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Messung von Ressourceneffizienz mit der ESSENZ-Methode: Integrierte Methode zur ganzheitlichen Bewertung

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
ISBN: 9783662492635 9783662492642 Year: Pages: 161 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-662-49264-2 Language: German
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Ecology
Added to DOAB on : 2017-02-15 18:44:07
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Eine belastbare Methode zu entwickeln, um den Ressourceneinsatz zu bewerten, ist das Ziel dieses Buches. Notwendig ist dies, da das starke Wirtschaftswachstum der letzten Jahrzehnte zu einer intensiven Beanspruchung natürlicher Ressourcen geführt hat. Mit ihrer steigenden Nutzung gehen auch zusätzliche Belastungen der Umwelt sowie Restriktionen der Verfügbarkeit von Ressourcen einher. Aus diesen Gründen ist ein effizienter Einsatz von Ressourcen als wichtiger Beitrag zu einer nachhaltigen Entwicklung erforderlich. Die ESSENZ-Methode (Integrierte Methode zur ganzheitlichen Berechnung/Messung von Ressourceneffizienz) wurde in einer Kooperation der Technischen Universität Berlin mit den Industriepartnern Daimler AG, Deutsches Kupferinstitut Berufsverband e. V., Evonik Industries AG, Siemens AG, ThyssenKrupp Steel Europe AG und Wissenschaftlicher Gerätebau Dr. Ing. Herbert Knauer GmbH entwickelt. Sie unterstützt die umfassende Messung und Bewertung von Ressourceneffizienz innerhalb der vier Dimensionen „Verfügbarkeit“, „Gesellschaftliche Akzeptanz“, „Umweltauswirkungen“ und „Nutzen“. Um diese vier Dimensionen wissenschaftlich abzubilden, werden 21 anwendbare Indikatoren entwickelt und vorgestellt.Die ESSENZ-Methode kann sowohl für die Analyse und Optimierung eines einzelnen Produktes als auch für den Vergleich mehrerer Produktalternativen verwendet werden. Ihre Anwendbarkeit ist für Metalle, und fossile Rohstoffe bereits erprobt.

Selling the Sea: A study of conflict over marine tenure in Kei Islands, Eastern Indonesia

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ISBN: 9781922144829 Year: DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_459922 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Aquaculture and Fisheries
Added to DOAB on : 2014-03-03 22:50:57
License: ANU Press

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By analysing various conflicts, this book discusses the social, political, economic and legal attributes that are attached to the practice of traditional (communal) marine tenure. Selling the Sea pushes the discourse beyond the conventional approach which looks at marine tenure only as a means of resource management, and offers a more comprehensive understanding of what marine tenure is. For those working in the areas of marine resource management and fisheries, this book is a critical but also complementary reading to the conventional discourse on the issue.

Barents Sea oil and gas 2025 (Book chapter)

Book title: International Arctic Petroleum Cooperation: Barents Sea Scenarios

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
ISBN: 9781138783263 Year: DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_627870 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Electrical and Nuclear Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2017-04-23 11:01:33
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What are some of the possible futures for Barents Sea oil and gas? This chapter draws upon the key trends and issues covered by the book’s thematic chapters&#xD;and presents three scenarios on the prospects for Norwegian–Russian&#xD;cooperation in the Barents Sea. Ultimately human interaction will play a large&#xD;part in how the Barents Sea is developed, and we have therefore given the scenarios&#xD;metaphorical titles related to interaction between people.

International Arctic Petroleum Cooperation: Barents Sea Scenarios

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
ISBN: 9781138783263 Year: DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_627850 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Electrical and Nuclear Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2017-04-23 11:01:52
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The Arctic region contains large amounts of natural resources considered necessary to sustain global economic growth, so it is unsurprising that it is increasingly susceptible to political, economic, environmental, and even military conflicts. This book looks in detail at the preconditions and outlook for international cooperation on the development of Arctic petroleum resources, focusing on Norwegian–Russian cooperation in the Barents Sea towards 2025. The authors provide a cross-disciplinary approach including geopolitical, institutional, technological, corporate and environmental perspectives to analyse the underlying factors that shape the future development of the region. Three future scenarios are developed, exploring various levels of cooperation and development influenced by and resulting from potential political, commercial and environmental circumstances. Through these scenarios, the book improves understanding of the challenges and opportunities for Arctic petroleum resource development and promotes further consideration of the possible outcomes of future cooperation.

Introduction (Book chapter)

Book title: International Arctic Petroleum Cooperation: Barents Sea Scenarios

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9781138783263 Year: DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_627852 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Electrical and Nuclear Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2017-04-23 11:01:52
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Will Arctic states cooperate in the development of Arctic petroleum resources? This is what they declare, but the barriers to the cooperative development of&#xD;Arctic petroleum resources are intensifying and the future is unclear.

Norwegian–Russian political relations and Barents oil and gas developments (Book chapter)

Book title: International Arctic Petroleum Cooperation: Barents Sea Scenarios

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9781138783263 Year: DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_627871 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Electrical and Nuclear Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2017-04-23 11:01:54
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The political relationship between Norway and Russia will influence the development of Barents Sea oil and gas. The state plays a decisive role in both the&#xD;Norwegian and Russian parts of the sea. It does so as a regulator, through taxation,&#xD;and through the national oil and gas companies, Gazprom, Rosneft, and&#xD;Statoil. Thus, if the two states have a good relationship characterized by mutual&#xD;trust, they can coordinate, search for complementarities, and mitigate issues&#xD;that arise. Furthermore, due to the rising cost of oil and gas production in the&#xD;Arctic, many oil and gas fields there may deliver small returns on investments.&#xD;Scale economies brought about by coordinated development, joint infrastructure,&#xD;and information sharing can tip projects from being commercially unviable&#xD;to viable. But this depends on the ability and willingness of the two states&#xD;to actively work together.

Evolution of Water Supply Through the Millennia

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9781843395409 Year: Language: English
Publisher: IWA Publishing Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 102464
Subject: Environmental Technology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-03-06 11:21:02
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Evolution of Water Supply Through the Millennia presents the major achievements in the scientific fields of water supply technologies and management throughout the millennia. It provides valuable insights into ancient water supply technologies with their apparent characteristics of durability, adaptability to the environment, and sustainability. A comparison of the water technological developments in several civilizations is undertaken. These technologies are the underpinning of modern achievements in water engineering and management practices. Naturally, intensification of unresolved problems led societies to revisit the past and to reinvestigate the successful past achievements. To their surprise, those who attempted this retrospect, based on archaeological, historical, and technical evidence were impressed by two things: the similarity of principles with present ones and the advanced level of water engineering and management practices.

CleanEra – A Collection of Research Projects for Sustainable Aviation

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ISBN: 9781614995906 9781614995913 Year: Pages: 192 DOI: 10.3233/978-1-61499-591-3-i Language: English
Publisher: IOS Press
Subject: Transportation --- Environmental Technology
Added to DOAB on : 2017-02-09 14:19:11
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"The CleanEra project was initiated with the goal of developing revolutionary ideas for civil aviation. These ideas were to offer solutions which would limit and reduce some of the negative aspects of aviation, namely: emissions and the use of resources. This book presents you with the highlights of this journey in search of new technologies for a revolutionary aircraft; an aircraft that not only offers a future of comfortable air travel for the passenger, but a future of sustainable aviation for the planet as well."

Chapter: 'Introduction' from book: Public Brainpower: Civil Society and Natural Resource Management (Book chapter)

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ISBN: 9783319606262 9783319606279 Year: Pages: 22 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-60627-9 Language: English
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2017-10-30 16:49:01
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This introductory chapter establishes the analytical framework for the edited volume. The literature on the resource curse and institutions is briefly discussed, along with the work on civil society and the public sphere by Almond and Verba, Dahl, Habermas and Putnam. Drawing on these classics, the theoretical concept of ‘public brainpower’ is formulated. The main pillar of public brainpower is polycentricity, or the coexistence of many different public actors freely expressing their thoughts: individual citizens, political parties, trade unions, charities, companies, research institutes, religious institutions, mass media and government institutions. The more polycentric a society is, the greater is its brainpower: its memory becomes more comprehensive and multifaceted, different actors can perform quality control of each other’s ideas and arguments, and it is more difficult to repress challenging views. Above all, a polycentric society has a broader base for creativity. The greater the public brainpower of a society, the better its management of natural resources. Finally, the book's 18 case studies of oil- and gas-producing countries are briefly presented, along with the methodology and definitions of key terminology used throughout the volume.

Chapter: 'Norway: Public Debate and the Management of Petroleum Resources and Revenues' from book: Public Brainpower: Civil Society and Natural Resource Management (Book chapter)

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ISBN: 9783319606262 9783319606279 Year: Pages: 28 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-60627-9_13 Language: English
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2017-10-30 16:54:11
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This chapter assesses the importance of civil society involvement and public debate for Norwegian petroleum governance. It finds that during the early years of the country’s oil and gas development, the most important choices were made by a small number of decision-makers in government with little input from the rest of society. The attitude of government officials was therefore decisive for Norway’s early successes. During the two first decades of Norway’s petroleum era, also economists at the Ministry of Finance, the Norwegian School of Economics, Statistics Norway and the University of Oslo played important roles. One of the greatest successes of Norwegian oil and gas governance, the sovereign wealth fund, was created by technocrats in interaction with politicians. However, over time, and in a way similar to the Netherlands, civil society and public debate came to play more influential roles. What characterizes contemporary Norwegian petroleum governance is that it has many legs to stand on: an active and diverse civil society, free and diverse media, many political parties representing differing interests, numerous institutions of research and higher education and, importantly, a strong technocracy inside and outside government. In combination, these legs provide for both reliability and dynamism as Norwegian petroleum governance evolves. Finally, a key aspect of Norway’s Nordic model is constant compromise—which is difficult to achieve in more polarized societies.

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