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Social accountability, citizenship and social protection in the MENA region: exploring the linkages (Book chapter)

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ISBN: 9781786431981 9781786431998 Year: Pages: 23 DOI: 10.4337/9781786431998 Language: English
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
Subject: Sociology --- Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-28 12:01:00
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This book presents a state of the art in the developing field of social policy in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region. It offers an up-to-date conceptual analysis of social policy programmes and discourses in the MENA region by critically reviewing the range of social insurance and social assistance schemes that are currently in existence there. It also analyses and offers suggestions on which of these policies can positively impact the region’s advancement in terms of human development and in addressing social and economic inequalities and exclusion.

The Ethics of Medical Data Donation

Authors: ---
Book Series: Philosophical Studies Series ISBN: 9783030043636 Year: Pages: 198 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-04363-6 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Medicine (General) --- Economics --- Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:16
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This open access book presents an ethical approach to utilizing personal medical data. It features essays that combine academic argument with practical application of ethical principles. The contributors are experts in ethics and law. They address the challenges in the re-use of medical data of the deceased on a voluntary basis. This pioneering study looks at the many factors involved when individuals and organizations wish to share information for research, policy-making, and humanitarian purposes. Today, it is easy to donate blood or even organs, but it is virtually impossible to donate one’s own medical data. This is seen as ethically unacceptable. Yet, data donation can greatly benefit the welfare of our societies. This collection provides timely interdisciplinary research on biomedical big data. Topics include the ethics of data donation, the legal and regulatory challenges, and the current and future collaborations. Readers will learn about the ethical and regulatory challenges associated with medical data donations. They will also better understand the special nature of using deceased data for research purposes with regard to ethical principles of autonomy, beneficence, and justice. In addition, the contributors identify the key governance issues of such a scheme. The essays also look at what we can learn in terms of best practice from existing medical data schemes.

Health in Hard Times

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ISBN: 9781447344865 Year: Pages: 288 Language: English
Publisher: Policy Press
Subject: Public Health
Added to DOAB on : 2019-05-21 11:21:02
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Available Open Access under CC-BY-NC licence and edited by a leading expert, this is an important book for anyone seeking to understand one of today’s most significant determinants of health. How has austerity impacted on health and wellbeing in the UK? Health in Hard Times explores its repercussions for social inequalities in health. The result of five years of research, the book draws on a case study of Stockton-on-Tees in the north-east of England, home to some of the starkest health divides. By placing individual and local experiences in the context of national budget cuts and welfare reforms, it provides a holistic perspective on countrywide inequalities.

Elections - A Global Perspective

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ISBN: 9781789850253 9781789850260 Year: Pages: 158 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.73469 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:52

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Among the most prized and revered democratic institutions are elections. Few other actions typify what it means to participate in the democratic process in the same way that turning up, casting a ballot, and then having that ballot be part of determining who will control power has. Indeed, elections are at the center of what we view as democracy and much ink has been spilled in attempting to explain just how essential the electoral action is to democracy. In this volume our authors explore elections both from an understanding of the systems that govern elections across both the developed and developing world, and from the perspective of the individual voter who participates in that system. Taken together these analyses provide an intriguing look into this core aspect of democracy.

The Relevance of Hygiene to Health in Developing Countries

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9781789858037 9781789858044 Year: Pages: 118 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.72024 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Public Health
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:53

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There are 17 comprehensive and detailed Sustainable Development Goals, which are all interlinked. Although access to water, sanitation, and hygiene is a human right, billions of people in developing countries are still faced with daily challenges accessing even the most basic of services, specifically the poor and vulnerable in communities. Hygiene is an important aspect for women/girls to access the economic, educational, and social opportunities they deserve. Proper hygiene removes disease as a barrier for equality, economic growth, and more. The role of hygiene in water, sanitation, and infections must be addressed from both scientific and social perspectives. This book provides the reader with an analysis of hygiene behaviors and practices and provides evidence-based examples in a number of developing countries.

Great Policy Successes

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9780198843719 Year: Pages: 352 DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198843719.001.0001 Language: English
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-13 11:21:03
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"With so much media and political criticism of their shortcomings and failures, it is easy to overlook the fact that many governments work pretty well much of the time. Great Policy Successes turns the spotlight on instances of public policy that are remarkably successful. It develops a framework for identifying and assessing policy successes, paying attention not just to their programmatic outcomes but also to the quality of the processes by which policies are designed and delivered, the level of support and legitimacy they attain, and the extent to which successful performance endures over time. The bulk of the book is then devoted to 15 detailed case studies of striking policy successes from around the world, including Singapore's public health system, Copenhagen and Melbourne's rise from stilted backwaters to the highly liveable and dynamic urban centres they are today, Brazil's Bolsa Familia poverty relief scheme, the US's GI Bill, and Germany's breakthrough labour market reforms of the 2000s. Each case is set in context, its main actors are introduced, key events and decisions are described, the assessment framework is applied to gauge the nature and level of its success, key contributing factors to success are identified, and potential lessons and future challenges are identified. Purposefully avoiding the kind of heavy theorizing that characterizes many accounts of public policy processes, each case is written in an accessible and narrative style ideally suited for classroom use in conjunction with mainstream textbooks on public policy design, implementation, and evaluation.

Swiss Public Administration

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
Book Series: Governance and Public Management ISBN: 9783319923819 Year: Pages: 384 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-92381-9 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Economics --- Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-05 11:21:19
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Swiss citizens approve of their government and the way democracy is practiced; they trust the authorities and are satisfied with the range of services Swiss governments provide. This is quite unusual when compared to other countries. This open access book provides insight into the organization and the functioning of the Swiss state. It claims that, beyond politics, institutions and public administration, there are other factors which make a country successful. The authors argue that Switzerland is an interesting case, from a theoretical, scientific and a more practice-oriented perspective. While confronted with the same challenges as other countries, Switzerland offers different solutions, some of which work astonishingly well.

Miteinander für morgen

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Edition Politik ISBN: 9783839446850 9783837646856 Year: Pages: 192 DOI: 10.14361/9783839446850 Language: German
Publisher: transcript Verlag
Subject: Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-03-28 11:21:02
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The IG Metall has put the topic of working time on the agenda: for more self-determination for the employees. In this book, actors present the course and outcome of the 2018 collective bargaining round in the metalworking and electronics industries and take a look at key elements of trade union action. Justice, autonomy, solidarity and power are at the center. They see the collective bargaining round as a practical prelude to a future debate on the role of trade unions, participation and participation in a society in transition.

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