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Stiftungen, Zivilgesellschaft und soziale Differenz

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ISBN: 9783863884543 9783863888138 Year: Pages: 180 DOI: 10.3224/86388813 Language: German
Publisher: Verlag Barbara Budrich
Subject: Social and Public Welfare
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-19 11:21:05
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Stiftungen gelten als vielseitige Organisationen der Zivilgesellschaft: Zum einen möchten sie öffentlich wirksam sein, darüber hinaus sind sie aber auch gemeinwohlorientiert. Das qualitativ empirisch angelegte Forschungsprojekt untersucht anhand von Interviews mit Expert*innen, wie Stiftungen im Rahmen ihrer Projektarbeit verschiedene Zielgruppen hervorbringen und soziale Differenzgruppen argumentativ vermengen.

La Interfaz Sintaxis-Pragmática. Estudios teóricos, descriptivos y experimentales

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ISBN: 9783110605679 Year: Pages: 346 DOI: 10.1515/9783110605679 Language: Spanish
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-06 16:06:17
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Privileging functionalist approaches—based on descriptions of natural discourse and independent from formal grammatical models—, this collected volume gathers original contributions on the syntax-pragmatics interface in Spanish as well as in indigenous languages of the Americas, and explores related topics like topical continuity or Preferred Argument Structure.

Compounds with Polar Metallic Bonding

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ISBN: 9783039210701 9783039210718 Year: Pages: 154 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-071-8 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Chemistry (General) --- Inorganic Chemistry
Added to DOAB on : 2019-08-28 11:21:27
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The Special Edition 'Compounds with Polar Metallic Bonding' is a collection of eight original research reports presenting a broad variety of chemical systems, analytical methods, preparative pathways and theoretical descriptions of bonding situations, with the common aim of understanding the complex interplay of conduction electrons in intermetallic compounds that possess different types of dipoles. Coulombic dipoles introduced by electronegativity differences, electric or magnetic dipoles, polarity induced by symmetry reduction—all the possible facets of the term 'polarity'—can be observed in polar intermetallic phases and have their own and, in most cases, unique consequences on the physical and chemical behaviour. Elucidation of the structure–property relationships in compounds with polar metallic bonding is a modern and growing scientific field which combines solid state physics, preparative chemistry, metallurgy, modern analytic methods, crystallography, theoretical calculations of the electronic state and many more disciplines.

Chapter 9 Mitochondria Structure and Position in the Local Control of Calcium Signals in Smooth Muscle Cells (Book chapter)

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
Book Series: Methods in Signal Transduction Series ISBN: 9781498774222 9781315154589 Year: Pages: 20 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-03-05 11:21:03
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Features of Ca2+ signals including the amplitude, duration, frequency and location are encoded by various physiological stimuli. These features of the signals are decoded by cells to selectively activate smooth muscle functions that include contraction and proliferation [1–3]. Central, therefore, to an appreciation of how smooth muscle is controlled is an understanding of the regulation of Ca2+.

Indigenous Life Projects and Extractivism

Authors: ---
Book Series: Approaches to Social Inequality and Difference ISBN: 9783319934358 Year: Pages: 282 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-93435-8 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Philosophy --- Social Sciences --- Ethnology --- Political Science --- Environmental Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:18
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Exploring indigenous life projects in encounters with extractivism, the present open access volume discusses how current turbulences actualise questions of indigeneity, difference and ontological dynamics in the Andes and Amazonia. While studies of extractivism in South America often focus on wider national and international politics, this contribution instead provides ethnographic explorations of indigenous politics, perspectives and worlds, revealing loss and suffering as well as creative strategies to mediate the extralocal. Seeking to avoid conceptual imperialism or the imposition of exogenous categories, the chapters are grounded in the respective authors’ long-standing field research. The authors examine the reactions (from resistance to accommodation), consequences (from anticipation to rubble) and materials (from fossil fuel to water) diversely related to extractivism in rural and urban settings. How can Amerindian strategies to preserve localised communities in extractivist contexts contribute to ways of thinking otherwise?

Development in Turbulent Times

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ISBN: 9783030113612 Year: Pages: 197 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-11361-2 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Social Sciences --- Sociology --- Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-05 11:21:10
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This open access book explores the most recent trends in the EU in terms of development, progress, and performance. Ten years after the 2008 economic crisis, and amidst a digital revolution that is intensifying the development race, the European Union, and especially Central and Eastern Europe, are ardently searching for their development priorities. Against this background, by relying on a cross-national perspective, the authors reflect upon the developmental challenges of the moment, such as sustainable development, reducing inequality, ensuring social cohesion, and driving the digital revolution. They particularly focus on the relation between the less-developed Eastern part of the EU and its more developed Western counterpart, and discuss the consequences of this development gap in detail. Lastly, the book presents a range of case studies from different areas of governance, such as economy and commerce, health services, education, migration and public opinion in order to investigate the trends most likely to impact the European Union's medium and long-term development.

Socioeconomic Inequality and Educational Outcomes

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: IEA Research for Education ISBN: 9783030119911 Year: Pages: 83 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-11991-1 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Social Sciences --- Sociology --- Education
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-05 11:21:18

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This open access book focuses on trends in educational inequality using twenty years of grade 8 student data collected from 13 education systems by the IEA’s Trends in Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) between 1995 and 2015. While the overall positive association between family socioeconomic status (SES) and student achievement is well documented in the literature, the magnitude of this relationship is contingent on social contexts and is expected to vary by education system. Research on how such associations differ across societies and how the strength of these relationships has changed over time is limited. This study, therefore, addresses an important research and policy question by examining changes in the inequality of educational outcomes due to SES over this 20-year period, and also examines the extent to which the performance of students from disadvantaged backgrounds has improved over time in each education system. Education systems generally aim to narrow the achievement gap between low- and high-SES students and to improve the performance of disadvantaged students. However, the lack of quantifiable and comprehensible measures makes it difficult to assess and monitor the effect of such efforts. In this study, a novel measure of SES that is consistent across all TIMSS cycles allows students to be categorized into different socioeconomic groups. This measure of SES may also contribute to future research using TIMSS trend data. Readers will gain new insight into how educational inequality has changed in the education systems studied and how such change may relate to the more complex picture of macroeconomic changes in those societies.

Materials Processing and Crystal Growth for Thermoelectrics

ISBN: 9783038975885 9783038975892 Year: Pages: 122 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-589-2 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Chemistry (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-02-06 10:16:27
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This volume contains recent developments in the field of thermoelectric with a focus on materials research, including inorganic, polymer and composite materials as well as different approaches to materials processing. These studies are representative of some of the continuing technological development in the field of thermoelectrics.

First-Principles Prediction of Structures and Properties in Crystals

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783039216703 9783039216710 Year: Pages: 128 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-671-0 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Chemistry (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 16:10:12
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The term “first-principles calculations” is a synonym for the numerical determination of the electronic structure of atoms, molecules, clusters, or materials from ‘first principles’, i.e., without any approximations to the underlying quantum-mechanical equations. Although numerous approximate approaches have been developed for small molecular systems since the late 1920s, it was not until the advent of the density functional theory (DFT) in the 1960s that accurate “first-principles” calculations could be conducted for crystalline materials. The rapid development of this method over the past two decades allowed it to evolve from an explanatory to a truly predictive tool. Yet, challenges remain: complex chemical compositions, variable external conditions (such as pressure), defects, or properties that rely on collective excitations—all represent computational and/or methodological bottlenecks. This Special Issue comprises a collection of papers that use DFT to tackle some of these challenges and thus highlight what can (and cannot yet) be achieved using first-principles calculations of crystals.

Youth Transitions among Descendants of Turkish Immigrants in Amsterdam and Strasbourg:

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Book Series: IMISCOE Research Series ISBN: 9783030117900 Year: Pages: 147 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-11790-0 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Social Sciences --- History --- Migration --- Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:08
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This open access book maps the youth transitions of descendants of migrants from Turkey living in Amsterdam and Strasbourg, through a comparative mixed-methods research design. As such, it is of interest to discussions in youth sociology, social mobility and second-generation research. The book follows transition trajectories of the second-generation, from school to activity or inactivity in the labour market, to marriage or further study and, deepens our understanding of transitions by unravelling the macro and micro mechanisms behind individual pathways. On the one hand, the author reveals the ongoing significance of distinct macro institutional settings as well as social structures such as social class, ethnicity and gender in shaping the youth transition experience. On the other, she shows that youth transitions are not predestined to social reproduction when institutional and social structures create conditions for the development of resources necessary for social mobility. Therefore, through an examination of how immigrants’ descendants develop forms of capital in their social trajectories, in relation to institutional and social structures, the book advances the theoretical discussion on Bourdieu’s capital theory. Moreover, in times when native-born descendants of immigrants are at the forefront of public debate being subjected to normative integration demands, the book significantly shifts the lens and draws our attention to the daily challenges and realities faced by ethnic minority youth.

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