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Climate Adaptation Finance and Investment in California

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Book Series: Routledge Focus on Environment and Sustainability ISBN: 9780367026073 9780429398759 Year: Pages: 172 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Environmental Sciences --- Economics --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:04
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This book serves as a guide for local governments and private enterprises&#xD;as they navigate the unchartered waters of investing in climate change&#xD;adaptation and resilience. This book serves not only as a resource guide&#xD;for identifying potential funding sources but also as a roadmap for asset&#xD;management and public fi nance processes. It highlights practical synergies&#xD;between funding mechanisms, as well as the confl icts that may arise between&#xD;varying interests and strategies. While the main focus of this work is on the&#xD;State of California, this book offers broader insights for how states, local&#xD;governments and private enterprises can take those critical fi rst steps in&#xD;investing in society’s collective adaptation to climate change.

Universitäre Industriekooperation, Informationszugang und Freiheit der Wissenschaft

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ISBN: 9783161576041 9783161576058 Year: DOI: 10.1628/978-3-16-157605-8 Language: German
Publisher: Mohr Siebeck Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 104827
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-16 11:21:02
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Klaus Ferdinand Gärditz's case study sets out the legal framework for collaborations between universities and private sponsors, where the responsibility to protect academic freedom requires particular safeguarding in order to ensure that authoritative, independent, and credible research can be carried out by public universities.

Negotiating Internet Governance

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ISBN: 9780198833079 Year: Pages: 228 DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198833079.001.0001 Language: English
Publisher: Oxford University Press Grant: Schweizerischer Nationalfonds zur Förderung der Wissenschaftlichen Forschung - 10BP12_185531
Subject: Computer Science --- Law
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-24 11:21:03
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What is at stake for how the Internet continues to evolve is the preservation of its integrity as a single network. In practice, its governance is neither centralised nor unitary; it is piecemeal and fragmented, with authoritative decision-making coming from different sources simultaneously: governments, businesses, international organisations, technical and academic experts, and civil society. Historically, the conditions for their interaction were rarely defined beyond basic technical coordination, due at first to the academic freedom granted to the researchers developing the network and, later on, to the sheer impossibility of controlling mushrooming Internet initiatives. Today, the search for global norms and rules for the Internet continues, be it for cybersecurity or artificial intelligence, amid processes fostering the supremacy of national approaches or the vitality of a pluralist environment with various stakeholders represented. This book provides an incisive analysis of the emergence and evolution of global Internet governance, unpacking the complexity of more than 300 governance arrangements, influential debates and political negotiations over four decades.&#xD;Highly accessible, this book breaks new ground through a wide empirical exploration and a new conceptual approach to governance enactment in global issue domains. A tripartite framework is employed for revealing power dynamics, relying on: a) an extensive database of mechanisms of governance for the Internet at the global and regional level; b) an in-depth analysis of the evolution of actors and priorities over time; and c) a key set of dominant practices observed in the Internet governance communities. It explains continuity and change in Internet-related negotiations, opening up new directions for thinking and acting in this field. &#xD;&#xD;

Enjeux de la formation professionnelle en Suisse

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9782883517226 9782883510838 Year: Pages: 377 DOI: 10.33058/seismo.20722 Language: French
Publisher: Seismo
Subject: Education
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-01 11:21:04
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The Swiss vocational education and training model is at the heart of an unprecedented enthusiasm. Both in Switzerland and abroad, it is praised for its management based on a public-private partnership, for its ability to integrate a large number of young people in beyond mandatory education and, finally, for the quality of the training provided which is in line with the labour market needs. However, these assets may hide the high complexity of this model and the challenges it currently faces and will face in the future. Gathering thirteen chapters from specialists, this book offers a close look at the Swiss vocational education and training model. It provides the factual information and the theoretical tools necessary to understand its complexity and identify its major challenges. &#xD;

Public-Private Partnerships for Sustainable Development

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ISBN: 9783038978329 9783038978336 Year: Pages: 248 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-833-6 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-25 16:37:17
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Voluntary sustainability standards (VSS) and other private governance instruments (e.g., Fair Trade, Forest Stewardship Council, Fair Wear Foundation, GLOBALGAP) are increasingly regulating global production processes and economic activities. VSS verify the compliance of products or production processes with sustainability standards. The importance of voluntary sustainability standards is now widely recognized. After being operational for more than two decades, they have established themselves as private governance instruments. This recognition is also exemplified by their integration in public regulatory approaches. Governments and international organizations are partnering with voluntary sustainability standards to pursue sustainable development policies. We witness the integration of VSS in the regulatory approaches of local and national governments in countries around the world, the integration of VSS in trade policies, the emergence of public&ndash;private initiatives to govern global supply chains, and the inclusion of private initiatives in experimentalist governance regimes. This Special Issue seeks to bring together research on the interface between private and public governance. We welcome contributions which analyze specific case studies on the emergence and development of these private&ndash;public interactions, the design of public&ndash;private governance, the effectiveness of these governance arrangements, and critical perspectives on the possibilities and limitations of such public&ndash;private forms of governance. We welcome multi-disciplinary perspectives including contributions from economics, political science, law, sociology, geography, and anthropology. Papers selected for this Special Issue are subject to a peer review procedure with the aim of rapid and wide dissemination of research results, developments, and applications.

Family, Bullying and Cyberbullying

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ISBN: 9783039210800 / 9783039210817 Year: Pages: 182 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-081-7 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Social Sciences --- Education
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-26 08:44:06
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Despite the significant decrease in bullying that has been reported in many countries during the last two decades, bullying continues to be a significant problem among young people. Given the increase of internet use among youth, researchers have started to pay attention to cyberspace, understanding that it may be a fertile ground for bullying behaviors, specifically, what is known as cyberbullying. “Family, Bullying and Cyberbullying” examines the association of several family variables with bullying in offline and online environments during childhood and adolescence. Contributors from the Americas, Canada, Asia, and Europe offer cutting-edge research on family dynamics, bystander behaviors, parents’ and educators’ perceptions, and bullying and cyberbullying prevention and intervention strategies of bullying for school and home. This book also provides an analysis of the current research on the influence of family in the electronic bullying. Research topics included in the book: 1) Parental education and bullying and cyberbullying; 2) Parental monitoring and cyberbullying; 3) Parental communication and feelings of affiliation; 4) Student and educator perspective on cyberbullying; 5) Parents’ responses to bullying; 6) Parental mediation and bystander behaviors; 7) Development of scales to measure cyberbullying and high internet risks. “Family, Bullying and Cyberbullying” is an essential resource for researchers, graduate students, families, and practitioners in social education, social work, teacher education, and psychology.

Biodiversity and Protected Areas

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783038977322 9783038977339 Year: Pages: 196 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-733-9 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Environmental Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-25 16:37:17
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Biodiversity and Protected Areas assembles twelve topics from around the world, illustrating the complexities and promise of addressing the biodiversity crisis. Authors from Mongolia, Africa, India, Canada, Iraq, and the United States dwell on particular aspects and challenges relevant to those regions. Lessons and approaches from interesting localities, coupled with global analyses give the reader a synthetic view of emerging problems. The opportunities for understanding common issues across different geographies abound, such as comparing local conservation in sub-Saharan Africa with a distribution of very small protected areas in Massachusetts. Several topics will be of immediate interest to policymakers. The book is illustrated with numerous color maps and figures and the authors strove for clear, uncomplicated writing. The editors provide an overview of chapters, placing them in the context of other biodiversity and protected area literature. Students and conservationists attempting to broaden their views of biodiversity and protected areas should find this collection to be interesting.

Drinking Water Quality and Human Health

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783038977261 Year: Pages: 374 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-727-8 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Sociology --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-05 10:34:31
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The quality of drinking water is paramount for public health. Despite important improvements in the last decades, access to safe drinking water is not universal. The World Health Organization estimates that almost 10% of the population in the world do not have access to improved drinking water sources. Among other diseases, waterborne infections cause diarrhea, which kills nearly one million people every year, mostly children under 5 years of age. On the other hand, chemical pollution is a concern in high-income countries and an increasing problem in low- and middle-income countries. Exposure to chemicals in drinking water may lead to a range of chronic non-communicable diseases (e.g., cancer, cardiovascular disease), adverse reproductive outcomes, and effects on children’s health (e.g., neurodevelopment), among other health effects. Although drinking water quality is regulated and monitored in many countries, increasing knowledge leads to the need for reviewing standards and guidelines on a nearly permanent basis, both for regulated and newly identified contaminants. Drinking water standards are mostly based on animal toxicity data, and more robust epidemiologic studies with accurate exposure assessment are needed. The current risk assessment paradigm dealing mostly with one-by-one chemicals dismisses the potential synergisms or interactions from exposures to mixtures of contaminants, particularly at the low-exposure range. Thus, evidence is needed on exposure and health effects of mixtures of contaminants in drinking water. Finally, water stress and water quality problems are expected to increase in the coming years due to climate change and increasing water demand by population growth, and new evidence is needed to design appropriate adaptation policies.This Special Issue of International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health (IJERPH) focuses on the current state of knowledge on the links between drinking water quality and human health.

Keywords

Vibrio pathogens --- rural water resources --- public health --- sub-Saharan Africa --- diarrhoeal disease --- HWTS implementation --- water and sanitation --- drinking water guidance --- infant exposure --- chemical risk assessment --- duration extrapolation --- acute gastroenteritis --- risk --- tap water --- time series study --- turbidity --- urban area --- water operation data --- THMs --- cancer --- effect measure modification --- drinking water --- drinking water --- exposure assessment --- sodium --- potassium --- magnesium --- calcium --- spatial variations --- Denmark --- water safety plans --- drinking water quality --- risk management --- impact assessment --- Asia-Pacific region --- diarrhea --- fever --- cough --- Nigeria --- infant health --- drinking water --- inorganic manganese --- health-based guideline --- infants --- pharmaceuticals --- human health --- environment --- drug labels --- screening method --- LTD --- uncertainty factors --- risk assessment --- risk context --- biomonitoring --- dental health --- drinking water --- fluoride --- pharmacokinetic modeling --- waterborne disease outbreak --- simulation study --- health insurance data --- space–time detection --- drinking water --- nitrate --- cancer --- adverse reproductive outcomes --- methemoglobinemia --- thyroid disease --- endogenous nitrosation --- N-nitroso compounds --- E. coli --- monitoring --- drinking water --- water safety plan --- sanitary inspection --- gravity-fed piped water scheme --- risk management --- chlorination by-product --- France --- environmental exposure --- organic matter --- tap water --- trihalomethanes --- private wells --- groundwater --- drinking water --- animal feeding operation --- fecal coliforms --- enterococci --- E. coli --- Maryland --- nitrite --- disinfection by-product --- drinking water distribution systems --- seasonality --- atrazine --- community water system --- low birth weight --- preterm birth --- small for gestational age --- water contamination --- endocrine disruptor --- drinking water --- radioactivity --- annual effective dose --- carcinogenic --- chronic kidney disease --- end-stage renal disease --- water contaminants --- zinc --- ammonia --- chemical oxygen demand --- dissolved oxygen --- arsenic

Towards Sustainable Global Food Systems. Conceptual and Policy Analysis of Agriculture, Food and Environment Linkages

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783038978145 9783038978152 Year: Pages: 356 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-815-2 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- Environmental Technology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-05-09 17:16:14
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One of the major knowledge challenges in the domain of Resilient and Sustainable Food Systems refers to the integration of perspectives on consumption, patterns that support public health, inclusive value chains, and environmentally sustainable food production. While there is a long record of the analysis of separate interventions, this special issue generates integrated insights, provides cross-cutting perspectives, and outlines practical and policy solutions that address these global challenges.The collection of papers promotes the view that sustainable food systems require thorough insights into the structure and dynamics of agri-food production systems, the drivers for integrating food value chains and markets, and key incentives for supporting healthier consumer choices. On the production side, potential linkages between agricultural commercialization and intensification and their effects for food security and nutritional outcomes are analyzed. Value Chains are assessed for their contribution to improving exchange networks and markets for food products that simultaneously support efficiency, circularity, and responsiveness. Individual motives and market structures for food consumption need to be understood in order to be able to outline suitable incentives to enhance healthy dietary choice.The contributed papers focus on interfaces between food system activities and processes of adaptive change that are critical for overcoming key constraints and trade-offs between sustainable food and healthy diets.

Keywords

agricultural impacts --- climate change impacts --- integrated assessment model --- CGE model --- Ostrea edulis --- native oyster restoration --- North Sea --- site selection --- pilot study --- offshore wind farms --- sustainability --- food systems --- nutrition --- public-private cooperation --- corporate values --- sanitary control --- food safety --- prosperity --- sustainable development --- alternative agri-food networks --- transition theories --- grassroots innovations --- socio-technical systems --- agroecology --- ecovillages --- social movements --- certification --- organic agriculture --- Participatory Guarantee Systems --- Spain --- alternative certification systems --- food systems --- metrics --- interdisciplinarity --- sustainable food and nutrition security --- food system assessment --- participatory approach --- SUSFANS --- agribusiness cluster --- commercialization --- sustainable intensification --- dairy value chain --- farming system --- service arrangements --- Ethiopia --- Kenya --- sustainable diets --- diet adoption --- sustainable food system --- intention-behavior gap --- citizen participation --- innovation workshop --- Agricultural commercialization --- food and nutrition security --- salutogenesis --- life course perspective --- food systems --- multi-level --- positive deviance --- Myanmar --- social innovation --- agricultural commercialization --- nutrition sensitive transformation --- Myanmar --- vegetable consumption --- food choice motives --- knowledge --- self-efficacy --- socio-economic classes --- food environment --- Nigeria --- sustainable development goals --- sustainability assessment --- agricultural sustainability --- food security --- LCA broadening --- LCA deepening --- food systems --- interdisciplinary research --- feedbacks &amp --- interlinkages --- food policy --- 3I Approach --- value chain development --- participatory approach --- context-specific interventions --- behavioural change --- postharvest losses --- tomato --- Nigeria --- supply chain --- raffia basket --- plastic crate --- systems approach --- conceptual framework --- food loss practices --- food loss causes --- food loss solutions --- supply-chain stages --- literature --- socio-economic indicators --- tomato --- Nigeria --- adoption --- conservation agriculture --- social capital --- count outcome models --- pca --- marginal treatment effects --- Nigeria --- food security --- CGE model --- nutrition --- diet diversity --- land substitution --- agricultural intensification --- baseline projections --- commercialization --- Vietnam --- food system --- fertilizer use --- caloric intake --- dietary diversity Vietnam Living Standards Survey (VLSS)

Prospects for Schistosomiasis Elimination

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783039213573 / 9783039213580 Year: Pages: 308 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-358-0 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Medicine (General) --- Internal medicine
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:15
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Current efforts to limit the ravages of schistosomiasis are pushing the world closer to eliminating a chronic infection that has been associated with human life in the tropics since time immemorial. This notwithstanding, the disease remains a scourge for large populations in sub-Saharan Africa, Latin America, and Southeast Asia, and the main part of this book is made up by papers dealing with its current distribution, discussing ways and means to establish and implement improved control approaches. While chemotherapy limits the symptoms caused by schistosomiasis, the number of infected people will not decrease until the parasite's life cycle is interrupted. To that end, some papers focus on the intermediate snail host, which is notoriously difficult to control, while others discuss human hygiene and sanitation. The latter approach not only prevents infection through avoiding people being infected from the snail, but more importantly, also stops people infecting the snail by leaving contagious feces and urine in nature. With morbidity reduced by chemotherapy, the immediate target now is the interruption of transmission to be achieved by new tools, such as the novel chemotherapies, improved diagnostics (for humans, animals, and snails), and vaccines discussed in several of the papers. As made clear in this book, a complex infection requires new tools as well as work on many fronts, above all; however, a clear idea is needed as to how to skillfully combine the tools available and sustain implemented control activities.

Keywords

schistosomiasis --- Schistosoma --- vaccine --- zoonosis --- Asia --- Africa --- domestic animals --- buffalo --- cattle --- sheep --- goats --- Côte d’Ivoire --- coverage rate --- praziquantel --- preventive chemotherapy --- Schistosoma haematobium --- Schistosoma mansoni --- schistosomiasis --- diagnosis --- control and elimination --- DNA --- polymerase chain reaction --- schistosomiasis --- control --- elimination --- Africa --- operational research --- goals --- guidelines --- schistosomiasis --- vector control --- snail resistance --- gene drive --- transgenic snail --- schistosomiasis --- Kato-Katz --- POC-CCA --- young adults --- soil-transmitted helminths --- n/a --- Mayuge --- MDA coverage --- praziquantel --- S. mansoni --- systematic non-compliance --- treatment-opportunities --- Uganda --- climate change --- schistosomiasis --- distribution --- intermediate snail host --- transmission --- modelling --- schistosomiasis --- soil-transmitted-helminthiasis --- mapping --- preventive chemotherapy --- transmission control --- Gabon --- Central Africa --- schistosomiasis --- vaccine --- Sm14 --- FABP --- Schistosoma japonicum --- Oncomelania hupensis --- snail --- 28S ribosomal DNA --- PCR --- loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) --- pooled samples --- China --- schistosomiasis --- elimination --- praziquantel --- artemether --- combination therapy --- phylogeography --- Bulinus truncatus --- planorbidae --- Africa --- schistosomiasis --- neglected tropical diseases --- WIPO Re:Search --- BIO Ventures for Global Health --- cross-sector collaboration --- capacity-building --- drug discovery --- public-private partnerships --- GIS --- remote-sensing --- satellite --- international space station --- ECOSTRESS --- worldview --- spatio-temporal epidemiology --- climate change --- parasite --- schistosomiasis, leishmaniasis --- n/a --- schistosomiasis --- systems epidemiology --- systems thinking --- complexity --- neglected tropical diseases --- interdisciplinarity --- Schistosomiasis mansoni --- Caribbean --- elimination --- snail control --- Biomphalaria glabrata --- Schistosoma mekongi --- Neotricula aperta --- snail --- Cambodia --- Lao PDR --- elimination --- Asia --- control --- elimination --- epidemiology --- Schistosoma japonicum --- Schistosoma malayensis --- Schistosoma mekongi --- schistosomiasis --- Schistosomiasis --- Philippines --- schistosomiasis elimination --- S. japonicum zoonosis --- bovines --- schistosomiasis elimination --- snail control --- high-sensitivity diagnostics --- chemotherapy --- vaccine development --- health education --- sanitation

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