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7 Urban ecosystem services and stakeholders (Book chapter)

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ISBN: 9780815387213 9780815387213 9780815387220 9781351173643 Year: Pages: 20 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Geology --- Earth Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:26
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This chapter argues that the discussion of urban sustainability is in urgent need of&#xD;new understanding of how ecosystem services are generated in places where human&#xD;and non-human stakeholders interact within the urban landscape. More than half of&#xD;the world’s population currently lives in urban areas, and the rate of urbanisation is&#xD;estimated to increase rapidly in the next three decades ( United Nations, 2014 ). This&#xD;scale of urbanisation strains both urban and rural ecosystems, which are required&#xD;to provide nutrition, clean water, fresh air, recreational opportunities, wellbeing and&#xD;other life-supporting and life-enhancing opportunities to urban dwellers ( Chiesura&#xD;and de Groot, 2003 ; Fischer and Eastwood, 2016 ; Standish, Hobbs, and Miller, 2013 ).&#xD;Amidst such challenges as rapid urbanisation and abrupt climatic changes, ecosystem&#xD;services are needed to provide the material and non-material benefi ts required&#xD;to keep ever-growing cities liveable ( Alberti, 2016 ; Andersson et al., 2014 ; Finco and&#xD;Nijkamp, 2001 ; Rees and Wackernagel, 1996 ). However, the current understanding&#xD;of ecosystem services is inadequate, and the extant research has been criticised for&#xD;both its anthropocentric bias and its focus on instrumental and monetary valuations&#xD;of ecosystem services ( Pelenc and Ballet, 2015 ; Schröter et al., 2014 ). Moreover, the&#xD;lack of a detailed elaboration of the socio-ecological interface of ecosystem services&#xD;has resulted in the continued segregation of human and non-human processes in&#xD;ecosystem service generation ( Andersson, Barthel, and Ahrné, 2007 ; Fischer and&#xD;Eastwood, 2016 ; Maes et al., 2012 )

The Birth of Energy

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ISBN: 9781478090007 9781478006329 Year: Pages: 280 DOI: 10.1215/9781478090007 Language: English
Publisher: Duke University Press
Subject: Environmental Sciences --- Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-08 11:21:03
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In The Birth of Energy Cara New Daggett traces the genealogy of contemporary notions of energy back to the nineteenth-century science of thermodynamics to challenge the underlying logic that informs today's uses of energy. These early resource-based concepts of power first emerged during the Industrial Revolution and were tightly bound to Western capitalist domination and the politics of industrialized work. As Daggett shows, thermodynamics was deployed as an imperial science to govern fossil fuel use, labor, and colonial expansion, in part through a hierarchical ordering of humans and nonhumans. By systematically excavating the historical connection between energy and work, Daggett argues that only by transforming the politics of work—most notably, the veneration of waged work—will we be able to confront the Anthropocene's energy problem. Substituting one source of energy for another will not ensure a habitable planet; rather, the concepts of energy and work themselves must be decoupled.

Der Palmölboom in Indonesien

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Book Series: Edition Politik ISBN: 9783837647570 9783839447574 Year: DOI: 10.14361/9783839447574 Language: English
Publisher: transcript Verlag Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 104772
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-16 11:21:03
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Was haben Handcreme, Tiefkühlpizza und Waschmittel gemeinsam? Richtig: Sie enthalten Palmöl – wie bereits die Hälfte aller Supermarktprodukte. Doch wodurch wurde der atemberaubende Palmölboom mit seinen verheerenden sozialen und ökologischen Folgen in den Produktionsländern ausgelöst? Alina Brad untersucht die politischen und ökonomischen Triebkräfte, die den Aufstieg Indonesiens zum weltweit führenden Palmölproduzenten ermöglichten. Ausgehend von den historischen und polit-ökonomischen Bedingungen entschlüsselt sie das komplexe Geflecht von Interessen und Konflikten um Landkontrolle und Inwertsetzung im indonesischen Palmölsektor.

Las fronteras del neoextractivismo en América Latina

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Book Series: Afrontar las crisis desde América Latina ISBN: 9783839445266 9783837645262 Year: Pages: 144 DOI: 10.14361/9783839445266 Language: Spanish;
Publisher: transcript Verlag
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-12 09:24:02
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This book analyzes the progress of neoextractivism in Latin America through four fundamental nuclei: the first proposes the categories of neoextractivism and Consensus of Commodities as privileged windows to read the current crisis; the second analyzes the phases of neoextractivism from 2003 to the present; the third addresses the social resistance and the new political grammars from the concept of the ecoterritorial turn, and highlights the advance of indigenous peoples and the growing role of women; and the fourth illustrates the expansion of the frontiers of extractivism: criminal territorialities, patriarchal violence and extreme energies.&#xD;

Landscape Urbanism and Green Infrastructure

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ISBN: 9783039213696 / 9783039213702 Year: Pages: 184 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-370-2 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Environmental Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:15
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This volume examines the applicability of landscape urbanism theory in contemporary landscape architecture practice by bringing together ecology and architecture in the built environment. Using participatory planning of green infrastructure and application of nature-based solutions to address urban challenges, landscape urbanism seeks to reintroduce critical connections between natural and urban systems. In light of ongoing developments in landscape architecture, the goal is a paradigm shift towards a landscape that restores and rehabilitates urban ecosystems. Nine contributions examine a wide range of successful cases of designing livable and resilient cities in different geographical contexts, from the United States of America to Australia and Japan, and through several European cities in Italy, Portugal, Estonia, and Greece. While some chapters attempt to conceptualize the interconnections between cities and nature, others clearly have an empirical focus. Efforts such as the use of ornamental helophyte plants in bioretention ponds to reduce and treat stormwater runoff, the recovery of a poorly constructed urban waterway or participatory approaches for optimizing the location of green stormwater infrastructure and examining the environmental justice issue of equative availability and accessibility to public open spaces make these innovations explicit. Thus, this volume contributes to the sustainable cities goal of the United Nations.

Keywords

pedestrian zones --- well-being --- viable city --- residents’ views --- green infrastructure --- Greece --- biophilic urbanism --- vacant land --- street verges --- spontaneous vegetation --- postal questionnaire --- Asia --- Japan --- recreation --- urban sustainability --- landscape urbanism --- green gentrification --- Soviet-era housing blocks --- deprived areas --- Roma minority --- built environment --- urban design --- regenerative design --- sustainable development --- river restoration --- biophilic urbanism --- green stormwater infrastructure (GSI) --- social equity --- site suitability modeling --- geographic information systems --- environmental justice --- urban planning --- Philadelphia --- urban design --- landscape first --- post-postmodernism --- landscape history --- urban ecology --- plant ecology --- context-sensitive design --- landscape theory --- urban geography --- nature-based solution --- floating treatment wetland --- pollutant removal --- runoff --- biophilic design --- green infrastructure --- Importance-Performance Analysis (IPA) --- public open space --- re-naturing cities --- urban nature --- visitor satisfaction survey --- resource rationalization --- biophilic design --- public amenity --- public green infrastructure (PGI) --- public open space --- renaturing cities --- sustainable development --- livability --- liveability --- urban nature (UN) --- well-being --- built environment --- nature-based solutions --- sustainable cities --- biophilic design --- urban planning --- landscape architecture --- environmental justice --- public perception --- well-being

Frei, fair und lebendig

Authors: ---
Book Series: Sozialtheorie ISBN: 9783839445303 9783837645309 Year: Pages: 400 DOI: 10.14361/9783839445303 Language: German
Publisher: transcript Verlag
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-03 11:21:09
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This book should give you courage. It unites meaningful thinking with a new way of acting. The goal: a free, fair and lively society. But the familiar has become deeply engraved in our minds, in our everyday lives, in the market and the state. Silke Helfrich and David Bollier reveal traditional ways of thinking and design a program for successful coexistence, a different understanding of politics and caring business. The focus is on commons practices. They show how we pursue common goals in diversity. Practically, houses and vehicles can be created in a similar way to Wikipedia. The book also suggests how to think like a "commoner". It offers a language for the world of tomorrow. It's not just changing the economy and politics - it's changing us.&#xD;

»Hope dies – Action begins«

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Book Series: X-Texte zu Kultur und Gesellschaft ISBN: 9783839450703 9783837650709 Year: Pages: 96 DOI: 10.14361/9783839450703 Language: German
Publisher: transcript Verlag
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-01 11:21:02
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"Hope this - action begins" - this is the motto of the new global environmental movement "Extinction Rebellion" (XR). XR wants to make us all aware of finally taking radical measures against the gigantic species extinction and climate catastrophe. This book features XR activists who explain XR claims, XR principles & values ​​and XR actions from their own point of view. This is intended to encourage readers to engage with this movement and its goals. XR means rebellion for life.&#xD;

Auf dem Weg zu einer Green Economy

Authors: --- --- ---
Book Series: Neue Ökologie ISBN: 9783839444931 9783837644937 Year: Pages: 302 DOI: 10.14361/9783839444931 Language: German
Publisher: transcript Verlag
Subject: Environmental Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-01 11:21:03
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Green economy is the future – this volume illuminates options, challenges and factors of success, providing perspectives for politics and the economy.&#xD;

Contemporary Natural Philosophy and Philosophies - Part 1

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783038978220 / 9783038978237 Year: Pages: 350 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-823-7 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-26 08:44:06
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Modern information communication technology eradicates barriers of geographic distances, making the world globally interdependent, but this spatial globalization has not eliminated cultural fragmentation. The Two Cultures of C.P. Snow (that of science–technology and that of humanities) are drifting apart even faster than before, and they themselves crumble into increasingly specialized domains. Disintegrated knowledge has become subservient to the competition in technological and economic race leading in the direction chosen not by the reason, intellect, and shared value-based judgement, but rather by the whims of autocratic leaders or fashion controlled by marketers for the purposes of political or economic dominance. If we want to restore the authority of our best available knowledge and democratic values in guiding humanity, first we have to reintegrate scattered domains of human knowledge and values and offer an evolving and diverse vision of common reality unified by sound methodology. This collection of articles responds to the call from the journal Philosophies to build a new, networked world of knowledge with domain specialists from different disciplines interacting and connecting with other knowledge-and-values-producing and knowledge-and-values-consuming communities in an inclusive, extended, contemporary natural–philosophic manner. In this process of synthesis, scientific and philosophical investigations enrich each other—with sciences informing philosophies about the best current knowledge of the world, both natural and human-made—while philosophies scrutinize the ontological, epistemological, and methodological foundations of sciences, providing scientists with questions and conceptual analyses. This is all directed at extending and deepening our existing comprehension of the world, including ourselves, both as humans and as societies, and humankind.

Keywords

n/a --- compositional hierarchy --- development --- dissipative structures --- final cause --- internalism --- Second Law of thermodynamics --- subsumptive hierarchy --- agonism --- apophasis --- autocatalysis --- centripetality --- contingency --- endogenous selection --- heterogeneity --- indeterminacy --- process --- mathematics --- physics --- philosophical foundations --- natural philosophy --- the logic of nature --- ontology --- epistemology --- in the name of nature --- philosophy of information --- natural philosophy --- metaphysics --- physics --- problem of induction --- physicalism --- theoretical unity --- philosophy of science --- scientific method --- scientific progress --- pessimistic induction --- awareness --- cognition --- computation --- cybernetics --- differentiation --- fitness --- holographic encoding --- memory --- perception --- quantum information --- signal transduction --- spatial representation --- thermodynamics --- unitarity --- Leibniz --- monad --- internal quantum state --- relational biology --- reflexive psychology --- self --- induction --- naturalism --- evidence and justification --- epistemic norms --- induction and concept formation --- induction and discovery of laws --- natural philosophy --- R.M. Unger --- L. Smolin --- Aristotle --- F.W.J. Schelling --- Naturphilosophie --- A.N. Whitehead --- Ivor Leclerc --- dialectics --- discourse --- discursive space --- information --- knowledge --- humanistic management --- language --- natural philosophy --- subjective experience --- process --- dual aspects --- consciousness --- information-theory --- theoretical biology --- 1st-person and 3rd-person perspectives --- hylomorphism --- mind --- form --- matter --- neurodynamics --- natural philosophy --- philosophy of science --- Jungian psychology --- depth psychology --- analytical psychology --- phenomenological psychology --- evolutionary psychology --- active imagination --- Aristotle’s four causes --- aesthetics in science --- philosophy as a way of life --- common good --- contradiction --- ethics --- information --- logic --- naturalization --- realism --- science --- synthesis --- natural philosophy --- philosophy of nature --- naturalism --- unity of knowledge --- qualitative ontology --- intentionality --- dispositions --- qualia --- abduction --- agent-based reasoning --- creativity --- eco-cognitive model --- eco-cognitive openness --- fallacies --- errors of reasoning --- third-way reasoning --- naturalization of logic --- causality --- embodiment --- measurement --- regulation --- retrocausality --- second-person description --- symmetry breaking --- temporality --- natural philosophy --- cosmology --- emptiness --- vacuum --- void --- dark energy --- space flight --- exoplanet --- big freeze --- big crunch --- everyday lifeworld --- digitization --- computability --- complexity --- reverse mathematics --- quantum computing --- real computing --- theory of everything --- acategoriality --- state-space approach --- mental representation --- dual-aspect monism --- exceptional experiences --- intentionality --- mind-matter relations --- category theory --- memory evolutive system --- emergence --- emergentist reductionism --- anticipation --- creativity --- info-computational model

Recent Advances in Novel Materials for Future Spintronics

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783038979760 / 9783038979777 Year: Pages: 152 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-977-7 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Chemistry (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-26 08:44:06
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As we all know, electrons carry both charge and spin. The processing of information in conventional electronic devices is based only on the charge of electrons. Spin electronics, or spintronics, uses the spin of electrons, as well as their charge, to process information. Metals, semiconductors, and insulators are the basic materials that constitute the components of electronic devices, and these types of materials have been transforming all aspects of society for over a century. In contrast, magnetic metals, half-metals (including zero-gap half-metals), magnetic semiconductors (including spin-gapless semiconductors), dilute magnetic semiconductors, and magnetic insulators are the materials that will form the basis for spintronic devices. This book aims to collect a range of papers on novel materials that have intriguing physical properties and numerous potential practical applications in spintronics.

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