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Farmaci oppioidi e Cannabis nella terapia del dolore

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Book Series: Phármakon ISBN: 9788868870256 Year: Volume: 2 Pages: 224 DOI: 10.6093/978-88-6887-025-6 Language: Italian
Publisher: FedOA - Federico II University Press
Subject: Therapeutics
Added to DOAB on : 2018-06-08 16:37:47
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Opioid and Cannabis in Pain Control is the result of studies performed by the Pharmacy Department and the “Centro Interdipartimentale di Ricerca in Farmacoeconomia e Farmacoutilizzazione” (CIRFF) of the University of Naples, “Federico II”. This book is aimed to those who work in a pharmacy and who, scholars, teachers or students, are interested in delve into the issue. The text analyzes different topics with an interdisciplinary approach. A large part is devoted to the chemical and pharmacological aspects related to this topic. Subsequently, the text focuses the theme, still very debated, of using opioids and Cannabis in therapy through an exhaustive analysis of the entire existing legislation: from the first laws promulgated by the Kingdom of Italy until the last ministerial circulars by Italian republic. Finally yet importantly, an important part of the book focuses on medical and therapeutic interpretation with regard to the effects on pain control, where opioids and Cannabis are not only a fruitful frontier of research, but also a consolidated and effective tool to counteract some types of pain

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Opioid --- Cannabis --- Pain control

Control Theory Tutorial: Basic Concepts Illustrated by Software Examples

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Book Series: SpringerBriefs in Applied Sciences and Technology ISSN: 2191-530X ISBN: 9783319917061 9783319917078 Year: Pages: 111 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-91707-8 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature Grant: US National Science Foundation (NSF); Donald Bren Foundation; University of California
Subject: Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2018-06-22 16:13:03
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This open access Brief introduces the basic principles of control theory in a concise self-study guide. It complements the classic texts by emphasizing the simple conceptual unity of the subject. A novice can quickly see how and why the different parts fit together. The concepts build slowly and naturally one after another, until the reader soon has a view of the whole. Each concept is illustrated by detailed examples and graphics. The full software code for each example is available, providing the basis for experimenting with various assumptions, learning how to write programs for control analysis, and setting the stage for future research projects. The topics focus on robustness, design trade-offs, and optimality. Most of the book develops classical linear theory. The last part of the book considers robustness with respect to nonlinearity and explicitly nonlinear extensions, as well as advanced topics such as adaptive control and model predictive control. New students, as well as scientists from other backgrounds who want a concise and easy-to-grasp coverage of control theory, will benefit from the emphasis on concepts and broad understanding of the various approaches.

Chapter 7 Cellular Control of Time, Size, and Shape in Development and Evolution (Book chapter)

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Book Series: Evolutionary Cell Biology ISBN: 9781315155968 9781498787864 Year: Pages: 48 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Biology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-17 11:44:13
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The rules by which anatomical size and shape are generated have intrigued scientists for centuries. In 1638, Galileo suggested a mathematical relationship between proportional changes in the shape of bones as animals increase in size, which he argued was a functional necessity for weight bearing (1914). The formalism of Galileo, whereby, physical forces and mathematical laws became integrated with studies of size and shape in biology, was most conspicuously encapsulated over a hundred years ago in the 1917 monumental tome by D’Arcy Thompson entitled, On Growth and Form (Thompson 1917). In a breathtakingly comprehensive manner, Thompson synthesized the observations of numerous predecessors and contemporaries, and through countless examples built a theoretical and experimental framework for describing changes in morphology that persists to this day (Stern and Emlen 1999; Arthur 2006).

Combined Scheduling and Control

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ISBN: 9783038428053 9783038428060 Year: Pages: VIII, 166 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Computer Science --- Business and Management
Added to DOAB on : 2018-04-13 15:56:34
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Scheduling and control are typically viewed as separate applications because of historical factors such as limited computing resources. Now that algorithms and computing resources have advanced, there are new efforts to have short-term decisions (control) interact or merge with longer-term decisions (scheduling). A new generation of numerical optimization methods are evolving to capture additional benefits and unify the approach to manufacturing process automation. This special issue is a collection of some of the latest advancements in scheduling and control for both batch and continuous processes. It contains developments with multi-scale problem formulation, software for the new class of problems, and a survey of the strengths and weaknesses of successive levels of integration.

PID Control for Industrial Processes

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ISBN: 9781789237009 9781789237016 Year: Pages: 218 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.69592 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Technology (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:52

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PID Control for Industrial Processes presents a clear, multidimensional representation of proportional - integral - derivative (PID) control for both students and specialists working in the area of PID control. It mainly focuses on the theory and application of PID control in industrial processes. It incorporates recent developments in PID control technology in industrial practice. Emphasis has been given to finding the best possible approach to develop a simple and optimal solution for industrial users. This book includes several chapters that cover a broad range of topics and priority has been given to subjects that cover real-world examples and case studies. The book is focused on approaches for controller tuning, i.e., method bases on open-loop plant tests and closed-loop experiments.

Fuzzy Logic Based in Optimization Methods and Control Systems and Its Applications

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ISBN: 9781789840674 9781789840681 Year: Pages: 96 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.73112 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Mechanical Engineering --- Mathematics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:52

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Fuzzy logic models can be used to demonstrate human decision making in complex situations, and can therefore be an important tool in examining natural complexity. Moreover, fuzzy logic can be exploited to predict chaotic behaviors. But why is fuzzy logic so valuable? The idea of fuzzy logic has been around since 1965, and since its introduction thousands of applications of fuzzy logic have been implemented in industry, medicine, and even economic applications and patents. How did this invaluable theory achieve such great success? This book aims to compare well-known and well-used membership functions to demonstrate how to select the best membership functions and show when and why to utilize them. This book also demonstrates how different fields of studies utilize fuzzy logic showing its wide reach and relevance.

Chapter 8 Categorising What We Study and What We Analyse, and the Exercise of Interpretation (Book chapter)

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ISBN: 9783319768618 9783319768618 Year: Pages: 17 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-76861-8_8 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature Grant: FP7 Ideas: European Research Council - 283601
Subject: History --- Migration
Added to DOAB on : 2018-07-02 11:01:01
License: Springer

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A lot of qualitative researchers have a healthy wariness about straightforward categorisation&#xD;and modelling endeavours undertaken by quantitative researchers. Too&#xD;often, variables and measurements are too rigid in quantitative analysis to take stock&#xD;of all the complexity and context-dependency of human behaviour, attitudes and&#xD;identities. In the worst-case scenario for migration studies, this leads to oversimplification,&#xD;essentialisation and culturalism. In line with King et al. (1994), I would,&#xD;however, in this chapter, like to plead for qualitative researchers to take into account&#xD;that, in terms of challenges of validity and reliability, we have a lot to learn from&#xD;each other. Acknowledging that qualitative research has its distinctive advantages&#xD;(Brady and Collier 2004), I will argue that choices in categorisation, case selection&#xD;and research design are of crucial importance, perhaps even more in qualitative&#xD;studies than in quantitative studies, even if in both methodological traditions we are&#xD;confronted with similar challenges. Being transparent and reflecting on the consequences&#xD;of our choices of categorisation, analysis and interpretation is of crucial&#xD;importance. It is too easy to think that qualitative research would, by definition, be&#xD;better equipped in doing justice to the phenomena we wish to study in the field of&#xD;migration, especially if our research focusses on migrants.&#xD;

Wetlands for the Treatment of Agricultural Drainage Water

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ISBN: 9783038972082 9783038972099 Year: Pages: 150 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-209-9 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Environmental Engineering --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2018-10-11 10:44:12
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Agricultural drainage, such as runoffs from farmlands and wineries, are contaminated waters. Their management is monitored by environmental protection authorities who set targets of volume or pollutant reductions. Due to large quantities and seasonal variations, the targets are often not met, and effective management remains a problem in many parts of the world.Natural wetlands are known as the ‘kidneys’ of the earth with unique water purification functions that have long been recognized. Imitating the functions of natural wetlands, constructed wetlands are engineered systems purposely built to treat contaminated waters. They may therefore be called the ‘artificial kidneys’ of the earth. Rural areas often only have low-value lands available for constructed wetlands. Where large quantities of drainage are produced, farmlands are often adjacent to degraded natural wetlands that have reduced ecosystem functions. Controlled discharge and treatment in the wetlands can potentially be part of an integrated solution to multiple environmental problems.This book includes some recent studies on the fate of pollutants removed from agricultural drainage in wetlands, modelling of wetland performance, innovative systems, and the use of non-hazardous agricultural waste in constructed wetlands for wastewater treatment. These studies enhance our understanding of wetland systems, and will help develop wetland technology towards solving the problems associated with agricultural drainage.

Peripheral Nervous System-Machine Interfaces

Authors: --- --- ---
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889453924 Year: Pages: 141 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88945-392-4 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Science (General) --- Neurology
Added to DOAB on : 2018-11-16 17:17:57
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For 5 years, the Peripheral Nervous System-Machine Interfaces workgroup has dedicated itself to the recruitment of researchers, clinicians, and general public in a unified effort to advance the frontier of restoration of quality of life to those with limb deficiency. Our group's mission is to bring together experts from various domains to identify promising new technologies and new opportunities for inquiry and discovery in prosthetics research. This e-Book collects 10 cutting edge research articles written by members of the workgroup, covering three domains prioritized by the workgroup: novel prosthetic technology, approaches for reducing device rejection, and prosthetic control. In our summary editorial, we four principals of the workgroup reflect on our first 5 years, and project our vision for the future, as the Society for Prosthetics.

Micromanipulation

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ISBN: 9783038975038 9783038975045 Year: Pages: 200 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-504-5 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: General and Civil Engineering --- Mechanical Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-10 10:09:02
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Nowadays, we meet microsystems in a variety of devices used in modern life. They are used, for example, in medicine, biology, industry, home appliances, transport, and aerospace. One of the main problems in the technological development of microsystems is their actuation. Several solutions have been suggested, such as electrostatic, electrothermal, electromagnetic, or piezoelectric actuation, although a valid solution seems to be still out of our reach.Another crucial problem in designing, manufacturing, and operating microsystems for micromanipulation consists in the loss of some basic paradigms commonly used as a source of inspiration at the macroscale. The differences in designing at the two different scales may have either positive or negative effects. For example, an unthinkable structure in the day–life domain, as, for example, a long “cantilever” bridge over the Hudson river, would become possible after downscaling “everything” from road dimensions to the micro-world. Alternatively, a fantastic electric motor that works very well in our world, by virtue of the basic principles of electromagnetism, would become useless if scaled back to the micro cosmos.This book opens a small window on the world of research, presenting a group of papers that try to respond to the challenge of increasing the efficiency and functionality of modern microsystems. A final little section is also dedicated to the development of new teaching methods successfully adopted in some university courses.

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