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Razza, sangue e suolo: utopie della razza e progetti eugenetici nel ruralismo nazista

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Book Series: Clio: Saggi di scienze storiche, archeologiche e storico-artistiche ISSN: 2532-4608 ISBN: 9788888904085 Year: Volume: 4 Pages: 156 DOI: 10.6093/978-88-88904-08-5 Language: Italian
Publisher: FedOA - Federico II University Press
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2018-06-05 22:39:27
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The "racial and biological regeneration" of the German people was one of the ideological foundations of the Third Reich. The ideas of ​​an organic improvement and of a racial selection of peoples originated in the utopias of eugenics and racism that were developed in the second half of the nineteenth century in Germany and Europe. Eugenics laws were already in place since the early twentieth century in the United States, and later in Switzerland and Scandinavia. However, it was only in the Nazi Germany that racism and eugenics were able to intertwine and be fully realized into a wide and articulated legislative system aimed at the "defense" of the "racial and genetic integrity" of the German people. Statistics, genetics, demographics, anthropology, and medicine contributed, with their true or alleged scientific nature, to give the discriminatory and racist Nazi ideology an aura of objective certainty. The dangerous combination of these factors was systematically and organically implemented within the proposals of the anti-Semitic, "blood and soil" ruralism. These culminated in the "zootechnical" utopia, consisting of a selective breeding of a new Nordic peasant nobility, the future ruling class of the German racial society. The combination of eugenic and racist instances did not remain confined within utopian projects, but found its dramatic fulfillment in the policies of elimination, namely euthanasia and the Shoah.

On History : Introduction to World History (1831); Opening Address at the Faculty of Letters, 9 January 1834; Preface to History of France (1869)

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ISBN: 9782821854093 Language: English
Publisher: Open Book Publishers
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:39
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Edited by Lionel Gossman, this volume contains three programmatic essays by Michelet. The first two are available here for the first time in English translation. The third, the Preface to the 1869 edition of the Histoire de France, originally published in its first English translation by Edward K. kaplan in his Michelet's Poetic Vision (1977), has been revised by the translator for this volume. One of the greatest Romantic historians and immensely popular during his lifetime, Jules Michelet (1798-1874) fell into disfavor among the positivist historians who came after him and who regarded his work with disdain as "literature". In the 1920s and 30s, however, he began to be rediscovered and rehabilitated by the members of the influential Annales school. The objects of Michelet's interest - living conditions, popular mentalities, laws and the arts, the historian's relation to the objects of his study, no less than political history - have since come to occupy a central place in modern historical research. A free online-only supplement contains an essay on Michelet by John Stuart Mill from the Edinburgh Review (January 1844) and several studies of Michelet by Lionel Gossman.

Keywords

history --- France --- historiography

Irreligiosidad y literatura en la Atenas clásica

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Book Series: Humanitas Supplementum ISSN: 21828814 ISBN: 9789892615974 Year: Pages: 422 DOI: https://doi.org/10.14195/978-989-26-1598-1 Language: Spanish
Publisher: Coimbra University Press
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-03-01 00:11:02
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The presence of religion in Greek literature has been thoroughly analysed in the most relevant historical and philological studies. Nevertheless, there exists a lack of detailed research on the tension between “religiosity and irreligiosity” which starts to become apparent particularly in Classical Athens. Therefore, this volume aims to focus on the appearance of irreligious elements in the most important literary genres of Classical Athens: drama, oratory and historiography. After a scientific update of those contributions especially relevant to our subject, we provide commentary on selected passages from the genres mentioned above to illustrate the significance of irreligious terminology in the literature of Classical Athens. The methodological principal we have used is the verification of the irreligious terms in the texts by means of inductive criteria which form the basis of our commentaries. An epilogue completes this work: the reflections of the most significant posterior authors, from Plato to Plutarch, on the “irreligious problem”.

Drawing in the Land

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Book Series: Terra Australis ISBN: 9781760462581 Year: Pages: 226 DOI: 10.22459/TA49.2018 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Archaeology --- History of arts --- Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-03-16 11:21:03
License: ANU Press

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"Drawing in the Land offers an important contribution to the field of rock art research and Australian archaeology. It provides a detailed study of the previously under-examined rock art of the Hawkesbury/Nepean area of New South Wales. The study presents a detailed historiography of Australian rock art research and, through the lens of landscape archaeology, offers an innovative contribution to rock art studies in the wider Sydney Basin.&#xD;The volume’s theoretical focus on materiality, embodied practice and performance allows for the charting of ideational change and provides a unique contribution to the late Holocene archaeology of NSW and contact archaeology within Australia more broadly."&#xD;

Medievistica del Novecento

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Book Series: Reti Medievali E-Book ISBN: 9788884536419 Year: DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_345488 Language: Italian
Publisher: Firenze University Press
Subject: History --- Bibliography
Added to DOAB on : 2011-11-04 00:00:00
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A comprehensive collection spanning five decades of full-length book reviews and short synopses by Giovanni Tabacco, whose scholarly concerns were never separate from a lifelong engagement as an exacting critical reader. Inspired by wide-ranging historical interests and with a special emphasis on issues of power and culture, these essays provide a valuable commentary to the progression of Medieval Studies during the twentieth century. Guglielmotti, Paola (ed.)

Historyblogosphere. Bloggen in den Geschichtswissenschaften

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ISBN: 9783486755732 Year: Pages: 201 DOI: 10.1524/9783486755732 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2016-01-07 16:15:32
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For the first time in the German language historical disciplines, a book has been subject to open peer review as it was developed. All contributions were discussed online with comments. The ‘history blogosphere’ has thereby engaged in understanding an especially timely topic– namely, the medium of the blog itself.

A History of the Case Study

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ISBN: 9780719099434 9781526106117 Year: DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_626386 Language: English
Publisher: Manchester University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 100056
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-31 11:02:28
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This volume tells the story of the case study genre at a time when it became the genre par excellence for discussing human sexuality across the humanities and the life sciences. A History of the Case Study takes the reader on a transcontinental journey from the imperial world of fin-de-siècle Central Europe to the interwar metropolises of Weimar Germany, and to the United States of America in the post-war years. Foregrounding the figures of case study pioneers, and highlighting their radical engagements with the genre, the work scrutinises the case writing practices of Sigmund Freud and his predecessor sexologist Richard von Krafft-Ebing; writers such as Leopold von Sacher-Masoch and Weimar intellectuals such as Erich Wulffen. There result new insights into the continuing legacy of such writers, and into the agency increasingly claimed by the readerships that emerged with the development of modernity—from readers who self-identified as masochists, to conmen and female criminals.

Zum Gedenken an Peter Herrmann. 22. 5. 1927 - 22. 11. 2002

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Book Series: Hamburger Universitätsreden Neue Folge ISBN: 9783980898577 Year: Pages: 78 DOI: 10.15460/HUP.HURNF.4.51 Language: German
Publisher: Hamburg University Press
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:33:20

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This volume documents the speeches given at the academic commemoration ceremony for Peter Herrmann at the Warburg-Haus in Hamburg on May 15, 2003.

Film Museum Practice and Film Historiography

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ISBN: 9789089648266 Year: DOI: 10.5117/9789089648266 Language: Undetermined
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press
Subject: Performing Arts
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:17
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Exploring the history of several important collections from the EYE Film Museum in Amsterdam, Bregt Lameris shows how archival films and collections always carry historical traces.

Cícero: obra e recepção

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Book Series: Humanitas Supplementum ISSN: 21828814 ISBN: 9789892616704 Year: Pages: 236 DOI: https://doi.org/10.14195/978-989-26-1671-1 Language: Portuguese
Publisher: Coimbra University Press
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2019-03-01 00:11:02
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The book brings together seven essays on Cicero written by specialists in the Author. The essays are grouped into two sections: in the first one, papers on Cicero’s works (the dialogues: Lucullus, De finibus, De oratore, De officiis); in the second one, papers on both the early and late reception of Cicero (in Seneca, Petrarch and Erasmus). The essays belong to professors from Brazilian (Adriano Scatolin, Bianca Fanelli Morganti, Elaine Cristine Sartorelli, Sidney Calheiros de Lima), French (Carlos Lévy) and Italian universities (Aldo Setaioli, Ermanno Malaspina). The book avoids biographical approach, which sometimes takes the works of Cicero as a reliable witness of political and family events, sometimes distrusts them as a distorted picture of public and private actors; or yet, conceives of them as either the Author’s profession of faith in a philosophical doctrine, or a tendentious presentation of the theses of philosophical schools. Instead, the essays adopt another interpretative key, so that, when analyzing a philosophical dialogue of Cicero, instead of seeking references to its historical moment, focus on its controversial aspects (due to the dispute between the schools of philosophy), rhetorical aspects (the amplifying devices through which the Author compares the strength of one thesis with the weakness of another), fictional aspects (including the description of the scene and the picture of the characters). Thus, it can be said that the book seeks a more appropriate approach to Cicero’s works, not taking them as mere source of historical knowledge, but considering their historicity, that is, the devices for discursive production of their own time.

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