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Statistical Population Genomics

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Book Series: Methods in Molecular Biology ISBN: 9781071601990 Year: Pages: 468 DOI: 10.1007/978-1-0716-0199-0 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Biology
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-29 11:21:12
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This open access volume presents state-of-the-art inference methods in population genomics, focusing on data analysis based on rigorous statistical techniques. After introducing general concepts related to the biology of genomes and their evolution, the book covers state-of-the-art methods for the analysis of genomes in populations, including demography inference, population structure analysis and detection of selection, using both model-based inference and simulation procedures. Last but not least, it offers an overview of the current knowledge acquired by applying such methods to a large variety of eukaryotic organisms. Written in the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series format, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, pointers to the relevant literature, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Authoritative and cutting-edge, Statistical Population Genomics aims to promote and ensure successful applications of population genomic methods to an increasing number of model systems and biological questions.

Thinking about Christian Life in the Turmoil Times of the Middle East - Insights and Reflections from East and West

Authors: ---
ISBN: 101787520201252 9783863954437 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-13 11:21:04
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"Studies in the Middle East" is a one-year programme at the Near East School of Theology in Beirut (NEST). In honour of its 20th anniversary, academics and teachers from the NEST and from Germany met at Georg-August University in Göttingen and in the nearby Coptic Orthodox Monastery in Höxter-Brenkhausen to discuss the current situation in the Middle East and possible ways to initiate a spiritual new beginning in this crisis and war-ridden region. The present volume offers various contributions that were made on the subject.

Keywords

christian life --- Middle East --- NEST

The Social Metabolism of Spanish Agriculture, 1900–2008

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
Book Series: Environmental History ISBN: 9783030209001 Year: Pages: 281 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-20900-1 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Agriculture (General) --- Economics --- Environmental Sciences --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:10
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This open access book provides a panoramic view of the evolution of Spanish agriculture from 1900 to the present, offering a more diverse picture to the complex and multidimensional reality of agrarian production. With a clear transdisciplinary ambition, the book applies an original and innovative theoretical and methodological tool, termed Agrarian Social Metabolism, combining Social Metabolism with an agroecological perspective. This integrative analysis is especially interesting for environmental scientists and policy makers being the best way to design sustainable agroecosystems and public policies capable of moving us towards a more sustainable food system. Spanish agricultural production has experienced impressive growth during the 20th century which has allowed it to ensure the supply of food to the population and even to transform some crops into important chapters in foreign trade. However, this growth has had its negative side since it was based on the injection of large amounts of external energy, on the destruction of employment and the loss of profitability of agricultural activity. But perhaps the most serious part is the strong impact of the current industrialised agriculture model on Spanish agroecosystems, exposed to the overexploitation of hydric resources, pollution of the water by nitrates and pesticides, high erosion rates and an alarming loss of biodiversity; damage which in the immediate future will end up reducing production capacity.

The Potato Crop

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783030286835 Year: Pages: 518 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-28683-5 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Agriculture (General) --- Chemical Technology --- Botany --- Biology
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:17
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Life sciences; Agriculture; Nutrition   ; Plant breeding; Food—Biotechnology; Agricultural economics

P5 eHealth: An Agenda for the Health Technologies of the Future

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ISBN: 9783030279943 Year: Pages: 189 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-27994-3 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Philosophy --- Public Health --- Psychology --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-05 11:21:06
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This open access volume focuses on the development of a P5 eHealth, or better, a methodological resource for developing the health technologies of the future, based on patients’ personal characteristics and needs as the fundamental guidelines for design. It provides practical guidelines and evidence based examples on how to design, implement, use and elevate new technologies for healthcare to support the management of incurable, chronic conditions. The volume further discusses the criticalities of eHealth, why it is difficult to employ eHealth from an organizational point of view or why patients do not always accept the technology, and how eHealth interventions can be improved in the future. By dealing with the state-of-the-art in eHealth technologies, this volume is of great interest to researchers in the field of physical and mental healthcare, psychologists, stakeholders and policymakers as well as technology developers working in the healthcare sector.

YOUMARES 9 - The Oceans: Our Research, Our Future

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783030203894 Year: Pages: 370 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-20389-4 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Environmental Sciences --- Geology --- Earth Sciences --- Ecology --- Education
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-05 11:21:08
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This open access book summarizes peer-reviewed articles and the abstracts of oral and poster presentations given during the YOUMARES 9 conference which took place in Oldenburg, Germany, in September 2018. The aims of this book are to summarize state-of-the-art knowledge in marine sciences and to inspire scientists of all career stages in the development of further research. These conferences are organized by and for young marine researchers. Qualified early-career researchers, who moderated topical sessions during the conference, contributed literature reviews on specific topics within their research field.

The Behavioral Ecology of the Tibetan Macaque

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Fascinating Life Sciences ISBN: 9783030279202 Year: Pages: 302 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-27920-2 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Environmental Sciences --- Zoology --- Medicine (General) --- Psychology --- Anthropology
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-05 11:21:16
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This open access book summarizes the multi-disciplinary results of one of China’s main primatological research projects on the endemic Tibetan macaque (Macaca thibetana), which had continued for over 30 years, but which had never been reported on systematically. Dedicated to this exceptional Old World monkey, this book makes the work of Chinese primatologists on the social behavior, cooperation, culture, cognition, group dynamics, and emerging technologies in primate research accessible to the international scientific community. One of the most impressive Asian monkeys, and the largest member of its genus, the Tibetan macaque deserves to be better known. This volume goes a long way towards bringing this species into the spotlight with many excellent behavioral analyses from the field. - Frans de Waal, Professor of Psychology, Emory University, USA. Macaques matter. To understand primate patterns and trends, and to gain important insight into humanity, we need to augment and expand our engagement with the most successful and widespread primate genus aside from Homo. This volume focuses on the Tibetan macaque, a fascinating species with much to tell us about social behavior, physiology, complexity and the macaque knack for interfacing with humans. This book is doubly important for primatology in that beyond containing core information on this macaque species, it also reflects an effective integrated collaboration between Chinese scholars and a range of international colleagues—exactly the type of collaborative engagement primatology needs. This volume is a critical contribution to a global primatology. - Agustín Fuentes, Professor of Anthropology, University of Notre Dame, USA. I have many fond memories of my association with Mt. Huangshan research beginning in 1983, when together with Professor Qishan Wang we established this site. It is such a beautiful place and I miss it. It is gratifying to see how far research has progressed since we began work there, becoming more internationalized and very much a collaborative endeavor under the long-term direction of Professor Jin-Hua Li and colleagues. This book highlights the increased interest in this species, representing a variety of disciplines ranging from macro aspects of behavior, cognition and sociality, to micro aspects of microbes, parasites and disease, authored by a group of renowned Chinese and international primatologists. I applaud their efforts and expect more interesting work to come from this site in the years ahead. - Kazuo Wada, Professor Emeritus, Kyoto University, Japan.

Revolution and Disenchantment

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ISBN: 9781478090274 9781478007586 9781478006756 9781478006169 Year: Pages: 280 DOI: 10.1215/9781478090274 Language: English
Publisher: Duke University Press
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2020-03-28 11:21:03
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The Arab Revolutions that began in 2011 reignited interest in the question of theory and practice, imbuing it with a burning political urgency. In Revolution and Disenchantment Fadi A. Bardawil redescribes for our present how an earlier generation of revolutionaries, the 1960s Arab New Left, addressed this question. Bardawil excavates the long-lost archive of the Marxist organization Socialist Lebanon and its main theorist, Waddah Charara, who articulated answers in their political practice to fundamental issues confronting revolutionaries worldwide: intellectuals as vectors of revolutionary theory; political organizations as mediators of theory and praxis; and nonemancipatory attachments as impediments to revolutionary practice. Drawing on historical and ethnographic methods and moving beyond familiar reception narratives of Marxist thought in the postcolony, Bardawil engages in "fieldwork in theory" that analyzes how theory seduces intellectuals, cultivates sensibilities, and authorizes political practice. Throughout, Bardawil underscores the resonances and tensions between Arab intellectual traditions and Western critical theory and postcolonial theory, deftly placing intellectuals from those traditions into a much-needed conversation.&#xD;

Low-Dose Radiation Effects on Animals and Ecosystems

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ISBN: 9789811382185 Year: Pages: 264 DOI: 10.1007/978-981-13-8218-5 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Environmental Sciences --- Zoology --- Mathematics --- Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:23
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This open access book summarizes the latest scientific findings regarding the biological effects of the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant (FNPP) accident in 2011. Various cases of changes in animals and organisms have been reported since the FNPP accident. However, it is often unknown whether they are actually due to radiation, since the dose or dose-rate are not necessarily associated with the changes observed. This book brings together the works of radiation biologists and ecologists to provide reliable radioecology data and gives insight into future radioprotection. The book examines the environmental pollution and radiation exposure, and contains valuable data from abandoned livestock in the ex-evacuation zone and from wild animals including invertebrates and vertebrates, aqueous and terrestrial animals, and plants that are subjected to long-term exposure in the area still affected by radiation. It also analyzes dose evaluation, and offers new perspectives gained from the accident, as well as an overview for future studies to promote radioprotection of humans and the ecosystem. Since the biological impact of radiation is influenced by various factors, it is difficult to scientifically define the effects of low-dose/low-dose-rate radiation. However, the detailed research data presented can be combined with the latest scientific and technological advances, such as artificial intelligence, to provide new insights in the future. This book is a unique and valuable resource for researchers, professionals and anyone interested in the impact of exposure to radiation or contamination with radioactive materials.

Energy Storage and Management for Electric Vehicles

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783039218622 / 9783039218639 Year: Pages: 238 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-863-9 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: General and Civil Engineering --- Technology (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-30 16:39:46
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This Special Edition of Energies on “Energy Storage and Management for Electric Vehicles” draws together a collection of research papers that critically evaluates key areas of innovation and novelty when designing and managing the high-voltage battery system within an electrified powertrain. The addressed topics include design optimisation, mathematical modelling, control engineering, thermal management, and component sizing.

Keywords

zinc–nickel single-flow battery --- equivalent circuit model --- self-discharge --- dynamic flow rate optimization --- genetic algorithm --- hybrid power system --- electric vehicle --- rule-based optimal strategy --- dynamic programming approach --- thermal modelling --- thermal behaviour --- lithium titanate oxide batteries --- optimal control --- supercapacitors --- batteries --- fuel cell --- hybrid vehicle --- battery degradation --- battery energy storage system --- charging scheme --- efficiency --- electric vehicle --- linear programming --- lithium ion battery --- operating expenses --- residential battery storage --- vehicle-to-building --- supercapacitor models --- parameter estimation --- ECE15 --- HPPC --- Simulink --- Simscape --- Matlab --- Identification --- regenerative energy --- timetable optimization --- energy storage system --- ?-constraint method --- improved artificial bee colony --- lithium-ion battery --- equivalent circuit model --- recursive least square --- adaptive forgetting factor --- parameter identification --- energy storage ageing and degradation --- life cycle assessment --- second-life energy storage applications --- Li-Sulfur batteries --- lithium-ion battery --- cell sorting --- multi-parameters sorting --- principal component analysis --- self-organizing maps clustering --- battery charging --- cycle-life --- state-of-health (SOH) --- battery cycle-life extension --- nonlinear battery model --- state of charge estimation --- lithium-ion battery --- Lipschitz nonlinear system --- Luenberger observer

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