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Democratic State and Democratic Society. Institutional Change in the Nordic Model

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ISBN: 9783110634082 Year: Pages: 415 DOI: 10.1515/9783110634082 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Political Science --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2018-12-19 16:52:49
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This book focuses on institutional change in Nordic societies. Among the Nordics, the main emphasis is on Norway, in many ways the best example of neo-corporatism. The main emphasise is put on the interplay of democracy and social institutions.

Creating the Intellectual

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ISBN: 9780520972827 9780520303690 Year: Pages: 250 DOI: 10.1525/luminos.68 Language: English
Publisher: University of California Press
Subject: Sociology --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-05-14 11:21:04
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This book offers a new analysis of the intellectual and the Chinese socialist revolution. Under the Chinese Communist Party, the intellectual was never simply an outspoken scholar, a browbeaten artist, a supportive official, or any kind of person facing an increasingly powerful political regime. The intellectual was first and foremost a widening classification of people based on Marxist thought. As the party turned revolutionaries and otherwise perfectly ordinary people into subjects identified locally as intellectuals, their appearance profoundly affected the political thinking of the party elites and how they organized the revolution, as well as postrevolutionary Chinese society. Drawing on a wide range of data, Eddy U takes the reader on a fascinating journey that examines political discourses, revolutionary strategies, rural activities, official registrations, organized protests, work organizations, and theater productions. The book lays out in colorful details the formation of new identities and new patterns of organization, association, and calculus. The outcome is a compelling picture of the mutual constitution of the intellectual and the Chinese socialist revolution, the impact of which is still visible in globalized China.

Multi-Agent Systems

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9783038979241 / 9783038979258 Year: Pages: 392 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-925-8 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-26 10:09:00
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This Special Issue ""Multi-Agent Systems"" gathers original research articles reporting results on the steadily growing area of agent-oriented computing and multi-agent systems technologies. After more than 20 years of academic research on multi-agent systems (MASs), in fact, agent-oriented models and technologies have been promoted as the most suitable candidates for the design and development of distributed and intelligent applications in complex and dynamic environments. With respect to both their quality and range, the papers in this Special Issue already represent a meaningful sample of the most recent advancements in the field of agent-oriented models and technologies. In particular, the 17 contributions cover agent-based modeling and simulation, situated multi-agent systems, socio-technical multi-agent systems, and semantic technologies applied to multi-agent systems. In fact, it is surprising to witness how such a limited portion of MAS research already highlights the most relevant usage of agent-based models and technologies, as well as their most appreciated characteristics. We are thus confident that the readers of Applied Sciences will be able to appreciate the growing role that MASs will play in the design and development of the next generation of complex intelligent systems. This Special Issue has been converted into a yearly series, for which a new call for papers is already available at the Applied Sciences journal’s website: https://www.mdpi.com/journal/applsci/special_issues/Multi-Agent_Systems_2019.

Keywords

scaled consensus --- delay --- formation tracking --- multi-agent system --- collision avoidance --- multiple passive agents --- Mobile Robot Navigation --- pedestrian environment --- kinodynamic planning --- velocity obstacle --- agent-based modeling --- complex network --- multi-agent system --- network management --- [-5]agent-based simulation --- agent-based social simulation --- multi-agent system --- agent-oriented software engineering --- sociogram --- agent technology --- organizational model --- agent behavior --- travel behavior --- commuting --- carpooling --- online double auction --- mechanism design --- perishable goods --- multi-agent simulation --- bike sharing systems (BSS) --- regression models --- open data --- data visualization --- multi agent systems --- organizations and institutions --- socio-technical systems --- multi-agent systems --- electric vehicles --- charging stations --- genetic algorithm --- multi-agent system --- agent-based simulation --- 3D representation --- human-machine interaction --- ambient intelligence --- user interaction levels --- intelligent agents --- intelligent hybrid systems --- type-2 fuzzy inference system --- methodologies for agent-based systems --- organizations and institutions --- socio–technical systems --- computational accountability --- social commitments --- agent-based programming --- multi-agent system --- BDI agents --- model-driven development --- agent development methodology --- semantic web service --- ontology --- SEA_ML --- electronic bartering system --- ambient intelligence --- cognitive disabilities --- mobile communication --- orientation --- person tracking --- trajectory mining --- agreement technologies --- coordination models --- multiagent systems --- smart cities --- surface vehicle --- underactuated vehicle --- RBFNNs --- directed graph --- coordinated control --- Behavior Trees (BTs) --- Genetic Programming (GP) --- autonomous agents --- behavior modeling --- tree mining --- agent development framework --- mobile device agent --- linked data --- semantic web --- multi-agent systems --- agent-based modelling --- agent-based simulation --- agent-oriented technologies --- coordination --- Artificial Intelligence --- computer science --- multi-agent systems --- agent methodologies --- agent-based simulation --- ambient intelligence --- smart cities

Scenarios and Indicators for Sustainable Development–Towards A Critical Assessment of Achievements and Challenges

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ISBN: 9783038976721 Year: Pages: 180 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-673-8 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-03-21 15:50:41
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Globalization and telecoupling are enhancing the complexity of the coupled socio-ecological system constituted by the interaction between the global ecosphere and the anthroposphere. As a result, the demand for tools to identify transformative innovations, assess future risks, and support precautionary decisions for sustainability is growing by the day in business and politics. Scenarios are a means of simplification, reducing the real-world complexity to a limited number of essential factors to analyze their interactions and support policy formulation, with indicators as communication and monitoring tools. In particular, in a time of fake news and alternative truths a critical reflection amongst producers and users of scenarios and indicators is overdue; the capability for critical self-reflection is what distinguishes science from pseudo-science, and is a condition of trust. The authors of this book test established measurement and modeling approaches against new challenges, assess the weaknesses of prevailing innovation theories and the political-ideological embedment of archetypical scenarios, highlight deficits in taking the physical basics into account, and the need to understand global interaction and the stepwise process of energy transitions, point out technical as well as conceptual weaknesses in data collection, harmonization and indicator generation, always with a view to solving problems.

Trust Management: Key Factor of the Sustainable Organizations Embedded in Network

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783039212330 / 9783039212347 Year: Pages: 396 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-234-7 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-08-28 11:21:27
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Nowadays, trust is an important determinant in the development of modern organizations. Not only is it becoming an increasingly important element of relationships between entities, but, above all, it positively influences the building of an organization's intellectual capital. This capital can be defined in different ways, but its definition always references elements that determine the potential of sustainable organizations, often in human, social, relational, organizational, and innovation dimensions. Trust is increasingly becoming the key determinant of this capital (Ko?uch, Lenart-Gansiniec, 2017). Trust also has a number of different definitions. However, the basis of many of these definitions is the building of relationships focused on developing some kind of individual or inter-organizational link. Organizational trust is a complicated concept, and it is the basis of all organized activities performed by people in the organization, largely because trust is needed to develop relationships with integrity and commitment. Thus, it is interesting to study the relationship between trust and the building of the intellectual capital of sustainable organizations. Indeed, intellectual capital plays a special role here. It is a guide and a platform for achieving not only a competitive advantage for the sustainable organization, but also a source of value creation in the short and long term. Thus, this strategic hybrid, composed of a business model, strategy, and business processes, is favorable to the development of intellectual capital (Jab?o?ski 2017). Trust is an element that ties this capital to relationships in business. Moreover, it has an integrated character (R.C. Mayer, J. H. Davis, F. D. Schoorman 1995). Assuming that, nowadays, the network paradigm is becoming increasingly important, it is worth asking how the mechanism of building trust-based intellectual capital in a sustainable organization functions as its key asset in the network environment.

Keywords

trust --- distrust --- control --- project success --- structural equation modeling (SEM) --- trust --- trust management --- logistics service providers --- supply chain management --- collaboration --- trust --- antibiotic resistance --- antibiotics --- cooperation --- large-scale collective action --- Sweden --- coordinating behavior --- trust management --- reciprocity types --- reciprocity-based trust --- inter-organizational exchange relationships --- sustainable relationships --- consumer trust --- CSR --- advertising --- ethical advertising --- shockvertising --- consumer behavior --- apology --- denial --- penance --- opportunistic behaviors --- trust repair --- subcontracting --- scenario-based experiments --- sustainability --- trust --- distress --- transport services --- road freight transport --- modal shift potential --- paradigm shift --- modeling --- prediction --- General Discriminant Analysis --- trust --- international joint venture --- third-country relocation --- foreign direct investment --- asset specificity --- institutional theory --- public collaborative networks --- multilevel research --- trust --- cooperation --- competition --- paradoxes --- trust --- M&A sustainability --- performance --- start-ups --- retained autonomy --- mixed-method research --- interpersonal trust --- sustainable organizations --- competences --- relations --- cooperation --- trust --- quality culture --- universities --- higher education institutions --- conceptual model --- trust --- collaboration --- virtual teams --- integrity --- ability --- online --- strategic hybrids --- business model --- strategy --- business processes --- strategic projects --- water supply companies --- trust --- trustworthiness --- distrust --- water cooperation --- competition --- complexity --- deep uncertainty --- risk perception --- Nzoia river basin --- water policy gaming --- public management --- public-social partnership --- public value --- co-innovation --- sustainability --- trust --- creative industry --- networking --- stakeholders --- DAG scheduling --- trusted entities --- heterogeneous --- MCTS --- cultural routes --- trust --- cooperation networks --- cultural heritage management

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