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In 1978, Fred Hoyle proposed that interstellar comets carrying several viruses landed on Earth as part of the panspermia hypotheses. With respect to life, the origin of homochirality on Earth has been the greatest mystery because life cannot exist without molecular asymmetry. Many scientists have proposed several possible hypotheses to answer this longstanding LD question. Previously, Martin Gardner raised the question about mirror symmetry and broken mirror symmetry in terms of the homochirality question in his monographs (1964 and 1990). Possible scenarios for the LD issue can be categorized into (i) Earth and exoterrestrial origins, (ii) bychance and necessity mechanisms, and (iii) mirrorsymmetrical and nonmirrorsymmetrical forces as physical and chemical origins. These scenarios should involve further great amplification mechanisms, enabling a pure L or Dworld.
chirogenesis  enantiomorphism  nepheline  magmatic flow  etch figures  origin of life  biological homochirality  deracemization  superhighvelocity impact  plasma reactor  absolute asymmetric synthesis  amino acids  origin of life  amino acid handedness  nucleus–molecular coupling  chirality  circularly polarized luminescence  circular dichroism  symmetry breaking  parity violation  weak neutral current  tunneling  Z0 boson  homochirality  precision measurement  homochirality  circularly polarized light  asymmetric reaction  polymer  ?strand  hidden chirality  twofold helix  multipoint approximation  tiltchirality  high dimensional chirality  spin polarized electrons  homochirality  magnetism  prebiotic  environmental chirality  C1 and C2symmetric catalysts  chiral field (memory)  racemic field  Viedma ripening effect  Wallach’s rule  heat capacity  metalorganic framework  triethylenediamine (DABCO) molecules  racemate  Salam hypothesis  homochirality  parity violation  neutrinos  gravitation  enantiomer selfdisproportionation  SDE  achiral stationary phase  homochiral and heterochiral aggregates  chiral separation  chirality  genesis of life chirality  asymmetric autocatalysis  homochirality  chirality  asymmetric synthesis  Soai reaction  biological homochirality  enantioselective reaction  autocatalysis  origin of life  replicators  bioorganic homochirality  circularly polarized photon  spinpolarized lepton  parity violation in the weak interaction  symmetry breaking  assemblies  supramolecular chirality  homochirality  selfassembly  vortex  lipid  supramolecular assembly  symmetry breaking  homochirality
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This book is a collection of scientific papers concerning multilevel inverters examined from different points of view. Many applications are considered, such as renewable energy interface, power conditioning systems, electric drives, and chargers for electric vehicles. Different topologies have been examined in both new configurations and wellestablished structures, introducing novel and particular modulation strategies, and examining the effect of modulation techniques on voltage and current harmonics and the total harmonic distortion.
DC–DC conversion  interleaved buck  parasitic switching states  threelevel converter  simplified PWM strategy  redundant switching combination  voltage balance control  modular multilevel converter  IGBT shortcircuit  fault detection  fault location  Differential Comparison LowVoltage Detection Method (DCLVDM)  Continuous Wavelet Transform  digital controller  digital signal processors (DSP)  modular multilevel converters (MMC)  multiterminal DC network (MTDC)  MMCMTDC  hybrid modulated model predictive control  optimal output voltage level  multipoint DC control  neutralpointclamped (NPC) inverter  dclink capacitor voltage balance  offset voltage injection  harmonic component  modular multilevel converters  capacitor voltage balancing  sorting networks  fieldprogrammable gate array  lowharmonic DC icemelting device  transmission line  voltage fluctuation  harmonic  dynamic reactive  substation’s voltage stability  alternating current (AC) motor drive  current estimation  current reconstruction method  current unmeasurable areas  total harmonic distortion (THD)  single shunt resistor  space vector pulse width modulation (SVPWM)  shift method  minimum voltage injection (MVI) method  threelevel neutral point clamped inverter (NPCI)  threelevel boost  automatic current balance  threeloop  voltage imbalance  DClink voltage balancing  fieldoriented control  fieldprogrammable gate array  multilevel activeclamped converter  motor drive  buckchopper  PVsimulator  Ttype converter  real time simulator  threelevel boost DCDC converter  small signal modeling  voltage balance control  multilevel converter  selected harmonic elimination  genetic algorithm  imperialist competitive algorithm  voltage ripple  voltage source inverter  threephase inverter  DClink capacitor design  Cascaded Hbridge multilevel inverter (CHBMI)  fieldprogrammable gate array  total harmonic distortion (THD)  modulation techniques  multilevel converter  electric vehicle  onboard battery charger  power factor correction  power quality  smart grid  model predictive control  singlephase threelevel NPC converter  commutation  modular multilevel converter (MMC)  Submodule (SM) fault  faulttolerant control  Phase Disposition PWM  finite control set model predictive control  Ttype inverter  computational cost  LC filter  DClink capacitor voltage balancing  multilevel converter  DC side fault blocking  predictive control  battery energy storage system (BESS)  modular multilevel converter (MMC)  stateofcharge (SOC) balancing control  tolerance for battery power unbalance  model predictive control (MPC)  computational burden  reverse prediction  modular multilevel converter (MMC)  multilevel inverters  total harmonic distortion  levelshifted PWM  phaseshifted PWM  electrical drives  energy saving  multilevel power converters  permanent magnet synchronous generator  openend winding configuration  voltage balancing  power factor  improved PQ algorithm  power flow analysis  threephase to singlephase cascaded converter  ACTPSS  NPC/H Bridge  fivelevel  Balance of capacitor voltage  Suppression of CMV  SVPWM  multilevel converter  multimotor drive  harmonic mitigation  active filter  open end winding motor  high efficiency drive  high reliability applications
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Researches and investigations involving the theory and applications of integral transforms and operational calculus are remarkably widespread in many diverse areas of the mathematical, physical, chemical, engineering and statistical sciences.
highly oscillatory  convolution quadrature rule  volterra integral equation  Bessel kernel  convergence  higher order Schwarzian derivatives  Janowski starlike function  Janowski convex function  bound on derivatives  tangent numbers  tangent polynomials  Carlitztype qtangent numbers  Carlitztype qtangent polynomials  (p,q)analogue of tangent numbers and polynomials  (p,q)analogue of tangent zeta function  symmetric identities  zeros  Lommel functions  univalent functions  starlike functions  convex functions  inclusion relationships  analytic function  Hankel determinant  exponential function  upper bound  nonlinear boundary value problems  fractionalorder differential equations  RiemannStieltjes functional integral  LiouvilleCaputo fractional derivative  infinitepoint boundary conditions  advanced and deviated arguments  existence of at least one solution  Fredholm integral equation  Schauder fixed point theorem  Hölder condition  generalized Kuramoto–Sivashinsky equation  modified Kudryashov method  exact solutions  Maple graphs  analytic function  Hadamard product (convolution)  partial sum  Srivastava–Tomovski generalization of Mittag–Leffler function  subordination  differential equation  differential inclusion  Liouville–Caputotype fractional derivative  fractional integral  existence  fixed point  Bernoulli spiral  Grandi curves  Chebyshev polynomials  pseudoChebyshev polynomials  orthogonality property  symmetric  encryption  password  hash  cryptography  PBKDF  q–Bleimann–Butzer–Hahn operators  (p,q)integers  (p,q)Bernstein operators  (p,q)Bleimann–Butzer–Hahn operators  modulus of continuity  rate of approximation  Kfunctional  HurwitzLerch zeta function  generalized functions  analytic number theory  ?generalized HurwitzLerch zeta functions  derivative properties  series representation  basic hypergeometric functions  generating functions  qpolynomials  analytic functions  Mittag–Leffler functions  starlike functions  convex functions  Hardy space  vibrating string equation  initial conditions  spectral decomposition  regular solution  the uniqueness of the solution  the existence of a solution  analytic  ?convex function  starlike function  stronglystarlike function  subordination  q Sheffer–Appell polynomials  generating relations  determinant definition  recurrence relation  q Hermite–Bernoulli polynomials  q Hermite–Euler polynomials  q Hermite–Genocchi polynomials  Volterra integral equations  highly oscillatory Bessel kernel  Hermite interpolation  direct Hermite collocation method  piecewise Hermite collocation method  differential operator  qhypergeometric functions  meromorphic function  Mittag–Leffler function  Hadamard product  differential subordination  starlike functions  Bell numbers  radius estimate  (p, q)integers  Dunkl analogue  generating functions  generalization of exponential function  Szász operator  modulus of continuity  function spaces and their duals  distributions  tempered distributions  Schwartz testing function space  generalized functions  distribution space  wavelet transform of generalized functions  Fourier transform  analytic function  subordination  Dziok–Srivastava operator  nonlinear boundary value problem  nonlocal  multipoint  multistrip  existence  Ulam stability  functions of bounded boundary and bounded radius rotations  subordination  functions with positive real part  uniformly starlike and convex functions  analytic functions  univalent functions  starlike and qstarlike functions  qderivative (or qdifference) operator  sufficient conditions  distortion theorems  Janowski functions  analytic number theory  ?generalized Hurwitz–Lerch zeta functions  derivative properties  recurrence relations  integral representations  Mellin transform  natural transform  Adomian decomposition method  Caputo fractional derivative  generalized mittagleffler function  analytic functions  Hadamard product  starlike functions  qderivative (or qdifference) operator  Hankel determinant  qstarlike functions  fuzzy volterra integrodifferential equations  fuzzy general linear method  fuzzy differential equations  generalized Hukuhara differentiability  spectrum symmetry  DCT  MFCC  audio features  anuran calls  analytic functions  convex functions  starlike functions  strongly convex functions  strongly starlike functions  uniformly convex functions  Struve functions  truncatedexponential polynomials  monomiality principle  generating functions  Apostoltype polynomials and Apostoltype numbers  Bernoulli, Euler and Genocchi polynomials  Bernoulli, Euler, and Genocchi numbers  operational methods  summation formulas  symmetric identities  Euler numbers and polynomials  qEuler numbers and polynomials  HurwitzEuler eta function  multiple HurwitzEuler eta function  higher order qEuler numbers and polynomials  (p, q)Euler numbers and polynomials of higher order  symmetric identities  symmetry of the zero
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