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Neurovascular Surgery

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ISBN: 9789811089503 Year: Pages: 288 DOI: 10.1007/978-981-10-8950-3 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Surgery
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-29 11:21:05
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This open access book presents the diagnosis, investigation and treatment of neurovascular diseases, and offers expert opinions and advice on avoiding complications in neurovascular surgery. It also covers complication management and post-operative follow-up care. The book is divided in to three parts; the first part discusses common approaches in neurovascular surgery, describing the steps, indications for and limitations of the approach, as well as the associated complications and how to avoid them. The second part addresses surgical treatment based on pathology, taking the different locations of lesions into consideration. The third part focuses on the technological developments that support neurovascular surgery, which may not be available everywhere, but have been included to help vascular surgeon understand the principles. This book is a guide for young neurosurgeons, neurosurgery residents and neurosurgery fellows, as well as for medical students and nurses who are interested in neurosurgery or are associated with this field in any way. It is also a useful teaching aid for senior neurosurgeons.

Personalized Medicine and Neurosurgery

Authors: ---
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889453368 Year: Pages: 133 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88945-336-8 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Medicine (General) --- Surgery
Added to DOAB on : 2018-02-27 16:16:45
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The Precision Medicine Initiative, which was instituted by President Barack Obama on January 20, 2015, highlighted the importance that advances in genomics and related “-omic” approaches have made to science and medicine, and it set the stage for their federally funded and mandated integration into the delivery of health care. Whether these advances comprise large-scale approaches, such as The Cancer Genome Atlas, which provides a modern classification of cancers based on molecular profiles, or genealogy initiatives, which seek to trace the movement of our early ancestors out of Africa, genomic technology has taken us closer to developing targeted therapies and a refined understanding of our evolutionary journey. It is against this backdrop that we summarized some of the recent advances in the field of precision medicine, or personalized medicine, as they pertain to neurosurgery. In this e-Book collection provided by Frontiers in Surgery: Neurosurgery, we present a collection of articles by leaders in the field of neurosurgery that highlight domains using a personalized approach for the treatment of patients or avenues when personalization is possible and when it will likely alter the care of patients with neurological diseases.

Vascular Access Surgery - Tips and Tricks

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ISBN: 9781838801717 9781838801724 Year: Pages: 146 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.78463 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Surgery
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:53

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Decision-making regarding the route of access to minimize procedural complications, especially in patients with unusual or complicated vascular anatomy, is extremely important for successful vascular access surgery. Several techniques for vascular access are widely disputed in the context of achieving optimal clinical outcomes. This book discusses various clinical aspects of vascular access to enrich our knowledge and understanding of the contemporary methodology and management of vascular access for a broad range of purposes. In four sections, this book examines the following topics: 1. Vascular Access: Methodology and Contemporary Management; 2. Vascular Access and Reparative Surgery; 3. Vascular Access Failure; and 4. Risk Stratification in Vascular Access.

Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm - From Basic Research to Clinical Practice

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ISBN: 9781789853438 9781789853445 9781838807795 Year: Pages: 182 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.71279 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Surgery
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:53

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This book, intended for all physicians who are facing patients with abdominal aortic aneurysms, has been assembled by interested, invited authors and contains important topics from basic research to clinical practice. Experimental studies focus on biomechanical and biochemical factors. In clinical practice, the decision to treat, based on risk-benefit ratio, is very delicate in patients with concomitant malignant diseases. Periprocedural risk is determined by anatomy, while aneurysms causing neck pain are one of the most frequent challenges for both open and endovascular methods. Finally, careful planning is crucial. Postoperative complications are different from post-implantation syndrome, which is still an underestimated problem, toward detection and treatment of endoleaks and eventual conversion.

Carotid Artery - Gender and Health

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ISBN: 9781789849813 9781839621895 9781839621901 Year: Pages: 126 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.73939 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Surgery
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:53

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This book collects recent experimental and clinical studies on gender influence in carotid artery compliance in health and pathological states, discussing also the usefulness and appropriateness of specific and personal medical therapy. Additionally, it provides an overview of the growing importance of ongoing studies on the benefit and risk of gender-specific therapy.

Mechanisms of Vascular Disease: A Reference Book for Vascular Specialists

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9781922064004 Year: Pages: 587 DOI: 10.1017/UPO9781922064004 Language: English
Publisher: University of Adelaide Press
Subject: Surgery --- Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2012-10-26 06:43:29
License: University of Adelaide Press

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New updated edition first published with Cambridge University Press. This new edition includes 29 chapters on topics as diverse as pathophysiology of atherosclerosis, vascular haemodynamics, haemostasis, thrombophilia and post-amputation pain syndromes.

Vascular Inflammation in Systemic Autoimmunity

Authors: --- --- ---
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889450909 Year: Pages: 148 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88945-090-9 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Allergy and Immunology --- Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2017-07-06 13:27:36
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Plasticity and dynamism characterize the immune system as a tissue-integrating network with defensive functions. Blood and lymphatic vessel trees constitute the most evident and intuitive physical platform for the development of the net of interactions between immune cells, body tissues and foreign agents. Moreover vessel repair and immune patrolling are intimately linked physiological functions with common evolutionary roots. Not surprisingly variable degrees of vascular inflammation are often detectable in the setting of systemic inflammation and autoimmunity, whereas research in the field of cardiovascular pathology is progressively converging towards the identification of a common inflammatory background. The definition of the role of vascular inflammation in causing, sustaining and/or predicting the development of systemic autoimmunity constitute a challenging, unexplored frontier towards the development of a new generation of treatments and a better patient care.

Celebrating Twenty Years of the Brazilian Symposium on Cardiovascular Physiology

Authors: ---
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889451760 Year: Pages: 241 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88945-176-0 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Physiology --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2017-08-28 14:01:09
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This e-book is dedicated to the celebration of 20 years of the Brazilian Symposium on Cardiovascular Physiology. In 1996 groups from the School of Medicine of Ribeirao Preto, University of Sao Paulo (FMRP-USP) and from the Federal University of Sao Paulo (UNIFESP) joined together to discuss cardiovascular physiology. In subsequent editions of the meeting, the participation of other groups from all over the country has grown and acquired the status of a national symposium. The participants now agree that the symposium should be itinerant and that the chair group is responsible for its organization. In 2016, we proudly reached the 20th edition of the Brazilian Symposium on Cardiovascular Physiology. It is certainly a memorable date and a great opportunity to share the accomplishments of Brazilian groups in the field of cardiovascular physiology.

Molecular Pharmacology and Pathology of Strokes

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783038975410 9783038975427 Year: Pages: 152 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-542-7 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Medicine (General) --- Therapeutics --- Cardiovascular
Added to DOAB on : 2019-02-11 11:33:53
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Stroke, a progressively non-communicable disease, is the second leading cause of death after coronary heart disease in developed countries. The present treatment options for stroke are adapting lifestyle practices, diabetes treatment, drugs, and the management of other factors, but no cure is yet available, despite new insights into molecular and therapeutic targets. Discoveries related to explicating the molecular pharmacology in cerebrovascular function and thrombosis have led to significant advancements in the current treatment paradigm for patients with stroke. Hence, this Special Issue invited scientific papers and reviews from researchers to provide solid evidence from a molecular point of view to scrutinize the molecular pharmacology and pathology of strokes. Platelet activation plays a major role in cardio and cerebrovascular diseases. Platelets also play a key role in the hemostatic process and are associated with various pathological events, such as arterial thrombosis and atherosclerosis. While the currently used anti-platelet drugs such as aspirin and clopidogrel demonstrate efficacy in many patients, they exert undesirable side effects. Therefore, the development of effective therapeutic strategies for the prevention and treatment of thrombotic diseases is a significant priority. Recently, precious metal drugs have conquered the subject of metal-based drugs, and several investigators have moved their attention to the synthesis of various ruthenium (Ru) and iridium (Ir) complexes due to their prospective therapeutic values. We have published this e-book about the “Molecular Pharmacology and Pathology of Strokes” and anticipate that readers will find this book useful regarding the significant challenges and current advances that are presently being made in stroke research, with the possibility of inspiring the application of novel drug development to enrich the devotion and treatment of patients with cardiovascular diseases.

The Vascular Niche in Tissue Repair: A Therapeutic Target for Regeneration

Authors: ---
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889454105 Year: Pages: 174 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88945-410-5 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Science (General) --- Neurology --- Biology --- Physiology
Added to DOAB on : 2018-11-16 17:17:57
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Tissues and organs have, although sometimes limited, the capacity for endogenous repair, which is aimed to re-establish integrity and homeostasis. Tissue repair involves pro- and anti-inflammatory processes, new tissue formation and remodelling. Depending on the local microenvironment, tissue repair results either in scar tissue formation or in regeneration. The latter aims to recapitulate the original tissue structure and architecture with the proper functionality. Although some organisms (such as planarians) have a high regenerative capacity throughout the body, in humans this property is more restricted to a few organs and tissues. Regeneration in the adult is possible in particular through the existence of tissue-resident pools of stem/progenitor cells. In response to tissue damage, these cells are activated, they proliferate and migrate, and differentiate into mature cells. Angiogenesis and neovascularization play a crucial role in tissue repair. Besides providing with oxygen and nutrients, angiogenesis generates a vascular niche (VN) consisting of different blood-derived elements and endothelial cells surrounded by basement membrane as well as perivascular cells. The newly generated VN communicates with the local stem/progenitor cells and contributes to tissue repair. For example, platelets, macrophages, neutrophils, perivascular cells and other VN components actively participate in the repair of skin, bone, muscle, tendon, brain, spinal cord, etc. Despite these observations, the exact role of the VN in tissue repair and the underlying mechanisms are still unclear and are awaiting further evidence that, indeed, will be required for the development of regenerative therapies for the treatment of traumatic injuries as well as degenerative diseases.

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