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La democracia inesperada

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ISBN: 9788599662564 Year: Pages: 95 DOI: 10.7476/9788599662564 Language: Spanish
Publisher: SciELO Books - Centro Edelstein
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2015-06-14 11:14:54
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Este es un libro refrescante: no tiene nada trillado, rechaza con fundamento diversos convencionalismos y modas académicas, y no vacila en tomar clara posición en temas espinosos. Con este libro Bernardo Sorj muestra una vez más lo que ya sabíamos los que hemos seguido su trayectoria: no es sólo un excelente sociólogo profesional, es también y sobre todo un verdadero intelectual, un pensador crítico de las grandes cuestiones de nuestro mundo — especialmente el Latinoamericano.

O poder da cultura e a cultura no poder: a disputa simbólica da herança cultural negra no Brasil

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ISBN: 9788523208950 Year: Pages: 264 DOI: 10.7476/9788523208950 Language: Portuguese
Publisher: SciELO Books - EDUFBA
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2015-10-22 11:21:23
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O livro discute as políticas públicas na área de cultura, no período dos anos 60 aos anos 90, demonstrando como os símbolos afro-brasileiros foram sendo ressignificados, a partir do estabelecimento de novas demandas, seja pela política institucional ou pelos movimentos negros. Trata-se de um estudo pioneiro, principalmente quando analisadas a dinâmica da sociedade brasileira e as mudanças na adoção da simbologia de origem africana por distintos atores sociais.

Keywords

SOCIAL SCIENCE

Polícia e sociedade: gestão de segurança pública violência e controle social

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ISBN: 9788523212193 Year: Pages: 244 DOI: 10.7476/9788523212193 Language: Portuguese
Publisher: SciELO Books - EDUFBA
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2017-07-01 11:41:35
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A gestão da segurança pública no Brasil é um debate que evidencia a relação entre Polícia e Sociedade. A visão apresentada neste livro acirra a discussão. Tendo como objeto de estudo a Polícia baiana, a autora Ivone Freire Costa focaliza as ações policiais no bairro da Liberdade - o conglomerado da violência e da criminalidade mais populoso e complexo da cidade de Salvador. Desta forma, são avaliadas a falta de confiança, o medo e a insegurança que permeiam a relação entre cidadãos e policiais. A principal finalidade da obra é incentivar a proposta de co-responsabilidade social entre Polícia e Sociedade de maneira positiva, harmônica e produtiva. É evidenciando as falhas na segurança pública e a crescente busca de conformidade social do cidadão no mundo do ilegal, que a autora sugere caminhos para o tão almejado pacto de paz.

Avessos do prazer : drogas, Aids e direitos humanos

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ISBN: 9788575415368 Year: DOI: 10.7476/9788575415368 Language: Portuguese
Publisher: SciELO Books - Editora FIOCRUZ
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2018-02-24 12:22:17
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Discussões sobre drogas e Aids ocupam, a todo momento, noticiários e mentes. Porém, a maneira como vêm sendo encaminhadas é pouco democrática e muito superficial, com tendência a manter as generalizações feitas até então. Como tratar os usuários de drogas legais e ilegais? Simplesmente reprimindo-os? Como proteger-se do HIV, já que a noção de grupos de risco já não se sustenta mais? Para aprofundar as reflexões sobre estes temas, a maioria dos autores, assim como a organizadora, desenvolveu o curso de extensão universitária Drogas e Aids: questões de direitos humanos, iniciado em 1996 na Uerj. Grande parte dos artigos trata de temas discutidos em sala de aula ao longo dos três primeiros anos do curso. Grande contribuição para quem pensa - e age - na área, no mundo.

Keywords

SOCIAL SCIENCE

Avaliação em saúde : dos modelos teóricos à prática na avaliação de programas e sistemas de saúde

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9788575415160 Year: DOI: 10.7476/9788575415160 Language: Portuguese
Publisher: SciELO Books - Editora FIOCRUZ
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2018-02-24 12:22:17
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Coletânea que vem preencher uma lacuna importante no âmbito dos programas voltados para o controle dos processos endêmicos. Ela cumpre três objetivos principais: pensar o papel social da avaliação; discutir os problemas envolvidos na aproximação da teoria à ação no processo avaliativo; e colaborar com a prática de profissionais em avaliação no desenvolvimento de projetos ou planos de avaliação com foco na melhoria das ações. Os capítulos apresentam estudos sobre programas de dengue, sífilis congênita, vigilância em saúde, HIV e tuberculose. Embora os estudos avaliativos apresentados não possam extrapolar seus resultados para outras realidades, compartilham com elas conceitos, fundamentos e questões, bem como fatores que facilitam ou dificultam as ações em saúde. O livro tem a preocupação de articular o discurso com a prática, a teoria com a ação, de modo a aproximar a produção acadêmica dos serviços de assistência à saúde. Propõe processos avaliativos não para gerar informações de forma burocrática, mas para compreender como e por que aqueles resultados são produzidos, tornando-os cada vez mais relevantes para melhorar os serviços estudados. E isso requer avaliações que contemplem tanto as perspectivas técnicas e normativas quanto a visão dos usuários. Dessa forma, os achados de um processo avaliativo podem, de fato, contribuir para a tomada de decisões, os ajustes necessários nos programas ou a busca de novas alternativas.

Social Democracy in Europe

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
Book Series: Science politique ISBN: 9782800413419 Year: Pages: 250 Language: English
Publisher: Éditions de l'Université de Bruxelles
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-19 11:21:18
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Socialist and Social Democratic parties leave few political observers and citizens indifferent. For several years, a certain number of actors on the political scene have presented it as a political family in crisis, lacking in imagination and dynamism, incapable of renewal and doomed to fade into insignificance. Others, on the contrary, describe it as a grouping with a promising, even brilliant future.This book does not set out to confirm either of those two visions. Its aim is to analyse in-depth the transformations which are affecting, at the current time, the different aspects of Social Democracy: new organisational models, changes in political and electoral performance, changing relations with the trade unions and civil society associations, reactions to the emergence of new political rivais and new values, new ideological trends and political programmes, etc. For the first time, the analysis does not concern exclusively Western Europe, but also deals with the Social Democratic parties of the consolidated democracies and the organisations that claim to be part of democratic socialism in Central and Eastern Europe, and highlights the specific characteristics and points in common. At the dawn of the 21st century, it is therefore the challenges and the different responses to those challenges that are analysed by several of the leading European specialists in Social Democratic parties in Europe.

Les partis régionalistes en Europe. Des acteurs en développement ?

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
Book Series: Science politique ISBN: 9782800413518 Year: Pages: 288 Language: French
Publisher: Éditions de l'Université de Bruxelles
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-19 11:21:18
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Depuis une vingtaine d’années, le fait régional et l’action régionale semblent s’être fortement développés en Europe. La promotion de l’Europe des régions a été sur le devant de la scène dans la conclusion de nouveaux traités jalonnant la construction européenne depuis quinze ans. Et, de manière emblématique, a été établi un Comité des régions. Celui-ci reste à ce jour doté d’une influence formelle modeste mais son établissement atteste d’un intérêt renouvelé pour l’échelon régional, quand bien même celui-ci recouvre des réalités différentes dans les États membres de l’Union européenne. En parallèle à cette affirmation du fait régional, des mouvements et des partis de revendication régionaliste ont marqué les esprits par leur percée dans certains Etats. En Grande-Bretagne, en France, en Espagne ou en Italie, pour ne citer que quelques exemples, des partis régionalistes ont fait la une par leurs performances électorales et politiques, ou par leur propos : songeons au parti nationaliste basque, au Sinn Fein, à la Ligue du Nord, au Vlaams Belang, ou au parti national écossais. L’objet du livre est d’analyser l’essence de ces partis régionalistes, d’examiner leurs rôles et leurs performances dans les sociétés européennes, de questionner la nouveauté du phénomène et d’étudier dans quelle mesure ils appartiennent à une même famille. Ce travail est réalisé avec la contribution de plusieurs des meilleurs spécialistes de ces problématiques en Europe.

Employment 'Miracles'

Authors: ---
Book Series: Changing Welfare States ISBN: 9789053567555 Year: Pages: 288 DOI: 10.5117/9789053567555 Language: Undetermined
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press
Subject: Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2011-11-04 00:00:00
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Why did some economies experience a boom in the 1990s? Employment 'Miracles' comparatively analyses select miracle economies. The contributors to the volume critically analyze how the small size and institutional structure of seven countries like the Netherlands, Denmark and Ireland accounted for their success and status as economic models. Comparisons with the American and German markets reveal how differing policies - liberal versus corporatist/social democratic - determine job growth and levels of income inequality and poverty. The book also stresses the explanatory relevance of lucky circumstances such as the housing price bubble. Employment 'Miracles' is an important resource for political scientists and economists in their study of employment development.

The Reform of Bismarckian Pension Systems

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Book Series: Changing Welfare States ISBN: 9789053567401 Year: Pages: 312 DOI: 10.5117/9789053567401 Language: Undetermined
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press
Subject: Geography --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2011-11-04 00:00:00
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Pension reform has emerged as a major political issue in most advanced welfare states. Sluggish economic growth and rising unemployment put public pension systems under increasing financial pressure. In combination with a rapidly ageing population in the decades to come, these pressures render major adjustements in pension policy design inevitable, especially in countries with costly earnings-related benefit arrangements. However, timely and successful adjustement is anything but guaranteed. Both cuts of pension benefits and increases in contribution levels are bound to be highly unpopular and entail massive political risks. Thus, pension politics these days is as much about adjusting pension arrangements to changing demographic and economic conditions as it is about overcoming widespread political resistance to reforms that impose tangible losses on large parts of the population. This study reveals striking differences in the extent to which pension policy makers were able to generate a sufficient political support basis for their reform initiatives. As a consequence, pension reform outcomes reach from successful restructuring of existing pension arrangements all the way down to instances of outright policy failure. By tracing the political process of pension reform in Austria, France, Germany, Italy and Sweden since the late 1980s the book also provides us with deeper insights about the factors that facilitate - or impede - social policy reforms in the context of fiscal austerity.

Das System der Erde - was bewegt die Welt? - Lebensraum und Zukunftsperspektiven

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783938616079 Year: DOI: 10.17875/gup2005-220 Language: German
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Geology --- Earth Sciences --- Biology
Added to DOAB on : 2011-11-04 00:00:00
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Our planet earth is a system - scarcely understood - of geological, biological und cosmic processes of great variety, which make it an interesting object of research. The papers listed here deal with topics of a series of lectures open to the public, presented at the Academy of Sciences and at the Georg August University of Göttingen, which were organised by the publishers of this book. It is the publishers' aim to bring before the public a few important and interesting geoscientific aspects. Needless to say, there is no claim to cover all aspects of this subject area. However, the publishers would like to initiate readers to concentrate more deeply on scientific topics. The selected material should help them to find their way through the diversity of this branch of research.

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