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Advancing the Science of Cancer in Latinos

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ISBN: 9783030292867 Year: Pages: 329 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-29286-7 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Social Sciences --- Public Health --- Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-05 11:21:05

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This open access book gives an overview of the sessions, panel discussions, and outcomes of the Advancing the Science of Cancer in Latinos conference, held in February 2018 in San Antonio, Texas, USA, and hosted by the Mays Cancer Center and the Institute for Health Promotion Research at UT Health San Antonio. Latinos – the largest, youngest, and fastest-growing minority group in the United States – are expected to face a 142% rise in cancer cases in coming years. Although there has been substantial advancement in cancer prevention, screening, diagnosis, and treatment over the past few decades, addressing Latino cancer health disparities has not nearly kept pace with progress. The diverse and dynamic group of speakers and panelists brought together at the Advancing the Science of Cancer in Latinos conference provided in-depth insights as well as progress and actionable goals for Latino-focused basic science research, clinical best practices, community interventions, and what can be done by way of prevention, screening, diagnosis, and treatment of cancer in Latinos. These insights have been translated into the chapters included in this compendium; the chapters summarize the presentations and include current knowledge in the specific topic areas, identified gaps, and top priority areas for future cancer research in Latinos. Topics included among the chapters: Colorectal cancer disparities in Latinos: Genes vs. Environment Breast cancer risk and mortality in women of Latin American origin Differential cancer risk in Latinos: The role of diet Overcoming barriers for Latinos on cancer clinical trials Es tiempo: Engaging Latinas in cervical cancer research Emerging policies in U.S. health care Advancing the Science of Cancer in Latinos proves to be an indispensable resource offering key insights into actionable targets for basic science research, suggestions for clinical best practices and community interventions, and novel strategies and advocacy opportunities to reduce health disparities in Latino communities. It will find an engaged audience among researchers, academics, physicians and other healthcare professionals, patient advocates, students, and others with an interest in the broad field of Latino cancer.

Word Knowledge and Word Usage. A Cross-Disciplinary Guide to the Mental Lexicon

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Book Series: Trends in Linguistics. Studies and Monographs [TiLSM] ISSN: 1861-4302 ISBN: 9783110440577 Year: Volume: 337 Pages: 725 DOI: 10.1515/9783110440577 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2020-05-08 10:43:30
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Word storage and processing define a multi-factorial domain of scientific inquiry whose thorough investigation goes well beyond the boundaries of traditional disciplinary taxonomies, to require synergic integration of a wide range of methods, techniques and empirical and experimental findings. The present book intends to approach a few central issues concerning the organization, structure and functioning of the Mental Lexicon, by asking domain experts to look at common, central topics from complementary standpoints, and discuss the advantages of developing converging perspectives. The book will explore the connections between computational and algorithmic models of the mental lexicon, word frequency distributions and information theoretical measures of word families, statistical correlations across psycho-linguistic and cognitive evidence, principles of machine learning and integrative brain models of word storage and processing. Main goal of the book will be to map out the landscape of future research in this area, to foster the development of interdisciplinary curricula and help single-domain specialists understand and address issues and questions as they are raised in other disciplines.

Soziale Netzwerke und gesundheitliche Ungleichheiten

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ISBN: 9783658216597 Year: Pages: 421 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-658-21659-7 Language: German
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Social Sciences --- Sociology --- Public Health --- Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:21
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In diesem Buch wird die Perspektive der soziologischen, psychologischen und gesundheitswissenschaftlichen Netzwerkforschung für die Erklärung des Zusammenhangs zwischen sozialen und gesundheitlichen Ungleichheiten fokussiert. Unterschiedliche theoretische und methodische Zugänge werden vorgestellt, der internationale und der nationale Forschungsstand werden aufgearbeitet und eine Reihe von Forschungslücken benannt. Das Buch soll als Ausgangspunkt für eine neue Perspektive in der gesundheitssoziologischen Forschung zur Entstehung und Persistenz gesundheitlicher Ungleichheiten dienen und dabei die Rolle sozialer Netzwerke hervorheben. Der Inhalt Theoretische und methodische Grundlagen • Lebenslauf • Ungleichheitsdimensionen • Desiderata: Soziale Netzwerk und gesundheitliche Ungleichheiten – welche Fragen bleiben offen? Die Herausgeber PD Dr. Andreas Klärner ist Wissenschaftlicher Rat am Thünen-Institut für Ländliche Räume und Privatdozent an der Wirtschafts- und Sozialwissenschaftlichen Fakultät der Universität Rostock. PD Dr. Markus Gamper ist Akademischer Rat am Institut für vergleichende Bildungsforschung und Sozialwissenschaften der Universität zu Köln. Dr. Sylvia Keim - Klärner ist Wissenschaftliche Mitarbeiterin am Thünen-Institut für Ländliche Räume in Braunschweig. Dr. Irene Moor ist Wissenschaftliche Mitarbeiterin am Institut für Medizinische Soziologie (IMS) an der Martin-Luther-Universität Halle-Wittenberg. Prof. Dr. Holger von der Lippe ist Professor für Entwicklungspsychologie an der Fakultät Naturwissenschaften der MSB Medical School Berlin. Dr. Nico Vonneilich ist Wissenschaftlicher Mitarbeiter am Institut für Medizinische Soziologie (IMS) des Universitätsklinikums Hamburg-Eppendorf (UKE).

From Colonialism to International Aid

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Book Series: Global Dynamics of Social Policy ISBN: 9783030382001 Year: Pages: 384 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-38200-1 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Political Science --- Social Sciences --- Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2020-07-15 23:58:06
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This open access volume addresses the role of external actors in social protection in the Global South, from the Second World War until today, analysing the influence of colonial powers, superpowers during the Cold War and contemporary donor agencies. Following an introduction to the analysis of external actors in social policy making in the Global South, the contributions explore which external actors were dominant in the decades after World War II, and how they shaped early and contemporary social protection making in developing countries. The latter half of the collection elucidates important players in the contemporary transnational social policy arena, such as donor organizations and international organizations, and critically evaluates the potential for and limits of the explanatory power of external actors in social protection making in the Global South, considering the relative contribution of external and domestic influences. By examining how transnational relationships and external actors have influenced the formation, development and transformation of social policies in the developing world, this collection will be an invaluable resource for scholars interested in social protection in the Global South from a range of disciplines. These include political science, social policy, and sociology, as well as historians of the welfare state, international relations scholars and scholars working on global and transnational social policy and development policy.

The Roots of Verbal Meaning

Authors: ---
Book Series: Oxford Studies in Theoretical Linguistics ISBN: 9780198855781 Year: Pages: 288 DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198855781.003.0001 Language: English
Publisher: Oxford University Press Grant: University of Manchester||National Science Foundation - BCS-1451765
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2020-03-29 11:21:06
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This book explores possible and impossible word meanings, with a specific focus on the meanings of verbs. It adopts the now common view that verb meanings consist at least partly of an event structure, made up of an event template describing the verb’s broad temporal and causal contours that occurs across lots of verbs and groups them into semantic and grammatical classes, plus an idiosyncratic root describing specific, real world states and actions that distinguish verbs with the same template. While much work has focused on templates, less work has addressed the truth conditional contributions of roots, despite the importance of a theory of root meaning in fully defining the predictions event structural approaches make. This book addresses this lacuna, exploring two previously proposed constraints on root meaning: The Bifurcation Thesis of Roots, whereby roots never introduce the meanings introduced by templates, and Manner/Result Complementarity, which has as a component that roots can describe either a manner or a result state but never both at the same time. Two extended case studies, on change-of-state verbs and ditransitive verbs of caused possession, show that neither hypothesis holds, and that ultimately there may be no constraints on what a root can mean. Nonetheless, the book argues that event structures still have predictive value, and it presents a new theory of possible root meanings and how they interact with event templates that produces a new typology of possible verbs, albeit one where not just templates but also roots determine systematic semantic and grammatical properties.

Mot bedre vitende i norsk matsektor

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ISBN: 9788202669751 Year: Pages: 268 DOI: 10.23865/noasp.93 Language: Norwegian
Publisher: Cappelen Damm Akademisk/NOASP (Nordic Open Access Scholarly Publishing)
Subject: Nutrition and Food Sciences --- Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2020-05-05 07:21:42
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"The Norwegian food market engenders strong opinions and substantial media attention, with questions regarding agricultural regulations, competition between retail food chains, and the relationship between chains and their suppliers fueling debate. Meanwhile the country’s politicians call for greater intervention. Much of the debate can seem to be happening “against our better judgment”. Vague assumptions about the state of the food sector, paired with a strong political will to apply initiatives, is reason enough to look closer at the situation. This anthology provides an up-to-date factual assessment of the entire value chain in the food market. Central topics include development of productivity in the various segments of the food chain, price differences between different countries, and effects of Norway’s tariff system. The book presents new contributions concerning the structure of the market, access to food stores and the significance of brand names, and especially to the kind of bargaining tactics employed between food chains and suppliers, with an overview of how their negotiations are carried out and possibilities for regulatory measures afforded under existing laws. Against Better Judgment in the Norwegian Food Sector confirms existing knowledge and presents new findings that deserve attention from the sector itself, the media and public authorities. The book will be of interest to everyone seeking to understand the Norwegian food sector and take part in its further development. The book’s chapters have been written by seven researchers with lengthy experience in the field, and edited by Frode Steen, a professor in the Department of Economics at the Norwegian School of Economics, and Ivar Pettersen, a senior advisor at the Norwegian Institute of Bioeconomy Research."

In-Cell NMR Spectroscopy: Biomolecular Structure and Function

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ISBN: 9783039282548 / 9783039282555 Year: Pages: 152 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-255-5 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Biology
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-09 16:38:57
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This Special Issue examines state-of-the-art in-cell NMR spectroscopy as it relates to biological systems of increasing complexity. The compendia of research and recent innovations from prominent laboratories in the field of solid state and solution in-cell NMR spectroscopy, metabolomics and technology development are presented. The work establishes in-cell NMR spectroscopy as the premier method for determining the structures and interaction capabilities of biological molecules at high resolution within the delicately intricate interior of living cells, and the means of utilizing cells as living laboratories to directly assess the effects of exogenous and endogenous stimuli on cell physiology.]

Workers, Managers, Productivity

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ISBN: 9789811503641 Year: Pages: 327 DOI: 10.1007/978-981-15-0364-1 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Economics --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-16 23:58:34
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This open access book provides a glimpse into the Japanese management technique known as “Kaizen,” and the ways it has been disseminated around the developing world. The novelty of this book is three-fold: it provides a contextualized view of the mechanisms of initiatives implementing Kaizen in developing countries; compared with productivity studies, it places the relationship between workers and managers at the center of inquiry, reflecting the intent of SDG8 concerning decent work and economic growth; and it provides an overview of the heterogeneity of Kaizen in terms of geography and firm size. This book explores how improving management techniques can support firms’ productivity and quality. Given its wide range of case studies from across Africa, Asia and Latin America, this book will be of value to scholars, policymakers and advocates of sustainable development alike.

An Oral History of the Special Olympics in China Volume 3

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Economy and Social Inclusion ISBN: 9789811550058 Year: Pages: 489 DOI: 10.1007/978-981-15-5005-8 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Sociology --- Social Sciences --- Economics --- History --- Public Health --- Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-16 23:57:31
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This open access book brings together oral histories that record the experiences of individuals with intellectual disabilities in Shanghai as they participate in their careers. Employees with intellectual disabilities describe their experiences seeking, attaining, and maintaining employment. Their managers, colleagues, and family members also provide keen insight into the challenges and opportunities these individuals have encountered in the process of securing employment. An appendix provides a compilation of employment policies related to people with intellectual disabilities, particularly with respect to Shanghai.

An Oral History of the Special Olympics in China Volume 1

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Book Series: Economy and Social Inclusion ISBN: 9789811551321 Year: Pages: 142 DOI: 10.1007/978-981-15-5132-1 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Sociology --- Social Sciences --- Economics --- History --- Public Health --- Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-16 23:58:43
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This open access book is unique in presenting the first oral history of individuals with an intellectual disability and their families in China. In this summary volume and the two accompanying volumes that follow, individuals with an intellectual disability tell their life stories, while their family members, teachers, classmates, and co-workers describe their professional, academic, and family relationships. Besides interview transcripts, each volume provides observations and records in real time the daily experiences of people with an intellectual disability. Drawing on the methodologies of sociology and oral history, the summary volume provides an unprecedented account of how people with intellectual disabilities in China understand themselves while also examining pertinent issues of public policy and civil society that have ramifications beyond the field of disability itself.

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