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Scientific Integrity

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ISBN: 9789087282301 9789400602182 9789400602199 Year: Pages: 183 Language: English
Publisher: Leiden University Press
Subject: Law --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-09 11:21:14
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The growing attention for scientific integrity is part of a wider culture of professionalization and accountability − which appears to signal that integrity is no longer self-evident as a core value of professional conduct. Examples abound. But what is scientific integrity? Why does it matter? What are the issues, and what is at stake? What do we know about the nature and scope of violations of scientific integrity? In this book, Kees Schuyt explores the concept of integrity, describes various cases of fraud and other types of dishonest behaviour in research practice, and offers a reflective and pragmatic framework for handling transgressions against the rules of academic research. Drawing on a wide variety of historical examples, Schuyt looks into matters ranging from the codification of scientific integrity to the difference between misconduct, questionable practices, and honest errors, and the uses and abuses of the notion of plagiarism. Last but not least, he considers how the norms and values of academic research can best be transmitted to students and new generations of researchers.

Interessekonflikter i forskning

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9788202588175 Year: Pages: 259 DOI: 10.23865/noasp.63 Language: Norwegian
Publisher: Cappelen Damm Akademisk/NOASP (Nordic Open Access Scholarly Publishing)
Subject: Philosophy --- Social Sciences --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-05 11:21:04
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"This anthology examines various ethical issues related to conflicts of interest in research and raises fundamental questions about the role of research in society. In recent years, researchers and others have expressed concern on several occasions about how research has been conducted or used for political or economic gain, where outcomes of research have been called into question and accusations of rigging or poor quality have been leveled. “Conflict of interest” is a term from research ethics that can help clarify what is at the core of many of these cases.

Questions posed and explored in this anthology include: What exactly is a conflict of interest within the context of research? Is the ideal of pure, unbiased objectivity even realistic? To what degree can transparency remediate challenges associated with conflicts of interest?

The objective with this collection of chapters is to encourage reflection and discourse about the ethical principles and norms that insure quality and integrity in research. The anthology will be of interest to researchers in particular, and all others concerned with ethics in research."

Product/Process Fingerprint in Micro Manufacturing

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ISBN: 9783039210343 / 9783039210350 Year: Pages: 274 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-035-0 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-26 08:44:06
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The continuous miniaturization of products and the growing complexity of their embedded multifunctionalities necessitates continuous research and development efforts regarding micro components and related micro manufacturing technologies. Highly miniaturized systems, manufactured using a wide variety of materials, have found application in key technological fields, such as healthcare devices, micro implants, mobility, communications, optics, and micro electromechanical systems. Innovations required for the high-precision manufacturing of micro components can specifically be achieved through optimizations using post-process (i.e., offline) and in-process (i.e., online) metrology of both process input and output parameters, as well as geometrical features of the produced micro parts. However, it is of critical importance to reduce the metrology and optimization efforts, since process and product quality control can represent a significant portion of the total production time in micro manufacturing. To solve this fundamental challenge, research efforts have been undertaken in order to define, investigate, implement, and validate the so-called “product/process manufacturing fingerprint” concept. The “product manufacturing fingerprint” concept refers to those unique dimensional outcomes (e.g., surface topography, form error, critical dimensions, etc.) on the produced component that, if kept under control and within specifications, ensure that the entire micro component complies to its specifications. The “process manufacturing fingerprint” is a specific process parameter or feature to be monitored and controlled, in order to maintain the manufacture of products within the specified tolerances. By integrating both product and process manufacturing fingerprint concepts, the metrology and optimization efforts are highly reduced. Therefore, the quality of the micro products increases, with an obvious improvement in production yield. Accordingly, this Special Issue seeks to showcase research papers, short communications, and review articles that focus on novel methodological developments and applications in micro- and sub-micro-scale manufacturing, process monitoring and control, as well as micro and sub-micro product quality assurance. Focus will be on micro manufacturing process chains and their micro product/process fingerprint, towards full process optimization and zero-defect micro manufacturing.

Keywords

micro-injection moulding --- quality assurance --- process monitoring --- micro metrology --- positioning platform --- Halbach linear motor --- commercial control hardware --- diffractive optics --- gratings --- microfabrication --- computer holography --- manufacturing signature --- process fingerprint --- Fresnel lenses --- injection compression molding --- injection molding --- micro structures replication --- confocal microscopy --- optical quality control --- uncertainty budget --- optimization --- precision injection molding --- quality control --- process monitoring --- product fingerprint --- process fingerprint --- electrical discharge machining --- electrical discharge machining (EDM) --- surface roughness --- surface integrity --- optimization --- desirability function --- satellite drop --- electrohydrodynamic jet printing --- charge relaxation time --- laser ablation --- superhydrophobic surface --- process fingerprint --- product fingerprint --- surface morphology --- artificial compound eye --- multi-spectral imaging --- lithography --- spectral splitting --- plasma-electrolytic polishing --- PeP --- surface modification --- finishing --- electro chemical machining --- ECM --- Electro sinter forging --- resistance sintering --- electrical current --- fingerprints --- electrical discharge machining --- micro drilling --- process monitoring --- quality control --- electrochemical machining (ECM) --- process control --- current monitoring --- current density --- surface roughness --- inline metrology --- haptic actuator --- impact analysis --- high strain rate effect --- damping --- 2-step analysis --- micro-grinding --- bioceramics --- materials characterisation --- dental implant --- microinjection moulding --- process fingerprints --- flow length --- quality assurance --- n/a

Side Channel Attacks

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ISBN: 9783039210008 / 9783039210015 Year: Pages: 258 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-001-5 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-26 08:44:06
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This Special Issue provides an opportunity for researchers in the area of side-channel attacks (SCAs) to highlight the most recent exciting technologies. The research papers published in this Special Issue represent recent progress in the field, including research on power analysis attacks, cache-based timing attacks, system-level countermeasures, and so on.

Keywords

cache attack --- cache side-channel attack --- constant-time cryptographic algorithm --- rsa cryptosystem --- scatter-gather implementation --- modular exponentiation --- post-quantum cryptography --- lattice-based cryptography --- Gaussian sampling --- CDT sampling --- side-channel attack --- single trace analysis --- mobile ads --- software development kit (SDK), android package (APK), ad lib --- ad libraries --- ad networks --- graph --- graph similarity --- side-channel authentication --- leakage model --- AES --- FPGA --- unified point addition --- binary Huff curve --- recovery of secret exponent by triangular trace analysis --- horizontal collision correlation analysis --- side channel analysis --- single trace analysis --- post quantum cryptography --- NTRU --- side-channel analysis --- elliptic curve cryptography --- single-trace attack --- key bit-dependent attack --- countermeasure --- side channel analysis --- financial IC card --- first-order analysis --- second-order analysis --- data outsourcing --- integrity --- online authentication --- Merkle (hash) tree --- data loss --- information leakage --- reliability --- side-channel analysis --- power-analysis attack --- embedded system security --- machine-learning classification --- side-channel cache attacks --- cache misses --- AES --- cloud computing --- physically unclonable function --- chaos theory --- chaotic circuit --- FPGA --- CPLD --- challenge-response authentication --- hardware security --- side-channel attacks --- cryptographic keys --- side channel attack --- re-keying --- tweakable block cipher --- provable security --- n/a

Trust Management: Key Factor of the Sustainable Organizations Embedded in Network

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783039212330 / 9783039212347 Year: Pages: 396 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-234-7 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-08-28 11:21:27
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Nowadays, trust is an important determinant in the development of modern organizations. Not only is it becoming an increasingly important element of relationships between entities, but, above all, it positively influences the building of an organization's intellectual capital. This capital can be defined in different ways, but its definition always references elements that determine the potential of sustainable organizations, often in human, social, relational, organizational, and innovation dimensions. Trust is increasingly becoming the key determinant of this capital (Ko?uch, Lenart-Gansiniec, 2017). Trust also has a number of different definitions. However, the basis of many of these definitions is the building of relationships focused on developing some kind of individual or inter-organizational link. Organizational trust is a complicated concept, and it is the basis of all organized activities performed by people in the organization, largely because trust is needed to develop relationships with integrity and commitment. Thus, it is interesting to study the relationship between trust and the building of the intellectual capital of sustainable organizations. Indeed, intellectual capital plays a special role here. It is a guide and a platform for achieving not only a competitive advantage for the sustainable organization, but also a source of value creation in the short and long term. Thus, this strategic hybrid, composed of a business model, strategy, and business processes, is favorable to the development of intellectual capital (Jab?o?ski 2017). Trust is an element that ties this capital to relationships in business. Moreover, it has an integrated character (R.C. Mayer, J. H. Davis, F. D. Schoorman 1995). Assuming that, nowadays, the network paradigm is becoming increasingly important, it is worth asking how the mechanism of building trust-based intellectual capital in a sustainable organization functions as its key asset in the network environment.

Keywords

trust --- distrust --- control --- project success --- structural equation modeling (SEM) --- trust --- trust management --- logistics service providers --- supply chain management --- collaboration --- trust --- antibiotic resistance --- antibiotics --- cooperation --- large-scale collective action --- Sweden --- coordinating behavior --- trust management --- reciprocity types --- reciprocity-based trust --- inter-organizational exchange relationships --- sustainable relationships --- consumer trust --- CSR --- advertising --- ethical advertising --- shockvertising --- consumer behavior --- apology --- denial --- penance --- opportunistic behaviors --- trust repair --- subcontracting --- scenario-based experiments --- sustainability --- trust --- distress --- transport services --- road freight transport --- modal shift potential --- paradigm shift --- modeling --- prediction --- General Discriminant Analysis --- trust --- international joint venture --- third-country relocation --- foreign direct investment --- asset specificity --- institutional theory --- public collaborative networks --- multilevel research --- trust --- cooperation --- competition --- paradoxes --- trust --- M&A sustainability --- performance --- start-ups --- retained autonomy --- mixed-method research --- interpersonal trust --- sustainable organizations --- competences --- relations --- cooperation --- trust --- quality culture --- universities --- higher education institutions --- conceptual model --- trust --- collaboration --- virtual teams --- integrity --- ability --- online --- strategic hybrids --- business model --- strategy --- business processes --- strategic projects --- water supply companies --- trust --- trustworthiness --- distrust --- water cooperation --- competition --- complexity --- deep uncertainty --- risk perception --- Nzoia river basin --- water policy gaming --- public management --- public-social partnership --- public value --- co-innovation --- sustainability --- trust --- creative industry --- networking --- stakeholders --- DAG scheduling --- trusted entities --- heterogeneous --- MCTS --- cultural routes --- trust --- cooperation networks --- cultural heritage management

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