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Lanthanides

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ISBN: 9781789850093 9781789850109 Year: Pages: 122 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.76488 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Chemistry (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:52

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This edited book Lanthanides is a collection of research chapters, offering an excellent review of recent applications in our lives. It consists of a number of interesting chapters by scientists and researchers from different parts of the world. The book is divided into six chapters. The first chapter is a short introduction that explains the nature and purpose of the book and the logic and significance of its contents. In the second chapter, Katarzyna Kiegiel et al. introduce novel apparatus solutions, for example membrane contactors in the extraction stage and different types of matrices (uranium ore, phosphorites, etc.). The third chapter by Dariusz Sala and Bogus?aw Bieda from AGH University of Science and Technology, Management Department, Poland, describes the development of the life cycle inventory to rare earth elements (REEs) based on secondary sources, conducted according to ISO 14040 (2006) guidelines. Chapter 4 concentrates on lanthanide soil chemistry and shows how the soil chemistry of REEs may support soil science investigations. Dmitry V. Ladonin in Chapter 5 studies the content of forms of lanthanides in soddy-calcareous soils at different distances from the Cherepovets steel mill (Vologda region, Russia). The author concludes that the individual properties of lanthanides are clearly manifested in their interaction with soil components. The largest part of the fraction, bound to organic matter, contains medium lanthanides, while the heavy lanthanides are bound to Fe and Mn (hydr)oxides. The last chapter discusses ecological and physiological impacts of lanthanides on algae as primary producers in aquatic environments. This book will definitely encourage readers, researchers, and scientists to look further into the frontier topics of lanthanides and opens new possible research paths for further novel development.

Atomic-force Microscopy and Its Applications

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9781789851694 9781789851700 Year: Pages: 114 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.74139 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Analytical Chemistry
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:52

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Atomic force microscopy is a surface analytical technique used in air, liquids or a vacuum to generate very high-resolution topographic images of a surface, down to atomic resolution. This book is not only for students but also for professional engineers who are working in the industry as well as specialists. This book aims to provide the reader with a comprehensive overview of the new trends, research results and development of atomic force microscopy. The chapters for this book have been written by respected and well-known researchers and specialists from different countries. We hope that after studying this book, you will have objective knowledge about the possible uses of atomic force microscopy in many scientific aspects of our civilisation.

BODIPY Dyes - A Privilege Molecular Scaffold with Tunable Properties

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ISBN: 9781789850819 9781789850826 Year: Pages: 100 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.75220 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Organic Chemistry
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Nowadays, dye chemistry is a booming area of research. In particular, BODIPY fluorophore dyes are in the spotlight since their chromophore allows the design of tailor-made molecules for specific (bio)technological purposes. BODIPY Dyes: A Privilege Molecular Scaffold with Tunable Properties aims to highlight such chemical versatility and modulable photophysical and electrochemical properties. The second and the third chapter deal with BODIPYs in chemosensing and as labels for bioimaging. The fourth chapter focuses on their electroluminescence and redox properties, and their role in photocatalysis. The fifth chapter provides deeper insight into the degradation mechanisms in acid and basic media. The book aims to overview the state of the art of BODIPYs and inspire readers involved in dye chemistry.

Chemometrics and Data Analysis in Chromatography

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ISBN: 9781789238358 9781789238365 Year: Pages: 116 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.72089 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Chemistry (General)
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Chromatography approaches are widely used in various life science applications. Since its invention by the Russian botanist Mikhail S. Tsvet in 1901, chromatography has increasingly developed into an invaluable laboratory tool for the separation and identification of chemical components. It outperforms older techniques (such as crystallization, solvent extraction, and distillation) by offering unequaled resolving power and the possibility of lowering detection limits to below nanogram levels. To further improve chromatographic methods, however, the use of chemometrics is advisable as an economical alternative to resolve any problematic situations in analysis. This book intends to provide the readers with an up-to-date application of chemometrics and data analysis to different types of chromatographic methods.

Recent Advances in Analytical Chemistry

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ISBN: 9781789858099 9781789858105 Year: Pages: 162 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.79436 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Organic Chemistry
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:53

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This book focuses on recent and future trends in analytical methods and provides an overview of analytical chemistry. As a comprehensive analytical chemistry book, it takes a broad view of the subject and integrates a wide variety of approaches. The book provides separation approaches and method validation, as well as recent developments and applications in analytical chemistry. It is written primarily for researchers in the fields of analytical chemistry, environmental chemistry, and applied chemistry. The aim of the book is to explain the subject, clarify important studies, and compare and develop new and groundbreaking applications. Written by leading experts in their respective areas, the book is highly recommended for professionals interested in analytical chemistry because it provides specific and comprehensive examples.

Plastics in the Environment

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ISBN: 9781838804923 9781838804930 9781789840452 Year: Pages: 106 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.75849 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Organic Chemistry --- Chemical Technology
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Plastics in the Environment is a collection of reviewed and relevant research chapters, offering a comprehensive overview of recent developments in the field of plastic pollution and how it is affecting the environment. The book comprises single chapters authored by various researchers and edited by an expert active in the research area. All chapters are complete in themselves but united under a common research study topic. This publication aims at providing a thorough overview of the latest research efforts by international authors on the trending topic of plastics in the environment and opens new possible research paths for further novel developments.

Gas Chromatography - Derivatization, Sample Preparation, Application

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ISBN: 9781838818654 9781838818661 9781838818678 Year: Pages: 142 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.73339 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Analytical Chemistry
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Gas chromatography (GC) is one of the most important types of chromatography used in analytical chemistry for separating and analyzing chemical organic compounds. Today, gas chromatography is one of the most widespread investigation methods of instrumental analysis. This technique is used in the laboratories of chemical, petrochemical, and pharmaceutical industries, in research institutes, and also in clinical, environmental, and food and beverage analysis. This book is the outcome of contributions by experts in the field of gas chromatography and includes a short history of gas chromatography, an overview of derivatization methods and sample preparation techniques, a comprehensive study on pyrazole mass spectrometric fragmentation, and a GC/MS/MS method for the determination and quantification of pesticide residues in grape samples.

Green Chemistry Applications

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ISBN: 9781789841237 9781789841244 9781789844047 Year: Pages: 116 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.77499 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Organic Chemistry
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Green chemistry is defined as the use of a dozen principles that reduce or eliminate hazardous materials in the design, manufacture, and use of chemical products. Today, it is understood that focusing on precautions to reduce or eliminate existing pollution sources is more effective than looking for a cleaning path after exiting. This book presents the principles of green chemistry for clean production in light of the latest technological developments and increasing environmental awareness. Chapters cover such topics as synthesis and applications of nanomaterials for energy and environmental applications, climate process, alternative green energy sources, and removal of emerging pollutants from water.

Chirality from Molecular Electronic States

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ISBN: 9781789851557 9781789851564 Year: Pages: 128 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.78475 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Organic Chemistry
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In chemistry, biology, and physics, ""chirality"" is an important concept in nature. Especially in chemistry, not only classical stereochemistry but also asymmetric organic synthesis, supramolecular chemistry, construction of bio-related molecules and molecular recognition became indispensable structural chemical keywords. However, in view of synthetic chemistry and its structural chemistry, chemistry dealing with chirality in relation to the more fundamental electronic state is still a minority. This book is particularly aimed at chiroptical spectroscopy, structural or physical features and theoretical computation of chirality.

Topics From EPR Research

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ISBN: 9781789852998 9781789853001 Year: Pages: 98 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.75082 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Chemistry (General)
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Electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectroscopy has become one of the leading spectroscopic techniques. It targets materials containing unpaired electrons and possesses many applications. Since it was discovered more than 70 years ago, EPR spectroscopy is subjected to uninterrupted development and comprehensive studies. This book represents some of recent topics from EPR research.

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