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Laser Technology and its Applications

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ISBN: 9781789849172 9781789849189 Year: Pages: 132 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.75224 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Physics (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:52

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The laser has become more and more important in scientific research and industrial applications. Now, the laser wavelength can cover the range from ultraviolet to terahertz and output laser performance has significantly progressed in recent years. This book is focused on the advanced diode laser, fiber laser, and their applications in laser ablation, laser-introduced fluorescence, and laser treatment. The advantages of laser technology are shown comprehensively.

Charged Particles

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9781789853957 9781789853964 Year: Pages: 104 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.73999 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Physics (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:52

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A charged particle is a particle that carries an electric charge and can be discussed in many aspects. This book focuses on cutting-edge and important research topics such as flavor physics to search for new physics via charged particles that appear in different extensions of the standard model, as well as the analysis of ultra-high energy muons using the pair-meter technique. Also included in this book are the idea of the Eloisatron to PeVatron, the important research field of electrostatic waves in magnetized electron/positron plasmas, and the application of charge bodies.

Plasma Science and Technology - Basic Fundamentals and Modern Applications

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ISBN: 9781789852394 9781789852400 Year: Pages: 328 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.72359 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Physics (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:52

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Usually called the ""fourth state of matter,"" plasmas make up more than 99% of known material. In usual terminology, this term generally refers to partially or totally ionized gas and covers a large number of topics with very different characteristics and behaviors. Over the last few decades, the physics and engineering of plasmas was experiencing a renewed interest, essentially born of a series of important applications such as thin-layer deposition, surface treatment, isotopic separation, integrated circuit etchings, medicine, etc. Plasma Science & Technology - Basic Fundamentals and Modern Applications presents the basic fundamentals behind plasma physics along with some of their most important modern applications.

Atmospheric Pressure Plasma - from Diagnostics to Applications

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ISBN: 9781838802493 9781838802509 Year: Pages: 144 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.75279 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Physics (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:53

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Plasma as the fourth state of matter is an ionized gas consisting of both negative and positive ions, electrons, neutral atoms, radicals, and photons. In the last few decades, atmospheric-pressure plasmas have started to attract increasing attention from both scientists and industry due to a variety of potential applications. Because of increasing interest in the topic, the focus of this book is on providing engineers and scientists with a fundamental understanding of the physical and chemical properties of different atmospheric-pressure plasmas via plasma diagnostic techniques and their applications. The book has been organized into two parts. Part I focuses on the latest achievements in advanced diagnostics of different atmospheric-pressure plasmas. Part II deals with applications of different atmospheric-pressure plasmas.

Nb3Sn Accelerator Magnets

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Book Series: Particle Acceleration and Detection ISBN: 9783030161187 Year: Pages: 452 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-16118-7 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Science (General) --- Mathematics --- Agriculture (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-29 11:21:11
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This open access book is written by world-recognized experts in the fields of applied superconductivity and superconducting accelerator magnet technologies. It provides a contemporary review and assessment of the experience in research and development of high-field accelerator dipole magnets based on Nb3Sn superconductor over the past five decades. The reader attains clear insight into the development and the main properties of Nb3Sn composite superconducting wires and Rutherford cables, and details of accelerator dipole designs, technologies and performance. Special attention is given to innovative features of the developed Nb3Sn magnets. The book concludes with a discussion of accelerator magnet needs for future circular colliders. ; Broadens our understanding of design and performance limits of high-field Nb3Sn accelerator magnets for a future very high energy hadron collider Offers beginners a concise overview of the relevant design concepts for a new generation of superconducting accelerator magnets based on Nb3Sn superconductor Illustrates the complete process of accelerator magnet design and fabrication Provides a contemporary review and assessment of the past experience with Nb3Sn high-field dipole accelerator magnets Identifies the main open R&D issues for Nb3Sn high-field dipole magnets

Principles of Mechanics

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Book Series: Advances in Science, Technology & Innovation ISBN: 9783030151959 Year: Pages: 173 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-15195-9 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Mathematics --- Agriculture (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:03
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This open access textbook takes the reader step-by-step through the concepts of mechanics in a clear and detailed manner. Mechanics is considered to be the core of physics, where a deep understanding of the concepts is essential in understanding all branches of physics. Many proofs and examples are included to help the reader grasp the fundamentals fully, paving the way to deal with more advanced topics. After solving all of the examples, the reader will have gained a solid foundation in mechanics and the skills to apply the concepts in a variety of situations. The book is useful for undergraduate students majoring in physics and other science and engineering disciplines. It can also be used as a reference for more advanced levels.

Information—Consciousness—Reality

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Book Series: The Frontiers Collection ISBN: 9783030036331 Year: Pages: 662 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-03633-1 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Philosophy --- Science (General) --- Mathematics
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:15

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This open access book chronicles the rise of a new scientific paradigm offering novel insights into the age-old enigmas of existence. Over 300 years ago, the human mind discovered the machine code of reality: mathematics. By utilizing abstract thought systems, humans began to decode the workings of the cosmos. From this understanding, the current scientific paradigm emerged, ultimately discovering the gift of technology. Today, however, our island of knowledge is surrounded by ever longer shores of ignorance. Science appears to have hit a dead end when confronted with the nature of reality and consciousness. In this fascinating and accessible volume, James Glattfelder explores a radical paradigm shift uncovering the ontology of reality. It is found to be information-theoretic and participatory, yielding a computational and programmable universe.

Nonlinear Optics - Novel Results in Theory and Applications

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ISBN: 9781789851632 9781789851649 Year: Pages: 154 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.77311 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Optics and Lights
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:52

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Nonlinear optics is a rapidly developing field of modern physics. Nonlinear optical phenomena such as self-focusing, self-phase modulation, soliton formation and propagation, higher harmonic generation, different types of stimulated light scattering, and four-wave mixing have attracted interest from the fundamental point of view of the investigation of light/matter interaction, and as a basis for applications in contemporary optical communications and optical signal processing. Nonlinear Optics - Novel Results in Theory and Applications contains novel results concerning the mathematical methods of nonlinear optical phenomena analysis, soliton formation and propagation in optical fibers, and peculiarities of nonlinear optical phenomena in micro- and nanostructures. The book may be interesting for researchers and engineers interested in nonlinear optics, lasers, and optical communications.

Novel, Integrated and Revolutionary Well Test Interpretation and Analysis

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ISBN: 9781789848502 9781789848519 Year: Pages: 294 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.81031 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Hydraulic Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:52

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The TDS technique is a practical, easy, and powerful tool for well test interpretation. It uses characteristic features and points found on the pressure derivative versus time plot, so that reservoir parameters can be easily calculated by using several analytic expressions. Most calculations can be verified more than once and applied to systems where the conventional straight-line method has no applications. This book deals with well tests run in elongated systems, partially completed/penetrated wells, multirate tests, hydraulically fractured wells, interference tests, and naturally fractured reservoirs. This technique is used in all commercial well-testing software. Its use is the panacea for well test interpretation and can also be extended to rate-transient analysis, although not shown here.

Recent Developments in Photovoltaic Materials and Devices

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ISBN: 9781789854039 9781789854046 Year: Pages: 152 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.74107 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Optics and Lights
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:52

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This book covers the recent advances in solar photovoltaic materials and their innovative applications. Many problems in material science are explored for enhancing the understanding of solar cells and the development of more efficient, less costly, and more stable cells. This book is crucial and relevant at this juncture and provides a historical overview focusing primarily on the exciting developments in the last decade. This book primarily covers the different Maximum Power Point Tracking control techniques that have led to the improved speed of response of solar photovoltaics, augmented search accuracy, and superior control in the presence of perturbations such as sudden variations in illumination and temperature. Furthermore, the optimal design of a photovoltaic system based on two different approaches such as consumed power and economics is discussed.

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