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Definitionen und Anerkennung substaatlicher Gruppen im Völkerrecht - Eine Untersuchung der rechtlichen Anwendung völkerrechtlicher Konstruktionen substaatlicher kollektiver Identitäten und aktueller Entwicklungen im Intergovernmental Committe der WIPO

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ISBN: 9783863952693 Year: DOI: 10.17875/gup2017-1014 Language: German
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2017-05-19 11:01:33
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Minorities, indigenous peoples and local communities have their own status in public international law. Given their position within the politics of a societal majority, they require a certain protection and enjoy particular group rights. However, it is unclear how to legally determine such culturally distinct sub-state groups. Who is entitled to the international legal guarantees of minority protection, who holds the right to self-determination and who owns traditional knowledge? Up until now the politically motivated debates in research and practice circled unsuccessfully around different approaches of definitions and criteria of cultural difference. This thesis shows that it is the recognition as a ‘minority’, ‘indigenous people’ or ‘local community’, which becomes the constitutive act for the legal status of a group. In contrast to the politically driven debates about the scope of definitions, the perspective of recognition, as presented in this book, makes the relevant processes and institutions visible. The recognition of sub-state groups can be contextualized in public international law in relation to the principles of the recognition of states, while also being anchored by an interdisciplinary approach. The perspective of recognition replaces the discussion about general criterial definitions and allows an identification of the power imbalances and conflicts of interests, which are inherent to the question of the legal status of culturally distinct sub-state groups.

Simultaneous Tracking and Shape Estimation of Extended Objects

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Book Series: Karlsruhe Series on Intelligent Sensor-Actuator-Systems / Karlsruher Institut für Technologie, Intelligent Sensor-Actuator-Systems Laboratory ISSN: 18673813 ISBN: 9783731500780 Year: Volume: 13 Pages: XII, 162 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000035959 Language: ENGLISH
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:01:57
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This work is concerned with the simultaneous tracking and shape estimation of a mobile extended object based on noisy sensor measurements. Novel methods are developed for coping with the following two main challenges: i) The computational complexity due to the nonlinearity and high-dimensionality of the problem and ii) the lack of statistical knowledge about possible measurement sources on the extended object.

State Estimation for Distributed Systems with Stochastic and Set-membership Uncertainties

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Book Series: Karlsruhe Series on Intelligent Sensor-Actuator-Systems / Karlsruher Institut für Technologie, Intelligent Sensor-Actuator-Systems Laboratory ISSN: 18673813 ISBN: 9783731501244 Year: Volume: 14 Pages: XVIII, 257 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000036878 Language: ENGLISH
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:02:00
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State estimation techniques for centralized, distributed, and decentralized systems are studied. An easy-to-implement state estimation concept is introduced that generalizes and combines basic principles of Kalman filter theory and ellipsoidal calculus. By means of this method, stochastic and set-membership uncertainties can be taken into consideration simultaneously. Different solutions for implementing these estimation algorithms in distributed networked systems are presented.

The End of Welfare as We Know It?

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ISBN: 9783847400752 9783847403388 Year: DOI: 10.3224/84740075 Language: English
Publisher: Verlag Barbara Budrich Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 104058
Subject: Social and Public Welfare
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-13 11:21:03
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During the last 30 years, the governments of many Western countries have repeatedly called for an end to welfare. While the virtue of this goal and the means of achieving it continue to be debated in politics, much of contemporary social science research assumes that, in fact, the end of the welfare state has already occurred. The authors of this volume hope to contribute to a clearer understanding of how, where and to what extent welfare state settings really have changed since the 1980s. Their work examines questions of change and continuity while exploring various welfare practices in the Western world.

Quantum simulation experiments with superconducting circuits

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Book Series: Experimental Condensed Matter Physics / Karlsruher Institut für Technologie, Physikalisches Institut ISSN: 21919925 ISBN: 9783731507802 Year: Volume: 20 Pages: III, 149 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000081315 Language: ENGLISH
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Physics (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-28 18:37:01
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While the universal quantum computer seems not in reach for the near future, this work focusses on analog quantum simulation of intriguing quantum models of light-matter interactions, with the goal of achieving a computational speed-up as compared to classical hardware. Existing building blocks of quantum hardware are used from superconducting circuits, that have proven to be a very suitable experimental platform for the implementation of model Hamiltonians at a high degree of controllability.

Nonlinear Gaussian Filtering : Theory, Algorithms, and Applications

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Book Series: Karlsruher Schriften zur Anthropomatik / Lehrstuhl für Interaktive Echtzeitsysteme, Karlsruher Institut für Technologie ; Fraunhofer-Inst. für Optronik, Systemtechnik und Bildauswertung IOSB Karlsruhe ISSN: 18636489 ISBN: 9783731503385 Year: Volume: 19 Pages: V, 270 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000045491 Language: ENGLISH
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:01:58
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By restricting to Gaussian distributions, the optimal Bayesian filtering problem can be transformed into an algebraically simple form, which allows for computationally efficient algorithms. Three problem settings are discussed in this thesis: (1) filtering with Gaussians only, (2) Gaussian mixture filtering for strong nonlinearities, (3) Gaussian process filtering for purely data-driven scenarios. For each setting, efficient algorithms are derived and applied to real-world problems.

One-Dimensional Tunable Josephson Metamaterials

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Book Series: Experimental Condensed Matter Physics / Karlsruher Institut für Technologie, Physikalisches Institut ISSN: 21919925 ISBN: 9783731502715 Year: Volume: 14 Pages: II, 140 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000043318 Language: ENGLISH
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Physics (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:02:02
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This thesis presents a novel approach to the experimental realization of tunable, superconducting metamaterials. Therefore, conventional resonant meta-atoms are replaced by meta-atoms that contain Josephson junctions, which renders their resonance frequency tunable by an external magnetic field. This tunability is theoretically and experimentally investigated in one-dimensional magnetic and electric metamaterials. For the magnetic metamaterial, the effective, magnetic permeability is determined.

Intervallbeobachter für lineare parametervariante Systeme und deren Anwendung auf die Asynchronmaschine

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Book Series: Karlsruher Beiträge zur Regelungs- und Steuerungstechnik / Karlsruher Institut für Technologie, Institut für Regelungs- und Steuerungssysteme ISSN: 25116312 ISBN: 9783731508571 Year: Volume: 4 Pages: LXXXII, 157 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000086503 Language: GERMAN
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Technology (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-28 18:37:01
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The topic of this publication is the design of two new set-based methods for the determination of the states of linear parameter-varying systems. These sets are computed by interval observers based on unknown but bounded inputs, outputs and parameters. The effectiveness of the methods is demonstrated by the state estimation of an induction motor that is achieved by combining the interval observers with a novel model of a voltage source inverter.

Herstellung von LATP für den Einsatz als Festkörperelektrolyt und dessen Eigenschaften

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Book Series: Schriftenreihe des Instituts für Angewandte Materialien, Karlsruher Institut für Technologie - 2192-9963 ISSN: 21929963 ISBN: 9783731507024 Year: Volume: 71 Pages: VII, 155 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000072347 Language: GERMAN
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Technology (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:01:58
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In this work, the oxide material Li???Al?Ti???(PO?)? (LATP) is extensively investigated with the scope of using it as a solid state electrolyte. Starting with the synthesis of raw LATP material by sol-gel process, the whole production process of LATP is analyzed, including powder conditioning and sintering of ceramic samples.

Umstrittene Regierungsführung in Afghanistan

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Book Series: Global Studies ISBN: 9783837646924 9783839446928 Year: DOI: 9783839446928 Language: English
Publisher: transcript Verlag Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 104825
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-03 11:21:08
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Seit 40 Jahren herrscht in Afghanistan Krieg. Bisher war die Frage der Machtverteilung, also die Definition der Hoheitsgebiete der einzelnen Elitefraktionen, nicht klar zu erkennen. Frangis Dadfar Spanta untersucht die unterschiedlichen Konfliktdynamiken, um dann Lösungsschritte für einen Friedenbildungsprozess vorzuschlagen. Anhand der unterschiedlichen Eliten aus Politik, Kultur, Wirtschaft, Medien, Bildung und Religion zeichnet sie die Patronage-Klientel-Netzwerke nach. Eine Besonderheit der Studie bilden Interviews mit Ashraf Ghani, Hamid Karzai, Abdullah Abdullah, Atta Noor sowie mit zwei Taliban-Repräsentanten. Die Untersuchung ist aufgrund ihrer theoretischen und methodischen Herangehensweise sowohl für Politik- und Sozialwissenschaftler_innen als auch für Anthropolog_innen lesenswert.

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