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Le poids économique direct de la culture en 2015

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ISBN: 9782111399426 Language: French
Publisher: Département des études, de la prospective et des statistiques
Subject: Arts in general --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-12 11:49:49
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En 2015, le poids économique direct de la culture, c’est-à-dire la valeur ajoutée de l’ensemble des branches culturelles, est de 43 milliards d’euros. La part de la culture dans l’ensemble de l’économie (2,2 %) est en baisse et représente la valeur minimale de ce poids en vingt ans. À titre de comparaison, la branche hébergement et restauration réalise une valeur ajoutée de 55 milliards d’euros en 2015. Par rapport à 2008, la croissance des branches culturelles est nulle, ce qui s’explique par les différentes crises structurelles touchant l’architecture (- 2,3 % par an depuis 2008), la presse et le livre (respectivement - 2,1 % et - 1,7 % par an) ainsi que les agences de publicité (- 1,5 % par an). À l’inverse, certains secteurs sont en pleine croissance, notamment l’audiovisuel (+ 1,7 % par an) et le patrimoine (+ 2,8 % par an). L’audiovisuel et le spectacle vivant restent les deux premières branches culturelles en termes de poids économique et représentent, ensemble, 44 % de la valeur ajoutée des branches culturelles. Conséquence de cette croissance en berne, l’emploi culturel continue de baisser (- 3,6 % par rapport à 2014) et passe sous les 600 000 emplois. Depuis 2011, les branches culturelles ont perdu 80 000 emplois.

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economic impact

Les Premiers Principes de l’analyse d’impact économique local d’une activité culturelle

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ISBN: 9782111398672 Language: French
Publisher: Département des études, de la prospective et des statistiques
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-12 11:49:49
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L’impact économique local d’un équipement ou d’un événement culturel est attribuable aux dépenses de ceux qui les fréquentent. Il ne peut être solidement estimé qu’en respectant, une fois compris ce qu’il mesure, plusieurs premières règles de méthode : utilisation d’un modèle économique local ad hoc, exclusion de plusieurs types de dépenses, prise en considération de ses coûts. Cette estimation faite, les résultats ne peuvent toutefois être utilisés qu’avec prudence pour motiver la subvention publique locale à une activité culturelle. Cette note détaille les raisons justifiant cette attitude.

Invasive Alien Plants: Impacts on Development and Options for Management

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ISBN: 9781780646275; 9781786391346 Year: Pages: 232 DOI: 10.1079/9781780646275.0000 Language: English
Publisher: CABI
Subject: Ecology --- Agriculture (General) --- Plant Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2020-10-16 13:13:57
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Invasive alien plants pose a major threat to agriculture, the natural environment and livelihoods worldwide and create challenges for development. This is especially the case for those who live and work in rural areas. This book, for the first time, brings together a wide range of invasive plant specialists from the Asia-Pacific region who shares their experience in addressing the problem and delivering solutions. Mikania micrantha is used as case study in the book as it exemplifies many of the issues that need to be addressed. This neotropical vine is a major weed across the tropical humid zones of the region, where it smothers agroforestry, home gardens, natural forests and plantation production systems. The book emphasises the social and economic implications of plant invasion, and discusses direct impacts on livelihoods and biodiversity. It explains how various approaches to management including traditional ecological knowledge and classical biological control can be keys to the delivery of sustainable solutions, focusing on experiences in India, Nepal, Papua New Guinea and China. The use of policy frameworks in biological control and other management measures are also described.

Transformations agricoles et agroalimentaires

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ISBN: 9782759226153 Year: Pages: 432 DOI: 10.35690/978-2-7592-2615-3 Language: French
Publisher: éditions Quae
Subject: Agriculture (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-10 11:21:06
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This work provides a synthesis of recent research on the evolution of agriculture and food in a capitalist system. It is based on approaches not well-known in France such as international political economy and ecological economy. It studies agricultural processing in terms of ecology, history and geopolitics and traces specific aspects of agriculture and food in the 21st century. Lastly, it proposes theoretical approaches with a view to renewing the agricultural economy.

Rwanda’s Land Tenure Reform: Non-existent to Best Practice

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ISBN: 9781789241037; 9781786394545 Year: Pages: 131 DOI: 10.1079/9781789241037.0000 Language: English
Publisher: CABI
Subject: Social Sciences --- Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2020-10-16 16:35:42
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s book is a detailed real account of all the key phases of the land tenure reform (LTR) programme in Rwanda and the critical factors that defined the outcomes and requirements for sustaining the process. In addition, the book provides an account of the impact of the programme, its challenges and lessons learned. Beyond LTR, this book also provides insights into emerging issues post-land tenure reform and what efforts are being undertaken to ensure sustainable land administration and land governance. The book draws on various types of secondary data, including relevant laws, policies, operational manuals and published studies, as well as consultants' reports. It also uses primary data comprising mainly interviews with policy makers, land professionals, academics, Civil Society Organisations (CSOs), donor organizations and the general public. This book is in four parts, with nine chapters. Part 1 provides the relevant context of the book and contains two chapters (chapters 1 and 2). Chapter 1 is the introduction and explains why land is so important; it discusses some of the issues land resources currently face, especially, in developing countries and why it should be managed and governed properly; it outlines why there is an urgent need for an improved land governance and land administration system or land tenure reform where this is not taking place, and it provides a summary of the importance of documenting Rwanda's LTR programme and explains why this book is timely and different from existing literature on land tenure reform. In chapter 2, the historical context of land tenure systems in Africa is summarized. Part 2 deals with the preparatory work that was carried out for land tenure reform and has one chapter (chapter 3). The chapter describes the key exercises that were undertaken as part of preparing the ground for the land tenure reform programme. Part 3 concentrates on implementation of the LTR programme and contains four chapters (chapters 4 to 7). Chapter 4 focuses on how the policy and regulatory frameworks were established which supported the LTR programme. Chapter 5 details the institutional framework that was developed to guide the LTR programme implementation, defining each institution's mandate and how they interacted with each other as well as how the capacity of these institutions was built to apportion responsibilities accordingly. Chapter 6 explains the whole process of rolling out the land tenure regularization process countrywide and the key steps that were involved, as well as the implementation process. In chapter 7, the key ingredients required to ensure that what has been achieved by the LTR would be properly maintained are assessed. The last part of the book (Part 4) assesses the impact of the LTR programme by discussing the socioeconomic benefits in chapter 8 where testimonies from various stakeholders and LTR beneficiaries are also presented. Chapter 9 concludes the book and a set of key success factors and lessons are also outlined for other countries wishing to follow a similar route as Rwanda in terms of land tenure reform.

Proceedings of the 5th International Symposium on Biological Control of Arthropods

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ISBN: 9781786394118; 9781786394118 Year: Pages: 332 DOI: 10.1079/9781786394118.0000 Language: English
Publisher: CABI
Subject: Biology --- Agriculture (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-10-16 16:13:23
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This proceedings contains papers dealing with issues affecting biological control, particularly pertaining to the use of parasitoids and predators as biological control agents. This includes all approaches to biological control: conservation, augmentation, and importation of natural enemy species for the control of arthropod targets, as well as other transversal issues related to its implementation. It has 14 sessions addressing the most relevant and current topics in the field of biological control of arthropods: (i) Accidental introductions of biocontrol agens: positive and negative aspects; (ii) The importance of pre and post release genetics in biological control; (iii) How well do we understand non-target impacts in arthropod biological control; (iv) Regulation and access and benefit sharing policies relevant for classical biological control approaches; (v) The role of native and alien natural enemy diversity in biological control; (vi) Frontiers in forest insect control; (vii) Biocontrol marketplace I; (viii) Weed and arthropod biological control: mutual benefits and challenges; (ix) Maximizing opportunities for biological control in Asia's rapidly changing agro-environments; (x) Biological control based integrated pest management: does it work?; (xi) Exploring the compatibility of arthropod biological control and pesticides: models and data; (xii) Successes and uptake of arthropod biological control in developing countries; (xiii) Socio-economic impacts of biological control; (xiv) Biocontrol marketplace II.

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