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Chapter 3 Global migration governance, civil society and the paradoxes of sustainability (Book chapter)

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Book Series: Rethinking Globalizations ISBN: 9780367147266 Year: Pages: 18 Language: English
Publisher: Routledge
Subject: History --- Migration
Added to DOAB on : 2019-05-14 11:21:03
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Against the presentation of an asymmetric global governance, this article
analyzes the formation of global migration governance with its focus on the
politics of migration and development. It traces the marginalization of a
rights-based approach to migration and the streamlining of migration
governance into business-friendly migration management and a geopolitical
securitization agenda. It also reviews the trajectory towards factoring
migration into a global development policy discourse as formulated in the
UN 2030 Development Agenda. Specifically, it indicates that the inclusion of
migration into the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) may promote
migrant workers’ rights because several of these invoke universal human
rights instruments, social protection and the observance of the ILO decent
work agenda. However, this will only be possible if civil society critically
engages powerful state and non-state actors in the process of monitoring the
SDGs’ implementation, and resists their streamlining into investment and free
trade neoliberal development regimes.

7 Urban ecosystem services and stakeholders (Book chapter)

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
ISBN: 9780815387213 9780815387213 9780815387220 9781351173643 Year: Pages: 20 Language: English
Publisher: Routledge
Subject: Geology --- Earth Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:26
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This chapter argues that the discussion of urban sustainability is in urgent need of
new understanding of how ecosystem services are generated in places where human
and non-human stakeholders interact within the urban landscape. More than half of
the world’s population currently lives in urban areas, and the rate of urbanisation is
estimated to increase rapidly in the next three decades ( United Nations, 2014 ). This
scale of urbanisation strains both urban and rural ecosystems, which are required
to provide nutrition, clean water, fresh air, recreational opportunities, wellbeing and
other life-supporting and life-enhancing opportunities to urban dwellers ( Chiesura
and de Groot, 2003 ; Fischer and Eastwood, 2016 ; Standish, Hobbs, and Miller, 2013 ).
Amidst such challenges as rapid urbanisation and abrupt climatic changes, ecosystem
services are needed to provide the material and non-material benefi ts required
to keep ever-growing cities liveable ( Alberti, 2016 ; Andersson et al., 2014 ; Finco and
Nijkamp, 2001 ; Rees and Wackernagel, 1996 ). However, the current understanding
of ecosystem services is inadequate, and the extant research has been criticised for
both its anthropocentric bias and its focus on instrumental and monetary valuations
of ecosystem services ( Pelenc and Ballet, 2015 ; Schröter et al., 2014 ). Moreover, the
lack of a detailed elaboration of the socio-ecological interface of ecosystem services
has resulted in the continued segregation of human and non-human processes in
ecosystem service generation ( Andersson, Barthel, and Ahrné, 2007 ; Fischer and
Eastwood, 2016 ; Maes et al., 2012 )

Negotiating Gender Equity in the Global South

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Routledge ISS Gender, Sexuality and Development Studies ISBN: 9780815372356 9781351245623 Year: Pages: 262 Language: English
Publisher: Routledge
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-02-26 11:21:03
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The fact that women have achieved higher levels of political inclusion within low- and middle-income countries has generated much speculation about whether this is reaping broader benefits in tackling gender-based inequalities. This book uncovers the multiple political dynamics that influence governments to adopt and implement gender equity policies, pushing the debate beyond simply the role of women’s inclusion in influencing policy. Bringing the politics of development into discussion with feminist literature on women's empowerment, the book proposes the new concept of ‘power domains’ as a way to capture how inter-elite bargaining, coalitional politics, and social movement activism combine to shape policies that promote gender equity.

In particular, the book investigates the conditions under which countries in sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia have adopted legislation against domestic violence, which remains widespread in many developing countries. The book demonstrates that women’s presence in formal politics and policy spaces does not fully explain the pace in adopting and implementing domestic violence law. Underlying drivers of change within broader domains of power also include the role of clientelistic politics and informal processes of bargaining, coalition-building, and persuasion; the discursive framing of gender-equitable ideas; and how transnational norms influence women’s political inclusion and gender-inclusive policy outcomes. The comparative approach across Uganda, Rwanda, South Africa, Ghana, India, and Bangladesh demonstrates how advancing gender equality varies by political context and according to the interests surrounding a particular issue.

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