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Dilthey als Wissenschaftsphilosoph

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ISBN: 9783495487280 Year: Pages: 253 DOI: 10.26530/oapen_615394 Language: German
Publisher: Verlag Karl Alber Grant: Austrian Science Fund - PUB 291
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2016-09-19 11:01:22
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This volume contains the contributions to a conference at the Institute Vienna Circle of the University of Vienna in June 2013 that aimed at examining Dilthey’s work as a philosopher of science in the light of the results of the last decades’ Dilthey research that have moved him further away from the idea of a merely “continental” philosophy of the hermeneutics of life.

Science as Social Existence: Heidegger and the Sociology of Scientific Knowledge

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ISBN: 9781783744121 9781783744107 Year: Volume: 1 Pages: 444 DOI: http://doi.org/10.11647/OBP.0129 Language: English
Publisher: Open Book Publishers
Subject: Philosophy --- Science (General) --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2017-12-18 15:38:12
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In this bold and original study, Jeff Kochan constructively combines the sociology of scientific knowledge (SSK) with Martin Heidegger’s early existential conception of science. Kochan shows convincingly that these apparently quite different approaches to science are, in fact, largely compatible, even mutually reinforcing. By combining Heidegger with SSK, Kochan argues, we can explicate, elaborate, and empirically ground Heidegger’s philosophy of science in a way that makes it more accessible and useful for social scientists and historians of science. Likewise, incorporating Heideggerian phenomenology into SSK renders SKK a more robust and attractive methodology for use by scholars in the interdisciplinary field of Science and Technology Studies (STS). Kochan’s ground-breaking reinterpretation of Heidegger also enables STS scholars to sustain a principled analytical focus on scientific subjectivity, without running afoul of the orthodox subject-object distinction they often reject.Science as Social Existence is the first book of its kind, unfurling its argument through a range of topics relevant to contemporary STS research. These include the epistemology and metaphysics of scientific practice, as well as the methods of explanation appropriate to social scientific and historical studies of science. Science as Social Existence puts concentrated emphasis on the compatibility of Heidegger’s existential conception of science with the historical sociology of scientific knowledge, pursuing this combination at both macro- and micro-historical levels.Beautifully written and accessible, Science as Social Existence puts new and powerful tools into the hands of sociologists and historians of science, cultural theorists of science, Heidegger scholars, and pluralist philosophers of science.

Evidence-Based Medicine - A Paradigm Ready To Be Challenged?

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ISBN: 9783476057037 Year: Pages: 148 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-476-05703-7 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Science (General) --- Philosophy --- Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-07-15 23:59:18
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This open access book aims to clarify the term „evidence-based medicine“ (EBM) from a philosophy of science perspective. The author, Marie-Caroline Schulte discusses the importance of evi-dence in medical research and practice with a focus on the ethical and methodological prob-lems of EBM. The claims that EBM can herald a new theory of epistemology and a Kuhnian paradigm will be refuted. The solution is to describe EBM as a necessary development in medicine to deal with the increasing amount of evidence and medical data without loosing the single patient out of sight. ​

Data Journeys in the Sciences

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ISBN: 9783030371777 Year: Pages: 412 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-37177-7 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-07-15 23:58:32
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This groundbreaking, open access volume analyses and compares data practices across several fields through the analysis of specific cases of data journeys. It brings together leading scholars in the philosophy, history and social studies of science to achieve two goals: tracking the travel of data across different spaces, times and domains of research practice; and documenting how such journeys affect the use of data as evidence and the knowledge being produced. The volume captures the opportunities, challenges and concerns involved in making data move from the sites in which they are originally produced to sites where they can be integrated with other data, analysed and re-used for a variety of purposes. The in-depth study of data journeys provides the necessary ground to examine disciplinary, geographical and historical differences and similarities in data management, processing and interpretation, thus identifying the key conditions of possibility for the widespread data sharing associated with Big and Open Data. The chapters are ordered in sections that broadly correspond to different stages of the journeys of data, from their generation to the legitimisation of their use for specific purposes. Additionally, the preface to the volume provides a variety of alternative “roadmaps” aimed to serve the different interests and entry points of readers; and the introduction provides a substantive overview of what data journeys can teach about the methods and epistemology of research.

Research Ethics for Students in the Social Sciences

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ISBN: 9783030484156 Year: Pages: 287 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-48415-6 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Philosophy --- Sociology --- Psychology
Added to DOAB on : 2020-10-15 00:06:01
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This open access textbook offers a practical guide into research ethics for undergraduate students in the social sciences. A step-by-step approach of the most viable issues, in-depth discussions of case histories and a variety of didactical tools will aid the student to grasp the issues at hand and help him or her develop strategies to deal with them. This book addresses problems and questions that any bachelor student in the social sciences should be aware of, including plagiarism, data fabrication and other types of fraud, data augmentation, various forms of research bias, but also peer pressure, issues with confidentiality and questions regarding conflicts of interest. Cheating, ‘free riding’, and broader issues that relate to the place of the social sciences in society are also included. The book concludes with a step-by-step approach designed to coach a student through a research application process.

Implementing Responsible Research and Innovation

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
Book Series: SpringerBriefs in Ethics ISBN: 9783030578503 Year: Pages: 120 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-54286-3 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Philosophy --- Science (General) --- Education --- Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2020-09-23 00:03:31
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This open access book offers a unique and practically oriented study of organisational and national conditions for implementing Responsible Research Innovation (RRI) policies and practices. It gives the reader a thorough understanding of the different aspects of RRI, and of barriers and drivers of implementation of RRI related policies. It shows how different organisational and national contexts provide unique challenges and opportunities for bringing RRI into practice. The book provides concrete examples and offers the reader both a theory-based understanding of the topic, as well as guidance for action. The target audience encompasses, in addition to RRI students and scholars in particular, all students and scholars in the field of Science and Technology Studies (STS). The book is also of interest to students and scholars in the fields of research ethics, philosophy of science, organisational governance in the research system and organisational theory more generally. Finally, the book is of use to practitioners in research conducting and funding organisations working to implement RRI.

Words, Objects and Events in Economics

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Virtues and Economics ISBN: 9783030526733 Year: Pages: 226 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-52673-3 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Philosophy --- Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2020-09-23 00:03:44
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This open access book examines from a variety of perspectives the disappearance of moral content and ethical judgment from the models employed in the formulation of modern economic theory, and some of the papers contain important proposals about how moral judgment could be reintroduced in economic theory. The chapters collected in this volume result from the favorable reception of the first volume of the Virtues in Economics series and represent further contributions to the themes set out in that volume: (i) examining the philosophical and methodological fallacies of this turn in modern economic theory that the removal of the moral motivation of economic agents from modern economic theory has entailed; and (ii) proposing a return descriptive economics as the means with which the moral content of economic life could be restored in economic theory. This book is of interest to researchers and students of the methodology of economics, ethics, philosophers concerned with agency and economists who build economic models that rest in the intention of the agent.

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