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Emerging States at Crossroads

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Book Series: Emerging-Economy State and International Policy Studies ISBN: 9789811328596 Year: Pages: 293 DOI: 10.1007/978-981-13-2859-6 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: History --- Migration --- Political Science --- Economics --- Business and Management
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:25
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This book is open access under a CC BY-NC-ND license. This volume analyzes the economic, social, and political challenges that emerging states confront today. Notwithstanding the growing importance of the ‘emerging states’ in global affairs and governance, many problems requiring immediate solutions have emerged at home largely as a consequence of the rapid economic development and associated sociopolitical changes. The middle-income trap is a major economic challenge faced by emerging states. This volume regards interest coordination for technological upgrading as crucial to avoid the trap and examines how various emerging states are grappling with this challenge by fostering public-private cooperation, voluntary associations of market players, and/or social networks. Social disparity is another serious problem. It is deeply rooted in history in the emerging states such as South Africa and many Latin American countries. However, income distribution is recently deteriorating even in East Asia that was once praised for its high economic growth with equity. Increasing pressure for political opening is another challenge for emerging states. This volume argues that the economic, social, and political problems are interwoven in the sense that the emerging states need to build political consensus in order to tackle the economic and social difficulties. Democratic institutions have not always been successful in this respect.

Developmental State Building

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Emerging-Economy State and International Policy Studies ISBN: 9789811329043 Year: Pages: 185 DOI: 10.1007/978-981-13-2904-3 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: History --- Migration --- Political Science --- Economics
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This open access book modifies and revitalizes the concept of the ‘developmental state’ to understand the politics of emerging economy through nuanced analysis on the roles of human agency in the context of structural transformation. In other words, there is a revived interest in the ‘developmental state’ concept. The nature of the ‘emerging state’ is characterized by its attitude toward economic development and industrialization. Emerging states have engaged in the promotion of agriculture, trade, and industry and played a transformative role to pursue a certain path of economic development. Their success has cast doubt about the principle of laissez faire among the people in the developing world. This doubt, together with the progress of democratization, has prompted policymakers to discover when and how economic policies should deviate from laissez faire, what prevents political leaders and state institutions from being captured by vested interests, and what induce them to drive economic development. This book offers both historical and contemporary case studies from Japan, South Korea, Taiwan, Singapore, Indonesia, Malaysia, Myanmar, Ethiopia, Kenya, and Rwanda. They illustrate how institutions are designed to be developmental, how political coalitions are formed to be growth-oriented, and how technocratic agencies are embedded in a network of business organizations as a part of their efforts for state building.

The Entrepreneurial Society

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: International Studies in Entrepreneurship ISBN: 9783662595862 Year: Pages: 173 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-662-59586-2 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Economics --- Business and Management
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:16
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This open access book builds on the European Union’s (EU) Horizon 2020 project ‘Financial and Institutional Reforms for an Entrepreneurial Society’ (FIRES). The authors outline how Europe can move towards more inclusive, innovative and sustainable growth through reforms that will rekindle its entrepreneurial spirit. Based on decades of research and countless discussions with stakeholders, the book also features the FIRES project’s full list of policy interventions and institutional reforms that can help policymakers make that agenda a reality.

Emerging States and Economies

Authors: ---
Book Series: Emerging-Economy State and International Policy Studies ISBN: 9789811326349 Year: Pages: 177 DOI: 10.1007/978-981-13-2634-9 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: History --- Political Science --- Economics
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This open access book asks why and how some of the developing countries have “emerged” under a set of similar global conditions, what led individual countries to choose the particular paths that led to their “emergence,” and what challenges confront them. If we are to understand the nature of major risks and uncertainties in the world, we must look squarely at the political and economic dynamics of emerging states, such as China, India, Brazil, Russia, and ASEAN countries. Their rapid economic development has changed the distribution of wealth and power in the world. Yet many of them have middle income status. To global governance issues, they tend to adopt approaches that differ from those of advanced industrialized democracies. At home, rapid economic growth and social changes put pressure on their institutions to change. This volume traces the historical trajectories of two major emerging states, China and India, and two city states, Hong Kong and Singapore. It also analyzes cross-country data to find the general patterns of economic development and sociopolitical change in relation to globalization and to the middle income trap.

Transforming Food Systems for a Rising India

Authors: --- --- ---
Book Series: Palgrave Studies in Agricultural Economics and Food Policy ISBN: 9783030144098 Year: Pages: 368 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-14409-8 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Economics --- Agriculture (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-05 11:21:03
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This open access book examines the interactions between India’s economic development, agricultural production, and nutrition through the lens of a “Food Systems Approach (FSA).” The Indian growth story is a paradoxical one. Despite economic progress over the past two decades, regional inequality, food insecurity and malnutrition problems persist. Simultaneously, recent trends in obesity along with micro-nutrient deficiency portend to a future public health crisis. This book explores various challenges and opportunities to achieve a nutrition-secure future through diversified production systems, improved health and hygiene environment and greater individual capability to access a balanced diet contributing to an increase in overall productivity. The authors bring together the latest data and scientific evidence from the country to map out the current state of food systems and nutrition outcomes. They place India within the context of other developing country experiences and highlight India’s status as an outlier in terms of the persistence of high levels of stunting while following global trends in obesity. This book discusses the policy and institutional interventions needed for promoting a nutrition-sensitive food system and the multi-sectoral strategies needed for simultaneously addressing the triple burden of malnutrition in India.

Hot Property

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9783030116743 Year: Pages: 221 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-11674-3 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Sociology --- Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-05 11:21:10
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This open access book discusses booming housing markets in cities around the globe, and the resulting challenges for policymakers and central banks. Cities are booming everywhere, leading to a growing demand for urban housing. In many cities this demand is out-pacing supply, which causes house prices to soar and increases the pressure on rental markets. These developments are posing major challenges for policymakers, central banks and other authorities responsible for ensuring financial stability, and economic well-being in general. This volume collects views from high-level policymakers and researchers, providing essential insights into these challenges, their impact on society, the economy and financial stability, and possible policy responses. The respective chapters address issues such as the popularity of cities, the question of a credit-fueled housing bubble, the role of housing supply frictions and potential policy solutions. Given its scope, the book offers a revealing read and valuable guide for everyone involved in practical policymaking for housing markets, mortgage credit and financial stability.

Development in Turbulent Times

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ISBN: 9783030113612 Year: Pages: 197 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-11361-2 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Social Sciences --- Sociology --- Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-05 11:21:10
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This open access book explores the most recent trends in the EU in terms of development, progress, and performance. Ten years after the 2008 economic crisis, and amidst a digital revolution that is intensifying the development race, the European Union, and especially Central and Eastern Europe, are ardently searching for their development priorities. Against this background, by relying on a cross-national perspective, the authors reflect upon the developmental challenges of the moment, such as sustainable development, reducing inequality, ensuring social cohesion, and driving the digital revolution. They particularly focus on the relation between the less-developed Eastern part of the EU and its more developed Western counterpart, and discuss the consequences of this development gap in detail. Lastly, the book presents a range of case studies from different areas of governance, such as economy and commerce, health services, education, migration and public opinion in order to investigate the trends most likely to impact the European Union's medium and long-term development.

Development, Sexual Cultural Practices and HIV/AIDS in Africa

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ISBN: 9783030041199 Year: Pages: 205 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-04119-9 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: History --- Migration --- Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-05 11:21:12
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This open access book introduces the theoretical frameworks and academic debates concerning sexual cultural practices and HIV/AIDS in Africa. It shows how these frameworks have been applied in a practical sense in Africa to investigate sexual cultural practices and their link with HIV/AIDS. The author provides an overview of both the field of study and the methods used during fieldwork. Finally, it assesses the implications of the findings for the conceptualization and provision of current and future HIV/AIDS policies and programs in Africa. This monograph will appeal to policy makers and practitioners working in the field of HIV/AIDS in the Global South as well as academics and students.

Swiss Public Administration

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
Book Series: Governance and Public Management ISBN: 9783319923819 Year: Pages: 384 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-92381-9 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Political Science --- Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-05 11:21:19
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Swiss citizens approve of their government and the way democracy is practiced; they trust the authorities and are satisfied with the range of services Swiss governments provide. This is quite unusual when compared to other countries. This open access book provides insight into the organization and the functioning of the Swiss state. It claims that, beyond politics, institutions and public administration, there are other factors which make a country successful. The authors argue that Switzerland is an interesting case, from a theoretical, scientific and a more practice-oriented perspective. While confronted with the same challenges as other countries, Switzerland offers different solutions, some of which work astonishingly well.

Wellbeing and Devolution

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Book Series: Wellbeing in Politics and Policy ISBN: 9783030022303 Year: Pages: 165 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-02230-3 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: History --- Migration --- Sociology --- Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:06
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It has been over twenty years since the people of Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland voted for devolution. Over that time, the devolved legislatures have established themselves and matured their approach to governance. At different times and for different reasons, each has put wellbeing at the heart of their approach – codifying their values and goals within wellbeing frameworks. This open access book explores, for the first time, why each set their goal as improving wellbeing and how they balance the core elements of societal wellbeing (economic, social and environmental outcomes). Do the frameworks represent a genuine attempt to think differently about how devolved government can plan and organise public services? And if so, what early indications are there of the impact is this having on people’s lives?

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english (11)


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2019 (11)