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Vignettes in Patient Safety - Volume 4

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ISBN: 9781839622014 9781839622021 9781839622038 Year: Pages: 164 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.75373 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Public Health
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:53

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Medical errors contribute significantly to morbidity and mortality across our healthcare institutions. Due to the increasing complexity of the modern medical practice, a perfect storm of regulatory, market, social, and technical factors, and other competing priorities, created an environment that is primed for patient safety lapses. The spectrum of contributing variables - ranging from minor errors that subsequently escalate, poor communication, and protocol/process non-compliance (just to name a few) - is extensive and solutions are only recently being described. As such, there is a growing body of research and experiences that can help provide an organized framework - based on best practices and evidence-based medical principles - for healthcare organizations to develop, implement, and embrace. Based on the tremendous interest in the initial three volumes of our Vignettes in Patient Safety series, this fourth volume follows a similar model of outlining a patient safety case based on experiences that many clinicians can relate to, and then discusses various factors that may have contributed to a medical error, complication, and/or poor outcome. Building on a problem-based clinical vignette, each chapter then outlines an evidence-based approach to present any related literature, pertinent evidence, and potential contributing factors and solutions to common patient safety occurrences. By focusing on some of the best practices, structured experiences, and objective approaches to medical error genesis, the authors and editors hopefully can lend some insights into how we can make healthcare encounters for all patients, across all settings, better and safer.

Palliative Care

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ISBN: 9781789840759 9781789840766 9781839621956 Year: Pages: 146 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.77739 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Public Health
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:53

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Palliative care is one of the most important factors in the fight against chronic diseases. It begins from the moment the patient is diagnosed, continues with curative treatment until death, and ends with care that supports the patient's family and other caregivers during the postmortem mourning process. In all these stages it is very important to improve the quality of life in patients, to relieve symptoms, and to support patients and their relatives in a dignified manner. This book includes basic information about palliative care, management of patient symptoms, support suggestions for psychological and social problems, needs of patients and their families, and how palliative care is handled in different countries. Written for healthcare professionals, students, and all interested readers, this book provides important information that can be used to improve the quality of life of patients as well as that of their families.

International Handbook of Health Literacy

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
ISBN: 9781447344520 9781447344513 9781447344537 Year: Pages: 764 Language: English
Publisher: Policy Press
Subject: Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 11:21:03
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Available Open Access under CC-BY-NC licence. Health literacy addresses a range of social dimensions of health, including knowledge, navigation and communication, as well as individual and organizational skills for accessing, understanding, evaluating and using information. Particularly over the past decade, health literacy has globally become a major public health concern as an asset for promoting health, wellbeing and sustainable development.&#xD;

Health Literacy in Context—Settings, Media, and Populations

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ISBN: 9783038974710 / 9783038974727 Year: Pages: 250 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-472-7 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Internal medicine --- Education --- Media and communication
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-24 10:13:02
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To date, most published health literacy research has focused on assessing and improving personal skills and abilities. More recently, a better understanding has emerged of the extent to which these skills and abilities are mediated by environmental demands and situational complexities — the context in which health literacy is developed and applied. This has led to much greater attention being given to ways of reducing the situational demands and complexity in which an individual makes a health decision. This collection of papers examines current progress in understanding health literacy "in context", by improving our understanding of the mutual impact of a range of social, economic, environmental, and organisational influences on health literacy.These papers provide unique and original perspectives on the concept, distribution, and application of health literacy in very diverse populations, offering cultural insights and a clear indication of the impact of social and environmental context on health literacy. These perspectives include an examination of differing national policy responses to health literacy illustrating how policy and practice can (and should) respond to this more complete but complex understanding of health literacy. Other papers look at the application of new digital media and the creative harnessing of popular culture as routes to extend the reach and customisation of communications. These papers also illustrate good progress in the evolution of research in the contexts in which health literacy is developed and applied, as well as signaling some areas in which more research would be useful.

Salivary Glands - New Approaches in Diagnostics and Treatment

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ISBN: 9781789849882 9781789849899 Year: Pages: 136 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.68846 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Internal medicine
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:52

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Saliva is a complex fluid that maintains oral health and has many physiological functions. It is a noninvasive diagnostic fluid as well. Lately, salivary diagnostics has proven its potential to reach clinical practice in the near future for the early detection, diagnosis, and monitoring of various diseases. Salivary Glands - New Approaches in Diagnostics and Treatment is a comprehensive reference, which brings together information on salivary secretion and its disorders, the novel salivary diagnostic methods for numerous diseases, and new techniques in the treatment of salivary diseases. This book contains information for a diverse audience, including dentists, oral biologists, experimental biologists, molecular biologists, oncologists, radiologists, oral and maxillofacial surgeons, and otorhinolaryngologists.

Homeostasis - An Integrated Vision

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ISBN: 9781789850772 9781789850789 Year: Pages: 172 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.71740 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Internal medicine
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:52

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The human body is composed of several systems and organs, consisting of millions of cells that need relatively stable conditions to function and contribute to the survival of the body as a whole. The maintenance of stable conditions for the cells against the variations of the external environment is an essential function of the body and is called homeostasis. As a consequence of the loss of homeostasis, a disease is manifested. This book aims to provide the reader with an up-to-date view of the self-regulatory mechanisms that are activated to achieve homeostasis, the pathways that are altered during the disease process, and how medicine can intervene to restore balance in critical patients.

Ultimate Guide to Insulin

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ISBN: 9781789849219 9781789849226 Year: Pages: 130 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.71990 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Internal medicine
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:52

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The book presents a qualitative and quantitative approach to understand, manage and enforce the integration of insulin into diabetes mellitus. Utilizing a sound theoretical and practical foundation and illustrating procedural techniques through scientific examples, the book bridges the gap between insulin and diabetes mellitus management. Detailed procedures have been omitted because of the variety of equipment and commercial kits used in today's clinical laboratories.

Body-mass Index and Health

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ISBN: 9781789850055 9781789850062 Year: Pages: 110 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.73958 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:52

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The body mass index has an important place in weight control. Attention should be paid to the regularization of anthropometric measures and to physical activity to protect from increasing obesity that is associated with chronic noncommunicable conditions, such as diabetes mellitus, cancers and cardiovascular diseases. Also, attention should be paid to the countries that are developing. The daily intake of calories, carbohydrates, oils and proteins, fibers, vitamins and minerals and clean water is essential for all individuals, especially for children and for pregnant women.

Telehealth

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ISBN: 9781789854978 9781789854985 Year: Pages: 80 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.78461 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:52

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The practice of telemedicine enables the remote practice of medicine across a wide spectrum of medical specialties, from radiology to psychiatry and intensive care. Progressing from the telegraph to telephone, to video and to remote-sensing devices, telemedicine now brings specialty medical care to all regions of the global community. Telemedicine research now includes investigation into optimal data transmission and legislative issues, in addition to the development of improved medical devices. This collection of the latest thinking by experts in the telemedicine field will help readers stay abreast of the latest developments in this important field of medicine.

Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease - Theory and Research

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ISBN: 9781789844801 9781789844818 Year: Pages: 74 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.73897 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Gastroenterology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:53

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Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a very common, global clinical problem. It affects any age group, both males and females, and is seen mainly in developed countries, especially among obese individuals. GERD needs to be treated to prevent nuisance symptoms and long-term complications. The book deals with the diagnosis of GERD, including clinical presentations and diagnostic investigations, and describes the different available conservative, medical, surgical and endoscopic treatments. The book also covers gastroesophageal disease in children, its presentation and treatment. It also deals with the refractory type of gastroesophageal disease including different theories. It is very useful for gastroenterologists and upper gastrointestinal surgeons.

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