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Ontologies for Knowledge modeling in construction planning

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Book Series: Ricerche. Architettura, Pianificazione, Paesaggio, Design ISBN: 9788855181846 Year: Volume: 3 DOI: 10.36253/978-88-5518-184-6
Publisher: Firenze University Press
Subject: Architecture
Added to DOAB on : 2020-11-12 14:17:35
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Nowadays, there is an increasing recognition of the value of knowledge management in the construction projects and ontology-based semantic modelling is seen as an important means of addressing this problem, even if a knowledge-base which maps the construction planning and scheduling domains, in a formal and machine-readable way, is still missing. Addressing this issue, the book is divided in two parts. Part I, theory, is a theoretical introduction of on ontologies concepts and expert systems. Part II, application, presents a research of ontologies development for semantic modelling of construction scheduling, workspace, product and time domains. The last chapter presents the architecture of an ontology-based expert system, to show how ontologies can support automated planning mechanisms.

Fabricate 2020

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Fabricate ISBN: 9781787358119 Year: Pages: 320 DOI: 10.14324/111.9781787358119 Language: English
Publisher: UCL Press
Subject: Architecture
Added to DOAB on : 2020-05-06 07:12:53
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Fabricate 2020 is the fourth title in the FABRICATE series on the theme of digital fabrication and published in conjunction with a triennial conference (London, April 2020). The book features cutting-edge built projects and work-in-progress from both academia and practice. It brings together pioneers in design and making from across the fields of architecture, construction, engineering, manufacturing, materials technology and computation. Fabricate 2020 includes 32 illustrated articles punctuated by four conversations between world-leading experts from design to engineering, discussing themes such as drawing-to-production, behavioural composites, robotic assembly, and digital craft.

Prosodie und Konstruktionsgrammatik

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Book Series: Empirische Linguistik / Empirical Linguistics ISSN: 21988676 ISBN: 9783110637489 Year: Volume: 12 Pages: 286,00 DOI: 10.1515/9783110637489 Language: German
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2020-05-08 10:43:48
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Most forms of construction grammar offer a usage-based model of grammar. To date, construction grammar researchers have been dismissive of prosody. This anthology seeks to redress this gap in the research, examining the extent to which prosodic characteristics may be viewed as more or less stable characteristics of linguistic constructions.

Digital Transformation of the Design, Construction and Management Processes of the Built Environment

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Research for Development ISBN: 9783030335700 Year: Pages: 400 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-33570-0 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Geography --- Agriculture (General) --- Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:09
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This open access book focuses on the development of methods, interoperable and integrated ICT tools, and survey techniques for optimal management of the building process. The construction sector is facing an increasing demand for major innovations in terms of digital dematerialization and technologies such as the Internet of Things, big data, advanced manufacturing, robotics, 3D printing, blockchain technologies and artificial intelligence. The demand for simplification and transparency in information management and for the rationalization and optimization of very fragmented and splintered processes is a key driver for digitization. The book describes the contribution of the ABC Department of the Polytechnic University of Milan (Politecnico di Milano) to R&D activities regarding methods and ICT tools for the interoperable management of the different phases of the building process, including design, construction, and management. Informative case studies complement the theoretical discussion. The book will be of interest to all stakeholders in the building process – owners, designers, constructors, and faculty managers – as well as the research sector.

Buildings for Education

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Book Series: Research for Development ISBN: 9783030336875 Year: Pages: 326 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-33687-5 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Education --- Agriculture (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:09
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This open access book presents theoretical and practical research relating to the vast, publicly financed program for the construction of new schools and the reorganization of existing educational buildings in Italy. This transformative process aims to give old buildings a fresh identity, to ensure that facilities are compliant with the new educational and teaching models, and to improve both energy efficiency and structural safety with respect to seismic activity. The book is divided into three sections, the first of which focuses on the social role of the school as a civic building that can serve the needs of the community. Innovations in both design and construction processes are then analyzed, paying special attention to the Building Information Modeling (BIM) strategy as a tool for the integration of different disciplines. The final section is devoted to the built heritage and tools, technologies, and approaches for the upgrading of existing buildings so that they meet the new regulations on building performance. The book will be of interest to all who wish to learn about the latest insights into the challenges posed by, and the opportunities afforded by, a comprehensive school building and renovation program.

Regeneration of the Built Environment from a Circular Economy Perspective

Authors: --- --- ---
Book Series: Research for Development ISBN: 9783030332563 Year: Pages: 386 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-33256-3 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Sociology --- Environmental Sciences --- Science (General) --- Agriculture (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:10
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This open access book explores the strategic importance and advantages of adopting multidisciplinary and multiscalar approaches of inquiry and intervention with respect to the built environment, based on principles of sustainability and circular economy strategies. A series of key challenges are considered in depth from a multidisciplinary perspective, spanning engineering, architecture, and regional and urban economics. These challenges include strategies to relaunch socioeconomic development through regenerative processes, the regeneration of urban spaces from the perspective of resilience, the development and deployment of innovative products and processes in the construction sector in order to comply more fully with the principles of sustainability and circularity, and the development of multiscale approaches to enhance the performance of both the existing building stock and new buildings. The book offers a rich selection of conceptual, empirical, methodological, technical, and case study/project-based research. It will be of value for all who have an interest in regeneration of the built environment from a circular economy perspective.

Open Skies

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Historical & Cultural Astronomy ISBN: 9783030323455 Year: Pages: 652 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-32345-5 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Astronomy (General) --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-07-15 23:59:06
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This open access book on the history of the National Radio Astronomy Observatory covers the scientific discoveries and technical innovations of late 20th century radio astronomy with particular attention to the people and institutions involved. The authors have made extensive use of the NRAO Archives, which contain an unparalleled collection of documents pertaining to the history of radio astronomy, including the institutional records of NRAO as well as the personal papers of many of the pioneers of U.S. radio astronomy. Technical details and extensive citations to original sources are given in notes for the more technical readers, but are not required for an understanding of the body of the book. This book is intended for an audience ranging from interested lay readers to professional researchers studying the scientific, technical, political, and cultural development of a new science, and how it changed the course of 20th century astronomy.

Computational Cognitive Modeling and Linguistic Theory

Authors: ---
Book Series: Language, Cognition, and Mind ISBN: 9783030318468 Year: Pages: 294 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-31846-8 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-17 00:00:42
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This open access book introduces a general framework that allows natural language researchers to enhance existing competence theories with fully specified performance and processing components. Gradually developing increasingly complex and cognitively realistic competence-performance models, it provides running code for these models and shows how to fit them to real-time experimental data. This computational cognitive modeling approach opens up exciting new directions for research in formal semantics, and linguistics more generally, and offers new ways of (re)connecting semantics and the broader field of cognitive science. The approach of this book is novel in more ways than one. Assuming the mental architecture and procedural modalities of Anderson’s ACT-R framework, it presents fine-grained computational models of human language processing tasks which make detailed quantitative predictions that can be checked against the results of self-paced reading and other psycho-linguistic experiments. All models are presented as computer programs that readers can run on their own computer and on inputs of their choice, thereby learning to design, program and run their own models. But even for readers who won't do all that, the book will show how such detailed, quantitatively predicting modeling of linguistic processes is possible. A methodological breakthrough and a must for anyone concerned about the future of linguistics! (Hans Kamp) This book constitutes a major step forward in linguistics and psycholinguistics. It constitutes a unique synthesis of several different research traditions: computational models of psycholinguistic processes, and formal models of semantics and discourse processing. The work also introduces a sophisticated python-based software environment for modeling linguistic processes. This book has the potential to revolutionize not only formal models of linguistics, but also models of language processing more generally. (Shravan Vasishth)

Circular Economy, Ethical Funds, and Engineering Projects

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783039282524 9783039282531 Year: Pages: 300 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-253-1 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering --- Environmental Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-30 16:39:46
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This special issue provides a collection of 15 papers with modern theories and applications for circular economy, engineering projects, entrepreneurship models, and investor decisions. After the commencing review on Occupational Health and Safety Management-Systems Standards, follow papers which can be classified into four categories which cover the overall scope of special issue. The first category includes papers regarding the micro-level of circular economy. This means case studies in firm-level which implement different techniques to achieve sustainable development and circular economy goals. The findings reveal interesting achievements which are associated with cultural characteristics of the countries these case studies have been conducted. The second category of papers refers to the meso-level of circular economy where firms cooperate with each other by exchanging byproducts and organizing common operational procedures and routines to address environmental problems. The findings suggest assessment information technology tools to support industrial symbiosis among European firms. The next body of literature encompasses macro-level where circular economy techniques are implemented at a country level. Findings suggest methodologies for implementing and tracking circular economy in cities. Finally, a number of papers are included that focus on advanced engineering techniques. These techniques are useful tools for achieving circular economy and sustainability.

Keywords

cost prediction of substation project --- Ensemble Empirical Mode Decomposition --- Cuckoo Search --- Support Vector Machines --- climate change --- adaptation --- manufacturing firms --- strategic management --- action theory --- Value-at-Risk --- probabilistic alternative approach --- Theory of Inventive Problem Solving --- Project Definition Rating Index --- optimal project profitability --- prefabrication housing production --- planning and control --- critical success factors --- China --- CCPM --- piping construction --- material procurement management --- resource competition --- buffer management --- PERT/CPM --- stochastic simulation --- construction delay --- corporate philanthropy --- information transfer --- political connections --- social capital --- social network --- social network centrality --- sustainability --- circular economy --- investments --- sources of funding --- SME --- sustainable economy --- smart city --- sustainable city --- smart governance --- drivers --- Occupational Health and Safety (OHS) --- sustainability --- Management Standards --- emergy analysis --- pollution impact --- resource consumption --- steel production --- sustainable development --- Industrial symbiosis --- IT tools --- research and innovation projects --- risk assessment --- Fuzzy TOPSIS --- construction safety --- PRAT method --- sustainability --- value of travel time savings --- fuzzy logic --- rule-based systems --- transport project evaluation --- cost benefit analysis --- traffic congestion --- transport planning --- circular economy --- urbanization --- framework --- indicators --- circular city --- Life cycle assessment (LCA) --- carbon footprint --- renewable energy systems --- photovoltaics --- solar thermal collectors

Environmental Impact Assessment of Buildings

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ISBN: 9783039282432 9783039282449 Year: Pages: 168 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-244-9 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2020-04-07 23:07:08
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This Special Issue covers a wide range of areas—including building orientation, service life, use of photocatalytically active structures and PV facades, implications of transportation system, building types (i.e., high rise, multilevel, commercial, residential), life cycle assessment, and structural engineering—that need to be considered in the environmental impact assessment of buildings, and the chapters include case studies across the globe. Consideration of these strategies would help reduce energy and material consumption, environmental emissions, and waste generation associated with all phases of a building’s life cycle. Chapter 1 demonstrates that green star concrete exhibits the same structural properties as conventional concrete in Australia. Chapter 2 showed that the use of TiO2 as a photocatalyst on the surface of construction materials with a suitable stable binding agent, such as aggregates, would enable building walls to absorb NOx from air. This study found that TiO2 has the potential to reduce ambient concentrations of NOx from areas where this pollutant becomes concentrated under solar irradiation. Chapter 3 presents the life cycle assessment of architecturally integrated glass–glass photovoltaics in building facades to find the appropriate material composition for a multicolored PV façade offering improved environmental performance. Chapter 4 shows that urban office buildings lacking appropriate orientation experienced indoor overheating. Chapter 5 details four modeling approaches that were implemented to estimate buildings’ response towards load shedding. Chapter 6 covers the life cycle GHG emissions of high-rise residential housing block to discover opportunities for environmental improvement. Chapter 7 discusses an LCA framework that took into account variation in the service life of buildings associated with the use of different types of materials. Chapter 8 presents a useful data mining algorithm to conduct life cycle asset management in residential developments built on transport systems.

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