly democratic countries, with a focus on Indonesia. In doing so, the book presents a wide-ranging study of the dynamics of vote buying in Indonesia’s young democracy, exploring the nature, extent, determinants, targeting and effectiveness of this practice. It addresses these central issues in the context of comparative studies of vote buying, arguing that although party loyalists are disproportionately targeted in vote buying efforts, in total numbers —given the relatively small number of party loyalists in Indonesia— vote buying hits more uncommitted voters. It also demonstrates that the effectiveness of vote buying on vote choice is in the 10 percent range, which is sufficient for many candidates to secure a seat and thus explains why they still engage in vote buying despite high levels of leakage.

Constructing Roma Migrants

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Book Series: IMISCOE Research Series ISBN: 9783030113735 Year: Pages: 242 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-11373-5 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: History --- Migration --- Political Science --- Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:08
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This open access book presents a cross-disciplinary insight and policy analysis into the effects of European legal and political frameworks on the life of ‘Roma migrants’ in Europe. It outlines the creation and implementation of Roma policies at the European level, provides a systematic understanding of identity-based exclusion and explores concrete case studies that reveal how integration and immigration policies work in practice. The book also shows how the Roma example might be employed in tackling the governance implications of our increasingly complex societies and assesses its potential and limitations for integration policies of vulnerable groups such as refugees and other discriminated minorities. As such the book will be of interest to academics, practitioners, policy-makers and a wider academic community working in migration, refugee, poverty and integration issues more broadly.

Datenreport Zivilgesellschaft

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Book Series: Bürgergesellschaft und Demokratie ISBN: 9783658229580 Year: Pages: 176 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-658-22958-0 Language: German
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:22
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Als Open Access Publikation bietet der Datenreport Zivilgesellschaft erstmals einen Überblick über Stand und Entwicklung von Zivilgesellschaft und bürgerschaftlichem Engagement in Deutschland auf verbindender Grundlage der ganzen Bandbreite vorliegender Erhebungsdaten. Aus der Verbindung der Erhebungen entsteht eine einmalige datenbasierte Gesamtschau, die sich an Zivilgesellschaft, Politik und Wissenschaft richtet. Der Datenreport wurde erstellt im Rahmen des Projektes „Forum Zivilgesellschaftsdaten“, in dem verschiedene datenerhebende Institutionen und Akteure mitgewirkt haben. Der Inhalt · Summary: Zivilgesellschaft im Überblick · Organisierte Zivilgesellschaft · Zivilgesellschaftliches Engagement · Zivilgesellschaft als Arbeitsmarkt · Finanzierung der Zivilgesellschaft · Politische und gesellschaftliche Einstellungen: soziokulturelle Grundlagen von Selbstorganisation · Weiterführende Informationen: Datensätze in Steckbriefen; Forschungsdatenzentren und weitere Datenzugänge · Synopse zu Längsschnitt-Datenerhebungen mit Zivilgesellschaftsbezug Der Herausgeber Dr. Holger Krimmer ist Geschäftsführer von ZiviZ im Stifterverband, Mitglied der Geschäftsleitung des Stifterverbandes und Sprecher der AG Zivilgesellschaftsforschung des Bundesnetzwerkes Bürgerschaftliches Engagement. Sofern nicht anderweitig angegeben, wird dieses Buch unter einer Creative Commons Namensnennung 4.0 International Lizenz veröffentlicht. Weitere Details zur Lizenz entnehmen Sie bitte der Lizenzinformation auf http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/deed.de.

Japan’s Arduous Rejuvenation as a Global Power

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ISBN: 9789811361906 Year: Pages: 242 DOI: 10.1007/978-981-13-6190-6 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: History --- Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:24
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This open access book assesses the profound impact of Japan’s aspirations to become a great power on Japanese security, democracy and foreign relations. Rather than viewing the process of normalization and rejuvenation as two decades of remilitarization in face of rapidly changing strategic environment and domestic political circumstances, this volume contextualizes Japan’s contemporary international relations against the longer grain of Japanese historical interactions. It demonstrates that policies and statecraft in the Prime Minister Shinzo Abe’s era are a continuation of a long, unbroken and arduous effort by successive generations of leaders to preserve Japanese autonomy, enhance security and advance Japanese national interests. Arguing against the notion that Japan cannot work with China as long as the US-Japan alliance is in place, the book suggests that Tokyo could forge constructive relations with Beijing by engaging China in joint projects in and outside of the Asia-Pacific in issue areas such as infrastructure development or in the provision of international public goods. It also submits that an improvement in Japan-China relations would enhance rather than detract Japan-US relations and that Tokyo will find that her new found autonomy in the US-Japan alliance would not only accord her more political respect and strategic latitude, but also allow her to ameliorate the excesses of American foreign policy adventurism, paving for her to become a truly normal great power.

Parcours de vie et mémoires de pauvres

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Book Series: Population, Famille et Société / Population, Family, and Society ISBN: 9783034338295 Year: Pages: 506 DOI: 10.3726/b15940 Language: French
Publisher: Peter Lang International Academic Publishing Group
Subject: Social Sciences --- Gender Studies
Added to DOAB on : 2020-10-06 00:04:43
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Developmental State Building

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Book Series: Emerging-Economy State and International Policy Studies ISBN: 9789811329043 Year: Pages: 185 DOI: 10.1007/978-981-13-2904-3 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: History --- Migration --- Political Science --- Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:25
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This open access book modifies and revitalizes the concept of the ‘developmental state’ to understand the politics of emerging economy through nuanced analysis on the roles of human agency in the context of structural transformation. In other words, there is a revived interest in the ‘developmental state’ concept. The nature of the ‘emerging state’ is characterized by its attitude toward economic development and industrialization. Emerging states have engaged in the promotion of agriculture, trade, and industry and played a transformative role to pursue a certain path of economic development. Their success has cast doubt about the principle of laissez faire among the people in the developing world. This doubt, together with the progress of democratization, has prompted policymakers to discover when and how economic policies should deviate from laissez faire, what prevents political leaders and state institutions from being captured by vested interests, and what induce them to drive economic development. This book offers both historical and contemporary case studies from Japan, South Korea, Taiwan, Singapore, Indonesia, Malaysia, Myanmar, Ethiopia, Kenya, and Rwanda. They illustrate how institutions are designed to be developmental, how political coalitions are formed to be growth-oriented, and how technocratic agencies are embedded in a network of business organizations as a part of their efforts for state building.

From War to Peace in the Balkans, the Middle East and Ukraine

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Book Series: Palgrave Critical Studies in Post-Conflict Recovery ISBN: 9783030021733 Year: Pages: 145 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-02173-3 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Political Science --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-05 11:21:17
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This open access book focuses on the origins, consequences and aftermath of the 1995 and 1999 Western military interventions that led to the end of the most recent Balkan wars. Though challenging problems remain in Bosnia, Macedonia, Kosovo, and Serbia, the conflict prevention and state-building efforts thereafter were partly successful as countries of the region are on separate tracks towards European Union membership. This study highlights lessons that can be applied to the Middle East and Ukraine, where similar conflicts are likewise challenging sovereignty and territorial integrity. It is an accessible treatment of what makes war and how to make peace ideal for all readers interested in how violent international conflicts can be managed, informed by the experience of a practitioner.

Regional and Local Development in Times of Polarisation

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Book Series: New Geographies of Europe ISBN: 9789811311901 Year: Pages: 382 DOI: 10.1007/978-981-13-1190-1 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Social Sciences --- Sociology --- Political Science --- Geography
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-29 11:21:04
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Despite the emphasis of the European Regional Policy on territorial cohesion, regional disparities have been increasing within Europe in the past years. The metropolitan areas in almost all countries are considerably growing while regions outside of agglomerations are stagnating or even declining. Against this background this book aims to provide an understanding of the underlying processes of polarisation and related regional and local policies. This open access volume contributes to the debates about polarisation and regional development by focussing on questions of spatial justice, power distribution and policy transfer. Theoretical and empirically grounded contributions show that European policies are indeed reproducing socio-spatial inequalities instead of challenging them. The book shows further the existing potentials and limits of individuals, economic, political and civil society actors to respond to polarisation on the regional and local level. In this book conceptual thoughts on polarisation, regional policy and regional development are combined with empirical research and resulting implications for policymaking. As such, it is a valuable source for early career students and researchers as well as professionals in the field of regional and economic development, policy consultants, and policy makers.

Gender Innovation and Migration in Switzerland

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Book Series: Palgrave Studies in Migration History ISBN: 9783030016265 Year: Pages: 96 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-01626-5 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: History --- Migration --- Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:04
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This open access book analyses migration and its relation to socio-political transformation in Switzerland. It addresses how migration has made new forms of life possible and shows how this process generated gender innovation in different fields: the changing division of work, the establishment of a nursery infrastructure, access to higher education for women, and the struggle for female suffrage. Seeing society through the lens of migration alters the perspective from which our past and thus our present is told—and our future imagined.

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