Search results: Found 8

Listing 1 - 8 of 8
Sort by
Australian Aboriginal Kinship : An introductory handbook with particular emphasis on the Western Desert

Author:
ISBN: 9782956398110 DOI: 10.4000/books.pacific.556 Language: English
Publisher: pacific-credo Publications
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:40
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Since the very early years of anthropology, Australian Aboriginal kinship has fascinated researchers in the field as well as theorists. Its complexity is considerable and, as some have remarked, its mechanical and logical beauty is astonishing. This complexity has however discouraged many scholars, students and people working in Aboriginal communities from actively and intellectually engaging with indigenous ways of conceiving and producing relationships based on kinship, despite the fact that it is a domain deeply embedded in everyday life and interaction. This handbook attempts to bring the principles of kinship in general, and Australian Aboriginal kinship in particular, closer to the reader in an understandable and pedagogic way. Aimed at Aboriginal people themselves, students in the social sciences and humanities or, in fact, any other person eager to learn more about Aboriginal Australia, while also discussing some issues of interest to even accomplished anthropologists, the book is divided into four general parts each tackling specific questions. Part 1 deals with the historical and ethnographic background against which the discussions on kinship are framed in later sections. Important concepts in anthropology such as 'culture' or 'hunter-gatherer societies' are looked at. Part 2 develops the basic tools and concepts needed to understand kinship. It discusses its main domains, such as terminology, marriage, descent and filiation. Part 3 applies the material considered up to this point to actual ethnographic examples from the Australian Western Desert and elaborates on other important concepts such as 'family', 'household' and 'domestic group'. Part 4 explains social organisation and, in particular, generational moieties, patri- and matrimoieties, sections and subsections, all of which are central to Aboriginal peoples' ways of interacting. Finally, the concluding chapter discusses in a more critical fashion the concept of kinship itself ad elaborates on the idea of relatedness as a meaningful expansion of formal kinship studies.

Unheil durch Dämonen?

Author:
ISBN: 9783205784852 Year: Pages: 218 Seiten DOI: 10.26530/oapen_437183 Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Austrian Science Fund - D 4098
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2013-03-27 11:49:21
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Narratives about people haunted by demons have a long tradition in the Middle East. The Koran
addresses the existence of demons, although their overall significance in it is limited. In contrast,
dangerous demons and accompanying phenomena, such as the evil eye and witchcraft, play a vital role
in concepts of folk religion. Particularly in peripheral and rural areas of the present-day Syrian Arab
Republic, many people have stories to tell about their own encounters with such supernatural beings.
In my research, I have collected such narratives, orally transmitted over time, and I have reconstructed
subsequent discourses. More specifically, I have pursued the two following questions: In which spatial
and temporal spheres do demons appear? And: Which human behaviours are likely to cause dangerous
demons to appear?
My analysis firstly replicated and extended structural approaches which presume demons and other
metaphysical entities in spatial and temporal border zones.
Secondly, evidence was collected to demonstrate that demons appear primarily when humans are faced
with uncertainties - regarding ethical-moral decisions, regarding the realm of sexuality, or the
construction of individual and collective identities.
Narratives about encounters with demons inevitably lead to discourses about important issues of great
urgency. In theory they can be described as conflict-laden topics regarding ethics and morals, sexuality,
social change, and identity. However, the topics of these discourses are not abstract theories claiming
universal validity. Quite the contrary: On the basis of concrete events in concrete contexts, concrete
options for a virtuous and good life are discussed.
These concretizations, in the narratives as well as in the discourses, form an effective strategy in
creating security in a world full of uncertainties. The folk religious concepts regarding the demons’
influence therefore provide an opportunity to cope with negative experiences of contingency.
Moreover, particular relevance of the local-cultural beliefs in demons lies in dealing with value
conflicts. Focusing on situations of daily life, such local-cultural concepts appear to be valid even when
contrasted with other, concurring models of reality. Viewed in this light, they are essential, practical,
and useful for the people in the Syrian periphery - at least today, and perhaps also tomorrow.

Race and Ethnicity in Latin America

Author:
Book Series: Anthropology, Culture and Society ISBN: 9780745329482 9781849645515 Year: Pages: 224 DOI: 10.26530/oapen_625258 Language: English
Publisher: Pluto Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 100044
Subject: Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-10 11:02:21
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

For over ten years, Race and Ethnicity in Latin America has been an essential text for students studying the region. This second edition adds new material and brings the analysis up to date.Race and ethnic identities are increasingly salient in Latin America. Peter Wade examines changing perspectives on Black and Indian populations in the region, tracing similarities and differences in the way these peoples have been seen by academics and national elites. Race and ethnicity as analytical concepts are re-examined in order to assess their usefulness.This book should be the first port of call for anthropologists and sociologists studying identity in Latin America.

Where is the Field?

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9789522227621 9789522223883 9789522227621 9789522227614 Year: Pages: 221 DOI: 10.21435/sfe.14 Language: English
Publisher: Finnish Literature Society / SKS Grant: Helsinki University Library and SKS
Subject: Ethnology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:42
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

The book sheds light on the experiences of immigrants in different parts of the world and other insightful reflections on the art of carrying out fieldwork in the present day, when the task of locating the ‘field’ seems to present a particular challenge for researchers. This book is of interest to experienced ethnographers working in the discipline of migration studies and also to scholars conducting ethnographic research in other fields.

Les dynamiques religieuses dans le pacifique : Formes et figures contemporaines de la spiritualité océanienne

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9782956398103 DOI: 10.4000/books.pacific.111 Language: French
Publisher: pacific-credo Publications
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:40
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Christianisée à partir du XIXe siècle, l’Océanie est aujourd’hui le théâtre de phénomènes religieux d’une extrême diversité, ce qui soulève deux séries d’interrogations. La première porte sur les raisons, les formes et les effets de cette transformation majeure que fut la conversion au christianisme des populations locales. La seconde concerne la nature du changement culturel impliqué dans la conversion : s’agit-il d’un mélange, plus ou moins homogène, plus ou moins stable, de deux systèmes religieux ou, au contraire, d’une rupture brutale et profonde avec la société précédente ? Ou encore d’un autre type de recomposition entre deux systèmes d’interprétation du monde, dont il convient de comprendre et d’analyser les modalités ? S’y ajoute le problème du cadre d’analyse dans lequel étudier la conversion et donc le rapport que ces populations entretiennent avec leur passé. Celui-ci doit-il être placé dans la continuité supposée d’une société ou, au contraire, n’est-il pas plus pertinent de questionner une telle perspective, trop souvent considérée comme allant de soi ? Cependant, si l’on postule d’emblée la discontinuité du rapport au passé et si l’on fait l’économie du discours autochtone sur la permanence culturelle, ne risque-t-on pas de passer à côté de ce que pensent, disent et font les populations lorsqu’elles transforment en continuités les discontinuités de leur propre histoire ? Enfin, étant donné l’extrême diversité des formes d’imposition et d’appropriation du christianisme et des modes de mutation religieuse autochtone, quel(s) modèle(s) d’analyse peut-on mettre en œuvre pour comprendre l’ensemble des transformations induites par ces phénomènes ? C’est à ces problématiques que se confrontent les auteurs des textes réunis ici. Anthropologues ou historiens, ils ont tous, et parfois depuis plusieurs décennies, accompli des recherches de terrain au sein des sociétés océaniennes, aujourd’hui en pleine mutation.

Mistrust -- Ethnographic Approximations

Author:
Book Series: Kultur und soziale Praxis ISBN: 9783839439234 9783837639230 9783732839230 Year: Pages: 232 Language: English
Publisher: transcript Verlag Grant: Schweizerischer Nationalfonds zur Förderung der Wissenschaftlichen Forschung
Subject: Ethnology
Added to DOAB on : 2018-02-02 11:02:18
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Scholars have long seen trust as a foundational social good. We therefore have ample studies on building trust in free markets, on cultivating trust in the state, and on rebuilding trust through civil society. The contributors to this volume, instead, take a step back. They ask: Can mistrust ever be more than the flip side of trust, more than the sign of an absence or failure? By looking ethnographically at what a variety of actors actually do when they express mistrust, this volume offers a richly empirical trove of the social life of mistrust across a range of settings.

Die altnubischen Dörfer Bāb und Al-Ğūwānī.

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783902976819 Year: Pages: 317 Seiten Language: German
Publisher: Holzhausen Grant: Austrian Science Fund - PUB 544
Added to DOAB on : 2019-08-28 11:21:02
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

The presented volume aims to carry out a socio-cultural case study focusing on two abandoned Nubian villages in Upper Egypt, which are regarding their formation and abandonment closely connected with the construction of the British Dam south of Aswan and the following floods around 1900. Besides the documentation of architecture and associated find material, the special nature of the research strategy involved a close cooperation with the descendents of the village inhabitants and other Nubians still living in the sourroundings of the affected area.Through the interdisciplinary research strategy and the combination of a variety of methods in the fields of Archaeology, Building research and Social Anthropology, standard interpretations could be reflected upon, questioned and if necessary corrected, wherefore this study makes an important contribution to the discussion of cultural formation processes and their transformation into the archaeological record as well as bringing insights into the debate on context interpretation of material culture.

Paths and Rivers; Sa’dan Toraja Society in Transformation

Author:
Book Series: Verhandelingen van het Koninklijk Instituut voor Taal-, Land- en Volkenkunde ISBN: 9789067183079 9789004253858 Year: Volume: 253 Pages: xxxii + 510 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_377535 Language: English
Publisher: Brill
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2011-11-04 00:00:00
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Fieldwork extending over a thirty-year period provided materials for this book. Paths and Rivers offers an unusually deep and broad picture of the Sa’dan Toraja as a society in dynamic transition over the course of the past century. The Toraja inhabit the mountainous highlands of South Sulawesi, Indonesia, and are well known for their dramatic architecture, their unusual cliff burials, and their flamboyant ceremonial life, which places extraordinary economic demands on individuals and families. The analysis is informed, firstly, by a comparative perspective which sets Toraja social structure in the context of the Austronesian world. Secondly, the author delves deeply into Toraja social memory to show how people think about the past. She examines the usefulness of history and myth in the present as a source of identity, a template for action, or a resource by means of which to claim precedence. The book gives a clear picture of the structure and ethos of the indigenous Toraja religion, the Aluk To Dolo or ‘Way of the Ancestors’, with its complex cycle of rituals. The book concludes with an analysis of the ceremonial economy, which draws upon both domestic subsistence production and the global market economy.
Paths and Rivers draws together a fascinating picture of one society’s journey into modernity.
Roxana Waterson is Associate Professor in the Department of Sociology, National University of Singapore. She is also the author of The living house: an anthropology of architecture in Southeast Asia (3rd ed., Thames and Hudson, 1997) and Southeast Asian lives: Personal narratives and historical experience (Singapore University Press/Ohio University Press, 2007).

Listing 1 - 8 of 8
Sort by