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Exploring Greek Manuscripts in the Library at Wellcome Collection in London

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ISBN: 9781138601598 Year: Pages: 212 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis Grant: Wellcome Trust
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2020-05-29 23:50:48
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This book offers new insights into a largely understudied group of Greek texts preserved in selected manuscripts from the Library at Wellcome Collection, London. The content of these manuscripts ranges from medicine, including theories on diagnosis and treatment of disease, to astronomy, philosophy, and poetry. With texts dating from the ancient era to the Byzantine and Ottoman worlds, each manuscript provides its own unique story, opening a window onto different social and cultural milieus. All chapters are illustrated with black and white and colour figures, highlighting some of the most significant codices in the collection.

Remote Sensing of Plant Biodiversity

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ISBN: 9783030331573 Year: Pages: 581 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-33157-3 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Environmental Sciences --- Geography --- Botany --- Ecology --- Environmental Technology
Added to DOAB on : 2020-07-15 23:58:39
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This Open Access volume aims to methodologically improve our understanding of biodiversity by linking disciplines that incorporate remote sensing, and uniting data and perspectives in the fields of biology, landscape ecology, and geography. The book provides a framework for how biodiversity can be detected and evaluated—focusing particularly on plants—using proximal and remotely sensed hyperspectral data and other tools such as LiDAR. The volume, whose chapters bring together a large cross-section of the biodiversity community engaged in these methods, attempts to establish a common language across disciplines for understanding and implementing remote sensing of biodiversity across scales. The first part of the book offers a potential basis for remote detection of biodiversity. An overview of the nature of biodiversity is described, along with ways for determining traits of plant biodiversity through spectral analyses across spatial scales and linking spectral data to the tree of life. The second part details what can be detected spectrally and remotely. Specific instrumentation and technologies are described, as well as the technical challenges of detection and data synthesis, collection and processing. The third part discusses spatial resolution and integration across scales and ends with a vision for developing a global biodiversity monitoring system. Topics include spectral and functional variation across habitats and biomes, biodiversity variables for global scale assessment, and the prospects and pitfalls in remote sensing of biodiversity at the global scale.

Plasma Processes for Renewable Energy Technologies

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ISBN: 9783039219728 9783039219735 Year: Pages: 118 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-973-5 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: General and Civil Engineering --- Technology (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-30 16:39:46
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The use of renewable energy is an effective solution for the prevention of global warming. On the other hand, environmental plasmas are one of powerful means to solve global environmental problems on nitrogen oxides, (NOx), sulfur oxides (SOx), particulate matter (PM), volatile organic compounds (VOC), and carbon dioxides (CO2) in the atmosphere. By combining both technologies, we can develop an extremely effective environmental improvement technology. Based on this background, a Special Issue of the journal Energies on plasma processes for renewable energy technologies is planned. On the issue, we focus on environment plasma technologies that can effectively utilize renewable electric energy sources, such as photovoltaic power generation, biofuel power generation, wind turbine power generation, etc. However, any latest research results on plasma environmental improvement processes are welcome for submission. We are looking, among others, for papers on the following technical subjects in which either plasma can use renewable energy sources or can be used for renewable energy technologies: Plasma decomposition technology of harmful gases, such as the plasma denitrification method; Plasma removal technology of harmful particles, such as electrostatic precipitation; Plasma decomposition technology of harmful substances in liquid, such as gas–liquid interfacial plasma; Plasma-enhanced flow induction and heat transfer enhancement technologies, such as ionic wind device and plasma actuator; Plasma-enhanced combustion and fuel reforming; Other environment plasma technologies.

Data Journeys in the Sciences

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ISBN: 9783030371777 Year: Pages: 412 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-37177-7 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-07-15 23:58:32
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This groundbreaking, open access volume analyses and compares data practices across several fields through the analysis of specific cases of data journeys. It brings together leading scholars in the philosophy, history and social studies of science to achieve two goals: tracking the travel of data across different spaces, times and domains of research practice; and documenting how such journeys affect the use of data as evidence and the knowledge being produced. The volume captures the opportunities, challenges and concerns involved in making data move from the sites in which they are originally produced to sites where they can be integrated with other data, analysed and re-used for a variety of purposes. The in-depth study of data journeys provides the necessary ground to examine disciplinary, geographical and historical differences and similarities in data management, processing and interpretation, thus identifying the key conditions of possibility for the widespread data sharing associated with Big and Open Data. The chapters are ordered in sections that broadly correspond to different stages of the journeys of data, from their generation to the legitimisation of their use for specific purposes. Additionally, the preface to the volume provides a variety of alternative “roadmaps” aimed to serve the different interests and entry points of readers; and the introduction provides a substantive overview of what data journeys can teach about the methods and epistemology of research.

Tools, Methodologies and Techniques Applied to Sustainable Supply Chains

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ISBN: 9783039283187 9783039283194 Year: Pages: 296 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-319-4 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Business and Management
Added to DOAB on : 2020-04-07 23:07:08
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Supply chains are currently globalized and companies operate internationally owing to the fact that raw materials, production processes, and the consumption of the final products are carried out in different countries. This implies high material and information flow, which incurs high costs associated with the supply chain and logistics, sometimes up to 60% of the total cost of the product. Therefore, companies seek to optimize their resources to reduce these costs and improve sustainability in a globalized market. This book, entitled Tools, Methodologies and Techniques Applied to Sustainable Supply Chains, contains 15 chapters that report case studies applied to industrial and service sectors. The authors come from areas such as Mexico, Colombia, Italy, Sweden, Slovakia, China, and Australia. They indicate how managers make use of tools and techniques to solve problems associated with supply chains to reduce their cost and remain competitive. A great effort has been made to analyze this problem, and the methodologies are clearly described here to facilitate the reproducibility of each technique and tool. This was done in the hope that hoping that they may one day be applied in more companies.

Keywords

tire waste management --- reverse logistics --- green logistics --- Mexico --- Russia --- remanufacturing --- closed-loop supply chain --- warranty decision --- contract coordination --- supply chain innovation --- systematic review --- social network analysis --- collaboration --- attributes --- green manufacturing --- benefits --- green supply chain --- sensitivity analysis --- sustainability --- genetic algorithm --- layout planning --- model --- sustainable manufacturing --- environmental assessment tool --- green lean --- pallet management strategy --- reusable handling system --- closed-loop network --- what-if analysis --- environmental impact --- electricity markets --- alpha-stable distribution --- alpha-stable regression --- electricity prices --- waste management --- residue collection --- urban logistics --- design of territories --- supply chain management --- hospital supply chain --- sustainable supply chain --- hospital logistics --- hospital sustainability --- healthcare logistics --- sustainable hospital management --- Sugarcane Crop Residues (SCRs) --- cogeneration --- optimization of bioenergy supply chain decisions --- delivering products --- travel time uncertainty --- fuzzy logic --- fuzzy linear programming --- urban road network --- reliability --- green supplier selection --- contract farming --- life cycle assessment --- environmental collaboration --- multi-objective optimization --- agro-food supply chain --- system dynamics --- systems thinking --- causal models --- healthcare services --- bearability --- sustainability --- MIPL --- VRP --- star network --- optimal plant location

Renewable Energy in Marine Environment

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ISBN: 9783039285280 9783039285297 Year: Pages: 324 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-529-7 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2020-04-07 23:07:09
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The effects of human-caused global warming are obvious, requiring new strategies and approaches. The concept of business-as-usual is now no longer beneficial. Extraction of renewable energy in marine environments represents a viable solution and an important path for the future. These huge renewable energy resources in seas and oceans can be harvested, including wind, tide, and waves. Despite the initial difficulties related mostly to the elevated operational risks in the harsh marine environment, newly developed technologies are economically effective or promising. Simultaneously, many challenges remain to be faced. These are the main issues targeted by the present book, which is associated with the Special Issue of Energies Journal entitled “Renewable Energy in Marine Environment”. Papers on innovative technical developments, reviews, case studies, and analytics, as well as assessments, and papers from different disciplines that are relevant to the topic are included. From this perspective, we hope that the results presented are of interest to for scientists and those in related fields such as energy and marine environments, as well as for a wider audience.

Keywords

WEC array --- WEC farm --- PTO system --- PTO system tuning --- linearization --- hydraulic --- WEC-sim --- PTO-sim --- model coupling --- BEM --- NEMOH --- numerical modeling --- numerical coupling --- wave propagation --- MILDwave --- wave–structure interaction --- near field --- far field --- experimental validation --- WECwakes project --- wave energy converter arrays --- turbulence --- turbulence intensity --- turbulence kinetic energy --- ADCP --- site measurements --- time scale --- length scale --- wave–structure interaction --- wave propagation model --- smoothed particle hydrodynamics --- open boundaries --- coupling --- DualSPHysics --- OceanWave3D --- Mild-slope wave propagation model --- MILDwave --- periodic lateral boundaries --- short crested waves --- offshore wind turbines --- large scale experiments --- scour protection damage --- wide-graded materials --- climate change conditions --- optical measurements --- acoustic measurements --- waves-current interaction --- moored floating wave-energy converter --- oscillating water column --- wave flume experiment --- nonlinear wave condition --- 6 degrees of freedom motion --- mooring-line tension --- renewable energy --- marine environment --- wave energy converters --- variable depth effects --- multi-DOF WECs --- design optimization --- end fitting --- unbonded flexible pipe --- sealing performance --- pressure penetration --- temperature --- Caspian Sea --- wind speed --- offshore turbines --- capacity factor --- LCOE --- offshore wind farm --- jacket --- scour --- wave-current interaction --- spatial resolution --- erosion patterns --- sediment transport --- laboratory tests --- ocean energy --- marine energy --- wave energy --- renewable energy --- wave energy converter --- control system --- cost-benefit analysis --- DC collection --- energy economics --- HVDC --- HVAC --- levelized cost of electricity (LCOE) --- offshore wind --- ocean renewable energy --- ocean renewable technologies --- ocean source potential --- Brazilian ocean energy

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