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Autonome Shuttlebusse im ÖPNV

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
ISBN: 9783662594063 Year: Pages: 206 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-662-59406-3 Language: German
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Agriculture (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-29 11:21:06
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Abstract

Automatisiertes Fahren wird aktuell auf allen Ebenen diskutiert. Dieses Open Access Buch greift das Thema aus Sicht des ÖPNV auf und stellt Chancen und Risiken des Einsatzes automatisierter Shuttlebusse im Nahverkehr dar. Am Beispiel Bad Birnbach/Niederbayern wird gezeigt, welche Herausforderungen bei der Einführung eines solchen Services zu erwarten sind und wie diese gelöst werden können. Dabei fokussiert sich das Buch auf die Vermittlung von im Feld erhobenen Daten, z.B. zu technischen Schwierigkeiten, Erfahrungsberichten von Anwohnern und Gästen, Akzeptanz in der Bevölkerung, infrastrukturellen Anforderungen, etc. Konkrete Handlungsempfehlungen für Städteplaner, ÖPNV-Betreiber/-Strategen oder Kommunen, die eine Einführung automatisierter Busse in Erwägung ziehen, runden das Werk ab.

Failure Mechanisms in Alloys

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ISBN: 9783039282760 / 9783039282777 Year: Pages: 476 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-277-7 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2020-04-07 23:07:09
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The era of lean production and excellence in manufacturing, advancing with sustainable development, demands the rational utilization of raw materials and energy resources, adopting cleaner and environmentally-friendly industrial processes. In view of the new industrial revolution, through digital transformation, the exploitation of smart and sophisticated materials systems, the need of minimizing scrap and increasing efficiency, reliability and lifetime and, on the other hand, the pursuit of fuel economy and limitation of carbon footprint, are necessary conditions for the imminent growth in a highly competitive economy. Failure analysis is an interdisciplinary scientific topic, reflecting the opinions and interpretations coming from a systematic evidence-gathering procedure, embracing various important sectors, imparting knowledge, and substantiating improvement practices. The deep understanding of material/component role (e.g., rotating shaft, extrusion die, gas pipeline) and properties will be of central importance for fitness for purpose in certain industrial processes and applications. Finally, it is hoped and strongly believed that the accumulation of additional knowledge in the field of failure mechanisms and the adoption of the principles, philosophy, and deep understanding of failure analysis process approach will strongly promote the learning concept, as a continuously evolving process leading to personal and social progress and prosperity.

Keywords

impingement --- erosion corrosion --- API 5L-X65 --- flow loop --- wear scar --- creep fatigue --- crack growth --- grain boundary --- hydrogen-assisted cracking --- corrosion --- SOHIC --- cleavage fracture --- cold-working process --- surface-cracking process --- impact toughness --- strength --- low temperatures --- austenitic stainless steels --- pipeline steel --- tensile stress --- corrosion --- potentiodynamic polarization --- EIS --- brass extrusion --- CFD simulation --- extrusion failures --- plastic deformation processing --- finite element analysis --- inverse modeling --- post-necking hardening --- biaxial tensile test --- elevated temperature --- reliability design --- helix upper dispenser --- fracture --- parametric accelerated life testing --- faulty designs --- metal components --- fracture mechanisms --- fractography --- fracture mechanics --- quality improvement --- finite element modeling --- nanocrystalline materials --- elastic moduli --- yield strength --- cast duplex stainless steels --- thermal aging --- tensile deformation --- spinodal decomposition --- smooth particle hydrodynamics --- Titanium alloy machining --- numerical simulation --- cutting forces --- chip formation --- fracture --- iterative FEM Method --- GISSMO Model --- softening --- macroscopic strength criterion --- isotropic metals --- fracture plane --- linear Mohr–Coulomb criterion --- failure mechanism --- W-30Cu --- microstructure homogeneity --- dynamic compression strength --- ductility --- failure mechanism --- slow-rate machining --- chip formation --- shape --- temperature --- microhardness HV --- creep --- steam reforming --- carbides --- G-phase --- aging --- cast reformer tubes --- hot stamping --- press hardening --- austenitizing furnace --- high temperature fatigue --- thermal distortion --- conveying system --- refractory steels --- furnace component failure --- ductile irons --- tensile tests --- mechanical properties --- constitutive equations --- quality assessment --- shear angle --- chip root --- shape --- built-up edge --- slow-rate machining --- convection tubes --- AISI 304 stainless steel --- failure analysis --- sensitization --- bake hardening --- dent resistance --- failure study --- polynomial regression --- yield strength --- automotive steels --- reformer tubes --- HP-Mod --- failure analysis --- creep --- surface modification techniques --- degradation of protective layers --- lubrication --- nitrocarburizing --- hardfacings --- thermal-sprayed coatings --- finite element analysis --- forward slip prediction --- strip marking method --- multilinear regression --- micro flexible rolling --- thickness transition area --- 3D Voronoi modelling --- automotive --- 6063 Alloy --- EBSD --- bendability --- fractography --- modeling --- texture --- tribological properties --- wear --- surface treatment --- self-equalizing bearing --- n/a

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