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Problem solving activities in post-editing and translation from scratch

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Book Series: Translation and Multilingual Natural Language Processing ISBN: 9783961101320 9783961101313 Year: DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.2546446 Language: English
Publisher: Language Science Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 104796
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-18 11:21:03
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Abstract

Translation and post-editing can often be categorised as problem-solving activities. When the translation of a source text unit is not immediately obvious to the translator, or in other words, if there is a hurdle between the source item and the target item, the translation process can be considered problematic. Conversely, if there is no hurdle between the source and target texts, the translation process can be considered a task-solving activity and not a problem-solving activity.This study investigates whether machine translated output influences problem-solving effort in internet research, syntax, and other problem indicators and whether the effort can be linked to expertise. A total of 24 translators (twelve professionals and twelve semi-professionals) produced translations from scratch from English into German, and (monolingually) post-edited machine translation output for this study. The study is part of the CRITT TPR-DB database.

Keywords

Linguistics

Interpreting and technology

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Book Series: Translation and Multilingual Natural Language Processing ISBN: 9783961101627 9783961101610 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Language Science Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 104792
Subject: Linguistics
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Unlike other professions, the impact of information and communication technology on interpreting has been moderate so far. However, recent advances in the areas of remote, computer-assisted, and, most recently, machine interpreting, are gaining the interest of both researchers and practitioners. This volume aims at exploring key issues, approaches and challenges to the interplay of interpreting and technology, an area that is still underrepresented in the field of Interpreting Studies. The contributions to this volume cover topics in the area of computer-assisted and remote interpreting, both in the conference as well as in the court setting, and report on experimental studies.

Keywords

Linguistics

Information structure in Isthmus Zapotec narrative and conversation

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Book Series: Topics at the Grammar-Discourse Interface ISBN: 9783961101306 9783961101290 Year: DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.2538324 Language: English
Publisher: Language Science Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 104799
Subject: Linguistics
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This book presents an in-depth description of information structure in Isthmus Zapotec, an Otomanguean language spoken by around 50,000 people in southeastern Oaxaca, Mexico, and represents the first book-length treatment of information structure in a Mesoamerican language. Three main observations motivate the study: Strong documentation and a relatively large and active speaker community create a unique opportunity to document information structure in Isthmus Zapotec and to study the language as it is used by speakers in everyday life; As a tonal and verb-initial language, the examination of Isthmus Zapotec represents a chance to explore the possible combinations of tone, intonation, morphology and verb-initial syntax that may occur in the coding of information structure.

Keywords

Linguistics

Explanation in typology

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9783961101481 9783961101474 Year: DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.2583788 Language: English
Publisher: Language Science Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 104800
Subject: Linguistics
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This volume provides an up-to-date discussion of a foundational issue that has recently taken centre stage in linguistic typology and which is relevant to the language sciences more generally: To what extent can cross-linguistic generalizations, i.e. statistical universals of linguistic structure, be explained by the diachronic sources of these structures? Everyone agrees that typological distributions are the result of complex histories, as “languages evolve into the variation states to which synchronic universals pertain” (Hawkins 1988). However, an increasingly popular line of argumentation holds that many, perhaps most, typological regularities are long-term reflections of their diachronic sources, rather than being ‘target-driven’ by overarching functional-adaptive motivations.

Keywords

Linguistics

Curso de semântica formal

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Book Series: Textbooks in Language Sciences ISBN: 9783961101542 9783961101535 Year: DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.2600163 Language: Spanish;
Publisher: Language Science Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 104798
Subject: Linguistics
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Este livro é um curso introdutório em semântica formal e tem o intuito de apresentar um sistema interpretativo composicional, formalizado através de algumas ferramentas lógico-matemáticas. Não se pressupõe experiência prévia com abordagens formais para o significado. Em sala de aula, poderá ser usado tanto em cursos mais avançados na graduação quanto em cursos de pós-graduação. Fora dela, poderá satisfazer estudantes autodidatas, professores e pesquisadores não apenas de linguística, mas também de áreas afins com interesse na análise e formalização do significado no âmbito das línguas naturais, como filosofia, ciências cognitivas e inteligência artificial. O livro está dividido em 7 capítulos.

Keywords

Linguistics

Bridging constructions

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Book Series: Studies in Diversity Linguistics ISBN: 9783961101429 9783961101412 Year: DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.2563698 Language: English
Publisher: Language Science Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 104797
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-18 11:21:03
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Many descriptive grammars report the use of a linguistic pattern at the interface between discourse and syntax which is known generally as tail-head linkage. This volume takes an unprecedented look at this type of linkage across languages and shows that there exist three distinct variants, all subsumed under the hypernym bridging constructions. The chapters highlight the defining features of these constructions in the grammar and their functional properties in discourse. The volume reveals that: Bridging constructions consist of two clauses: a reference clause and a bridging clause. Across languages, bridging clauses can be subordinated clauses, reduced main clauses, or main clauses with continuation prosody. Bridging constructions have three variants: recapitulative linkage, summary linkage and mixed linkage. They differ in the formal makeup of the bridging clause.

Keywords

Linguistics

Beiträge zur deutschen Grammatik

Authors: --- --- ---
Book Series: Classics in Linguistics ISBN: 9783961101252 9783961101498 Year: DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.2588383 Language: English
Publisher: Language Science Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 104801
Subject: Linguistics
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This volume contains the complete collection of published and unpublished work on German grammar by Tilman N. Höhle. It consists of two parts. The first part is Topologische Felder, a book-length manuscript that was written in 1983 but was never finished nor published. It is a careful examination of the topological properties of German sentences, including a discussion of typological assumptions. The second part assembles all other published and unpublished papers by Höhle on German grammar. All of these papers were highly influential in German linguistics, in theoretical linguistics in general, and in a specific variant of theoretical linguistics, Head-Driven Phrase Structure Grammar. Topics covered are clause structure, constituent order, (verum) focus, word structure, the relationship between relative pronouns and verbs in V2, and the foundations of a theory of phonology in constraint-based grammar. This book is a revised version of http://langsci-press.org/catalog/book/149

Keywords

Linguistics

Analyzing meaning

Author:
Book Series: Textbooks in Language Sciences ISBN: 9783961101375 9783961101368 Year: DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.2538330 Language: English
Publisher: Language Science Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 104794
Subject: Linguistics
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This book provides an introduction to the study of meaning in human language, from a linguistic perspective. It covers a fairly broad range of topics, including lexical semantics, compositional semantics, and pragmatics. The chapters are organized into six units: (1) Foundational concepts; (2) Word meanings; (3) Implicature (including indirect speech acts); (4) Compositional semantics; (5) Modals, conditionals, and causation; (6) Tense & aspect.Most of the chapters include exercises which can be used for class discussion and/or homework assignments, and each chapter contains references for additional reading on the topics covered.As the title indicates, this book is truly an INTRODUCTION: it provides a solid foundation which will prepare students to take more advanced and specialized courses in semantics and/or pragmatics.

Keywords

Linguistics

The spell-out algorithm and lexicalization patterns

Author:
ISBN: 9783961101771 9783961101603 Year: DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.2636394 Language: English
Publisher: Language Science Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 104857
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-19 11:21:13
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The book covers the morphosyntax of verbs and categories syncretic with the declarative complementizer in Slavic, together with a comparative look at the similar categories in Latvian (Baltic) and Basaá (Bantu). In the domain of verbs, the book investigates an analytic vs. fusional realization of grammatical categories that we find in a semelfactive-iterative alternation in Czech and Polish, where a semelfactive verb stem such as in the Czech kop-n-ou-t ‘give a kick’ alternates with an iterative verb stem as in kop-a-t ‘kick repeatedly’. The iterative -aj stem is morphologically less complex than the semelfactive stem formed with the -n-ou sequence, which is paradoxical given syn-sem representation is more complex than semelfactives. In the domain of complementizers, the book focuses on cross-categorial paradigms that include an unexpected morphological containment (in Russian), a degree of morphological complexity (in Latvian), and an ABA pattern of syncretic alignment (in Basaá).

Keywords

Linguistics

Syntax with oscillators and energy levels

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Book Series: Studies in Laboratory Phonology ISBN: 9783961101580 9783961101573 Year: DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.2625683 Language: English
Publisher: Language Science Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 104854
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-19 11:21:13
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This book presents a new approach to studying the syntax of human language, one which emphasizes how we think about time. Tilsen argues that many current theories are unsatisfactory because those theories conceptualize syntactic patterns with spatially arranged structures of objects. These object-structures are atemporal and do not lend well to reasoning about time. The book develops an alternative conceptual model in which oscillatory systems of various types interact with each other through coupling forces, and in which the relative energies of those systems are organized in particular ways. Tilsen emphasizes that the two primary mechanisms of the approach – oscillators and energy levels – require alternative ways of thinking about time. Furthermore, his theory leads to a new way of thinking about grammaticality and the recursive nature of language.

Keywords

Linguistics

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