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Measuring the Master Race: Physical Anthropology in Norway 1890-1945

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ISBN: 9781909254565 9781909254558 Year: Pages: 276 DOI: 10.11647/OBP.0051 Language: English
Publisher: Open Book Publishers
Subject: Anthropology
Added to DOAB on : 2015-06-10 13:31:46
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The notion of a superior ‘Germanic’ or ‘Nordic’ race was a central theme in Nazi ideology. But it was also a commonly accepted idea in the early twentieth century, an actual scientific concept originating from anthropological research on the physical characteristics of Europeans. The Scandinavian Peninsula was considered to be the historical cradle and the heartland of this ‘master race’.Measuring the Master Race investigates the role played by Scandinavian scholars in inventing this so-called superior race, and discusses how the concept stamped Norwegian physical anthropology, prehistory, national identity and the eugenics movement. It also explores the decline and scientific discrediting of these ideas in the 1930s as they came to be associated with the genetic cleansing of Nazi Germany.This is the first comprehensive study of Norwegian physical anthropology. Its findings shed new light on current political and scientific debates about race across the globe.

Renegater

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ISBN: 9789188909497 9789188909282 Year: Pages: 321 DOI: 10.21525/kriterium.20 Language: Swedish
Publisher: Kriterium
Subject: Political Science --- Philosophy --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-18 11:21:07
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"This study focuses on two Swedish politicians, Nils Flyg and Sven Olov Lindholm. During the interwar era, they were both leaders of various Swedish political parties; in the case of Flyg the Swedish Communist Party, and later on the Socialist Party; in the case of Lindholm the National Socialist Worker’s Party (later renamed Swedish Socialist Unity). Both men were, in other words, influential politicians located at the outer edges of the ideological landscape. During the span of their lifetimes, however, Flyg as well as Lindholm made remarkable ideological transitions. From the end of the thirties and onwards, the former communist leader Flyg successively embraced German Nazism. Lindholm on the other hand stepped down from his leadership after the war, and became a left-wing political activist who did not hesitate to identify himself as a communist. Superficially, this is strikingly symmetric: The communist leader becomes a Nazi, and the Nazi leader becomes a communist. The aim of the study is to analyze the ideological links and tensions between Nazism and communism using these parallel biographies as a point of entrance. Inspired by political theorist Michael Freeden and his conceptual approach, and using a variety of sources, two core clusters of political concepts are identified and compared. It is shown that there are great similarities between Flyg and Lindholm when it comes to the role of anti-capitalism, anti-imperialism and the aspiration to idealize the Soviet Union or Germany as model states for workers. There are also, however, a number of differences, especially when it comes to views on modernity and materialism. In the final chapter, Flyg and Lindholm are compared to other European renegades. Here, the ambition is to identify common traits in the conversions. It is argued that the ideological antagonisms, the anti-positions, are crucial to this kind of generic renegadism."

Brownshirt Princess: A Study of the 'Nazi Conscience'

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ISBN: 9781906924072 Year: Pages: 202 DOI: 10.11647/OBP.0003 Language: English
Publisher: Open Book Publishers
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2012-04-06 03:32:42
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Princess Marie Adelheid of Lippe-Biesterfeld was a rebellious young writer who became a fervent Nazi. Heinrich Vogeler was a well-regarded artist who was to join the German Communist Party. Ludwig Roselius was a successful businessman who had made a fortune from his invention of decaffeinated coffee. What was it about the revolutionary climate following World War I that induced three such different personalities to collaborate in the production of a slim volume of poetry—entitled Gott in Mir—about the indwelling of the divine within the human?Gossman's study situates the poem in the ideological context that made the collaboration possible: pantheism, Darwinism, disillusionment with traditional liberal values, theosophy and völkisch religions, and Lebensreform. The study outlines the subsequent life of the Princess who, until her death in 1993, continued to support and celebrate the ideals and heroes of National Socialism. Brownshirt Princess provides deep insight into the sources and character of the "Nazi Conscience", and is invaluable reading for anybody interested in understanding German society during the inter-war and Nazi periods.

Brownshirt Princess

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ISBN: 9781906924089 Year: Pages: 202 DOI: 10.11647/OBP.0003 Language: English
Publisher: Open Book Publishers
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2018-04-04 11:02:00
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Princess Marie Adelheid of Lippe-Biesterfeld was a rebellious young writer who became a fervent Nazi. Heinrich Vogeler was a well-regarded artist who was to join the German Communist Party. Ludwig Roselius was a successful businessman who had made a fortune from his invention of decaffeinated coffee. What was it about the revolutionary climate following World War I that induced three such different personalities to collaborate in the production of a slim volume of poetry—entitled Gott in Mir—about the indwelling of the divine within the human? Gossman's study situates the poem in the ideological context that made the collaboration possible: pantheism, Darwinism, disillusionment with traditional liberal values, theosophy and völkisch religions, and Lebensreform. The study outlines the subsequent life of the Princess who, until her death in 1993, continued to support and celebrate the ideals and heroes of National Socialism. Brownshirt Princess provides deep insight into the sources and character of the "Nazi Conscience", and is invaluable reading for anybody interested in understanding German society during the inter-war and Nazi periods. The University Committee on Research in the Humanities and Social Sciences, Princeton University, has generously contributed towards the publication of this volume.

Les Bienveillantes de Jonathan Littell

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ISBN: 9781906924218 Year: Pages: 344 DOI: 10.11647/OBP.0006 Language: French
Publisher: Open Book Publishers
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2012-04-06 03:32:42
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Les Bienveillantes de Jonathan Littell a créé l’événement de la rentrée littéraire 2006. Selon l’auteur, la portée du roman dépasse le seul génocide des Juifs pour revêtir une dimension universelle. Les angles d’approche dans Les Bienveillantes de Jonathan Littell sont aussi nombreux que variés sans prétendre à l’exhaustivité. Ce recueil n’est pas un jugement de l’œuvre, ni une interrogation sur sa recevabilité, pas plus qu’une assertion sur les limites de sa légitimité en tant que roman ou une justification, mais ce recueil est novateur puisque le premier à se concentrer sur le texte des Bienveillantes. Le présent recueil offre un riche éventail d’angles d’approches. Ainsi les analyses ont-elles accentué les personnages qu’ils soient historiques ou fictifs. Mais aussi, les aspects formels, comme la vision du narrateur, le style, la composition, l’esthétique et les influences littéraires. Et encore, les thèmes tels le parricide, l’homosexualité, l’antisémitisme et la Shoah. L’idéologie impliquée se devait d’être interrogée également. Un autre thème crucial du roman est la question qu’il pose entre le Bien et le Mal et sa banalisation. La réception de l’œuvre et les raisons de son succès qui lui valu plusieurs grands prix littéraires a été abordée ainsi que les éléments du grotesque que certains n’ont pas manqué de remarquer. Les Bienveillantes (The Kindly Ones), caused a literary sensation in 2006. Described as "deliberately repellent" by The New York Times, Jonathan Littell’s novel tells the story of World War II through the eyes of former SS officer Maximilien Aue. This is the first academic study of this controversial, best-selling work. Twenty-one leading scholars discuss the aesthetics, themes and characters of the novel, as well as formal aspects of Littell’s writing. They tackle ideas surrounding parricide, genocide, anti-Semitism and the Holocaust, as well as Littell’s portrayal of both historical and fictional characters. The collection offers a deeply varied range of approaches to Littell’s work and is essential reading for anyone interested in representations of World War II, the Holocaust and contemporary French literature. All the essays in this collection are written in French.

The End and the Beginning: The Book of My Life

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9781906924287 Year: Pages: 295 DOI: 10.11647/OBP.0010 Language: English
Publisher: Open Book Publishers
Subject: Gender Studies --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2012-04-06 03:32:42
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First published in Germany in 1929, The End and the Beginning is a lively memoir of a vanished world and of a rebellious young woman’s struggle to achieve independence.Born in 1883 into a distinguished and wealthy aristocratic family of the old Austro-Hungarian Empire, Hermynia Zur Mühlen spent much of her childhood traveling in Europe and North Africa with her diplomat father. After five years on her German husband’s estate in czarist Russia she broke with both her family and her husband and set out on a precarious career as a professional writer committed to socialism. As well as translating many leading contemporary authors, notably Upton Sinclair, into German, she herself published an impressive number of politically engaged novels, detective stories, short stories, and children’s fairy tales. Because of her outspoken opposition to National Socialism, she had to flee her native Austria in 1938 and seek refuge in England, where she died, virtually penniless, in 1951.This revised and corrected translation of Zur Mühlen’s memoir—with extensive notes and an essay on the author by Lionel Gossman—will appeal especially to readers interested in women’s history, World War I, and the culture and politics of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.Seven free online supplements are also provided, containing additional original material including a selection of newly translated stories by Zur Mühlen, biographical essays by Gossman and a portfolio of images.

The Roma: a Minority in Europe

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ISBN: 9789637326868 9786155211218 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Central European University Press
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2015-05-19 15:18:48
License: OpenEdition licence for Books

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The main issues arising from the encounter between Roma people and surrounding European society since the time of their arrival in Medieval Europe until today are discussed in this work. The history of their persecution and genocide during the Nazi era, in particular, is central to the present volume. Significantly, some authors sought to emphasize the continuing history of prejudice and persecution, which reached a peak during the Nazi era and persisted after the war. Current questions of so...

Heroes and Villains

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ISBN: 9789637326981 9786155211355 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Central European University Press
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2015-05-19 15:18:48
License: OpenEdition licence for Books

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Certain to engender debate in the media, especially in Ukraine itself, as well as the academic community. Using a wide selection of newspapers, journals, monographs, and school textbooks from different regions of the country, the book examines the sensitive issue of the changing perspectives – often shifting 180 degrees – on several events discussed in the new narratives of the Stalin years published in the Ukraine since the late Gorbachev period until 2005. These events were pivotal to Ukrai...

Les Bienveillantes de Jonathan Littell

Author:
ISBN: 9781906924232 Year: Pages: 344 DOI: 10.11647/OBP.0006 Language: French
Publisher: Open Book Publishers
Subject: Languages and Literatures --- Arts in general
Added to DOAB on : 2018-04-04 11:01:50
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Les Bienveillantes (The Kindly Ones), caused a literary sensation in 2006. Described as "deliberately repellent" by The New York Times, Jonathan Littell’s novel tells the story of World War II through the eyes of former SS officer Maximilien Aue. This is the first academic study of this controversial, best-selling work.Twenty-one leading scholars discuss the aesthetics, themes and characters of the novel, as well as formal aspects of Littell’s writing. They tackle ideas surrounding parricide, genocide, ant-Semitism and the Holocaust as well as Littell’s portrayal of both historical and fictional characters. The collection offers a deeply varied range of approaches to Littell’s work and is essential reading for anyone interested in representations of World War II, the Holocaust and contemporary French literature. All the essays in this collection are written in French.

The End and the Beginning

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9781906924294 Year: Pages: 295 DOI: 10.11647/OBP.0010 Language: English
Publisher: Open Book Publishers
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2018-04-04 11:01:51
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First published in Germany in 1929, The End and the Beginning is a lively memoir of a vanished world and of a rebellious young woman’s struggle to achieve independence. Born in 1883 into a distinguished and wealthy aristocratic family of the old Austro-Hungarian Empire, Hermynia Zur Mühlen spent much of her childhood traveling in Europe and North Africa with her diplomat father. After five years on her German husband’s estate in czarist Russia she broke with both her family and her husband and set out on a precarious career as a professional writer committed to socialism. As well as translating many leading contemporary authors, notably Upton Sinclair, into German, she herself published an impressive number of politically engaged novels, detective stories, short stories, and children’s fairy tales. Because of her outspoken opposition to National Socialism, she had to flee her native Austria in 1938 and seek refuge in England, where she died, virtually penniless, in 1951. This revised and corrected translation of Zur Mühlen’s memoir—with extensive notes and an essay on the author by Lionel Gossman—will appeal especially to readers interested in women’s history, World War I, and the culture and politics of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Seven free online supplements are also provided, containing additional original material including a selection of newly translated stories by Zur Mühlen, biographical essays by Gossman and a portfolio of images. The Federal Ministry of Education, Art, and Culture, Department of Literature (/BMUKK-Kultur; Literaturabteilung/), Vienna, Austria, has generously contributed towards the publication of this volume.

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