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Reflexive Translation Studies

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ISBN: 9781787352513 Year: Pages: 174 DOI: 10.14324/111.9781787352513 Language: English
Publisher: UCL Press
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-05-14 11:21:02
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In the past decades, translation studies have increasingly focused on the ethical dimension of translational activity, with an emphasis on reflexivity to assert the role of the researcher in highlighting issues of visibility, creativity and ethics. In Reflexive Translation Studies, Silvia Kadiu investigates the viability of theories that seek to empower translation by making visible its transformative dimension; for example, by championing the visibility of the translating subject, the translator’s right to creativity, the supremacy of human translation or an autonomous study of translation.

Inspired by Derrida’s deconstructive thinking, Kadiu presents practical ways of challenging theories that argue reflexivity is the only way of developing an ethical translation. She questions the capacity of reflexivity to counteract the power relations at play in translation (between minor and dominant languages, for example) and problematises affirmative claims about (self-)knowledge by using translation itself as a process of critical reflection.

Übersetzung als Kulturaustausch

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
ISBN: 9783863954109 Year: Language: English|German
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-11 11:21:03
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The contributions to this volume approach the subject of translation from a multitude of perspectives. They thus show how translations are not only closely connected with notions of language, literature, and cultural studies but also reciprocally influence societal and political circumstances as much as they are influenced by these.

2 Implications of text categorisation for corpusbased legal translation research (Book chapter)

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ISBN: 9781138492103 9781351031226 Year: Pages: 20 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Law --- Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-24 11:21:02
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This chapter highlights the relevance of text categorisation for research in legal
translation by focusing on institutional translation settings, namely: the European
Union (EU), the United Nations (UN) and the World Trade Organization
(WTO), and their corresponding adjudicative bodies.1 After briefly reviewing
recurrent issues and models of legal text classification (section 2), a multidimensional
approach is applied to the multilingual text production of the three
representative institutional translation settings during three years over the span
of a decade (2005, 2010 and 2015), as part of the project “Legal Translation
in International Institutional Settings: Scope, Strategies and Quality Markers”
(LETRINT) (section 3). The resulting subdivisions are integrated into a categorisation
matrix and discussed as a way of illustrating the relative nature and implications
of text classifications. The fine-grained description of corpus design and
representativeness, technical aspects of corpus compilation and full taxonomies of
genres are not addressed in this chapter.

Qualitätssicherung. Die Praxis der Übersetzungsrevision im Zusammenhang mit EN 15038 und ISO 17100

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Book Series: TRANSÜD. Arbeiten zur Theorie und Praxis des Übersetzens und Dolmetschens ISBN: 9783732905393 9783732994175 9783732994601 Year: Pages: 286 DOI: 10.13097/archive-ouverte/unige:109130 Language: German
Publisher: Frank & Timme
Subject: Business and Management --- Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-02 11:21:03
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Translation revision is essential for ensuring the quality of translations. It is a service of its own, which involves the provision of additional personnel, time and financial resources. The quality standards, the auditing practice and the service providers are the focus of a study with Austrian language service providers, presented here by Madeleine Schnierer. The results describe the practical framework conditions and the current status of translation revision in Austria. They also show the extent to which EN 15038 and ISO 17100 form the basis of the respondents' professional activities. These and other revealing results demonstrate the importance of translation revision within quality assurance. Madeleine Schnierer studied translation with French and Russian at the University of Innsbruck and graduated from the University of Geneva with a PhD thesis on translation revision. Since September 2018 she is a lecturer in the German Department of the Faculty of Translation and Interpreting at the University of Geneva, where she teaches translation, translation revision and German language and cultural competence.

Kompetenzen in DaF/DaZ

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
Book Series: DaF/DaZ in Forschung und Lehre ISBN: 9783732906161 9783732993789 9783732993796 Year: Pages: 200 Language: German
Publisher: Frank & Timme
Subject: Education --- Linguistics --- History of arts
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-05 11:21:15
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Competence orientation opens up always new perspectives for teaching German as an Foreign and as a second language (DaF/DaZ) . The current tendencies of competence orientation presented here are include: - Specialist language skills in the fields of theology and medicine, - the expertise of teachers in relation to learning styles, Grammar and Intercultural Competence as well as - two contrasting analyses of the speech act of the written complaint and oral criticism. Without exception, the authors are enthusiastic and inspiring Teachers who are at the same time committed and open to new challenges, going the extra mile in research. The result of this close interaction of theory and practice are research results with direct application orientation. This is the claim of the series "DaF/DaZ in research and teaching". Christina Maria Ersch has studied German and Scandinavian Studies in Göttingen and German as a foreign language in Mainz, where she works as an academic employee. She has been teaching for several years DaF, is a certified telc examiner and teaches professional training courses on neurodidactics and action-oriented learning. Her research interests include the general didactics with focus on practical competence orientation and the intercultural communication. Die Kompetenzorientierung eröffnet gerade für das Fach Deutsch als Fremd- und Zweitsprache (DaF/DaZ) immer wieder neue Perspektiven für die Lehre. Die hier vorgestellten aktuellen Tendenzen der Kompetenzorientierung umfassen: • fachspezifische Sprachkompetenzen für die Bereiche Theologie und Medizin, • die Fachkompetenzen von Lehrkräften in Bezug auf Lernstile, Grammatik und Interkulturelle Kompetenz sowie • zwei kontrastive Analysen des Sprechaktes der schriftlichen Beschwerde und der mündlichen Kritikäußerung. Die Autorinnen sind ohne Ausnahme begeisterte und begeisternde Lehrkräfte und Dozentinnen, die gleichzeitig engagiert und offen neue Wege in der Forschung gehen. Das Ergebnis dieser engen Verzahnung von Theorie und Praxis sind Forschungsergebnisse mit direkter Anwendungsorientierung. Das ist der Anspruch der Reihe DaF/DaZ in Forschung und Lehre. Christina Maria Ersch hat Germanistik und Skandinavistik in Göttingen und Deutsch als Fremdsprache in Mainz studiert, wo sie als wissenschaftliche Mitarbeiterin tätig ist. Sie unterrichtet seit mehreren Jahren DaF, ist zertifizierte telc-Prüferin und leitet Weiterbildungskurse zu Neurodidaktik und Handlungsorientiertem Lernen. Ihre Forschungsinteressen liegen u. a. in der allgemeinen Didaktik mit Fokus auf praktischer Kompetenzorientierung und der interkulturellen Kommunikation.

The Clarion of Syria

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ISBN: 9780520971158 9780520299436 Year: Pages: 193 DOI: 10.1525/luminos.67 Language: English
Publisher: University of California Press
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-05-14 11:21:04
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When “The Clarion of Syria” was penned, between September 1860 and April 1861, its anonymous author—identified only as “a patriot”—had just witnessed his homeland undergo unprecedented violence in what many today consider Lebanon’s first civil war. Butrus al-Bustani, the author, wrote a series of pamphlets to his fellow Syrians that became a key text of the nineteenth-century literary revival movement known as the Nahda. They addressed an array of universally resonant and locally relevant themes that render the pamphlets pertinent beyond their immediate context. With a style oscillating between Paulinian sermon and Socratic dialogue, the author ponders the meaning of civil war in relation to religion, politics, morality, society, and civilization. Above all, the text was an anti-sectarian clarion call to build a cohesive and “civilized” Syrian society in place of what the author considered a community gripped by the most pernicious of conflicts, violent fanaticism and factionalism. Rereading the pamphlets in the context of today’s political violence in war-torn Syria and elsewhere in the Arab world helps us gain a critical and historical perspective on (anti-)sectarianism, conflict resolution, Western interventionism, and national reconciliation. This translation thereby makes an important historical document accessible for the first time to an English audience.

Migrating Texts

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ISBN: 9781474438995 9781474439015 9781474439022 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Edinburgh University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 102447
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-03 11:21:05
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Explores translation in the context of the multi-lingual, multi-ethnic late-Ottoman Mediterranean world.Fénelon, Offenbach and the Iliad in Arabic, Robinson Crusoe in Turkish, the Bible in Greek-alphabet Turkish, excoriated French novels circulating through the Ottoman Empire in Greek, Arabic and Turkish: literary translation at the eastern end of the Mediterranean offered worldly vistas and new, hybrid genres to emerging literate audiences in the nineteenth and early-twentieth centuries. Whether to propagate ‘national’ language reform, circulate the Bible, help audiences understand European opera, argue for girls’ education, institute pan-Islamic conversations, introduce political concepts, share the Persian Gulistan with Anglophone readers in Bengal, or provide racy fiction to schooled adolescents in Cairo and Istanbul, translation was an essential tool. But as these essays show, translators were inventors, and their efforts might yield surprising results.

Love and Intrigue

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ISBN: 9781783747405 Year: Pages: 128 DOI: 10.11647/OBP.0175 Language: English
Publisher: Open Book Publishers
Subject: Languages and Literatures --- Performing Arts
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-04 11:21:02
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"Schiller’s play Kabale und Liebe, usually translated into English as Love and Intrigue, represents the disastrous consequences that follow when social constraint, youthful passion, and ruthless scheming collide in a narrow setting. Written between 1782 and 1784, the play bears the marks of life at the court of the despotic Duke of Württemberg, from which Schiller had just fled, and of a fraught liaison he entered shortly after his flight. It tells the tale of a love affair that crosses the boundaries of class, between a fiery and rebellious young nobleman and the beautiful and dutiful daughter of a musician. Their affair becomes entangled in the competing purposes of malign and not-so-malign figures present at an obscure and sordid princely court somewhere in Germany. It all leads to a climactic murder–suicide.

Love and Intrigue, the third of Schiller’s canonical plays (after The Robbers and Fiesco’s Conspiracy at Genoa), belongs to the genre of domestic tragedy, with a small cast and an action indoors. It takes place as the highly conventional world of the late eighteenth century stands poised to erupt, and these tensions pervade its setting and emerge in its action. This lively play brims with comedy and tragedy expressed in a colorful, highly colloquial, sometimes scandalous prose well captured in Flora Kimmich’s skilled and informed translation. An authoritative essay by Roger Paulin introduces the reader to the play.

As with all books in the Open Book Classics series, this translation is supported by an introduction and notes that situate an old text in its period and help both the student and the general reader read it with ease and with pleasure."

Measures of Spirituality/Religiosity (2018)

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ISBN: 9783038979326 9783038979333 Year: Pages: 180 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-933-3 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Religion
Added to DOAB on : 2019-05-09 17:16:14
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The interest in the topic of spirituality as a more or less independent dimension of quality of life is continuously growing, and research questions are beginning to change as the field of religiosity changes, becoming more diverse and pluralistic. Addressing new topics in health research also relies on standardized questionnaires. The number of instruments intended to measure specific aspects of spirituality is growing, and it is particularly difficult to evaluate the new instruments. This Special Issue will focus on some of the established instruments (updating them to different languages and cultures), but will also describe the features and intentions of newly-developed instruments, which may potentially be used in larger studies to develop knowledge relevant to spiritual care and practice. This Special Issue will serve as a resource on the instruments used to study the wide range of organized religiosity, the individual experience of the divine, and an open approach in the search for meaning and purpose in life.

Research of Pathogenesis and Novel Therapeutics in Arthritis

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ISBN: 9783038970651 / 9783038970668 Year: Pages: 366 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-066-8 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Medicine (General) --- Therapeutics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-26 08:44:06
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Arthritis has a high prevalence globally and includes over 100 different types, the most common of which are rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, psoriatic arthritis, and inflammatory arthritis. The exact etiology of arthritis remains unclear and no cure exists. Anti-inflammatory drugs are commonly used in the treatment of arthritis but are associated with significant side effects. Novel modes of therapy and additional prognostic biomarkers are urgently needed for arthritis patients. This book summarizes and discusses the global picture of the current understanding of arthritis.

Keywords

biosimilars --- Th9 lymphocytes --- rheumatoid arthritis --- infliximab --- rheumatoid arthritis --- bone erosion --- osteoblasts --- next-generation sequencing --- bioinformatics --- microRNA --- messenger RNA --- osteoarthritis --- cell signaling --- IL1? --- WNT --- antagonists --- computational modeling --- nitric oxide --- clodronate --- gene expression --- osteoarthritis --- progenitor cells --- SOX9 --- spondyloarthropathies --- inflammation --- mesenchymal stem cells --- visfatin --- IL-6 --- TNF-? --- osteoarthritis --- miR-199a-5p --- Epstein-Barr virus --- glycoprotein 42 --- rheumatoid arthritis --- shared epitope --- triptolide --- rheumatoid arthritis --- basic research --- clinical translation --- osteoarthritis (OA) --- articular cartilage --- molecular pathology --- therapeutics --- rheumatoid arthritis --- antibodies --- collagen --- glycosylation --- disease pathways --- therapy --- experimental arthritis --- TNF? --- etanercept --- infliximab --- adalimumab --- certolizumab pegol --- golimumab --- rheumatoid arthritis --- therapeutic antibody --- structure --- fraxinellone --- collagen-induced arthritis --- rheumatoid arthritis --- inflammatory arthritis --- osteoclastogenesis --- sclareol --- rheumatoid arthritis --- synovial cell --- collagen --- mice --- cytokines --- Th17 --- MAPK --- arthritis --- osteoarthritis --- rheumatoid arthritis --- small-molecule inhibitor --- chondrocytes --- tumor necrosis factor-alpha --- inflammation --- rheumatoid arthritis --- osteoarthritis --- angiogenesis --- cytokines --- chemokines --- early osteoarthritis --- articular cartilage --- proliferation --- fibroblast growth factor 2 --- mitogen activated protein kinase --- transforming growth factor ? --- SMA- and MAD-related protein --- interleukin --- nuclear factor kappa B --- miRNA --- adjuvant arthritis --- arthritis --- biomarkers --- celastrol --- inflammation --- microRNA --- miRNA --- rat --- rheumatoid arthritis --- Traditional Chinese medicine --- tripterine --- triterpenoid --- spinal fusion --- biological --- osteoblast --- osteoclast --- bisphosphonate --- parathyroid hormone --- bone morphogenetic protein --- receptor activator of nuclear factor ?B --- stem cell --- drug delivery system --- anticitrullinated peptide antibodies --- antirheumatic drug --- autoimmune --- disease-modifying --- immunology --- pathology --- rheumatoid factor --- rheumatoid arthritis --- osteoarthritis --- adipokines --- obesity --- rheumatoid arthritis --- osteoarthritis --- anti-arthritis --- biomarkers

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