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Political Games: Strategy, Persuasion, and Learning

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ISBN: 9783039284467 9783039284474 Year: Pages: 80 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-447-4 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2020-04-07 23:07:09
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Political actors navigate a world of incomplete and noisy information. Voters make decisions about turnout and voting amidst campaign promises, credit claiming, and fake news. Policymakers experiment with reforms amidst uncertain predictions from experts and biased interest groups. Parties form coalitions and sign agreements amidst cheap talk and strategic communication. Beyond democracies, autocrats and dictators rule under uncertain threats to their regimes. In all of these environments, some political actors have incentives to learn and gather information, while others have incentives to influence and manipulate this information. This Special Issue addresses the question of how information structures, information transmission, and communication technologies influence political environments and affect the incentives faced by political actors. This is a collection of articles, combining game-theoretical and experimental work. The articles promote novel ideas and address understudied questions, which range from salience determination to microtargeting, ambiguous voting and information naivety. The findings complement the existing literature and suggest rationales for inefficiencies that arise in political environments with incomplete and noisy information.

Persecution, Collaboration, Resistance. Music in the ‘Reichskommissariat Norwegen’ (1940–45)

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ISBN: 9783830941309 Year: Pages: 184 DOI: 10.31244/9783830991304 Language: english
Publisher: Waxmann Verlag
Subject: History --- Music
Added to DOAB on : 2021-01-22 09:18:24
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When Germany invaded Norway on 9 April 1940, the long lasting bilateral relations changed fundamentally. Immediately, the administration of the ‘Reichskommissariat Norwegen’ (responsible for culture and therein music together with the Norwegian puppet regime’s department for culture) implemented the adaption to the new, official National Socialist guidelines.The diversity of music in Norway during the occupation is presented in this book by Norwegian and German authors, confronting research on collaboration, persecution, and resistance for the first time as an international endeavour. The different essays illustrate not only examples of exile and persecution and ask for the consequences of Nazi politics on prominent and forgotten fates, but depict how Norwegian artists and their organisations positioned themselves towards collaboration or resistance during and after the war, as well as contrasting it with the impressions of German musicians, both military and civilian, playing in Norway during the occupation. Including Norway into the international discourse on ‘Music and Nazism’, the articles address readers both interested in the German occupation of Norway, and the implications the German administration and its Norwegian counterparts had on the music life.

Funktion und Grenzen schuldverhältnisbedingter Nebenpflichten

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Book Series: Ökonomische Analyse des Rechts | Economic Analysis of Law ISBN: 9783658304133 Year: Pages: 595 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-658-30413-3 Language: German
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-16 23:59:08
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Agroforestry Systems: The Role of Trees in Ecosystem Services—A Special Issue in Collaboration with the 4th World Congress on Agroforestry

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ISBN: 9783039281640 / 9783039281657 Year: Pages: 184 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-165-7 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Biology --- Agriculture (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-09 16:38:57
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Planting trees in the agricultural landscape, in the form of establishing agroforestry systems, has a significant role to play in potentially improving ecosystem services, such as increased biodiversity, reduced soil erosion, increased soil carbon storage, improved food security and nutrition, and reduced greenhouse gas emissions. While the role of trees in agroforestry systems in improving ecosystem services has been researched, studies in new systems/regions and new agroforestry system designs are still emerging. This Special Issue includes selected papers presented at the 4th World Congress on Agroforestry, Montpellier, France 20–22 May 2019, and other volunteer papers. The scope of articles includes all aspects of agroforestry systems.

Philosophical Issues in Sport Science

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ISBN: 9783039218882 9783039218899 Year: Pages: 140 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-889-9 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Sports Science
Added to DOAB on : 2020-04-07 23:07:08
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The role and value of science within sport increases with ever greater professionalization and commercialization. Scientific and technological innovations are devised to increase performance, ensure greater accuracy of measurement and officiating, reduce risks of harm, enhance spectatorship, and raise revenues. However, such innovations inevitably come up against epistemological and metaphysical problems related to the nature of sport and physical competition. This Special Issue identifies and explores key and contemporary philosophical issues in relation to the science of sport and exercise. It is divided into three sections: 1. Scientific evidence, causation, and sport; 2. Science technology and sport officiating; and 3. Scientific influences on the construction of sport. It brings together scholars working on philosophical problems in sport to examine issues related to the values and assumptions behind sport and exercise science and key problems resulting from these and to provide recommendations for improving its practice.

Keywords

elite sports --- sport nutrition --- standards of evidence --- evidence-based practices --- randomized controlled trials --- philosophy of medicine --- casuistry --- umpiring and refereeing --- technological assistance to match officials --- justice and continuity in match officiating --- ball trackers --- goal-line technology --- football --- cricket --- tennis --- transgender --- trans women --- sport --- testosterone --- gender --- gender binary --- sports tournaments --- team rankings --- intransitive dominance --- win-loops --- social choice theory --- Condorcet’s paradox --- championship pluralism --- technology --- running --- fairness --- competition --- accuracy --- officiating --- justice --- the human element --- technology --- Hawk-Eye --- aesthetics of sports --- counterfactuals --- absence causation --- causal necessity --- causal contingency --- david kellogg lewis --- prelusory goal --- possible sport worlds --- metaphysics of sport --- causation in sport --- sport ethics --- technology --- the spirit of sport --- excellence --- anti-doping --- nature --- governance --- ethics --- testosterone --- discrimination --- integrity --- science --- fair-play --- sport --- athletics --- exercise science --- philosophy --- sport psychology --- materialism --- Aristotle --- causation and nature --- exercise professional --- professional knowledge --- health --- wellbeing --- philosophy --- medicalization --- scientism --- biomedicine --- sport science --- epistemology --- ontology --- causation --- technology --- evidence

Circular Economy, Ethical Funds, and Engineering Projects

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ISBN: 9783039282524 9783039282531 Year: Pages: 300 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-253-1 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering --- Environmental Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-30 16:39:46
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This special issue provides a collection of 15 papers with modern theories and applications for circular economy, engineering projects, entrepreneurship models, and investor decisions. After the commencing review on Occupational Health and Safety Management-Systems Standards, follow papers which can be classified into four categories which cover the overall scope of special issue. The first category includes papers regarding the micro-level of circular economy. This means case studies in firm-level which implement different techniques to achieve sustainable development and circular economy goals. The findings reveal interesting achievements which are associated with cultural characteristics of the countries these case studies have been conducted. The second category of papers refers to the meso-level of circular economy where firms cooperate with each other by exchanging byproducts and organizing common operational procedures and routines to address environmental problems. The findings suggest assessment information technology tools to support industrial symbiosis among European firms. The next body of literature encompasses macro-level where circular economy techniques are implemented at a country level. Findings suggest methodologies for implementing and tracking circular economy in cities. Finally, a number of papers are included that focus on advanced engineering techniques. These techniques are useful tools for achieving circular economy and sustainability.

Keywords

cost prediction of substation project --- Ensemble Empirical Mode Decomposition --- Cuckoo Search --- Support Vector Machines --- climate change --- adaptation --- manufacturing firms --- strategic management --- action theory --- Value-at-Risk --- probabilistic alternative approach --- Theory of Inventive Problem Solving --- Project Definition Rating Index --- optimal project profitability --- prefabrication housing production --- planning and control --- critical success factors --- China --- CCPM --- piping construction --- material procurement management --- resource competition --- buffer management --- PERT/CPM --- stochastic simulation --- construction delay --- corporate philanthropy --- information transfer --- political connections --- social capital --- social network --- social network centrality --- sustainability --- circular economy --- investments --- sources of funding --- SME --- sustainable economy --- smart city --- sustainable city --- smart governance --- drivers --- Occupational Health and Safety (OHS) --- sustainability --- Management Standards --- emergy analysis --- pollution impact --- resource consumption --- steel production --- sustainable development --- Industrial symbiosis --- IT tools --- research and innovation projects --- risk assessment --- Fuzzy TOPSIS --- construction safety --- PRAT method --- sustainability --- value of travel time savings --- fuzzy logic --- rule-based systems --- transport project evaluation --- cost benefit analysis --- traffic congestion --- transport planning --- circular economy --- urbanization --- framework --- indicators --- circular city --- Life cycle assessment (LCA) --- carbon footprint --- renewable energy systems --- photovoltaics --- solar thermal collectors

Graph-Theoretic Problems and Their New Applications

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ISBN: 9783039287987 / 9783039287994 Year: Pages: 294 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-799-4 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Mathematics
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-09 16:38:57
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Graph theory is an important area of applied mathematics with a broad spectrum of applications in many fields. This book results from aSpecialIssue in the journal Mathematics entitled “Graph-Theoretic Problems and Their New Applications”. It contains 20 articles covering a broad spectrum of graph-theoretic works that were selected from 151 submitted papers after a thorough refereeing process. Among others, it includes a deep survey on mixed graphs and their use for solutions ti scheduling problems. Other subjects include topological indices, domination numbers of graphs, domination games, contraction mappings, and neutrosophic graphs. Several applications of graph theory are discussed, e.g., the use of graph theory in the context of molecular processes.

Keywords

graph coloring --- Kempe chain --- Kempe-locking --- Birkhoff diamond --- hypergraph --- generalized hypertree --- bound --- component --- adjacent matrix --- signless Laplacian --- spectral radius --- connectivity --- interval-valued fuzzy graph --- intuitionistic fuzzy graph --- interval-valued intuitionistic fuzzy graph --- single-valued neutrosophic graph --- interval-valued neutrosophic graph --- complement --- k-rainbow dominating function --- k-rainbow domination number --- grids --- domination number --- Cartesian product --- directed cycle --- DD index --- Wiener index --- Edge Wiener --- degree of a vertex --- distance between two vertices --- normalized Laplacian --- resistance distance --- degree-Kirchhoff index --- spanning tree --- extremal values --- PI index --- k-trees --- distance --- Zagreb indices --- reformulated Zagreb indices --- degree of vertex --- degree of edge --- embedding --- edge congestion --- wirelength --- enhanced hypercube --- subtree --- generating function --- fan graph --- wheel graph --- “partitions” of wheel graph --- neutrosophic graph --- complete neutrosophic graph --- bipartite neutrosophic graph --- complement neutrosophic graph --- road transport network --- wireless multihop network and social network --- perfect matching --- k-extendable --- induced matching extendable --- bipartite matching extendable graph --- evolution theory --- evolution algebra --- mitotic cell cycle --- total-colored graph --- inverse degree index --- generalized first Zagreb index --- sum lordeg index --- corona product --- join of graphs --- line graph --- Mycielskian graph --- polynomials in graphs --- b-metric space --- b-metric-like space --- general contractive mappings --- graphic contraction mappings --- approximation methods --- chromatic number --- combinatorial optimization --- complexity analysis --- evolutionary approach --- genetic algorithm --- graph coloring --- NP-hard --- stochastic convergence --- domination game --- competition-independence game --- mixed graph --- vertex coloring --- chromatic number --- edge coloring --- chromatic index --- chromatic polynomial --- unit-time scheduling --- makespan criterion --- n/a

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