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Security Infrastructure Technology for Integrated Utilization of Big Data

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ISBN: 9789811536540 Year: Pages: 166 DOI: 10.1007/978-981-15-3654-0 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2020-05-14 09:30:37
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This open access book describes the technologies needed to construct a secure big data infrastructure that connects data owners, analytical institutions, and user institutions in a circle of trust. It begins by discussing the most relevant technical issues involved in creating safe and privacy-preserving big data distribution platforms, and especially focuses on cryptographic primitives and privacy-preserving techniques, which are essential prerequisites. The book also covers elliptic curve cryptosystems, which offer compact public key cryptosystems; and LWE-based cryptosystems, which are a type of post-quantum cryptosystem. Since big data distribution platforms require appropriate data handling, the book also describes a privacy-preserving data integration protocol and privacy-preserving classification protocol for secure computation. Furthermore, it introduces an anonymization technique and privacy risk evaluation technique. This book also describes the latest related findings in both the living safety and medical fields. In the living safety field, to prevent injuries occurring in everyday life, it is necessary to analyze injury data, find problems, and implement suitable measures. But most cases don’t include enough information for injury prevention because the necessary data is spread across multiple organizations, and data integration is difficult from a security standpoint. This book introduces a system for solving this problem by applying a method for integrating distributed data securely and introduces applications concerning childhood injury at home and school injury. In the medical field, privacy protection and patient consent management are crucial for all research. The book describes a medical test bed for the secure collection and analysis of electronic medical records distributed among various medical institutions. The system promotes big-data analysis of medical data with a cloud infrastructure and includes various security measures developed in our project to avoid privacy violations.

Diseases of the Brain, Head and Neck, Spine 2020–2023

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Book Series: IDKD Springer Series ISBN: 9783030384906 Year: Pages: 254 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-38490-6 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Medicine (General) --- Surgery
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-16 23:57:37
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This open access book offers an essential overview of brain, head and neck, and spine imaging. Over the last few years, there have been considerable advances in this area, driven by both clinical and technological developments. Written by leading international experts and teachers, the chapters are disease-oriented and cover all relevant imaging modalities, with a focus on magnetic resonance imaging and computed tomography. The book also includes a synopsis of pediatric imaging. IDKD books are rewritten (not merely updated) every four years, which means they offer a comprehensive review of the state-of-the-art in imaging. The book is clearly structured and features learning objectives, abstracts, subheadings, tables and take-home points, supported by design elements to help readers navigate the text. It will particularly appeal to general radiologists, radiology residents, and interventional radiologists who want to update their diagnostic expertise, as well as clinicians from other specialties who are interested in imaging for their patient care.

Beitrag zur Vorbemessung der Biegeverstärkung von Stahlbetonbauteilen mit Rechteckquerschnitt mittels aufgeklebten CFK-Lamellen

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ISBN: 9783966270021 9783966270038 9783966270007 9783966270014 Year: Pages: 252 DOI: 10.33968/9783966270021-00 Language: German
Publisher: HTWK Leipzig - OA-Hochschulverlag
Subject: Agriculture (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-12 11:21:04
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"Since 2012, the subsequent reinforcement of reinforced concrete components with bonded reinforcement has been regulated in a separate guideline. This includes the dimensioning of the adhesively bonded strips made of carbon fiber reinforced plastic (CFRP), which, in addition to the complex iterative bending design, have a very complex bonding behavior. For this purpose, the German Committee for Structural Concrete developed a model for the verification based on experimental evaluations, in which the occurring tensile forces are partly transferred into the component via intermediate elements (partial distances between flexural cracks). Simultaneously, simplified but more inaccurate verification formats were made available to reduce the complexity of the verification. For an early assessment of the use of bonded CFRP strips, different tools have been developed in this paper for reinforced concrete components with a rectangular cross-section depending on the different verification formats. For this purpose, the design parameters were considered separately for pure bending strength and bonding behavior. For a simple calculation, tables for the design with dimensionless coefficients were obtained by analogy with the reinforced concrete construction, with which the required cross-section area for the CFRP strips can be determined by means of a limited stretching from the simplified verification of the flexural load bearing capacity. For a more economical solution, the more precise verification of the force transmission on the intermediate elements was configured in an Excel workbook, because this results in an extraordinary iterative calculation effort."

Towards a Systemic Theory of Irregular Migration

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Book Series: IMISCOE Research Series ISBN: 9783030409036 Year: Pages: 246 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-40903-6 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: History --- Migration
Added to DOAB on : 2020-05-14 09:27:35
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This open access book provides an alternative theoretical framework of irregular migration that allows to overcome many of the contradictions and theoretical impasses displayed by the majority of approaches in current literature. The analytical framework allows moving from an interpretation biased by methodological nationalism, to a more general systemic interpretation. It explains irregular migration as a structural phenomenon or contemporary society, and why state policies are greatly ineffective in their attempt to control irregular migration. It also explains irregular migration as a diversified phenomenon that relates to the social characteristics of the context, and why states accept irregular migrants. By providing new comparative, empirical, qualitative material which allows to start filling an evident gap in the current research on irregular migration, this book is of interest to graduate students, scholars and policy makers.

AVENUE21. Automatisierter und vernetzter Verkehr: Entwicklungen des urbanen Europa

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
ISBN: 9783662612835 Year: Pages: 190 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-662-61283-5 Language: German
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Agriculture (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-05-14 09:28:01
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Online-Komponenten digitaler Spiele

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Book Series: Juridicum – Schriften zum Medien-, Informations- und Datenrecht ISBN: 9783658299934 Year: Pages: 250 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-658-29993-4 Language: German
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2020-05-14 09:29:28
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Gene Drives at Tipping Points

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ISBN: 9783030389345 Year: Pages: 256 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-38934-5 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Environmental Technology --- Medicine (General) --- Environmental Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2020-05-14 09:30:15
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This open access book reports on a pilot project aiming at collecting information on the socio-ecological risks that could arise in the event of an uncontrolled spread of genetically engineered organisms into the environment. The researchers will, for instance, be taking a closer look at genetically engineered oilseed rape, genetically engineered olive flies as well as plants and animals with so-called gene drives. The book mainly adresses researchers.

Understanding Values Work

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9783030377489 Year: Pages: 296 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-37748-9 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Sociology --- Business and Management
Added to DOAB on : 2020-05-14 09:30:18
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At the core of institutional theories, ‘values’ is a central term and figures in most definitions; however it remains understudied and under-explored. The editors of this open access book identify a resurgence of interest in the values-construct which underpins discussions of identity, ‘ethos’ and the purpose/nature of public and civic welfare provision. Considering the importance of values and values work to social, material and symbolic work in organizations, individual chapters explore values work as performed in organizations and by leaders. Focusing on practices of values work, the book applies and combines different theoretical lenses exemplified by the integration of institutional perspectives with micro-level perspectives and approaches.

Molecular Mechanism of Congenital Heart Disease and Pulmonary Hypertension

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9789811511851 Year: Pages: 405 DOI: 10.1007/978-981-15-1185-1 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-16 23:57:34
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This open access book focuses on the molecular mechanism of congenital heart disease and pulmonary hypertension, offering new insights into the development of pulmonary circulation and the ductus arteriosus. It describes in detail the molecular mechanisms involved in the development and morphogenesis of the heart, lungs and ductus arteriosus, covering a range of topics such as gene functions, growth factors, transcription factors and cellular interactions, as well as stem cell engineering technologies. The book also presents recent advances in our understanding of the molecular mechanism of lung development, pulmonary hypertension and molecular regulation of the ductus arteriosus. As such, it is an ideal resource for physicians, scientists and investigators interested in the latest findings on the origins of congenital heart disease and potential future therapies involving pulmonary circulation/hypertension and the ductus arteriosus.

Brexit and the Control of Tobacco Illicit Trade

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Book Series: SpringerBriefs in Law ISBN: 9783030459796 Year: Pages: 81 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-45979-6 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Law --- Public Health
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-16 23:58:24
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This book assesses the consequences of Brexit for the control of illicit trade in tobacco products in the UK and EU. Based on the currently applicable legal framework, it examines the significance of a possible non-application of the acquis communautaire in the UK in matters relating to anti-illicit trade in tobacco legislation. It also analyses the modes of future cooperation between the UK and the EU in this area, as well as possible regulatory scenarios and their consequences. The book comprises six main sections. After the introduction (Section 1), Section 2 discusses the state of play of Brexit and possible outcomes of Article 50 of the Treaty of European Union procedure. Section 3 illustrates the data and trends of illicit tobacco trade in the UK. Section 4 describes the relevant legal (e.g. trade and fiscal measures) and enforcement frameworks in the UK and suggests possible post-Brexit scenarios in control of tobacco illicit trade. Section 5 focuses on the relevance of arrangements between governments and the tobacco industry in the control of illicit trade. Section 6 then analyses the relevance of key EU and global anti-illicit trade initiatives. Lastly, Section 7 the book offers some recommendations and conclusions on how the UK could control illicit trade in tobacco after Brexit.

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