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Machine Sensation

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Book Series: New Metaphysics series ISBN: 9781785420818 Year: Pages: 301 Language: English
Publisher: Open Humanities Press
Subject: Computer Science --- Agriculture (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-30 23:58:07
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Emphasising the alien qualities of anthropomorphic technologies, Machine Sensation makes a conscious effort to increase rather than decrease the tension between nonhuman and human experience. In a series of rigorously executed cases studies, including natural user interfaces, artificial intelligence as well as sex robots, Leach shows how object-oriented ontology enables one to insist upon the unhuman nature of technology while acknowledging its immense power and significance in human life. Machine Sensation meticulously engages OOO, Actor Network Theory, the philosophy of technology, cybernetics and posthumanism in innovative and gripping ways.

Human Computer Interaction and Emerging Technologies

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
ISBN: 9781911653097 Year: Pages: 378 DOI: 10.18573/book3 Language: English
Publisher: Cardiff University Press
Subject: Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-18 23:58:59
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The INTERACT Conferences are an important platform for researchers and practitioners in the field of human-computer interaction (HCI) to showcase their work. They are organised biennially by the International Federation for Information Processing (IFIP) Technical Committee on Human–Computer Interaction (IFIP TC13), an international committee of 30 member national societies and nine Working Groups. INTERACT is truly international in its spirit and has attracted researchers from several countries and cultures. With an emphasis on inclusiveness, it works to lower the barriers that prevent people in developing countries from participating in conferences. As a multidisciplinary field, HCI requires interaction and discussion among diverse people with different interests and backgrounds. The 17th IFIP TC13 International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction (INTERACT 2019) took place during 2-6 September 2019 in Paphos, Cyprus. The conference was held at the Coral Beach Hotel Resort, and was co-sponsored by the Cyprus University of Technology and Tallinn University, in cooperation with ACM and ACM SIGCHI. This volume contains the Adjunct Proceedings to the 17th INTERACT Conference, comprising a series of selected papers from workshops, the Student Design Consortium and the Doctoral Consortium. The volume follows the INTERACT conference tradition of submitting adjunct papers after the main publication deadline, to be published by a University Press with a connection to the conference itself. In this case, both the Adjunct Proceedings Chair of the conference, Dr Usashi Chatterjee, and the lead Editor of this volume, Dr Fernando Loizides, work at Cardiff University which is the home of Cardiff University Press.

Renewable Energy in Marine Environment

Author:
ISBN: 9783039285280 9783039285297 Year: Pages: 324 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-529-7 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2020-04-07 23:07:09
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The effects of human-caused global warming are obvious, requiring new strategies and approaches. The concept of business-as-usual is now no longer beneficial. Extraction of renewable energy in marine environments represents a viable solution and an important path for the future. These huge renewable energy resources in seas and oceans can be harvested, including wind, tide, and waves. Despite the initial difficulties related mostly to the elevated operational risks in the harsh marine environment, newly developed technologies are economically effective or promising. Simultaneously, many challenges remain to be faced. These are the main issues targeted by the present book, which is associated with the Special Issue of Energies Journal entitled “Renewable Energy in Marine Environment”. Papers on innovative technical developments, reviews, case studies, and analytics, as well as assessments, and papers from different disciplines that are relevant to the topic are included. From this perspective, we hope that the results presented are of interest to for scientists and those in related fields such as energy and marine environments, as well as for a wider audience.

Keywords

WEC array --- WEC farm --- PTO system --- PTO system tuning --- linearization --- hydraulic --- WEC-sim --- PTO-sim --- model coupling --- BEM --- NEMOH --- numerical modeling --- numerical coupling --- wave propagation --- MILDwave --- wave–structure interaction --- near field --- far field --- experimental validation --- WECwakes project --- wave energy converter arrays --- turbulence --- turbulence intensity --- turbulence kinetic energy --- ADCP --- site measurements --- time scale --- length scale --- wave–structure interaction --- wave propagation model --- smoothed particle hydrodynamics --- open boundaries --- coupling --- DualSPHysics --- OceanWave3D --- Mild-slope wave propagation model --- MILDwave --- periodic lateral boundaries --- short crested waves --- offshore wind turbines --- large scale experiments --- scour protection damage --- wide-graded materials --- climate change conditions --- optical measurements --- acoustic measurements --- waves-current interaction --- moored floating wave-energy converter --- oscillating water column --- wave flume experiment --- nonlinear wave condition --- 6 degrees of freedom motion --- mooring-line tension --- renewable energy --- marine environment --- wave energy converters --- variable depth effects --- multi-DOF WECs --- design optimization --- end fitting --- unbonded flexible pipe --- sealing performance --- pressure penetration --- temperature --- Caspian Sea --- wind speed --- offshore turbines --- capacity factor --- LCOE --- offshore wind farm --- jacket --- scour --- wave-current interaction --- spatial resolution --- erosion patterns --- sediment transport --- laboratory tests --- ocean energy --- marine energy --- wave energy --- renewable energy --- wave energy converter --- control system --- cost-benefit analysis --- DC collection --- energy economics --- HVDC --- HVAC --- levelized cost of electricity (LCOE) --- offshore wind --- ocean renewable energy --- ocean renewable technologies --- ocean source potential --- Brazilian ocean energy

New Concepts in Oxidation Processes

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
ISBN: 9783039281602 9783039281619 Year: Pages: 132 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-161-9 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering --- Environmental Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2020-04-07 23:07:09
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This Special Issue of Catalysts aims to cover the recent progress and novel trends in the field of catalytic oxidation reaction. Topics addressed in this special issue concern the influence of different parameters on catalytic activity at various scales (atomic, laboratory, pilot, or industrial scales), the development of new catalytic materials of environmental or industrial importance, as well as the development of new methods, both microscopic and spectroscopic, to analyze oxidation processes.

Feminist new materialisms: Activating Ethico-Politics Through Genealogies in Social Sciences

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783039218080 9783039218097 Year: Pages: 116 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-809-7 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Social Sciences --- Sociology --- Gender Studies
Added to DOAB on : 2020-04-07 23:07:08
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For the editors of this collection, new materialisms have always been the entanglement of epistemology, ontology, ethics, and politics. Looking back to the notion of “situated knowledges” (Haraway, 1988) that – among others – “planted the seed for feminist new materialism” (van der Tuin, 2015, 26) – one sees how those (at least) four planes are entangled (Rogowska-Stangret, 2018) in order to bring forth “response-able” (Haraway, 2008) research. New materialism is thus an ethico-onto-epistemological framework (Barad, 2007; Revelles-Benavente, 2018) that by activating its ethico-politics helps to diagnose, infer, and transform gendered, environmental, anthropocentric, social injustices from a multidimensional angle. Social injustices are a driving motivation to pursue research and are the reason why the editors and authors of this Special Issue cannot understand new materialism without feminism (in the lines of eds. Hinton & Teusch, 2015). Contemporary feminist researchers are providing new materialisms with a transversal approach, (Yuval-Davis 1997) that comes from many different disciplines without canonizing back again knowledge creation and production and in hope that they will not enter back into classifixations (van der Tuin, 2015). It is “situated” (Haraway, 1988) research “response-able” (Haraway, 2008) to material-discursive practices that iterate in a dynamic conceptualization of matter.

Wind Turbine Power Optimization Technology

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783039289332 / 9783039289349 Year: Pages: 138 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-934-9 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-09 16:38:57
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Wind turbines are one of the most promising renewable energy technologies, and this motivates fertile research activity about developments in power optimization. This topic covers a wide range of aspects, from the research on aerodynamics and control design to the industrial applications about on-site wind turbine performance control and monitoring. This Special Issue collects seven research papers about several innovative aspects of the multi-faceted topic of wind turbine power optimization technology. The seven research papers deal respectively with the aerodynamic optimization of wind turbine blades through Gurney flaps; optimization of blade design for large offshore wind turbines; control design optimization of large wind turbines through the analysis of the competing objectives of energy yield maximization and fatigue loads minimization; design optimization of a tension leg platform for floating wind turbines; innovative methods for the assessment of wind turbine optimization technologies operating on site; optimization of multiple wake interactions modeling through the introduction of a mixing coefficient in the energy balance method; and optimization of the dynamic stall control of vertical-axis wind turbines through plasma actuators. This Special Issue presents remarkable research activities in the timely subject of wind turbine power optimization technology, covering various aspects. The collection is believed to be beneficial to readers and contribute to the wind power industry.

Plasma Technology for Biomedical Applications

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ISBN: 9783039287369 / 9783039287376 Year: Pages: 174 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-737-6 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-09 16:38:57
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There is growing interest in the use of physical plasmas (ionized gases) for biomedical applications, especially in the framework of so-called “plasma medicine”, which exploits the action of low-power, atmospheric pressure plasmas for therapeutic purposes. Such plasmas are “cold plasmas”, in the sense that only electrons have a high temperature, whereas ions and the neutral gas particles are at or near room temperature. As a consequence, the “plasma flame” can be directly applied to living matter without appreciable thermal load. Reactive chemical species, charged particles, visible and UV radiation, and electric fields are interaction channels of the plasma with pathogens, cells, and tissues, which can trigger a variety of different responses. Possible applications include disinfection, wound healing, cancer treatment, non-thermal blood coagulation, just to mention some. The understanding of the mechanisms of plasma action on living matter requires a strongly interdisciplinary approach, with competencies ranging from plasma physics and technology to chemistry, to biology and finally to medicine. This book is a collection of work that explores recent advances in this field.

Recent Advances in Mechanics of Non-Newtonian Fluids

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783039283088 9783039283095 Year: Pages: 252 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-309-5 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2020-04-07 23:07:08
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Non-Newtonian (non-linear) fluids are common in nature, for example, in mud and honey, but also in many chemical, biological, food, pharmaceutical, and personal care processing industries. This Special Issue of Fluids is dedicated to the recent advances in the mathematical and physical modeling of non-linear fluids with industrial applications, especially those concerned with CFD studies. These fluids include traditional non-Newtonian fluid models, electro- or magneto-rheological fluids, granular materials, slurries, drilling fluids, polymers, blood and other biofluids, mixtures of fluids and particles, etc.

Keywords

inhomogeneous fluids --- non-newtonian fluids --- lubrication approximation (76A05, 76D08, 76A20) --- particle interaction --- viscoplastic fluid --- Bingham fluid --- computational fluid dynamics --- porous media --- convection --- Bingham fluid --- yield stress --- channel flow --- power-law fluid --- shear-dependent viscosity --- Reynolds equation --- lubrication approximation --- lid-driven cavity --- projection method --- shear-thinning --- aspect ratio --- Re numbers --- Brinkman equation --- viscosity ratio --- first- and second-order slip --- similarity transformation --- porous medium --- generalised simplified PTT --- Phan-Thien–Tanner (PTT) model --- Mittag–Leffler --- Couette flow --- Poiseuille–Couette flow --- non-isothermal flows --- creeping flows --- viscous fluid --- optimal control --- boundary control --- pressure boundary conditions --- weak solution --- existence theorem --- marginal function --- hemoglobin --- biological capacitor --- non-equilibrium thermodynamics --- hemoglobe capacitor --- thermodynamic capacitor --- smoothed particle hydrodynamics (SPH) --- meshless --- fluid-solid interaction (FSI) --- membrane --- rupture --- SPH-FEM --- stokesian dynamics --- dense suspension --- rheology --- bubble suspension --- suspension viscosity --- Gamma densitometer --- high viscosity oil --- slug translational velocity --- closure relationship --- wormlike micellar solutions (WMS) --- enhanced oil recovery (EOR) --- chemical EOR (cEOR) --- viscoelastic surfactants (VES) --- non-linear fluids --- variable viscosity --- natural convection --- convection-diffusion --- buoyancy force --- lubrication --- suspensions --- viscoplastic fluids --- cement --- biofluids --- oil recovery --- porous media

Approaches, Advances and Applications in Sustainable Development of Smart Cities

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783039280124 / 9783039280131 Year: Pages: 308 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-013-1 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-09 16:38:57
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This book aims to contribute to the conceptual and practical knowledge pools in order to improve the research and practice on the sustainable development of smart cities by bringing an informed understanding of the subject to scholars, policymakers, and practitioners. This book seeks articles offering insights into the sustainable development of smart cities by providing in-depth conceptual analyses and detailed case study descriptions and empirical investigations. This way, the book will form a repository of relevant information, material, and knowledge to support research, policymaking, practice, and transferability of experiences to address aforementioned challenges. The scope of the book includes the following broad areas, with a particular focus on the approaches, advances, and applications in the sustainable development of smart cities: • Theoretical underpinnings and analytical and policy frameworks; • Methodological approaches for the evaluation of smart and sustainable cities; • Technological developments in the techno-enviro nexus; • Global best practice smart city case investigations and reports; • Geo-design and applications concerning desired urban outcomes; • Prospects, implications, and impacts concerning the future of smart and sustainable cities.

Keywords

tourist island --- innovation hub --- knowledge-based urban development --- knowledge and innovation economy --- smart city --- urban branding --- urban policy --- economic resilience --- Florianópolis --- Brazil --- city branding --- sustainable urban development --- rentier state --- Qatar --- emirates --- smart cities --- mobility --- visioning --- policy --- energy budget --- land cover ratio --- sensible heat flux --- heat mitigation --- thermal environment improvement --- sustainability --- in-situ validation --- spatial typification by heat flux --- smart cities --- commons --- digital commons --- governance --- e-government --- smart governance --- new public service --- Brazil --- smart cities --- smart display --- smart placemaking --- human–computer interaction --- user characteristics --- media façade --- intuitive interaction --- living-lab --- optimal cities --- energy autonomy --- low-carbon resources --- multi-energy networks --- parametric optimisation --- CO2 networks --- drinking water networks --- reliability --- economic cost --- model predictive control --- linear parameter varying --- smart city --- multi-agent systems --- gamification --- photovoltaics --- renewable energy systems --- spatial databases --- climate change --- climate emergency --- climate crisis --- global warming --- sustainable urban development --- sustainable development goals --- smart cities --- disasters --- urban health --- urban policy --- smart cities --- Shenzhen --- Chinese cities --- latecomer’s advantage --- sustainability --- smart city --- sustainable smart city --- smart infrastructure --- smart urban technology --- smart governance --- sustainable city --- sustainable urban development --- knowledge-based urban development --- climate change --- urban informatics --- urban policy

Engineering Mathematics in Ship Design

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783039218042 9783039218059 Year: Pages: 168 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-805-9 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: General and Civil Engineering --- Technology (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-30 16:39:46
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Engineering mathematics is a branch of applied mathematics where mathematical methods and techniques are implemented for solving problems related to the engineering and industry. It also represents a multidisciplinary approach where theoretical and practical aspects are deeply merged with the aim at obtaining optimized solutions. In line with that, the present Special Issue, 'Engineering Mathematics in Ship Design', is focused, in particular, with the use of this sort of engineering science in the design of ships and vessels. Articles are welcome when applied science or computation science in ship design represent the core of the discussion.

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