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Programming for Computations - Python

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Book Series: Texts in Computational Science and Engineering ISBN: 9783030168773 Year: Pages: 332 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-16877-3 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Computer Science --- Science (General) --- Mathematics
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:15
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Mathematics; Computer mathematics; Numerical analysis; Computer software; Numerical analysis

Data Visualization in Society

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9789048543137 9789463722902 Year: Pages: 441 DOI: 10.5117/9789463722902 Language: English
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press Grant: The Research Council of Norway - 25936
Subject: Computer Science --- Media and communication --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-03-28 11:21:02
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Today we are witnessing an increased use of data visualization in society. Across domains such as work, education and the news, various forms of graphs, charts and maps are used to explain, convince and tell stories. In an era in which more and more data are produced and circulated digitally, and digital tools make visualization production increasingly accessible, it is important to study the conditions under which such visual texts are generated, disseminated and thought to be of societal benefit. This book is a contribution to the multi-disciplined and multi-faceted conversation concerning the forms, uses and roles of data visualization in society. Do data visualizations do 'good' or 'bad'? Do they promote understanding and engagement, or do they do ideological work, privileging certain views of the world over others? The contributions in the book engage with these core questions from a range of disciplinary perspectives.&#xD;

Citizens’ Solidarity in Europe: Civic Engagement and Public Discourse in Times of Crises

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ISBN: 9781789909494/9781789909500 Year: Pages: 208 DOI: https://doi.org/10.4337/9781789909500 Language: English
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2020-03-25 16:22:43
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Citizens’ Solidarity in Europe systematically dissects the manifestations of solidarity buried beneath the official policies and measures of public authority in Europe. In this exciting and innovative book, contributors offer comprehensive and original data and highlight the detrimental factors that tend to inhibit or annihilate solidarity, and those that are beneficial for the nurturing of solidarity.

Small Sample Size Solutions

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9780367221898 9780367222222 9780429273872 Year: Pages: 284 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Psychology
Added to DOAB on : 2020-03-04 11:21:02
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Researchers often have difficulties collecting enough data to test their hypotheses,&#xD;either because target groups are small or hard to access, or because data collection&#xD;entails prohibitive costs. Such obstacles may result in data sets that are too small for&#xD;the complexity of the statistical model needed to answer the research question. This&#xD;unique book provides guidelines and tools for implementing solutions to issues&#xD;that arise in small sample research. Each chapter illustrates statistical methods that&#xD;allow researchers to apply the optimal statistical model for their research question&#xD;when the sample is too small.&#xD;This essential book will enable social and behavioral science researchers to test&#xD;their hypotheses even when the statistical model required for answering their&#xD;research question is too complex for the sample sizes they can collect. The statistical&#xD;models in the book range from the estimation of a population mean to models with&#xD;latent variables and nested observations, and solutions include both classical and&#xD;Bayesian methods. All proposed solutions are described in steps researchers can&#xD;implement with their own data and are accompanied with annotated syntax in R.&#xD;The methods described in this book will be useful for researchers across the social&#xD;and behavioral sciences, ranging from medical sciences and epidemiology to psychology,&#xD;marketing, and economics.

Models in Microeconomic Theory ('He' Edition)

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ISBN: 9781783749201/9781783749225 Year: Pages: 362 DOI: 10.11647/OBP.0204 Language: English
Publisher: Open Book Publishers
Added to DOAB on : 2020-03-31 17:14:18
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Models in Microeconomic Theory covers basic models in current microeconomic theory. Part I (Chapters 1-7) presents models of an economic agent, discussing abstract models of preferences, choice, and decision making under uncertainty, before turning to models of the consumer, the producer, and monopoly. Part II (Chapters 8-14) introduces the concept of equilibrium, beginning, unconventionally, with the models of the jungle and an economy with indivisible goods, and continuing with models of an exchange economy, equilibrium with rational expectations, and an economy with asymmetric information. Part III (Chapters 15-16) provides an introduction to game theory, covering strategic and extensive games and the concepts of Nash equilibrium and subgame perfect equilibrium. Part IV (Chapters 17-20) gives a taste of the topics of mechanism design, matching, the axiomatic analysis of economic systems, and social choice.The book focuses on the concepts of model and equilibrium. It states models and results precisely, and provides proofs for all results. It uses only elementary mathematics (with almost no calculus), although many of the proofs involve sustained logical arguments. It includes about 150 exercises.With its formal but accessible style, this textbook is designed for undergraduate students of microeconomics at intermediate and advanced levels.

Models in Microeconomic Theory ('She' Edition)

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ISBN: 9781783748921/9781783748945 Year: Pages: 362 DOI: 10.11647/OBP.0211 Language: English
Publisher: Open Book Publishers
Added to DOAB on : 2020-03-31 17:16:01
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Models in Microeconomic Theory covers basic models in current microeconomic theory. Part I (Chapters 1-7) presents models of an economic agent, discussing abstract models of preferences, choice, and decision making under uncertainty, before turning to models of the consumer, the producer, and monopoly. Part II (Chapters 8-14) introduces the concept of equilibrium, beginning, unconventionally, with the models of the jungle and an economy with indivisible goods, and continuing with models of an exchange economy, equilibrium with rational expectations, and an economy with asymmetric information. Part III (Chapters 15-16) provides an introduction to game theory, covering strategic and extensive games and the concepts of Nash equilibrium and subgame perfect equilibrium. Part IV (Chapters 17-20) gives a taste of the topics of mechanism design, matching, the axiomatic analysis of economic systems, and social choice.The book focuses on the concepts of model and equilibrium. It states models and results precisely, and provides proofs for all results. It uses only elementary mathematics (with almost no calculus), although many of the proofs involve sustained logical arguments. It includes about 150 exercises.With its formal but accessible style, this textbook is designed for undergraduate students of microeconomics at intermediate and advanced levels.

Adopting Circular Economy Current Practices and Future Perspectives

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ISBN: 9783039283422 / 9783039283439 Year: Pages: 160 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-343-9 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: General and Civil Engineering --- Technology (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-04-07 23:07:08
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The development of a closed-loop cycle is a necessary condition so as to develop a circular economy model as an alternative to the linear model, in order to maintain the value of products and materials for as long as possible. For this motive, the definition of the value must be demonstrated for both the environment and the economy. The presence of these analyses should be associated with the social dimension and the human component. A strong cooperation between social and technical profiles is a new challenge for all researchers. End of life of products attract a lot of attention, and the final output could be the production of technologies suitable for managing this waste.

Model-Based Tools for Pharmaceutical Manufacturing Processes

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9783039284245 / 9783039284252 Year: Pages: 188 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-425-2 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Medicine (General) --- Therapeutics
Added to DOAB on : 2020-04-07 23:07:09
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The Special Issue on “Model-Based Tools for Pharmaceutical Manufacturing Processes” will curate novel advances in the development and application of model-based tools to address ever-present challenges of the traditional pharmaceutical manufacturing practice as well as new trends. This book provides a collection of nine papers on original advances in the model-based process unit, system-level, quality-by-design under uncertainty, and decision-making applications of pharmaceutical manufacturing processes.

Structural Prognostics and Health Management in Power & Energy Systems

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
ISBN: 9783039217663 / 9783039217670 Year: Pages: 218 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-767-0 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-30 16:39:46
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The idea of preparing an Energies Special Issue on “Structural Prognostics and Health Management in Power & Energy Systems” is to compile information on the recent advances in structural prognostics and health management (SPHM). Continued improvements on SPHM have been made possible through advanced signature analysis, performance degradation assessment, as well as accurate modeling of failure mechanisms by introducing advanced mathematical approaches/tools. Through combining deterministic and probabilistic modeling techniques, research on SPHM can provide assurance for new structures at a design stage and ensure construction integrity at a fabrication phase. Specifically, power and energy system failures occur under multiple sources of uncertainty/variability resulting from load variations in usage, material properties, geometry variations within tolerances, and other uncontrolled variations. Thus, advanced methods and applications for theoretical, numerical, and experimental contributions that address these issues on SPHM are desired and expected, which attempt to prevent overdesign and unnecessary inspection and provide tools to enable a balance between safety and economy to be achieved. This Special Issue has attracted submissions from China, USA, Portugal, and Italy. A total of 26 submissions were received and 11 articles finally published.

Keywords

prognostics --- residual useful life --- similarity-based approach --- supporting vector machine (SVM) --- reliability --- non-probabilistic reliability index --- sensitivity analysis --- techno-economic assessments --- life cycle cost --- vibration transmission mechanism --- underground powerhouse --- lateral-river vibration --- low frequency tail fluctuation --- rotation of hydraulic generator --- vertical axis wind turbine --- structural health monitoring --- operational modal analysis --- stochastic subspace identification --- vibration test --- offshore structures --- oil and gas platforms --- offshore wind turbines --- retrofitting activities --- renewable energy --- dynamic analysis --- wind and wave analysis --- dynamic analysis of the structure --- wave–structure interaction (WSI) --- probabilistic analyses of stochastic processes and frequency --- data-driven --- machine learning --- deep learning --- DNN --- prognostic and Health Management --- lithium-ion battery --- wind turbines --- health monitoring --- fault detection --- optimized deep belief networks --- supervisory control and data acquisition system --- multioperation condition --- wind turbine blade --- full-scale static test --- neural networks --- strain prediction --- dynamic fuzzy reliability analysis --- extremum surface response method --- weighted regression --- turbine blisk --- fuzzy safety criterion --- lithium-ion battery --- remaining useful life --- regeneration phenomenon --- wavelet decomposition --- NAR neural network --- empirical mode decomposition --- analysis mode decomposition --- analysis-empirical mode decomposition --- mode mixing --- sifting stop criterion

Air Quality Assessment Standards and Sustainable Development in Developing Countries

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783039280148 / 9783039280155 Year: Pages: 232 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-015-5 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Environmental Technology --- Environmental Sciences --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-30 16:39:46
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This book brings together the latest research results of air quality assessment standards and sustainable development in developing countries. The content is full and the discussion is vivid. These articles are suitable for students and researchers at all levels seeking to understand the status of air pollution, governance standards, and governance effects in developing countries.

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