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Transforming Trauma

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ISBN: 9781557537959 9781557538505 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Purdue University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 102994
Subject: Psychology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-03 11:21:05
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This book focuses on research developments, models, and practical applications of animal-assisted interventions for diverse populations who have experienced trauma. Physiological and psychological trauma is explored across three broad areas: 1) child maltreatment and family violence; 2) acute and post-traumatic stress, including that which is associated with military service, war, and developmental trauma; and 3) times of crisis, such as natural disasters and the ever-increasing risks associated with climate change, community violence, terrorism, and periods of personal loss and grief.Contributing authors, who include both national and international experts in the fields of human-animal connection and trauma, discuss how our relationships with animals can help build resiliency and foster healing to transform trauma and trauma response.

Keywords

Psychology --- psychology --- animals --- Resilience

Psychological Assessment in South Africa

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ISBN: 9781776143580 Year: Pages: 592 DOI: 10.18772/22013015782 Language: English
Publisher: Wits University Press
Subject: Psychology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-03-21 11:21:03
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This book provides an overview of the research related to psychological assessment across South Africa. The thirty-six chapters provide a combination of psychometric theory and practical assessment applications in order to combine the currently disparate research that has been conducted locally in this field. Existing South African texts on psychological assessment are predominantly academic textbooks that explain psychometric theory and provide brief descriptions of a few testing instruments. Psychological Assessment in South Africa provides in-depth coverage of a range of areas within the broad field of psychological assessment, including research conducted with various psychological instruments. The chapters critically interrogate the current Eurocentric and Western cultural hegemonic practices that dominate the field of psychological assessment. The book therefore has the potential to function both as an academic text for graduate students, as well as a specialist resource for professionals, including psychologists, psychometrists, remedial teachers and human resource practitioners.&#xD;

Family Therapy - New Intervention Programs and Researches

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ISBN: 9781789843019 9781789843026 9781839621918 Year: Pages: 164 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.81558 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Gender Studies
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:53

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This book is a collection of chapters written by a number of scientists from all over the world, who provide their insights not only into family therapy but also into new interesting interventions, programs, and research. The book adopts a perspective that respects the complexity of human beings and their family relationships. It devotes a space to the deepening of both psychological and social aspects: all themes in each section of the book are deeply connected. This book also focuses on some specific and really innovative topics, including the importance of psychosocial and family factors, complementary approaches, and relational aspects.

The Origins of Self

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ISBN: 9781787356306 Year: Pages: 248 DOI: 10.14324/111.9781787356306 Language: English
Publisher: UCL Press
Subject: Biology --- Psychology --- Sociology --- Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-08-01 11:21:02
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The Origins of Self explores the role that selfhood plays in defining human society, and each human individual in that society. It considers the genetic and cultural origins of self, the role that self plays in socialisation and language, and the types of self we generate in our individual journeys to and through adulthood.&#xD;&#xD;Edwardes argues that other awareness is a relatively early evolutionary development, present throughout the primate clade and perhaps beyond, but self-awareness is a product of the sharing of social models, something only humans appear to do. The self of which we are aware is not something innate within us, it is a model of our self produced as a response to the models of us offered to us by other people. Edwardes proposes that human construction of selfhood involves seven different types of self. All but one of them are internally generated models, and the only non-model, the actual self, is completely hidden from conscious awareness. We rely on others to tell us about our self, and even to let us know we are a self.&#xD;

The New Forms of Social Exclusion

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ISBN: 9781838806088 9781838806095 9781789855074 Year: Pages: 86 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.78246 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:53

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This is the first book that broadly delves into the theme of social exclusion and how it has changed through culture and society. It represents a very important, innovative, and current attempt to describe new forms of social exclusion in society and takes into account the contribution of different disciplines with different points of view. The authors offer a very interesting and novel contribution to the field of new forms of social exclusion, reporting their theoretical perspectives, the original results of their research, and their discussions. ""Exclusion is always dangerous. Inclusion is the only safety if we are to have a peaceful world."" Pearl S. Buck

The Psychology of Human Thought

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783947732333 9783947732340 9783947732357 Year: Pages: 416 DOI: 10.17885/heiup.470 Language: English
Publisher: Heidelberg University Publishing (heiUP)
Subject: Psychology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-08-14 11:21:03
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The “Psychology of Human Thought” is an “open access” collection of peer-reviewed chapters from all areas of higher cognitive processes. The book is intended to be used as a textbook in courses on higher process, complex cognition, human thought, and related courses. Chapters include concept acquisition, knowledge representation, inductive and deductive reasoning, problem solving, metacognition, language, expertise, intelligence, creativity, wisdom, development of thought, affect and thought, and sections about history and about methods. The chapters are written by distinguished scholarly experts in their respective fields, coming from such diverse regions as North America, Great Britain, France, Germany, Norway, Israel, and Australia. The level of the chapters is addressed to advanced undergraduates and beginning graduate students.

Cognitive Disorders

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ISBN: 9781789848809 9781789848816 Year: Pages: 238 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.70174 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Psychology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:52

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This book contains selected peer-reviewed chapters that cover novel information on cognitive disorders and updated information on dementias written by international researchers. In this project, we discuss the effect of metabolic disorders on the development of cognitive disorders in patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus. In another chapter, the authors highlight the usability of an assistive software application developed for patients with dementia. On the other hand, an extensive review of novel information on different types of dementia is made. This chapter covers the novel aspect of dementia without ignoring its foundation. Therefore, apart from classic issues that cannot be missed in any textbook about cognitive disorders, we introduce updated information on the commonest dementias. The current situation of the prisoner population with dementia in a correctional setting is analyzed in another chapter, and specific recommendations to improve the health outcomes for prisoners are delivered. In more than one chapter, our authors wrote about a copious microtubule-associated protein (tau) as a biological fluid biomarker and tauopathies leading to cognitive disorder and cancer. Finally, the role of the hypothalamus in Alzheimer's disease is discussed. We look forward with confidence and pride to the remarkable role that this book will play for a new vision and mission.

Parkinson's Disease and Beyond - A Neurocognitive Approach

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9789535180913 9781838808693 9781838808709 Year: Pages: 84 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.79277 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Psychology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:53

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Parkinson's Disease and Beyond - A Neurocognitive Approach aims to bring together in a single publication the knowledge of diagnosis and characterization of the clinical and neuropsychological profile in Parkinson's disease. The strong impulse to research this topic has produced in recent years a large literature that documents the high level of complexity of the issue. Due to this complexity, a reasoned multidimensional analysis able to integrate expertise of different disciplines (neurology, neuropsychology, neuroradiology, and neuroscience) is necessary. This book offers an excellent synopsis of perspectives, methods, empirical evidences, and international references. It represents an extraordinary opportunity to target challenging unmet needs and to outline new horizons in Parkinson's disease research.

Franz Brentano und sein philosophischer Nachlass

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ISBN: 9783110595796 Year: Pages: 514 Seiten Language: German
Publisher: De Gruyter Grant: Austrian Science Fund - PUB 557
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-15 11:21:17
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The monograph tries to throw new light on Franz Brentanos (1838–1917) conspicuous reluctance to publish his philosophical findings based on his biography, personality and the development of his scientific theories. In addition to that the book presents the difficult history of Brentano’s extensive philosophical Nachlass until the immediate present.

Contemporary Natural Philosophy and Philosophies - Part 1

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783038978220 / 9783038978237 Year: Pages: 350 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-823-7 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-26 08:44:06
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Modern information communication technology eradicates barriers of geographic distances, making the world globally interdependent, but this spatial globalization has not eliminated cultural fragmentation. The Two Cultures of C.P. Snow (that of science–technology and that of humanities) are drifting apart even faster than before, and they themselves crumble into increasingly specialized domains. Disintegrated knowledge has become subservient to the competition in technological and economic race leading in the direction chosen not by the reason, intellect, and shared value-based judgement, but rather by the whims of autocratic leaders or fashion controlled by marketers for the purposes of political or economic dominance. If we want to restore the authority of our best available knowledge and democratic values in guiding humanity, first we have to reintegrate scattered domains of human knowledge and values and offer an evolving and diverse vision of common reality unified by sound methodology. This collection of articles responds to the call from the journal Philosophies to build a new, networked world of knowledge with domain specialists from different disciplines interacting and connecting with other knowledge-and-values-producing and knowledge-and-values-consuming communities in an inclusive, extended, contemporary natural–philosophic manner. In this process of synthesis, scientific and philosophical investigations enrich each other—with sciences informing philosophies about the best current knowledge of the world, both natural and human-made—while philosophies scrutinize the ontological, epistemological, and methodological foundations of sciences, providing scientists with questions and conceptual analyses. This is all directed at extending and deepening our existing comprehension of the world, including ourselves, both as humans and as societies, and humankind.

Keywords

n/a --- compositional hierarchy --- development --- dissipative structures --- final cause --- internalism --- Second Law of thermodynamics --- subsumptive hierarchy --- agonism --- apophasis --- autocatalysis --- centripetality --- contingency --- endogenous selection --- heterogeneity --- indeterminacy --- process --- mathematics --- physics --- philosophical foundations --- natural philosophy --- the logic of nature --- ontology --- epistemology --- in the name of nature --- philosophy of information --- natural philosophy --- metaphysics --- physics --- problem of induction --- physicalism --- theoretical unity --- philosophy of science --- scientific method --- scientific progress --- pessimistic induction --- awareness --- cognition --- computation --- cybernetics --- differentiation --- fitness --- holographic encoding --- memory --- perception --- quantum information --- signal transduction --- spatial representation --- thermodynamics --- unitarity --- Leibniz --- monad --- internal quantum state --- relational biology --- reflexive psychology --- self --- induction --- naturalism --- evidence and justification --- epistemic norms --- induction and concept formation --- induction and discovery of laws --- natural philosophy --- R.M. Unger --- L. Smolin --- Aristotle --- F.W.J. Schelling --- Naturphilosophie --- A.N. Whitehead --- Ivor Leclerc --- dialectics --- discourse --- discursive space --- information --- knowledge --- humanistic management --- language --- natural philosophy --- subjective experience --- process --- dual aspects --- consciousness --- information-theory --- theoretical biology --- 1st-person and 3rd-person perspectives --- hylomorphism --- mind --- form --- matter --- neurodynamics --- natural philosophy --- philosophy of science --- Jungian psychology --- depth psychology --- analytical psychology --- phenomenological psychology --- evolutionary psychology --- active imagination --- Aristotle’s four causes --- aesthetics in science --- philosophy as a way of life --- common good --- contradiction --- ethics --- information --- logic --- naturalization --- realism --- science --- synthesis --- natural philosophy --- philosophy of nature --- naturalism --- unity of knowledge --- qualitative ontology --- intentionality --- dispositions --- qualia --- abduction --- agent-based reasoning --- creativity --- eco-cognitive model --- eco-cognitive openness --- fallacies --- errors of reasoning --- third-way reasoning --- naturalization of logic --- causality --- embodiment --- measurement --- regulation --- retrocausality --- second-person description --- symmetry breaking --- temporality --- natural philosophy --- cosmology --- emptiness --- vacuum --- void --- dark energy --- space flight --- exoplanet --- big freeze --- big crunch --- everyday lifeworld --- digitization --- computability --- complexity --- reverse mathematics --- quantum computing --- real computing --- theory of everything --- acategoriality --- state-space approach --- mental representation --- dual-aspect monism --- exceptional experiences --- intentionality --- mind-matter relations --- category theory --- memory evolutive system --- emergence --- emergentist reductionism --- anticipation --- creativity --- info-computational model

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