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Critical Medical Anthropology-Perspectives in and from Latin America

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ISBN: 9781787355828 Year: Pages: 312 DOI: 10.14324/111.9781787355828 Language: English
Publisher: UCL Press
Subject: Biology --- Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2020-05-04 10:28:00
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Critical Medical Anthropology presents inspiring work from scholars doing and engaging with ethnographic research in or from Latin America, addressing themes that are central to contemporary Critical Medical Anthropology (CMA). This includes issues of inequality, embodiment of history, indigeneity, non-communicable diseases, gendered violence, migration, substance abuse, reproductive politics and judicialisation, as these relate to health

Health of People, Health of Planet and Our Responsibility

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ISBN: 9783030311254 Year: Pages: 419 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-31125-4 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Medicine (General) --- Environmental Sciences --- Public Health --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-05-19 04:54:34
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"This open access book not only describes the challenges of climate disruption, but also presents solutions. The challenges described include air pollution, climate change, extreme weather, and related health impacts that range from heat stress, vector-borne diseases, food and water insecurity and chronic diseases to malnutrition and mental well-being. The influence of humans on climate change has been established through extensive published evidence and reports. However, the connections between climate change, the health of the planet and the impact on human health have not received the same level of attention. Therefore, the global focus on the public health impacts of climate change is a relatively recent area of interest. This focus is timely since scientists have concluded that changes in climate have led to new weather extremes such as floods, storms, heat waves, droughts and fires, in turn leading to more than 600,000 deaths and the displacement of nearly 4 billion people in the last 20 years. Previous work on the health impacts of climate change was limited mostly to epidemiologic approaches and outcomes and focused less on multidisciplinary, multi-faceted collaborations between physical scientists, public health researchers and policy makers. Further, there was little attention paid to faith-based and ethical approaches to the problem. The solutions and actions we explore in this book engage diverse sectors of civil society, faith leadership, and political leadership, all oriented by ethics, advocacy, and policy with a special focus on poor and vulnerable populations. The book highlights areas we think will resonate broadly with the public, faith leaders, researchers and students across disciplines including the humanities, and policy makers."

Improving Health Care in Low- and Middle-Income Countries

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ISBN: 9783030431129 Year: Pages: 245 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-43112-9 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Medicine (General) --- History --- Migration --- Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-16 23:57:50
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This open access book is a collection of 12 case studies capturing decades of experience improving health care and outcomes in low- and middle-income countries. Each case study is written by healthcare managers and providers who have implemented health improvement projects using quality improvement methodology, with analysis from global health experts on the practical application of improvement methods. The book shows how frontline providers in health and social services can identify gaps in care, propose changes to address those gaps, and test the effectiveness of their changes in order to improve health processes and outcomes. The chapters feature cases that provide real-life examples of the challenges, solutions, and benefits of improving healthcare quality and clearly demonstrate for readers what quality improvement looks like in practice: Addressing Behavior Change in Maternal, Neonatal, and Child Health with Quality Improvement and Collaborative Learning Methods in Guatemala Haiti’s National HIV Quality Management Program and the Implementation of an Electronic Medical Record to Drive Improvement in Patient Care Scaling Up a Quality Improvement Initiative: Lessons from Chamba District, India Promoting Rational Use of Antibiotics in the Kyrgyz Republic Strengthening Services for Most Vulnerable Children through Quality Improvement Approaches in a Community Setting: The Case of Bagamoyo District, Tanzania Improving HIV Counselling and Testing in Tuberculosis Service Delivery in Ukraine: Profile of a Pilot Quality Improvement Team and Its Scale‐Up Journey Improving Health Care in Low- and Middle-Income Countries: A Case Book will find an engaged audience among healthcare providers and administrators implementing and managing improvement projects at Ministries of Health in low- to middle-income countries. The book also aims to be a useful reference for government donor agencies, their implementing partners, and other high-level decision makers, and can be used as a course text in schools of public health, public policy, medicine, and development. ACKNOWLEDGMENT: This work was conducted under the USAID Applying Science to Strengthen and Improve Systems (ASSIST) Project, USAID Award No. AID-OAA-A-12-00101, which is made possible by the generous support of the American people through the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID). DISCLAIMER: The contents of this book are the sole responsibility of the Editor(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of USAID or the United States Government. Presents real-life case studies, from all levels of the healthcare system and addressing a wide range of health topics, to teach readers about using quality improvement methodology to strengthen health care in lower- and middle-income countries Teaches readers about the process of designing improvement efforts, choosing priorities, carrying out activities, understanding results, building health worker capacity to improve care, engaging leadership, and applying lessons learned from improvement to spread and scale-up initiatives Provides rich detail on how improvement work is applied in practice rather than focusing on methodologies and theory Includes expert commentaries and analysis to guide the reader in understanding results on key issues and themes in designing, supporting, and scaling up improvement Open access

Multilevel Modelling for Public Health and Health Services Research

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ISBN: 9783030348014 Year: Pages: 286 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-34801-4 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Public Health --- Medicine (General) --- Sociology --- Internal medicine --- Mathematics
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-16 23:58:40
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This open access book is a practical introduction to multilevel modelling or multilevel analysis (MLA) – a statistical technique being increasingly used in public health and health services research. The authors begin with a compelling argument for the importance of researchers in these fields having an understanding of MLA to be able to judge not only the growing body of research that uses it, but also to recognise the limitations of research that did not use it. The volume also guides the analysis of real-life data sets by introducing and discussing the use of the multilevel modelling software MLwiN, the statistical package that is used with the example data sets. Importantly, the book also makes the training material accessible for download – not only the datasets analysed within the book, but also a freeware version of MLwiN to allow readers to work with these datasets. The book’s practical review of MLA comprises: Theoretical, conceptual, and methodological background Statistical background The modelling process and presentation of research Tutorials with example datasets Multilevel Modelling for Public Health and Health Services Research: Health in Context is a practical and timely resource for public health and health services researchers, statisticians interested in the relationships between contexts and behaviour, graduate students across these disciplines, and anyone interested in utilising multilevel modelling or multilevel analysis. “Leyland and Groenewegen’s wealth of teaching experience makes this book and its accompanying tutorials especially useful for a practical introduction to multilevel analysis.” ̶ Juan Merlo, Professor of Social Epidemiology, Lund University “Comprehensive and insightful. A must for anyone interested in the applications of multilevel modelling to population health”. ̶ S. (Subu) V. Subramanian, Professor of Population Health and Geography, Harvard University ; For researchers and students with a basic mastery of ordinary least squares and logistic regression Discusses multilevel analysis in context of public health, health services research, and epidemiology Includes an online component where users can download the datasets analyzed in the book, and also a freeware version of the multilevel modelling software MLwiN ​​​​​​​Can be used as part of a course on multilevel modelling, or as a self-training text

Charting Spiritual Care

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ISBN: 9783030470708 Year: Pages: 232 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-47070-8 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Medicine (General) --- Religion --- Psychology --- Biology
Added to DOAB on : 2020-09-01 00:01:58
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This open access volume is the first academic book on the controversial issue of including spiritual care in integrated electronic medical records (EMR). Based on an international study group comprising researchers from Europe (The Netherlands, Belgium and Switzerland), the United States, Canada, and Australia, this edited collection provides an overview of different charting practices and experiences in various countries and healthcare contexts. Encompassing case studies and analyses of theological, ethical, legal, healthcare policy, and practical issues, the volume is a groundbreaking reference for future discussion, research, and strategic planning for inter- or multi-faith healthcare chaplains and other spiritual care providers involved in the new field of documenting spiritual care in EMR. Topics explored among the chapters include: Spiritual Care Charting/Documenting/Recording/Assessment Charting Spiritual Care: Psychiatric and Psychotherapeutic Aspects Palliative Chaplain Spiritual Assessment Progress Notes Charting Spiritual Care: Ethical Perspectives Charting Spiritual Care in Digital Health: Analyses and Perspectives Charting Spiritual Care: The Emerging Role of Chaplaincy Records in Global Health Care is an essential resource for researchers in interprofessional spiritual care and healthcare chaplaincy, healthcare chaplains and other spiritual caregivers (nurses, physicians, psychologists, etc.), practical theologians and health ethicists, and church and denominational representatives.

Advances in Pharma Business Management and Research

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ISBN: 9783030359188 Year: Pages: 85 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-35918-8 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Agriculture (General) --- Economics --- Law --- Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-16 23:58:58
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This open access book presents a unique collection of practical examples from the field of pharma business management and research. It covers a wide range of topics such as: 'Brexit and its Impact on pharmaceutical Law - Implications for Global Pharma Companies', 'Implementation of Measures and Sustainable Actions to Improve Employee's Engagement', 'Global Medical Clinical and Regulatory Affairs (GMCRA)', and 'A Quality Management System for R&D Project and Portfolio Management in a Pharmaceutical Company'. The chapters are summaries of master’s theses by "high potential" Pharma MBA students from the Goethe Business School, Frankfurt/Main, Germany, with 8-10 years of work experience and are based on scientific know-how and real-world experience. The authors applied their interdisciplinary knowledge gained in 22 months of studies in the MBA program to selected practical themes drawn from their daily business.

Methods for Analysing and Reporting EQ-5D Data

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ISBN: 9783030476229 Year: Pages: 102 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-47622-9 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Medicine (General) --- Public Health
Added to DOAB on : 2020-09-01 00:02:40
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This open access book is the first published guide about how to analyse data produced by the EQ-5D, one of the most widely used Patient Reported Outcomes questionnaires world wide. The authors provide practical, clear and comprehensive guidance in five concise chapters. Following an overview of the EQ-5D and its analysis, we describe how the questionnaire data – the EQ-5D profile and EQ VAS – can be analysed in different ways to generate important insights into peoples’ health. We then show how the value sets which accompany the EQ-5D can be applied to summarise patients’ data. The final chapter deals with advanced topics, including the use of Minimally Important Differences, case-mix adjustment, mapping, and more. This book is essential for those new to analyzing EQ-5D data and will be also be valuable for those with more experience. The methods can be applied to any EQ-5D instrument (for example, the three- and five-level and Youth versions) and many of the methods described will be equally relevant to other Patient Reported Outcomes instruments. ; This book provides the first guidance for users of the EQ-5D, a widely used measure of patient reported health around the world, on how to analyse data Provides detailed and comprehensive guidance on methods for analysing and reporting EQ-5D data The book is accompanied by code, in R, SPSS, STATA and SAS to allow users to implement the methods on their own data The book is accompanied by a slide deck, for use by instructors wishing to teach the methods

Pflege-Report 2020

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
ISBN: 9783662613627 Year: Pages: 295 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-662-61362-7 Language: German
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Public Health --- Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-09-23 00:05:57
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Leveraging Data Science for Global Health

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
ISBN: 9783030479947 Year: Pages: 475 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-47994-7 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Medicine (General) --- Computer Science --- Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2020-09-01 00:01:25
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This open access book explores ways to leverage information technology and machine learning to combat disease and promote health, especially in resource-constrained settings. It focuses on digital disease surveillance through the application of machine learning to non-traditional data sources. Developing countries are uniquely prone to large-scale emerging infectious disease outbreaks due to disruption of ecosystems, civil unrest, and poor healthcare infrastructure – and without comprehensive surveillance, delays in outbreak identification, resource deployment, and case management can be catastrophic. In combination with context-informed analytics, students will learn how non-traditional digital disease data sources – including news media, social media, Google Trends, and Google Street View – can fill critical knowledge gaps and help inform on-the-ground decision-making when formal surveillance systems are insufficient.

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