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Chapter 3 Global migration governance, civil society and the paradoxes of sustainability (Book chapter)

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Book Series: Rethinking Globalizations ISBN: 9780367147266 Year: Pages: 18 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: History --- Migration
Added to DOAB on : 2019-05-14 11:21:03
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Against the presentation of an asymmetric global governance, this article&#xD;analyzes the formation of global migration governance with its focus on the&#xD;politics of migration and development. It traces the marginalization of a&#xD;rights-based approach to migration and the streamlining of migration&#xD;governance into business-friendly migration management and a geopolitical&#xD;securitization agenda. It also reviews the trajectory towards factoring&#xD;migration into a global development policy discourse as formulated in the&#xD;UN 2030 Development Agenda. Specifically, it indicates that the inclusion of&#xD;migration into the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) may promote&#xD;migrant workers’ rights because several of these invoke universal human&#xD;rights instruments, social protection and the observance of the ILO decent&#xD;work agenda. However, this will only be possible if civil society critically&#xD;engages powerful state and non-state actors in the process of monitoring the&#xD;SDGs’ implementation, and resists their streamlining into investment and free&#xD;trade neoliberal development regimes.

Chapter 4 Development and poverty in Sub-Saharan Africa (Book chapter)

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9780367262297 9780429292125 Year: Pages: 54 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Political Science --- History --- Migration --- Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-14 11:21:03
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This paper puts sub-Saharan Africa’s economic development into perspective. While much did not go as hoped for at independence, much of the region has been on a more promising development trajectory since the mid-1990s, as we illustrate using growth, poverty, and human development indicators. We identify key weaknesses, including lack of structural transformation and the slow rate of employment growth. We refer to global shocks that have played a critical role in sub-Saharan Africa’s economic performance alongside domestic events, policies, and governance. Finally, we discuss a set of critical challenges requiring effective management for sub-Saharan Africa to realize its considerable development potential.&#xD;

Skilled Labor Mobility and Migration

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ISBN: 9781788116169 9781788116176 Year: Pages: 320 DOI: 10.4337/9781788116176 Language: English
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-08-22 13:32:28
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One of the primary objectives of the ASEAN Economic Community (AEC), established in 2015, was to boost skilled labor mobility within the region. This insightful book takes stock of the existing trends and patterns of skilled labor migration in the ASEAN. It endeavors to identify the likely winners and losers from the free movement of natural persons within the region through counterfactual policy simulations. Finally, it discusses existing issues and obstacles through case studies, as well as other sectoral examples.

Energopolitics

Author:
Book Series: Wind and Power in the Anthropocene ISBN: 9781478004394 9781478003137 Year: Pages: 280 Language: English
Publisher: Duke University Press
Subject: Ethnology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-19 11:21:14
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Between 2009 and 2013 Cymene Howe and Dominic Boyer conducted fieldwork in Mexico's Isthmus of Tehuantepec to examine the political, social, and ecological dimensions of moving from fossil fuels to wind power. Their work manifested itself as a new ethnographic form: the duograph—a combination of two single-authored books that draw on shared fieldsites, archives, and encounters that can be productively read together, yet can also stand alone in their analytic ambitions. In his volume, Energopolitics, Boyer examines the politics of wind power and how it is shaped by myriad factors, from the legacies of settler colonialism and indigenous resistance to state bureaucracy and corporate investment. Drawing on interviews with activists, campesinos, engineers, bureaucrats, politicians, and bankers, Boyer outlines the fundamental impact of energy and fuel on political power. Boyer also demonstrates how large conceptual frameworks cannot adequately explain the fraught and uniquely complicated conditions on the isthmus, illustrating the need to resist narratives of anthropocenic universalism and to attend to local particularities.&#xD;

Keywords

anthropocene --- energy --- power --- development --- Mexico

Tracing the consequences of child poverty

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9781447348368 Year: Pages: 204 Language: English
Publisher: Policy Press
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-03-15 11:21:03
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Available Open Access under CC-BY-NC licence. Using life course analysis from the Young Lives study of 12,000 children growing up in Ethiopia, India, Peru and Vietnam over the past 15 years, this book draws on evidence on two cohorts of children, aged from 1 to 15 and from 8 to 22. It examines how poverty affects children’s development in low and middle income countries, and how policy has been used to improve their lives, then goes on to show when key developmental differences occur. It uses new evidence to develop a framework of what matters most and when and outlines effective policy approaches to inform the no-one left behind Sustainable Development Goal agenda.&#xD;

Structure and Function of Chloroplasts

Authors: --- --- ---
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889457137 Year: Pages: 279 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88945-713-7 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Science (General) --- Botany
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-23 14:53:43
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Chloroplasts are plant cell organelles that convert light energy into relatively stable chemical energy via the photosynthetic process. By doing so, they sustain life on Earth. Chloroplasts also provide diverse metabolic activities for plant cells, including the synthesis of fatty acids, membrane lipids, isoprenoids, tetrapyrroles, starch, and hormones. The biogenesis, morphogenesis, protection and senescence of chloroplasts are essential for maintaining a proper structure and function of chloroplasts, which will be the theme of this Research Topic. Chloroplasts are enclosed by an envelope of two membranes which encompass a third complex membrane system, the thylakoids, including grana and lamellae. In addition, starch grains, plastoglobules, stromules, eyespots, pyrenoids, etc. are also important structures of chloroplasts. It is widely accepted that chloroplasts evolved from a free-living photosynthetic cyanobacterium, which was engulfed by a eukaryotic cell. Chloroplasts retain a minimal genome, most of the chloroplast proteins are encoded by nuclear genes and the gene products are transported into the chloroplast through complex import machinery. The coordination of nuclear and plastid genome expressions establishes the framework of both anterograde and retrograde signaling pathways. As the leaf develops from the shoot apical meristem, proplastids and etioplastids differentiate into chloroplasts. Chloroplasts are divided by a huge protein complex, also called the plastid-dividing (PD) machinery, and their division is also regulated by many factors to get an optimized number and size of chloroplasts in the cell. These processes are fundamental for the biogenesis and three-dimensional dynamic structure of chloroplasts.During the photosynthesis, reactive oxygen species (ROS) and other cellular signals can be made. As an important metabolic hub of the plant cell, the chloroplast health has been found critical for a variety of abiotic and biotic stresses, including drought, high light, cold, heat, oxidative stresses, phosphate deprivation, and programmed cell death at sites of infection. Therefore, a better understanding the responses of chloroplasts to these stresses is part of knowing how the plant itself responds. Ultimately, this knowledge will be necessary to engineer crops more resistant to common stresses.With the current global environment changes, world population growth, and the pivotal role of chloroplasts in carbon metabolism, it is of great significance to represent the advancement in this field, for science and society. Tremendous progresses have been made in the field of chloroplast biology in recent years. Through concerted efforts from the community, greater discoveries definitely will emerge in the future.

Law | Environment | Africa

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
Book Series: Schriftenreihe Recht und Verfassung in Afrika - Law and Constitution in Africa ISBN: 9783845294605 Year: Volume: 38 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5771/9783845294605 Language: en
Publisher: Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft mbH & Co. KG
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2019-03-26 14:01:47
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Law | Environment | Africa compiles the proceedings of the 5th Symposium and the 4th Scientific Conference of the Association of Environmental Law Lecturers from African Universities (ASSELLAU) in cooperation with the Climate Policy and Energy Security Programme for Sub-Saharan Africa run by the Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung (KAS) and the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP). The book

Destination London

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9781912656271 9781912656264 9781912656288 9781912656295 Year: Pages: 268 DOI: 10.16997/book35 Language: English
Publisher: University of Westminster Press Grant: University of Westminster
Subject: Political Science --- Geography --- Social Sciences --- Architecture
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-03 11:21:06
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London is one of the world’s most popular destinations and visitors contribute approximately £14.9 billion of expenditure to the city every year. Its tourism and events sectors are growing and over the last few years London has received more visitors than ever before. However, detailed accounts of the city’s visitor economy are conspicuously absent. This book analyses how the capital is developing as a destination through the expansion of tourism and events into new urban spaces. The book outlines how parts of London not previously regarded as tourist territory are now subject to the visitor gaze with tourism spreading beyond established central zones into peripheral, suburban and residential areas – in part propelled by a big rise in peer to peer accommodation use. Simultaneously, London’s airports and sports stadiums and their surrounds are becoming destinations in their own right. New vantage points have been created, allowing tourists to explore the city: from above, at night-time or through tours given by the homeless; via the opening up of the River Thames; or through the transformation of local parks into eventscapes. The book explores these trends and shows how urban destinations expand. In doing so, it enhances our understanding of London and highlights the growing significance of tourism and events in global cities.&#xD;

Civilising rural Ireland

Author:
ISBN: 9781526124579 Year: Pages: 248 Language: English
Publisher: Manchester University Press Grant: University Of Manchester
Subject: Business and Management --- Political Science --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-18 11:21:04
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Civilising Rural Ireland examines how modern Ireland emerged out of the social and economic transformation prompted by the rural co-operative movement. The movement emerged in response to systemic economic problems that arose throughout the nineteenth century and coincided with a wide-ranging project of cultural nationalism. Within a short space of time the co-operative movement established a swathe of creameries, agricultural societies and credit societies, leading to a radical reorganisation of rural Ireland and helping to create a distinctive Irish political economy. The work of overlooked co-operative experts is critically examined for the first time and reinserted into the process of state development. The interventions of these organisers, intellectuals and farmers built up key institutions that shaped everyday life across rural communities. The movement weathered war and revolution, to become an indispensable part of an Irish state infrastructure after independence in 1922. The strained relationship and economic rivalry that developed between Irish and British co-operators is also explored in order to illuminate the changing relationship between Ireland and the United Kingdom from an economic perspective. Civilising Rural Ireland will appeal to a wide audience interested in modern Irish history and readers are introduced to an eclectic range of personalities who shared an interest in co-operation and whose actions possessed important consequences for the way Ireland developed. The creative use of local and national sources, many of which are examined for the first time, mean the book offers a new perspective on an important period in the making of modern Ireland. &#xD;

Chapter 4 Business interests and the development of the public-private welfare mix in Switzerland, 1880-1990 (Book chapter)

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9780815377917 9781351002394 Year: Pages: 27 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-31 11:21:03
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This edited volume provides a synthesis on the question of business attitudes towards and its influence over the development of the modern welfare state. It gathers leading scholars in the field to offer both in-depth historical country case studies and comparative chapters that discuss contemporary developments. Composed of six archive-based historical narratives of business’ role in the development of social insurance programs in Germany, Finland, the Netherlands, Switzerland, the United Kingdom and the United States, and six comparative case studies, this volume also extends the study of business to policy fields that have hitherto received little attention in the literature, such as active labor market policies, educational policies, employment protection legislation, healthcare, private pension programs and work‐family policies. It illuminates why business groups have responded so very differently to demands for increased social protection against different labor market risks in different countries and over time. This text will be of key interest to students and scholars of comparative welfare, political science, sociology, social policy studies, comparative political economy and welfare history.&#xD;

Keywords

Business --- Development --- Interests --- Modern --- State --- Welfare

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